2nd Annual ISS Research and Development Conference
July 16-18, 2013 1 -
ISS is a
Laboratory,
Let’s Use it Like One
Michael...
International Space Station
A Unique Platform for Science
 Crew-tended
 Suitable for long-term studies
 Ability to comm...
Stages of the International Space Station
from a scientist’s point of view
Design Assembly Utilization Extension
Promises ...
International Space Station Key
Features
 Supports both external and internal
research
 Automated, human and robotic
ope...
Meeting the Needs of the Utilization
Community – ISS Infrastructure
Recent Upgrades
 Additional S/G channels to
enable PI...
SoftwareToolkit for Ethernet Lab-Like Architecture
A generic software toolkit for Payload Developers to integrate at their...
Meeting the Needs of the Utilization
Community – Research Capabilities
Internal
 Rodent, drosophila
, cell, and plant
res...
Next Steps: Creating a More
Laboratory-Like Environment
 Modifying the operational concept for a more realistic
experimen...
Next Steps: Fly When You Are
Ready
 Continuing to simplify integration and operations for
utilization
 Goal is for ISS n...
Cygnus
(Orbital)
Dragon (SpaceX)
Progress
ATV (ESA)
TV (JAXA)
ISS Cargo Vehicles Cargo Capacity
2,250 kg
Cargo Capacity
5,...
Researcher’s Guide Series
 Acceleration
Environment
 Cellular Biology
 Combustion Science
 Earth Observations
 Fluid ...
Using ISS should be as easy as
If it’s not, tell us what we can improve upon.
WorldWideWeb
http://www.nasa.gov/iss-science/
FacilitiesCatalog
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/researc
h/facili...
15
Backup Charts
An Example of Commonality Across Platforms
Expansion of the standardized CubeSat form factor from suborbital to ISS;
from ...
Disciplines that use the Laboratory
Life Sciences
Astrophysics, Heliophysics,X
-ray Astronomy
Materials
Earth Science
Tech...
The Next Decade of ISS and Beyond
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The Next Decade of ISS and Beyond

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Mike Suffredini, Manager, ISS Program Office, NASA Johnson Space Center: "The Next Decade of ISS and Beyond." Presented at the 2013 International Space Station Research and Development Conference, http://www.astronautical.org/issrdc/2013.

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  • May not want this chart, may just want to talk this part as part of the intro slide.
  • Research areas we are trying to enable.
  • The Next Decade of ISS and Beyond

    1. 1. 2nd Annual ISS Research and Development Conference July 16-18, 2013 1 - ISS is a Laboratory, Let’s Use it Like One Michael Suffredini ISS Program Manager
    2. 2. International Space Station A Unique Platform for Science  Crew-tended  Suitable for long-term studies  Ability to command from and receive data to just about anywhere in the world Critical Capabilities  Long duration microgravity exposure  Exposure to the thermosphere  Observations at high altitude, inclination and velocity
    3. 3. Stages of the International Space Station from a scientist’s point of view Design Assembly Utilization Extension Promises Waiting Research Benefits Requirements & Planning The Vehicle & The Crew Research Mission Focus Research Mission Renewal Project Management Science Organizational Culture Paradigm Shifts -Operating safely is not enough -Experienced system managers and operations teams support researchers -ISS is a real laboratory—it’s OK if things don’t work the first time! -Highly adaptable to minimize research development costs and schedule to orbit -Emphasis on flying ground or COTS hardware with minimal to no modifications You are here
    4. 4. International Space Station Key Features  Supports both external and internal research  Automated, human and robotic operated research  Nearly continuous data and communication link to anywhere in the world  Modularity and maintainability built into the design ensures mission life, allows life extension, vehicle evolution and technology upgrades
    5. 5. Meeting the Needs of the Utilization Community – ISS Infrastructure Recent Upgrades  Additional S/G channels to enable PI’s to talk to the crew  Increased ability for high quality video downlink  Increased data downlink  Command and telemetry capability using internet protocols via Stella (IP encapsulation)  110VAC power  Crew time consistently averaging 35 hours per week – sometimes more Upcoming Additions  Higher quality cameras to take advantage of increased downlink capability  KU forward link provides capability for standard internet protocols  Increased bandwidth down  External wireless  DelayTolerant Network  Web-based access  4th crew to increase crew time to average 68.5 hours per week The delta effort to use ISS is not nearly as high as has been perceived.
    6. 6. SoftwareToolkit for Ethernet Lab-Like Architecture A generic software toolkit for Payload Developers to integrate at their ground monitoring laboratory, and also within their flight payload computer, to accommodate all of the unique software formatting required to communicate with the ISS.
    7. 7. Meeting the Needs of the Utilization Community – Research Capabilities Internal  Rodent, drosophila , cell, and plant research  On orbit analysis External  Earth pointing platform  Exposure platforms  Deployment capabilities for CubeSat and larger payloads
    8. 8. Next Steps: Creating a More Laboratory-Like Environment  Modifying the operational concept for a more realistic experiment model  More flexibility in operations allowing for more trial and error experimentation  Develop an envelope of pre-approved activities to be executed depending on what the results dictate  Crew as a collaborator  Paradigm shift in the operational world
    9. 9. Next Steps: Fly When You Are Ready  Continuing to simplify integration and operations for utilization  Goal is for ISS never to be the pacing item in being ready for flight  Stratified hardware verification, testing and crew training to reduce planning and manifesting templates  Evaluating changes in software and safety approaches to minimize timelines for utilization
    10. 10. Cygnus (Orbital) Dragon (SpaceX) Progress ATV (ESA) TV (JAXA) ISS Cargo Vehicles Cargo Capacity 2,250 kg Cargo Capacity 5,500 kg Cargo Capacity 5,500 kg Cargo Capacity 2,000 kg Cargo Capacity 3,100 kg ascent
    11. 11. Researcher’s Guide Series  Acceleration Environment  Cellular Biology  Combustion Science  Earth Observations  Fluid Physics  Fruit Fly Research  Fundamental Physics  Human Research  Macromolecular Crystal Growth  Microbial Research  Microgravity Materials Research  Plant Science  Rodent Research  Space Environmental Effects  Technology Demonstration Series of books to educate potential users on how their ground-based experiments can be translated to space Topics in yellow are available now. Remainder completed by Spring 2014.
    12. 12. Using ISS should be as easy as If it’s not, tell us what we can improve upon.
    13. 13. WorldWideWeb http://www.nasa.gov/iss-science/ FacilitiesCatalog http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/researc h/facilities_category.html Opportunities http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/researc h/ops/index.html Center for theAdvancement of Science in Space http://www.iss-casis.org/Home.aspx For More Information
    14. 14. 15 Backup Charts
    15. 15. An Example of Commonality Across Platforms Expansion of the standardized CubeSat form factor from suborbital to ISS; from universities to industry 1 6 ISS capability for pressurized, unpressurized, or deployment of CubeSat type hardware
    16. 16. Disciplines that use the Laboratory Life Sciences Astrophysics, Heliophysics,X -ray Astronomy Materials Earth Science Technology Demonstration Fluids and Combustion Human Research Astro-Biology

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