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Plans for Human Exploration Beyond Low Earth Orbit


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2011 American Astronautical Society Robert H. Goddard Memorial Symposium--Laurie Leshin, NASA

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Plans for Human Exploration Beyond Low Earth Orbit

  1. 1. PLANS FOR HUMAN EXPLORATION BEYOND LOW EARTH ORBIT<br />Laurie Leshin, Deputy AA ESMD<br />March 30, 2011<br />
  2. 2. Explore to Prosper<br />Discover<br />Address grand challenges about ourselves, our world, our cosmic surroundings<br />Innovate<br />Provide opportunities to develop new technologies, new jobs, and new markets<br />Inspire<br />Inspire students to explore, learn, contribute to our nation’s economic competitiveness, and build a better future <br />
  3. 3. A Bounty of Opportunity for Human Explorers<br />Near Earth Asteroids:<br />– Compelling science questions: How did the Solar System form? Where did Earth’s water and organics come from?<br />– Planetary defense: Understanding and mitigating the threat of impact<br />– Potential for valuable space resources<br />– Excellent stepping stone for Mars<br />3<br />Mars and its Moons:<br />– A premier destination for discovery: Is there life beyond Earth? How did Mars evolve?<br />– True possibility for extended, even permanent, stays<br />– Significant opportunities for international collaboration<br />– Technological driver for space systems<br />HEO/GEO/Lagrange Points:<br />– Microgravity destinations beyond LEO<br />– Opportunities for construction, fueling and repair of complex in-space systems <br />– Excellent locations for advanced space telescopes and Earth observers<br />Earth’s Moon:<br />– Witness to the birth of the Earth and inner planets<br />– Has critical resources to sustain humans<br />– Significant opportunities for commercial and international collaboration<br />
  4. 4. Destinations for Expansion of Humans Into the Solar System Enabled by FY 2012 Investments<br />Mars<br />4<br />“Planetary Exploration”<br />Access to Planetary Surfaces<br />Phobos/Deimos<br />“Full Capability” NEA<br />“Exploring Other Worlds”<br />Access to Low-Gravity Bodies<br />“Minimal” NEA Mission<br />Lunar Surface Missions<br />“Into the Solar System”<br />Human Exploration of Interplanetary Space<br />Lunar Flyby & Orbit<br />Increments in technology, systems, flight elements development and operational experience<br />GEO/HEO Missions<br />“Gaining the High Ground”<br />Human Access to Cis-Lunar Space<br />Key<br />New LEO Missions<br />Candidate Destination<br />
  5. 5. The President’s Budget Request and Authorization Act of 2010 Align with Capability-Driven Framework Needs<br />In Low Earth Orbit:<br />ISS being utilized for critical exploration research and demonstrations<br />Cargo and crew access to ISS being developed through innovative partnerships with private sector<br />SLS and MPCV are initial essential capabilities required for NASA and the U.S. to lead exploration beyond LEO <br />These vehicles provide capabilities needed for exploration of many destinations, including cis-lunar space, the moon, asteroids and Mars and its environs<br />Required research, technologies and capabilities development beyond SLS and MPCV are supported in ESMD and OCT<br />Exploration of more complex destinations will be enabled as key capabilities are developed over time<br />5<br />
  6. 6. Capability-Enabled Framework<br />NASA will open the inner solar system to human explorers via investments in capabilities that will enable more complex missions over time <br />Full Capability Near-Earth Asteroid <br />Minimum Near-Earth Asteroid <br />Geosynchronous/ High-Earth Orbit<br />Mars Moons <br />Lunar Orbit/Vicinity <br />Mars Surface<br />Full Capability Near-Earth Asteroid <br />Lunar Surface <br />Minimum Near-Earth Asteroids <br />Orbit Mission Lunar Orbit/Vicinity <br />Destinations<br />Capability<br />6<br />
  7. 7. Opening the Solar System: <br />A Sustainable Future for Human Explorers<br />
  8. 8. If Star Trekcan reimagine itself…<br />…why not NASA?<br />
  9. 9.
  10. 10. Expansion of Human Exploration Capabilities<br />Minimal NEA Missions<br />34A<br />Mars Elements<br />6: Enable Mars Missions<br />Distance<br />Surface Capabilities Needed<br />Space Exploration Vehicle (SEV)<br />Solar Electric Propulsion (SEP)<br />5: Enable Deep Space Missions<br />Long Duration Habitation Needed<br />Deep Space Habitat (DSH)<br />Lunar Flyby &Orbital Missions<br />33A<br />33B<br />4: Enable Long Duration Missions<br />New LEO Missions<br />Crew EVA Suit Block 2<br />31A<br />Lunar Lander & GPOD<br />Mars Missions<br />35A<br />35B<br />3: Enable Lunar Surface Missions<br />Advanced Propulsion Needed<br />GEO/HEO Missions<br />32A<br />32B<br />Cryogenic Propulsion Stage (CPS)<br />Key<br />High Thrust in-Space Propulsion Needed<br />2: Enable Missions Beyond LEO<br />Robotics & EVA Module (REM)<br />Full Capability NEA Missions<br />Capability Gates<br />34B<br />Crew EVA Suit Block 1<br />Lunar Surface Missions<br />Candidate Destination<br />Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle (MPCV)<br />33C<br />DRM<br />Space Launch System - HLLV<br />Ultimate Destination Goal<br />DRM<br />Element Capability<br />10<br />1: Enable New LEO Missions<br />Mission Duration<br />