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06/23/15 1
Food Safety Legislation - the need…
Issues with existing regulatory regime-
Nine different laws and eight different minis...
Requirement of Regulations in Food
Supply Chain…
06/23/15 3
 Food Safety and Standard Act, 2006
 Food Safety and Standard Rules, 2011
 Food Safety and Standards(Licensing and Regi...
• The Food Safety & Standards Act 2006 is Act to consolidate
the laws relating to food and to establish the Food Safety an...
• TheAct comprisesof following actsand regulations:
The Act (Contd…)
06/23/15 6
 To consolidatethelawsrelating to food.
 To establish food safety and standards authority of
India for laying down scien...
• Multiplication of food regulations/multi-level and multi-department
control for all matters relating to Food Safety and ...
• Enforcement of the legislation by the State
Governments/ UTs through the State Commissioner &
the officers for Food Safe...
• To ensure that all food meets consumers’
expectations in terms of nature, substance and
quality and isnot misleadingly p...
• The Act covers activities throughout the food distribution
chain, from primary production through distribution to retail...
 To regulate, monitor the manufacture, processing, distribution, sale and
import of food to ensureitssafety and wholesome...
Food safety management system
Risk assessment
Communication
Product recall
GHP
Penalty for unhygienic processing
Sc...
The12 chaptersof FSSA 2006 are
1. Preliminary : Definitions
2. FSSAI : (Administration)
3. General principlesof Food Safet...
Who Require License:
License /Renewal of license underFSSA,
2006 forkind of business:
Manufacturing/Processing
including ...
Licensing and Registration of food
Business….
Registering
Authority
Registering
Authority
Food Safety Officer or
any offic...
Licensing and Registration of food Business
(Contd…)
CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER,
FSSAI
STATE GOVERNMENT
COMMISSIONER OF
FOOD ...
Adjudicating Officer of theStategovt.
 To imposepenalty for offences
 Shall havethepowersof civil court
Central / Stateg...
APPELATE
TRIBUNAL
FOODSAFETY
COMMISSIONER
FOODSAFETY
OFFICER
ACCREDITEDLAB
REFERALLAB
FOODANALYST
DESIGNATED
OFFICER
ADJUD...
• Penalties:
Enforcement of the Act (Contd…)
 Substandard food: Upto Rs. 2.00 lakhs
 Misbranded: Upto Rs. 3.00 lakhs
 M...
 ensuresthat only safeand wholesomefoodsaremarketed.
 takedecisionsbased on science.
 empowers authorities to detect so...
www.wikipedia.com
"Food Safety and Standards Authority of India
(FSSAI)”, Food Safety and Standards Authority of
India, ...
THANK YOU...
06/23/15 23
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Food Safety and Standard Authority of India

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A basic details on FSSAI, India

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Food Safety and Standard Authority of India

  1. 1. 06/23/15 1
  2. 2. Food Safety Legislation - the need… Issues with existing regulatory regime- Nine different laws and eight different ministries governing the food sector Laws framed by different Ministries/Depts. With different perspectiveand enforcement approach Overlapping laws with different quality standards & labelling requirements Need for new law- Removal of multipleregulations Harmonizing with international law Framing regulatory requirements based on science and risk analysis Facilitating trade without compromising consumer safety and bringing in innovation in foods 06/23/15 2
  3. 3. Requirement of Regulations in Food Supply Chain… 06/23/15 3
  4. 4.  Food Safety and Standard Act, 2006  Food Safety and Standard Rules, 2011  Food Safety and Standards(Licensing and Registration of Foood Businesses), Regulations, 2011  Food safety and standards (packaging and labelling) regulations, 2011  Food safety and standards (food products standards and food additives) regulations, 2011 part I and II  Food safety and standards (prohibition and restrictions on sales) regulations, 2011  Food safety and standards (contaminants, toxins and residues) regulations, 2011  Food safety and standards (laboratory and sample analysis) regulations, 2011 The new Act, Rules and Regulations w.r.t. 5/8/11 06/23/15 4
