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Astronauts and Robots 2015: Scott Hubbard, Stanford


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American Astronautical Society, Astronauts and Robots: Partners in Space Exploration, May 12-13, 2015 -

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Astronauts and Robots 2015: Scott Hubbard, Stanford

  1. 1. Prof. G. Scott Hubbard Stanford Univ. Enabling Space Exploration: Humans & Robots-Hand in Grip
  2. 2. Space Exploration: People or robots? The Questions This is a false dichotomy The ratio of robots to humans will change At some point the human being will become the dominant tool for exploring Mars Today Near Future 2015-2020 The Age of Space
  3. 3. It takes the MER rover a day to do what a field geologist can do in about 45 seconds. -- Steve Squyres MER 2003 PI Apollo 17 comparison Human/Robot Comparison Drove 36 km in 20 hours of EVA (less time driving) Collected 110 kgs of rocks from 30 sites The Opportunity rover has driven 40km in 11 years. It cannot collect rocks.
  4. 4. Why Human Scientists on Mars? Humans will take exploration the next steps: Make sense of the complex Make decisions Choose the right spots Perform the right tests Interpret results on the spot and able to follow through opportunistically To discover and experience Robotic Missions: Provide the basic data: topography, geology, meteorology Lay the groundwork: the salty sea has been demonstrated Narrow the field Fixed-not opportunistic Cannot assign or assess meaning
  5. 5. Where we’re headed International Space Station Remote Manipulator System from Canada Human/robot interaction studies in Mars analog environments A Mars Exploration Rover
  6. 6. Challenges •Will machines become more like humans? •Will humans become more like machines? Computer Science is enhancing machine capability to function in novel, unstructured, complex environments. Machines areMachines are augmenting humanaugmenting human abilitiesabilities
  7. 7. Future Visionary Partnerships