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Wiki Use In Education By Dona Sisk  EDUC 8841 Dr. Foley  Walden University Spring 2010
California State Board of Education  Vision Statement <ul><li>“ All California students of the 21st century will attain th...
What Does This Mean To Education?   <ul><ul><ul><li>writing skills </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>communication and c...
Wiki <ul><li>Developed 1994  </li></ul><ul><li>Launched in 1995 on c2.com  </li></ul><ul><li>Creator Ward Cunningham  </li...
Wiki Purpose <ul><li>Make exchange between programmers easier </li></ul><ul><li>Quickly editable by users  </li></ul><ul><...
Original concerns with Wikis <ul><li>Loss of information from updates   </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of information due to unaut...
Responses to Concerns <ul><li>People Index 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>Edit Copy 1996  </li></ul><ul><li>(later became Page  Hi...
Early Wiki Uses <ul><li>Project communication </li></ul><ul><li>Intranets </li></ul><ul><li>Documentation  </li></ul><ul><...
Why Wikis <ul><li>Peer-to-peer collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Project-oriented learning  </li></ul><ul><li>Connection to ...
Impact on Students’ Education Leadership for Web 2.0 in Education: Promise and Reality (2009) http://www.cosn.org/Portals/...
Functionality in the Classroom   <ul><li>Familiarity with technology  </li></ul><ul><li>Interest in utilizing technology  ...
Additional research shows…   <ul><li>One of most important ways of obtaining effective outcomes with technologies is indiv...
Barriers in the classroom   <ul><li>Teacher uncertainty  </li></ul><ul><li>Student uncertainty </li></ul><ul><li>Training ...
S Curve of Innovation Adoption  for Wikis
Formal Influence on Decisions Leadership for Web 2.0 in Education: Promise and Reality (2009) http://www.cosn.org/Portals/...
Innovators and Early Adopters   <ul><li>Technology teachers  </li></ul><ul><li>New younger teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Curr...
Strategies for Adoption of Wikis for Innovators and Early adopters <ul><li>Adequate training and support </li></ul><ul><li...
Late Adopters and Laggards <ul><li>Older established teachers  </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers uncomfortable with technology </...
Strategies for Adoption of Wikis for Late Adopters and Laggards   <ul><li>Mentor assignment  </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate tr...
Attributes for Reaching  Critical Mass for Wikis in Education <ul><li>Relative Advantage </li></ul><ul><li>Complexity  </l...
Relative Advantage <ul><li>Supports Writing Standards  </li></ul><ul><li>Supports Multiple Learning Modes  </li></ul><ul><...
Complexity  <ul><li>Relatively Short Learning Process  </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to use and modify  </li></ul><ul><li>Integra...
Trialability <ul><li>Integration can be limited at first  </li></ul><ul><li>Early adopters can be mentors for later adopte...
Centralized or Decentralized Approach for Adoption of Innovation   <ul><li>Centralized approach targeting directors  </li>...
Key Change Agents <ul><li>Technology Educational Organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Directors  </li></ul><ul><li>Department C...
Change Agents Roles <ul><li>Establish informational exchange networks  </li></ul><ul><li>Influence behavior change  </li><...
Innovation Critical Mass <ul><li>Critical mass attained in private and business domains  </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce innov...
Role of Champion <ul><li>Recognize the need for improvement and communicate those needs such as: </li></ul><ul><li>- impro...
Role of Champion  <ul><li>Identify and communicate how the use of wikis meet those needs such as: </li></ul><ul><li>-provi...
Remember… <ul><li>academic knowledge  </li></ul><ul><li>applied learning  </li></ul><ul><li>performance skills   </li></ul...
References  <ul><li>California State Board of Education. (2009). Vision, mission, and goals.  http://www.cde.ca.gov/be/ag/...
References  <ul><li>COSN. (2009). Leadership for web 2.0 in education:Promise & reality.  http://www.cosn.org/Portals/7/do...
References <ul><li>Rogers, E. (2003)  Diffusion of innovations   (5th ed.) . New York: Free Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Uslue...
References <ul><li>Wikipedia. (2010). Wiki.  http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wiki#History   </li></ul><ul><li>Zeinstejer, R....
