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History of Hacking

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History of Old School Hacking

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History of Hacking

  1. 1. http://AstroTech.io History of Old School Hacking Matt Harasymczuk 2011-05-10
  2. 2. http://AstroTech.io Matt Harasymczuk • http://www.matt.harasymczuk.pl • matt@harasymczuk.pl • MBP sp. z o.o, Software Engineer • Poznan University of Technology, Network Engineer (intern) • Consdata.pl, Network Administrator • Hera sp. z o.o, Software Engineer
  3. 3. http://AstroTech.io abstract
  4. 4. http://AstroTech.io definitions
  5. 5. http://AstroTech.io Phreaking • phone hacking
  6. 6. http://AstroTech.io Carding • credit card hacking
  7. 7. http://AstroTech.io flame war
  8. 8. http://AstroTech.io hacker vs cracker • good guys • programers • activists • developers • bad guys • programmers • vandals • thieves
  9. 9. http://AstroTech.io "hackers build things, crackers break them."
  10. 10. http://AstroTech.io hence...
  11. 11. http://AstroTech.io white hat vs black hat
  12. 12. http://AstroTech.io in real world it is a bit fuzzy
  13. 13. http://AstroTech.io therefore
  14. 14. http://AstroTech.io grey hat
  15. 15. http://AstroTech.io devices
  16. 16. http://AstroTech.io Blue Box • 2600 Hz
  17. 17. http://AstroTech.io Black Box • Attached to phone • at the both sides • if off-the-hook • toll free call • used in BBS
  18. 18. http://AstroTech.io Red Box • any recorder or player
  19. 19. http://AstroTech.io Dial-up modem • 300 bodów • 28kbps • 56kbps
  20. 20. http://AstroTech.io old school hackers
  21. 21. http://AstroTech.io Alan Turing • mathematician, logician,cryptanalyst and computer scientist • Turing machine • cracked Enigma machine • 1952, illegal homosexual acts • chemical castration • suicide cyanide poisoning
  22. 22. http://AstroTech.io Konrad Zuse • German engineer and computer pioneer • 1941, world's first functional program-controlled Turing-complete computer, the Z3 • first high-level programming language
  23. 23. http://AstroTech.io Grace Hopper • one of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I • developed the first compiler • COBOL • Found first BUG
  24. 24. http://AstroTech.io Donald Knuth • Professor Emeritus • Computer Scientist • The Art of Computer Programming • Stanford University • "father" of the analysis of algorithms • creator of the TeX
  25. 25. http://AstroTech.io Edsger W. Dijkstra • Dutch computer scientist • 1972 Turing Award • shortest path-algorithm a.k.a “Dijkstra's algorithm” • ALGOL • Reverse Polish Notation, Shunting yard algorithm, Banker's algorithm, • Dining philosophers problem • 1968 article "A Case against the GO TO Statement”
  26. 26. http://AstroTech.io Dennis Richie and Ken Tomphson Unix creators
  27. 27. http://AstroTech.io Ed Gould • one of the creators of BSD Unix
  28. 28. http://AstroTech.io John Draper • a.k.a. “Capitan Crunch” • Phreaker • 1971 in Cap’n Crunch cereal whistle • emits a 2600 hertz tone • when 2nd hole was glued up • created Blue Box
  29. 29. http://AstroTech.io Steve Wozniak • a.k.a. “Woz” • co-founded Apple Computer • blue boxes • created Apple I • first Personal Computer
  30. 30. http://AstroTech.io Steve Jobs • co-founder of Apple inc. • saw potential in mouse-driven GUI • founded NeXT in 1984 • CEO of Apple since 1997 • Jobs experimented with psychedelics • calling his LSD experiences "one of the two or three most important things [he had] done in [his] life".
  31. 31. http://AstroTech.io William Henry Gates III • a.k.a. “Bill” • Microsoft • wrote his first computer program on ASR-33 Teletype terminal • 1975 at MITS Altair 8800 based on the Intel 8080 CPU • distribute the interpreter as Altair BASIC • Sold MS-DOS to IMB for $50k
  32. 32. http://AstroTech.io Paul Allen • Allen co-founded Microsoft with Bill Gates • in 1975, and began marketing a BASIC • In 1980, after promising to deliver IBM a DOS
  33. 33. http://AstroTech.io Kevin Mitnick • a.k.a. “Condor” • Social Engineer • arrested in 1995 • hacked into Digital Equipment Corporation systems, Nokia, Motorola, Fujitsu Siemens and many others.
