How We Got Where We Are: 40 Years of Planning...

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2011 American Astronautical Society Robert H. Goddard Memorial Symposium--Roger Launius, National Air and Space Museum

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How We Got Where We Are: 40 Years of Planning...

  1. 1. How We Got Where We Are:<br />40 Years of Planning…<br />Roger D. Launius<br />National Air and Space Museum<br />Smithsonian Institution<br />
  2. 2. 2<br />Sixty Years Ago…<br /><ul><li>Human Earth orbital flights
  3. 3. Winged reusable spacecraft
  4. 4. Permanently inhabited space station
  5. 5. Human lunar exploration
  6. 6. Human expeditions to Mars</li></li></ul><li>Fifty Years Ago…<br />
  7. 7. Forty Years Ago…<br />$25.4 billion cost.<br />Six successful landings, 1969-1972.<br />Three circumlunar flights (Apollo 8, 10, 13).<br />Technological advance pathbreaking.<br />Scientific return astounding.<br />
  8. 8.
  9. 9. What Do We Do for an Encore?<br />Space Task Group Report, 1969.<br />Space Shuttle, approved 1972.<br />Space Station, approved 1984.<br />Return to Moon. <br />Mars expedition.<br />Space Exploration Initiative, July 1989.<br />Back to the Moon, and on to Mars.<br />Vision for Space Exploration, January 2004.<br />Back to the Moon, on to Mars, and retire Space Shuttle.<br />Space Exploration in the 21st Century, April 2010. <br />Emphasize ISS, commercial cargo and crew, R&D.<br />
  10. 10. Build a Spaceplane<br />Thirty Years Ago…<br />
  11. 11. Ten Years Ago…<br />Then Build a Space Station…<br />
  12. 12.
  13. 13. A Few Great Accomplishments<br />
  14. 14. Tragedies: Challenger 1986 and Columbia 2003<br />
  15. 15. Expectations<br />12<br />Expectations…A Dual Edged Sword<br />
  16. 16. Where’s My Jetpack?<br />
  17. 17. Historic Drivers for Exploration<br />God<br />Gold<br />Glory<br />
  18. 18. Are We on the Verge of 2001: A Space Odyssey?<br />Might we Incorporate LEO into <br />normal human activities?<br />

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