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Astronauts and Robots 2015: Frank Culbertson, Orbital ATK

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American Astronautical Society, Astronauts and Robots: Partners in Space Exploration, May 12-13, 2015 - http://astronautical.org/event/astronauts-robots

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Astronauts and Robots 2015: Frank Culbertson, Orbital ATK

  1. 1. American Astronautical Society Conference Astronauts and Robotics: Partners in Space Science and Exploration May 13, 2015 Frank Culbertson President, Space Systems Group American Astronautical Society, May 13, 2015, All Rights Reserved
  2. 2. Introducing the New Orbital ATK  $4.5 Billion (2013 Pro-Forma Revenue) Global Aerospace and Defense Systems Company  Innovative, Affordable Products for Government and Commercial Customers  Launch Vehicles, Propulsion Systems and Aerospace Structures  Missile Products, Defense Electronics, Armament Systems and Ammunition  Satellites, Space Components and Technical Services  12,500 Employees, Including 4,300 Engineers and Scientists  R&D, Production and Test Facilities in 17 States Aerospace Systems Defense Systems Innovation… Delivered  The Partner You Can Count On 2American Astronautical Society, May 13, 2015, All Rights Reserved
  3. 3. Space Systems Group Overview Scientific Spacecraft Human Space Systems National Security SatellitesCommercial Satellites Space Components Space Engineering Services Research Rocket and Balloon Operations Advanced Space Systems  Annual Sales of About $1.2 Billion  Workforce of Approximately 2,700 People  Major Operations in Virginia, Maryland, California, Arizona, Texas and Utah American Astronautical Society, May 13, 2015, All Rights Reserved 3
  4. 4. The Future of Human/Robotic Exploration  Do We Really Need Humans To Explore Space?  Are Machines A Better Alternative To Reach Into The Solar System And Beyond?  Is A Robotic Space Program More Cost- effective?  Why Risk Human Life?  What Is More Effective – Autonomous vs Teleoperated Robotic Operations? 4American Astronautical Society, May 13, 2015, All Rights Reserved
  5. 5. Human/Robotic Partnership 5American Astronautical Society, May 13, 2015, All Rights Reserved
  6. 6. What Have We Learned?  Robotic And Human Exploration Of Space Go Hand In Hand  Both Are Synergistic And Mutually Dependent.  Precursor Robotic Exploration Is Necessary To Enable Human Exploration By Providing Early Critical Information  Teleoperated Robotic Exploration Is Lower Risk Than Human Only Exploration And Provides Greater Science Return Than Autonomous Systems  Ultimately, Humans Provide Operational Flexibility, Adaptability And Inspiration  Inspiration Also Drives Funding For The Robotic Partnership. 6American Astronautical Society, May 13, 2015, All Rights Reserved
  7. 7. Challenges to Overcome  Distance And Duration  The Flight To Mars Will Be Long And Mostly Automated. A Human Crew May Experience Psychosocial Problems.  Robots Don’t Need Heavy And Large Supply Stocks Of Oxygen, Water, Food Or Conflict Resolution.  On A Long Mission Things Will Break. Humans Can Problem Solve And Respond Quickly To The Unexpected.  Risks - Working In Harsh Environments  Robots Can Exist On The Hostile Planet, Weathering Radiation And Dust Storms Better Than Humans.  Astronauts May Face Long-term Health Problems.  Funding And Schedules 7American Astronautical Society, May 13, 2015, All Rights Reserved
  8. 8. Robotic/Human Partnership In Future Exploration Activities?  Robotic Precursor Missions  The Apollo Program Would Not Have Been Possible Without Its Robotic Precursors.  Lunar Orbiter Mapped The Moon’s Surface.  Ranger Obtained Close-up Views Of Landing Zones.  Surveyor Explored The Surface, Determine Its Composition And Practice Soft Landings.  Surface Telerobotic Operations  Teleoperation Can Complete Science Objectives In Days/Months That Require Years For Autonomous Rovers − During The 11 Years Of Operation, The Opportunity Rover Is Within 20 Km Of The Landing Site − Surface Exploration Of Mars Could Be Controlled From Phobos/Deimos − Surface Operations On The Moon Could Be Controlled From Lunar Orbit Or Earth-Moon Lagrange Point 8American Astronautical Society, May 13, 2015, All Rights Reserved
  9. 9. What Needs to Happen In The Near Term  Refine An Integrated Human / Robotic Exploration Mission Plan  Define Roles And Responsibilities  Align Roles With Capabilities And Goals.  Develop And Test New Technologies And Human/Robotic Joint Operations  Teleoperated Operations Should Be The Next Step For Moon And Mars Surface Exploration 9 NASAAmes Testing American Astronautical Society, May 13, 2015, All Rights Reserved

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