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Innovation wikis in education mutlimedia final project

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Innovation wikis in education mutlimedia final project

  1. 1. Wiki Use In Education By Dona Sisk EDUC 8841 Dr. Foley Walden University Spring 2010
  2. 2. California State Board of Education Vision Statement <ul><li>“ All California students of the 21st century will attain the highest level of academic knowledge, applied learning and performance skills to ensure fulfilling personal lives and careers and contribute to civic and economic progress in our diverse and changing democratic society” </li></ul>
  3. 3. What Does This Mean To Education? <ul><ul><ul><li>writing skills </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>communication and collaboration skills </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>critical thinking skills </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>technology skills </li></ul></ul></ul>Students need to gain the necessary skills to be successful in society such as:
  4. 4. Wiki <ul><li>Developed 1994 </li></ul><ul><li>Launched in 1995 on c2.com </li></ul><ul><li>Creator Ward Cunningham </li></ul>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_wikis#Early_wiki_websites_for_software_development
  5. 5. Wiki Purpose <ul><li>Make exchange between programmers easier </li></ul><ul><li>Quickly editable by users </li></ul><ul><li>Forum where people share ideas </li></ul>“ My specific purpose for the first wiki was to create an environment where we might link together each other's experience to discover the pattern language of programming” ~ Ward Cunningham (October 20, 2003) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_wikis#Early_wiki_websites_for_software_development
  6. 6. Original concerns with Wikis <ul><li>Loss of information from updates </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of information due to unauthorized users </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of organization of information as number of updates increase </li></ul>
  7. 7. Responses to Concerns <ul><li>People Index 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>Edit Copy 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>(later became Page History in 2002) </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki Categories 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>Road Maps 1997 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Early Wiki Uses <ul><li>Project communication </li></ul><ul><li>Intranets </li></ul><ul><li>Documentation </li></ul><ul><li>Technical users </li></ul>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wiki
  9. 9. Why Wikis <ul><li>Peer-to-peer collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Project-oriented learning </li></ul><ul><li>Connection to community </li></ul><ul><li>More meaningful learning </li></ul>“ Today's digital natives (our students) expect to communicate, learn and explore their world using technology 24/7. To keep up with them, to meet their learning preferences and to engage them in the learning process, we need to make schools relevant to them. We cannot do that without keeping up with technology and Web 2.0.” – A Curriculum Director in New York Leadership for Web 2.0 in Education: Promise and Reality (2009) http://www.cosn.org/Portals/7/docs/Web%202.0/CoSN%20Report%20042809Final%20w-cover.pdf
  10. 10. Impact on Students’ Education Leadership for Web 2.0 in Education: Promise and Reality (2009) http://www.cosn.org/Portals/7/docs/Web%202.0/CoSN%20Report%20042809Final%20w-cover.pdf
  11. 11. Functionality in the Classroom <ul><li>Familiarity with technology </li></ul><ul><li>Interest in utilizing technology </li></ul><ul><li>Develop skills needed for online collaboration </li></ul>effective tools for learning and teaching as they facilitate collaborative learning, provide collaborative writing, support project based learning, promote creativity, encourage critical searching, support inquiry based and social constructivist learning (Cress&Kimmerle, 2008) http://www.springerlink.com/content/g509739lp56gk040/fulltext.pdf
  12. 12. Additional research shows… <ul><li>One of most important ways of obtaining effective outcomes with technologies is individuals’ acceptance and usage of technology (Usluel & Mazman, 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.insanbilimleri.com /en </li></ul><ul><li>easy course administration and scheduling, easy online updating content, student feedback and self assessment, bibliographically organized class or group projects, online collaboration for classroom or students (Zeinstejer, 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>http://tesl-ej.org/ej44/m1.pdf </li></ul>
  13. 13. Barriers in the classroom <ul><li>Teacher uncertainty </li></ul><ul><li>Student uncertainty </li></ul><ul><li>Training time and effort </li></ul><ul><li>Psychology of online behavior </li></ul>
  14. 14. S Curve of Innovation Adoption for Wikis
  15. 15. Formal Influence on Decisions Leadership for Web 2.0 in Education: Promise and Reality (2009) http://www.cosn.org/Portals/7/docs/Web%202.0/CoSN%20Report%20042809Final%20w-cover.pdf