  5. 5. • The Food Safety & Standards Act 2006 is Act to consolidate the laws relating to food and to establish the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India for laying down science based standardsfor articlesof food and to regulatetheir for human consumption and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. The Act... 06/23/15 5
  6. 6. • TheAct comprisesof following actsand regulations: The Act (Contd…) 06/23/15 6
  7. 7.  To consolidatethelawsrelating to food.  To establish food safety and standards authority of India for laying down science based standards for food.  To regulate the manufacture, storage, distribution, sale& import of food products.  To ensure availability of safe & whole food for human consumption. Objectives of FSSAI… 06/23/15 7
  8. 8. • Multiplication of food regulations/multi-level and multi-department control for all matters relating to Food Safety and Standards, Regulationsand Enforcement. New additions to the act: • Movement of multilevel control and Provision of single window to guide and regulate–manufacture, marketing, processing, handling, transportation, import and saleof food. • Integrated response to address the Strategic issues viz., Novel foods, Health Foods, Nutraceuticals, GM foods, International tradeetc. Salient feature of the Act…. 06/23/15 8
  9. 9. • Enforcement of the legislation by the State Governments/ UTs through the State Commissioner & the officers for Food Safety, and PanchayatiRaj/Municipal bodies. • Consistency between domestic and international food policy measures without reducing safeguards to public health and consumer protection. • Dissemination of information on food–enableconsumer to makeinformed choices. Salient feature of the Act (Contd…) 06/23/15 9
  10. 10. • To ensure that all food meets consumers’ expectations in terms of nature, substance and quality and isnot misleadingly presents. • To provide legal powers and specify offences in relation to public health and consumers’ interest. New enforcement structure: • To expeditethedisposal of cases-compounding and adjudication of cases–to reduceCourt’sworkload. • Graded penalty/punishment depending upon the gravity of offence. Salient feature of the Act (Contd…) 06/23/15 10
  11. 11. • The Act covers activities throughout the food distribution chain, from primary production through distribution to retail and catering.   • The Act gives the Government powers to make regulations on mattersof food safety. • The Food Safety & Standards Authority of India is the principal Government Authority responsible for preparing specific regulationsunder theAct. Scope of the Act… 06/23/15 11
  12. 12.  To regulate, monitor the manufacture, processing, distribution, sale and import of food to ensureitssafety and wholesomeness.  To specify standards, guidelinesfor food articles.  Limits for Food additives, contaminants, veterinary drugs, heavy metals, mycotoxin, irradiation of food, processing aids.  Mechanisms & guidelines for accreditation of certification bodies engaged in FSMScertification.  Quality control of imported food.  Specify food labeling standards including claims on health, Nutrition, special dietary uses& food category systems.  Scientific adviceand technical support to central / stategovernments. Functions of Authority… 06/23/15 12
  13. 13. Food safety management system Risk assessment Communication Product recall GHP Penalty for unhygienic processing Scopecoversall commercial food Packaging & labelling including nutrition Guidelinesfor imported food Key Elements of FSSAI2006… 06/23/15 13
  14. 14. The12 chaptersof FSSA 2006 are 1. Preliminary : Definitions 2. FSSAI : (Administration) 3. General principlesof Food Safety 4. General Provisionsasto articlesof food 5. Provisionsrelating to import 6. Special responsibilitiesasto food safety 7. Enforcement of theAct 8. Analysisof food : laboratories, sampling & public analysts 9. Offences& Penalties 10. Adjudication & food safety appellatetribunal 11. Finance, accounts, audits, reports 12. Miscellaneous FSSAI2006… 06/23/15 14
