CHINA Group members Aveline, Sonia, Marcia, Savita and Tamera Population: 1,298,014,226 Language: Mandarin Currency: Yuan (RMB) Capital : Beijing
AGENDA History/Evolution of System Types of Childcare System Availability Accessibility Underlying Philosophy Role of ECE/Training
HISTORY China In 1921, kindergarten was established. In China the growth of childcare outside the home has occurred first in 1949. In 1971, in effort to control the expanding population the state instituted a One Child Policy. In 1989, the state of education commission published a working document called “Kindergarten Management Regulations”. In the 90’s the state issued a 10 year plan designed to enhance the care and protection of children. Canada Daycare subsidies for families who qualify No limits on the number of children per family
Accessibility and Availability China Canada Education provides Subsidy mothers opportunities. Both Canada and China Grandparents are forced to have the same view of leave their jobs. quality childcare. Formal childcare programs Lower income families. are less accessible. Tighter budget. Early Childhood Education in 2010.
Types of Childcare Systems China Canada Grandparents Home daycare Residential Childcare Nannies Boarding Schools Childcare centre Nannies
ROLES OF THE ECE/TRAINING• To provide a healthy and safe environment families
UNDERLINING PHILOSOPHY• Tradition plays an important role in early childhood• Goals of creativity, autonomy and critical thinking also influence Chinese early childhood education• All children that are in early childhood settings are expected to proceed at same pace as the rest of the children• Chinese early childhood education fosters individualism, competition and the importance of personal passion