  34. 34. http://AstroTech.io Larry Wall • Perl in 1987 • author of path program
  35. 35. http://AstroTech.io Tsutomu Shimomura • was hacked by Kevin Mitnick • help the FBI to capture him • Shimomura out-hacked Mitnick to bring him down
  36. 36. http://AstroTech.io Robert Morris • professor at MIT • created Morris Worm • first computer worm • co-founded the online store known by the name Viaweb, one of the first web-based applications, with Paul Graham
  37. 37. http://AstroTech.io Ian Murphy • a.k.a. "Captain Zap" • in 1981 • first person ever arrested for a computer crime • hacked into AT&T's computers and changed their internal clocks • People suddenly received late-night discounts in the afternoon
  38. 38. http://AstroTech.io Kevin Poulsen • a.k.a. “Dark Dante” • former black hat hacker • takeover of the KIIS-FM phone lines • 102nd caller and win the prize of a Porsche 944 S2 • taught himself lock picking • America's best-known cyber- criminals
  39. 39. http://AstroTech.io Linus Torvalds • Father of linux kernel • git • His M.Sc. thesis was titled Linux: A Portable Operating System. • 35 patents worldwide • Linus’ Law: "given enough eyeballs, all bugs are shallow"
  40. 40. http://AstroTech.io Sir Tim Berners-Lee • a.k.a. “TimBL” • British physicist,computer scientist and MIT professor • invented the World Wide Web • director of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) • Berners-Lee was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II for his pioneering work
  41. 41. http://AstroTech.io Gary McKinnon • a.k.a. “Solo” • Scottish systems administrator • has been accused of the biggest military computer hack of all time • hacking into 97 • NASA, the US Army, US Navy, Department of Defense and the US Air Force computers • Feb 2001 to Mar 2002
  42. 42. http://AstroTech.io Raphael Gray • 19 when he hacked computer systems • Jan and Feb 1999 • published details of over 6,500 credit cards • using an £800 computer • sent Viagra tablets to Bill Gates • arrested in Mar 1999
  43. 43. http://AstroTech.io Mark Abene • a.k.a. “Phiber Optik” • from New York City • member of Legion of Doom and Masters of Deception • high-profile hacker in the early 1990s • In 1994, one-year enprisonment • for conspiracy and unauthorized access to computer and telephone systems
  44. 44. http://AstroTech.io Jonathan James • a.k.a. “c0mrade” • first juvenile incarcerated for cybercrime • 15 when he hacked • Defense Threat Reduction Agency, a division of the United States Department of Defense • suicide May 18, 2008
  45. 45. http://AstroTech.io Deceptive Duo • 20-year-old Benjamin Stark • 18-year-old Robert Lyttle • 2002 series of high-profile break-ins to government networks • U.S. Navy, NASA, FAA and Department of Defense
  46. 46. http://AstroTech.io Adrian Lamo • grey hat hacker • exploited: Microsoft, the New York Times, Lexis-Nexis, and Yahoo! • hunt down by FBI • surrendered to the U.S. Marshals on September 9, 2003 • pay $65,000 • sentenced to home detention and probation
  47. 47. http://AstroTech.io MICHAEL CALCE • a.k.a. “MafiaBoy” • 15 years old • Valentine’s Day in 2000 • DoS - 75 computers in 52 networks • eBay, Amazon and Yahoo • eight months of “open custody,” • one year of probation, restricted use of the internet, and a small fine.
  48. 48. http://AstroTech.io Vladimir Levin • a.k.a. “ArkanoiD” • 1994 St. Petersburg hacker group • tricked Citibank's computers into spitting out $10 million • played around with systems’ tools (e.g. were installing and running games) and were unnoticed by the bank’s staff. • three years in prison and ordered to pay Citibank $240,015 (his share from the heist)
  49. 49. http://AstroTech.io Gordon Lyon • a.k.a. “Fyodor” • network security expert • open source programmer • Nmap Security Scanner • Insecure.Org • SecLists.Org • SecTools.Org
  50. 50. http://AstroTech.io Others • Onel A. De Guzman • Cheng Ing-Hau • Mudge • Jon Lech Johansen • Dimitry Sklyarov • David L. Smith • Johan Helsingius • Eric Steven Raymond • John Perry Barlow • Sven Jaschan • Dennis Moran
  51. 51. http://AstroTech.io hacking subculture
  52. 52. http://AstroTech.io groups
  53. 53. http://AstroTech.io Chaos Computer Club • a.k.a. “CCC” • based in Germany, founded in 1981 • 9,000 members • "a galactic community of life forms, independent of age, sex, race or societal orientation, which strives across borders for freedom of information...." • Supporting the principles of the hacker ethic
  54. 54. http://AstroTech.io Legion of Doom • founded in 1984 • weblog: "Cult of the Dead Cow" • Cult's stated goal of "Global Domination Through Media Saturation," • Great hacker war with Masters of Deception
  55. 55. http://AstroTech.io Masters of Deception • a.k.a. “MOD” • New York-based hackergroup • reportedly controlled all the major telephone RBOC's and X. 25networks • controlling large parts of the backbone of Internet • levels of initiation and protection of more sensitive knowledge • Great hacker war with Legion of Doom
  56. 56. http://AstroTech.io L0pht • hacker collective • active 1992 and 2000 • located in the Boston,Massachusetts area • l0pht crack
  57. 57. http://AstroTech.io Team Elite • international group of computer hackers • who develop all kind of software and their primary focus is security • found security holes at • MI5, WHO, Kaspersky Lab, Avira, Symantec, McAfee, AVG, Eset, F- Secure, ESA, Trend Micro, Intel, eBay UK, PayPal, the U.S. Bank, Bank of America, RBS WorldPay, Visa, The New York Times, The Telegraph, Daily Express, MPAA, RIAA, Ministry of Defence of the United Kingdom, Estoniaand Armenia, IFPI, Bhuvan, Deutsche Bundesbank.