  15. 15. Who Require License: License /Renewal of license underFSSA, 2006 forkind of business: Manufacturing/Processing including sorting, grading etc.  Packaging Relabeling ( by third party under own packing and labeling) Storage/Warehouse/Cold Storage  Retail Trade  WholesaleTrade  Distributor/Supplier Transporter of food Milk collection/chilling Slaughter House Solvent extracting unit Solvent extracting and oil- refining plant Importing Catering, dhabaor any other food vending -establishment  Club /canteen 06/23/15 15
  16. 16. Licensing and Registration of food Business…. Registering Authority Registering Authority Food Safety Officer or any official in Panchayat, Municipal Corporation or any other local body in an area, notified as such by the State Food Safety Commissioner for the purpose of registration. Food Safety Officer or any official in Panchayat, Municipal Corporation or any other local body in an area, notified as such by the State Food Safety Commissioner for the purpose of registration. State Licensing Authority State Licensing Authority Designated Officers appointed under Section 36(1) of the Act by the Food Safety Commissioner of a State or UT for the purpose of licensing and monitoring. Designated Officers appointed under Section 36(1) of the Act by the Food Safety Commissioner of a State or UT for the purpose of licensing and monitoring. Central Licensing Authority Central Licensing Authority Designated Officer appointed by the Chief Executive Officer of the FSSAI in his capacity of Food Safety Commissioner. 06/23/15 16
  17. 17. Licensing and Registration of food Business (Contd…) CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER, FSSAI STATE GOVERNMENT COMMISSIONER OF FOOD SAFETY STATES/UT CENTRAL LICENSING AUTHORITY REGISTRATION AUTHORITY •City municipal corporation, • Town Panchayat, • Gram Panchayat •City municipal corporation, • Town Panchayat, • Gram Panchayat LICENSING AUTHORITY FOOD SAFETY OFFICER (for Inspection and Monitoring Food Businessoperators) DESIGNATED OFFICER LICENSING AUTHORITY FSSAI Head Quarters (Licensing) ZONAL DIRECTORS & OTHER OFFICERS(for inspections& Monitoring) 06/23/15 17
  18. 18. Adjudicating Officer of theStategovt.  To imposepenalty for offences  Shall havethepowersof civil court Central / Stategovts. to establish oneor more tribunalsto attend to appeals  Onemember tribunal called Presiding Officer (District Judge)  Power to establish special courtsfor expedient hearing for offencesrelating to grievousinjury or death Enforcement of the Act… 06/23/15 18
  19. 19. APPELATE TRIBUNAL FOODSAFETY COMMISSIONER FOODSAFETY OFFICER ACCREDITEDLAB REFERALLAB FOODANALYST DESIGNATED OFFICER ADJUDICATING OFFICER SPECIAL COURT Regulatory enforcement at State… 06/23/15 19
  20. 20. • Penalties: Enforcement of the Act (Contd…)  Substandard food: Upto Rs. 2.00 lakhs  Misbranded: Upto Rs. 3.00 lakhs  Misleading advertisement : Upto Rs. 10.00 lakhs  Food with extraneous matter: Upto Rs. 1.00 lakhs  Fail to meet the requirements as directed by FSO: Upto Rs. 2.00 lakhs  Unhygienic /unsanitary preparations: Upto Rs. 1.00 lakhs  Adulterant not injurious to health: Upto Rs. 2.00 lakhs  Adulterant injurious to health: Upto Rs. 10.00 lakhs  Unsafe food – but does not cause immediate injury : 6 months imprisonment with fine of Rs.1.0 lakh06/23/15 20
  21. 21.  ensuresthat only safeand wholesomefoodsaremarketed.  takedecisionsbased on science.  empowers authorities to detect sources of contamination and to take action to prevent contaminated foods from reaching theconsumer.  enforce Internationally accepted standards for food and food commodities.  enforce compliance by manufacturers, distributors, importers, exportersand other stakeholdersand  should betransparent and promotepublic confidence. Summary 06/23/15 21
  22. 22. www.wikipedia.com "Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)”, Food Safety and Standards Authority of India, Government of India. Retrieved 2 April 2012.  Section 5(3) of the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006. "Enforcement of FSS Act“, FSSAI. Retrieved 2 April 2012. www. slideshare.net References 06/23/15 22
  23. 23. THANK YOU... 06/23/15 23

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