Originally designed for the Macintosh computer, the initial release was called
"Presenter", developed by Thomas Rudkin and Dennis Austin of Forethought,
Inc. In 1987, it was renamed to "PowerPoint" due to problems with trademarks,
the idea for the name coming from Robert Gaskins. In August of the same year,
Forethought was bought by Microsoft for $14 million USD ($29.1 million in
present-day terms), and became Microsoft's Graphics Business Unit, which
continued to develop the software further. PowerPoint was officially launched on
May 22, 1990, the same day that Microsoft released Windows 3.0.
PowerPoint introduced many new changes with the release of PowerPoint 97. It
incorporated the Visual Basic for Applications(VBA) language, underlying all
macro generation in Office 97.
PowerPoint 2000 (and the rest of the Office 2000 suite) introduced a clipboard
that could hold multiple objects at once, and the Office Assistant was made less
PowerPoint 2002 massively overhauled the animation engine, allowing users to
create more advanced and custom animations.
PowerPoint 2011 makes it possible to remove image backgrounds, and provides
additional special effects for pictures, such as 'Pencil effects'.
As of 2012, various versions of PowerPoint claim ~95% of the presentation
software market share, with installations on at least 1 billion computers. Among
presenters world-wide, this program is used at an estimated frequency of 350
times per second.
PowerPoint presentations consist of a number of individual pages or
"slides". The "slide" analogy is a reference to the slide projector. Slides may
contain text, graphics, sound, movies, and other objects, which may be
arranged freely. The presentation can be printed, displayed live on a
computer, or navigated through at the command of the presenter. For
larger audiences the computer display is often projected using a video
projector. Slides can also form the basis of webcasts.
PowerPoint provides three types of movements:
Entrance, emphasis, and exit of elements on a slide itself are controlled by
what PowerPoint calls Custom Animations.
Transitions, on the other hand, are movements between slides. These can
be animated in a variety of ways.
Custom animation can be used to create small story boards by animating
pictures to enter, exit or move.
PowerPoint provides numerous features that offer flexibility and the ability
to create a professional presentation. One of the features provides the
ability to create a presentation that includes music which plays throughout
the entire presentation or sound effects for particular slides.
Microsoft Office PowerPoint Viewer is a program used to run
presentations on computers that do not have PowerPoint installed. Office
PowerPoint Viewer (or in PowerPoint 2007 and later, a link to a viewer
download) is added by default to the same disk or network location that
contains one or more presentations packaged by using the Package for CD
PowerPoint Viewer is installed by default with a Microsoft Office 2003
installation for use with the Package for CD feature. The PowerPoint
Viewer file is also available for download from the Microsoft Office Online
Presentations password-protected for opening or modifying can be opened
by PowerPoint Viewer. The Package for CD feature allows packaging any
password-protected file or setting a new password for all packaged
presentations. PowerPoint Viewer prompts for a password if the file is open
PowerPoint Viewer supports opening presentations created using
PowerPoint 97 and later. In addition, it supports all file content except OLE
objects and scripting. PowerPoint Viewer is currently only available for
computers running on Microsoft Windows
TIPS TO BE COVERED
Spelling and Grammar
Make your 1st or 2nd slide an outline of your
Follow the order of your outline for the rest of the
Only place main points on the outline slide.
Slide Structure – Good
Write in point form, not complete sentences.
Include 4-5 points per slide.
Avoid wordiness: use key words and phrases only.
Slide Structure - Bad
Do not use distracting animation.
Do not go overboard with the animation.
Be consistent with the animation that you use.
Fonts - Good
Use at least an 18-point font
Use different size fonts for main points and secondary
• this font is 24-point, the main point font is 28-point, and
the title font is 36-point
Use a standard font like Times New Roman or Arial
Fonts - Bad
If you use a small font, your audience won’t be able to read
what you have written.
CAPITALIZE ONLY WHEN NECESSARY. IT IS DIFFICULT TO
Don’t use a complicated font.
Background - Good
Use backgrounds such as this one that are attractive
Use backgrounds which are light.
Use the same background consistently throughout
Background - Bad
Avoid background that are distracting or difficult
to read from.
Always be consistent with the background that use.
Use an effective and strong closing
Your audience is likely to remember your last words.
Use a conclusion slide to:
Summarize the main points of your presentation.
Suggest future avenues of research.