  16. 16. Innovators and Early Adopters <ul><li>Technology teachers </li></ul><ul><li>New younger teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Curriculum developers </li></ul><ul><li>Technology savvy students </li></ul>
  17. 17. Strategies for Adoption of Wikis for Innovators and Early adopters <ul><li>Adequate training and support </li></ul><ul><li>Connection to standards </li></ul><ul><li>Research data to support learning benefit </li></ul>
  18. 18. Late Adopters and Laggards <ul><li>Older established teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers uncomfortable with technology </li></ul><ul><li>Students uncomfortable with technology </li></ul><ul><li>Administrators hesitant of change </li></ul>
  19. 19. Strategies for Adoption of Wikis for Late Adopters and Laggards <ul><li>Mentor assignment </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate training and support </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate time to develop skills </li></ul><ul><li>Curriculum and activities development </li></ul>
  20. 20. Attributes for Reaching Critical Mass for Wikis in Education <ul><li>Relative Advantage </li></ul><ul><li>Complexity </li></ul><ul><li>Trialability </li></ul>
  21. 21. Relative Advantage <ul><li>Supports Writing Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Supports Multiple Learning Modes </li></ul><ul><li>Supports Multiple Learning Perspectives </li></ul>
  22. 22. Complexity <ul><li>Relatively Short Learning Process </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to use and modify </li></ul><ul><li>Integration can be scaled </li></ul>
  23. 23. Trialability <ul><li>Integration can be limited at first </li></ul><ul><li>Early adopters can be mentors for later adopters </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptability to individual academics </li></ul>
  24. 24. Centralized or Decentralized Approach for Adoption of Innovation <ul><li>Centralized approach targeting directors </li></ul><ul><li>Centralized approach targeting department chairs </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralized approach targeting teachers </li></ul>
  25. 25. Key Change Agents <ul><li>Technology Educational Organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Directors </li></ul><ul><li>Department Chairs </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative teachers </li></ul>
  26. 26. Change Agents Roles <ul><li>Establish informational exchange networks </li></ul><ul><li>Influence behavior change </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforce behavioral change </li></ul><ul><li>Establish process for problem resolution </li></ul>
  27. 27. Innovation Critical Mass <ul><li>Critical mass attained in private and business domains </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce innovation to department chairs </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce innovation to science and technology groups </li></ul>
  28. 28. Role of Champion <ul><li>Recognize the need for improvement and communicate those needs such as: </li></ul><ul><li>- improve writing skills </li></ul><ul><li>- improve collaboration skills </li></ul><ul><li>- improve critical thinking skills </li></ul><ul><li>- improve technology skills </li></ul>
  29. 29. Role of Champion <ul><li>Identify and communicate how the use of wikis meet those needs such as: </li></ul><ul><li>-provides opportunity for writing </li></ul><ul><li>-provides opportunity for collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>-provides opportunity for critical thinking </li></ul><ul><li>while increasing technology skills </li></ul>
  30. 30. Remember… <ul><li>academic knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>applied learning </li></ul><ul><li>performance skills </li></ul>Goal of Education:
  31. 31. References <ul><li>California State Board of Education. (2009). Vision, mission, and goals. http://www.cde.ca.gov/be/ag/ag/vmgoals.asp </li></ul><ul><li>Chao, J. & Parker, K. (2007). Wiki as a teaching tool. Interdisciplinary Journal of Knowledge and Learning Objects , 3, 57-71. Retrieved from http://ijello.org/Volume3/IJKLOv3p057-072Parker284.pdf </li></ul>
  32. 32. References <ul><li>COSN. (2009). Leadership for web 2.0 in education:Promise & reality. http://www.cosn.org/Portals/7/docs/Web%202.0/CoSN%20Report%20042809Final%20w-cover.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Cress, U., & Kimmerle, J. (2008). A systemic and cognitive view on collaborative knowledge building with wikis. Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, 3 , 105-122. </li></ul>
  33. 33. References <ul><li>Rogers, E. (2003) Diffusion of innovations (5th ed.) . New York: Free Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Usluel, Y. & Mazman, S. (2009). Adoption of Web 2.0 tools in distance education. International Journalof Human Sciences , 6(2), 89-98. Retrieved from: http://www.insanbilimleri.com/en </li></ul>
  34. 34. References <ul><li>Wikipedia. (2010). Wiki. http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wiki#History </li></ul><ul><li>Zeinstejer, R. (2008). The Wiki Revolution: A Challenge to Traditional Education. TESL-EJ,11 (4). </li></ul>

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