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Astronauts and Robots 2015: Steve Stich, NASA


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American Astronautical Society, Astronauts and Robots: Partners in Space Exploration, May 12-13, 2015 -

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Astronauts and Robots 2015: Steve Stich, NASA

  1. 1. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Human Exploration & Operations Mission Directorate Steve Stich NASA Johnson Space Center
  2. 2. Sustainable Human Space Exploration NASA’s Building Blocks to Mars Earth Reliant Proving Ground Earth Independent Missions: 6 to 12 months Return: hours Missions: 1 month up to 12 months Return: days Missions: 2 to 3 years Return: months Mastering the fundamentals aboard the International Space Station Developing planetary independence by exploring Mars, its moons, and other deep space destinations U.S. companies provide affordable access to low Earth orbit Pushing the boundaries in cis-lunar space The next step: traveling beyond low-Earth orbit with the Space Launch System rocket and Orion crew capsule 2
  3. 3. 3 VALIDATE through analysis and flights • Advanced Solar Electric Propulsion (SEP) systems to move large masses in interplanetary space • Lunar Distant Retrograde Orbit as a staging point for large cargo masses en route to Mars • SLS and Orion in deep space • Long duration, deep space habitation systems • Crew health and performance in a deep space environment • In-Situ Resource Utilization in micro-g • Operations with reduced logistics capability • Structures and mechanisms • CONDUCT • EVAs in deep space with sample handling in micro-g • Integrated human and robotic mission operations • Capability Pathfinder and Strategic Knowledge Gap missions Enabling Human Missions to Mars PROVING GROUND OBJECTIVES
  4. 4. 4 Learn how to break the bonds to the earth Logistics, crew health monitoring, ground-to-crew communications, etc.
  5. 5. 5 Demonstrate the life support and monitoring systems that will take us to Mars
  6. 6. Delivery of Early Habitation/Exploration Augmentation Module Near Term Proving Ground Extended Habitation Exploration Augmentation Module (EAM) Orion 4 Crew for 30-60 Days Logistics Resupply Module Exploration Augmentation Module Airlock & Docking Node Orion Asteroid Redirect Vehicle Exploration Augmentation Module 23
  7. 7. SLS Block 1B & Mission Element Concepts Under Study 7 Mission concepts with Universal Stage Adaptor CoreStage/Boosters Exploration UpperStageMissionElements Mission concepts with 8m and 10m fairings Orion with short- duration hab module total mission volume = ~ 400m3 5m fairing w/robotic lunar lander & short- duration hab module total mission volume = ~ 600m3 8m fairing with large aperture telescope total mission volume = ~ 1200m3 10m fairing w/notional Mars payload total mission volume = ~ 1800m3 30’ tall x 27.6’ dia Science Missions total mission volume = ~ 400m3 ARM Mission total mission volume = ~ 400m3
  8. 8. Large/Long Gap 8 ISS and ARM Provides First Steps to Mars Sequence Mission