  58. 58. http://AstroTech.io Anonymous • It is not old, but it is notable! • from 4chan.org • LOIC • HB Gary • Sony • DDoS on MPAA and RIAA
  59. 59. http://AstroTech.io Other notable
  60. 60. http://AstroTech.io hacktivists
  61. 61. http://AstroTech.io Richard Stallman • a.k.a. “rms” • GNU Project • father of free software • Emacs • gcc, gdb • against Digital Rights Management • awards, fellowships and four honorary doctorates.
  62. 62. http://AstroTech.io Eric Corley • Emmanuel Goldstein • Off the Hook • Free Kevin
  63. 63. http://AstroTech.io Eric Steven Raymond • Cathedral and the Bazzar • The Hacker's Dictionary • How to Be a Hacker • developer of fetchmail • revels in living the life in all its geeky glory
  64. 64. http://AstroTech.io Loyd Blankenship • The Mentor • The Hacker Manifesto • Member of Legion Of Doom
  65. 65. http://AstroTech.io movements
  66. 66. http://AstroTech.io l33t speak • catb.org/jargon/ • glider
  67. 67. http://AstroTech.io ASCII art
  68. 68. http://AstroTech.io Free Kevin
  69. 69. http://AstroTech.io Hackerspace • hackerspaces.org
  70. 70. http://AstroTech.io EHAP • Ethical Hackers Against Pedophilia • The Genocide2600 Group
  71. 71. http://AstroTech.io media
  72. 72. http://AstroTech.io Phrack magazine • phrack.com • first published November 17, 1985 • Fyodor: "the best, and by far the longest running hacker zine," • covers phreaking, anarchy, cracking, hacking, cryptography and international news. • "has had its finger on the pulse of hacker culture" • handbook and a manifesto for hackers
  73. 73. http://AstroTech.io 2600 • Off the Hook • 2600: The Hacker Quarterly • HOPE conference • 2600.com
  74. 74. http://AstroTech.io The Hacker Manifesto • The Mentor -> Blankenship • wrote after he was arrested in 1986 • hacker’s only crime is curiosity • a moral guide to hackers • a cornerstone of hacker philosophy • reprinted in Phrack
  75. 75. http://AstroTech.io The Cathedral and the Bazzar • a.k.a. “CatB” • essay by Eric S. Raymond • based on his observations of the Linux kernel development process • and his experiences managing an open source project, fetchmail • at Linux Congress, May 27, 1997
  76. 76. http://AstroTech.io movies
  77. 77. http://AstroTech.io War games • imdb.com/title/tt0086567 • 1983 • Matthew Broderick • Dabney Coleman • John Wood • Ally Sheedy
  78. 78. http://AstroTech.io Hackers • imdb.com/title/tt0113243 • 1995 • Jonny Lee Miller • Angelina Jolie • Hackers 2 • Hackers 3
  79. 79. http://AstroTech.io Sneakers • imdb.com/title/tt0105435 • 1992 • Gary Hershberger • Robert Redford • Sidney Poitier • David Strathairn • Dan Aykroyd
  80. 80. http://AstroTech.io communication
  81. 81. http://AstroTech.io Bulletin board system • a.k.a. “BBS” • Once logged in • user can uploading and downloading software and data • reading news and bulletins • exchanging messages with other users, either through electronic mail or in public message boards • access via a Telnet
  82. 82. http://AstroTech.io Usenet • Tom Truscott and Jim Ellis in 1979 • worldwide distributed Internet discussion system • Usenet resembles a bulletin board system • precursor to the various Internet forums • absence of a central server and dedicated administrator
  83. 83. http://AstroTech.io Internet Relay Chat • a.k.a. “IRC” • IRC was created in 1988 • real-time Internet text messaging (chat) or synchronous conferencing • mainly designed for group communication
  84. 84. http://AstroTech.io fun
  85. 85. http://AstroTech.io The great hacker war
  86. 86. http://AstroTech.io wardriving
  87. 87. http://AstroTech.io wargames
  88. 88. http://AstroTech.io crack me
  89. 89. http://AstroTech.io uplink • Hacker Elite • introversion.co.uk/uplink/
  90. 90. http://AstroTech.io conferences
  91. 91. http://AstroTech.io defcon www.defcon.org
  92. 92. http://AstroTech.io black hat blackhat.com
  93. 93. http://AstroTech.io hope hope.net
  94. 94. http://AstroTech.io Any questions? Matt Harasymczuk matt@harasymczuk.pl www.matt.harasymczuk.pl
  95. 95. http://AstroTech.io I rest my case That's all Folks
  96. 96. http://AstroTech.io Thank you.

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