<ul><li>Academic Integrity  </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism as an Intellectual Dishonesty </li><...
<ul><li>International Scenario  </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism in Pakistan  </li></ul><ul><li>Higher Education Commission of...
<ul><li>Sample </li></ul><ul><li>400 Graduate and Postgraduate Students from Public and Private Sector Universities </li><...
<ul><ul><li>Code book  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SPSS  (Statistical Products Services & Solutions) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
 
<ul><li>Respondents’ Post Graduation Plans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Further Study = 132 (37.7%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Go...
 
 
<ul><li>Plagiarism as a last resort, when under pressure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yes = 121 (34.6%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>How do you personally rate your university’s plagiarism policy?  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very strict  = 47 (13.4%) <...
<ul><li>Have you/anyone you know ever intentionally plagiarized? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yes  = 81 (23.1%) </li></ul></ul><u...
 
 
 
<ul><li>A significant number of students did not understand the meaning and consequences of plagiarism, existence of plagi...
<ul><li>Evidences of the study lead to recommend offering full-fledged courses on research ethics and plagiarism in our un...
<ul><li>Promote the use of software such as  </li></ul><ul><li>for detection and management of plagiarism </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>Set a climate where academic integrity is valued </li></ul><ul><li>Design thoughtful assignments/research projects...
<ul><li>Thank you </li></ul>
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Graduate & Post-graduate students' awareness about plagiarism

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Paper presented at PLA International Conference 2010, Islamabad. October 13-14, 2010

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Graduate & Post-graduate students' awareness about plagiarism

  1. 2. <ul><li>Academic Integrity </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism as an Intellectual Dishonesty </li></ul><ul><li>Higher Education and Research in Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Librarians’ Concerns for Creation of New Knowledge and Authenticity/Originality of Information </li></ul><ul><li>Students Awareness about Plagiarism </li></ul><ul><li>Design of the Study </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>International Scenario </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism in Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Higher Education Commission of Pakistan’s Quality Assurance and Guidelines on Plagiarism </li></ul><ul><li>Citation Styles and Citation Management Software </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Turnitin in Academic Institutions in Pakistan </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Sample </li></ul><ul><li>400 Graduate and Postgraduate Students from Public and Private Sector Universities </li></ul><ul><li>Data Collection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instrument: Questionnaire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Demographic information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>University plagiarism policies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Students’ awareness of plagiarism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A self reported questionnaire survey August – September 2010 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Valid responses 350 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Independent variables </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dependent variable </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><ul><li>Code book </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SPSS (Statistical Products Services & Solutions) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data purification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scale reliability: Cronbach Alpha=0.910 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Descriptive statistics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frequency analysis </li></ul></ul>
  5. 7. <ul><li>Respondents’ Post Graduation Plans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Further Study = 132 (37.7%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government Employment = 116 (33.1%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Private Employment = 72 (20.6%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self Employment = 20 (5.7%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frequency of Internet Use to Access e-Resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All the Time = 76 (21.7%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very Often = 101 (28.9%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fairley Often = 61 (17.4%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Occasionally = 61 (17.4%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very Few Times = 47(13.4%) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 10. <ul><li>Plagiarism as a last resort, when under pressure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yes = 121 (34.6%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No = 199 (56.9%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NR = 30 (8.6%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does your institution have a plagiarism policy? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Yes = 149, No = 63, Don’t know = 118, NR = 20) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Available at: University website = 31 (8.9%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research guidelines = 59 (16.9%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students handbook = 26 (7.4%) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 11. <ul><li>How do you personally rate your university’s plagiarism policy? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very strict = 47 (13.4%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strict = 89 (25.4%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fair = 90 (25.7%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lenient = 46 (13.1%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very weak = 51 (14.6%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NR = 27 (7.7%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do you know what plagiarism detection system (turnitin etc) is being used in your university? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yes = 52 (14.9%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some idea = 126 (36%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No idea = 162 (46.3 %) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NR = 10 (2.9%) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 12. <ul><li>Have you/anyone you know ever intentionally plagiarized? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yes = 81 (23.1%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May be = 93 (26.6%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t know = 88 (25.1%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No = only 85 (24.3%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NR = 3 (0.9%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have you/anyone you know ever had been detected for plagiarism? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yes = 81 (23.1%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May be = 74 (21.1%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t know = 81 (23.1%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No = 112 (32%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NR = 2 (0.6%) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 16. <ul><li>A significant number of students did not understand the meaning and consequences of plagiarism, existence of plagiarism policies and plagiarism detection systems, so an extensive plagiarism literacy program is the minimum every university should start with immediate effect </li></ul><ul><li>Students plagiarize when under pressure, therefore faculty should allocate reasonable research work </li></ul><ul><li>It is strongly recommended to organize seminars, workshops and symposia to educate students about plagiarism, its consequences and tools and techniques to avoid it and fair publishing </li></ul><ul><li>There is a need of focused agenda for HEC and universities to eliminate plagiarism from our universities </li></ul>
  10. 17. <ul><li>Evidences of the study lead to recommend offering full-fledged courses on research ethics and plagiarism in our universities </li></ul><ul><li>We need to build students’ belief in effectiveness of faculty/universities in detection and penalties for plagiarism </li></ul><ul><li>Formulate clear and transparent university ethics and plagiarism policies both for students and faculty and publicize them </li></ul><ul><li>Establish plagiarism monitoring committees and make them effective </li></ul>
  11. 18. <ul><li>Promote the use of software such as </li></ul><ul><li>for detection and management of plagiarism </li></ul><ul><li>Promote the use of citation management tools such as , etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Help students enhance their research, writing and referencing and publishing skills through establishing writing centers </li></ul>
  12. 19. <ul><li>Set a climate where academic integrity is valued </li></ul><ul><li>Design thoughtful assignments/research projects </li></ul><ul><li>Be conscious and create consciousness for research ethics </li></ul><ul><li>Create awareness about intellectual integrity and reputation of individuals, institutions and Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Define and discuss with students what plagiarism is? </li></ul><ul><li>Include a plagiarism policy (in line with HEC guidelines) in your syllabi </li></ul><ul><li>Determine students’ level of knowledge in paraphrasing, citing, summarizing and using style manuals </li></ul><ul><li>Review research process and note-taking techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Observe and educate students to respect copyright laws </li></ul>
  13. 20. <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul>

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