Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT
Using Historical and Planetary Cycles to Predict the Future w...
Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT
Research Problem Statement
“It is a test of true theories not...
Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT
(Heizer & Dunning, 2012), taxes and stocks (Thomas & Zhang, 2...
Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT
instruments, the rebellion phase (when a style is rejected by...
Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT
most danced to, as well as used in commercials, film, and tel...
Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT
associations of Saturn with other planets (Perkins, 1998) sin...
Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT
Central Research Question
How can events and observed data of...
Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT
Defense of Research Design
The required diversity of the samp...
Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT
While a prediction is not always based on experience or knowl...
Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT
and predictive powers for organisms and events on earth? The ...
Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT
Who will be protected by Britain. (Poland did have a treaty w...
Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT
1998).
In the 20th
Century, the Swiss astrologer Karl Ernst K...
Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT
With these historical examples mentioned above, combined with...
Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT
(Mandelbrot & Freeman, 1983) with the hypothetical calculatio...
Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT
actual point in time when everything within our galaxy was ph...
Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT
such as lunatic to describe one who goes ‘crazy’ during a ful...
Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT
Ascendant
Figure 4. Statistical plot of elite French athlete’...
Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT
How can events and observed data of various cultural trends, ...
Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT
Aaboe, A. (1991) The culture of Babylonia: Babylonian mathema...
Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT
Transliteration and Translation. New York: Dover Publications...
Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT
46-48.
Gauquelin, M. (1955). L'influence des astres. Paris: L...
Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT
Krafft, K.E. (1939). Traité d’astro-biologie. Paris: Legrand ...
Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT
27(2), 151-176. doi:10.1177/0148558X11409149
Nussbaum, S., Li...
Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT
doi:10.1037/a0031722
Thomas, J., & Zhang, F. X. (2011). Tax e...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Doctorate paper on predictions

2,454 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,454
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1,728
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Doctorate paper on predictions

  1. 1. Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT Using Historical and Planetary Cycles to Predict the Future with a Grounded Theory by David Bryant Perkins Introduction to Qualitative Research CAPELLA UNIVERSITY
  2. 2. Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT Research Problem Statement “It is a test of true theories not only to account for, but to predict phenomena.” - William Whewell (1824) Attempts at predicting the future with some type of scientific system have been prepared as far back as 3,500 BC with Sumerian astronomy (Aaboe, 1991) forecasting the best time to plant crops and forecasting possible disasters, to the present day business analysts predicting the value of accruals within market anomalies (Nam, Brochet, & Ronen, 2012). To predict the future, in the context of history repeating itself, can be seen as far back as the Greek historian Polybius (ca. 200-118 BC) who paralleled the rise of the Roman Empire during his time with that of his native Greece’s Empire a few hundred years earlier (Finley, 1959). Ironically, one of the ideas from Polybius, the ‘separation of powers in government’ was later revisited in history by Montesquieu’s ‘The Spirit of the Laws’ and within our own United States Constitution that forms our government - thereby making Polybius a living example of the idea he postulated and thus becoming a part of the cycles of history repeating itself. If history indeed repeats itself, and if an aspect of history could be analyzed using the data collected over a period of time (Merriam, 2009) then a grounded theory design might be formed, should the proper core category and properties be found. Although it has been shown that individuals feel more confident predicting the distant future (Nussbaum, Liberman, & Trope, 2006) than a more recent one, accurate prediction of any length into the future is a quality that can effect the outcomes within many fields of study and industry, such as achievement within the context of behavior
  3. 3. Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT (Heizer & Dunning, 2012), taxes and stocks (Thomas & Zhang, 2011), and even breeding distributions within a species of birds (Barbet-Massin, Thuiller, & Jiguet, 2012). Focusing on an attribute of culture, such as music, the power to predict outcomes could remedy problems in many areas, and be of great benefit in a wide range of areas where music has an effect on individuals, such as predicting dysphoria among heavy metal listeners (Shafron, & Karno, 2013), a woman’s preference for more complex music around the time of her ovulation (Charlton, Filippi, & Fitch, 2012) and stress management (Frey, 2013). Since music is becoming more a form of social activity, in turn becoming an antecedent to cultural events (Torvinen, 2009), understanding the cycle of musical trends could act as a predictive tool when applied to, and associated with, other cultural phenomenon. A researchable-grounded theory problem, then, would be to observe the past data of musical styles and trends that have come and gone through the American music scene, in order to discover conceptual categories that might become a tool for prediction of other cultural trends as well. Purpose of the Research & Significance When asked by EMI executives in Hamburg to predict the next future trend in music, Perkins (1998) found a historical cycle within the context of popular American music that repeated every 30 years. The graph below illustrates this 30- year cycle and how this cycle repeats itself historically in a very regular, and precise, pattern, as well as revealing the categories that define, and are the predictive tools, within each cycle. These categories are: the evolving electronic complication of the
  4. 4. Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT instruments, the rebellion phase (when a style is rejected by most of society) and the dance phase (when a style is accepted by most of society). Figure 1. 30-year Music Cycle From: Perkins, D. (1998) Rzut oka w przeszlosc - Moja Gwiezdna Terapia Each cycle begins with a new category, which can be described as a new form of technology (or instrument) becoming associated with and affecting the new style of music created within this cycle. For example, the saxophone’s input with a certain cultural group’s experimental music of the 1920’s evolved into Jazz, the electric guitar in the 1950’s generated one of the defining elements of Rock & Roll, and the synthesizer became the foundation of the 1980’s electronic music. Another category is the phases in which the cycle develops, and then fades away. For example, in the early 1950’s, Rock & Roll becomes the new ‘rebellious’ music for disfranchised youth (while being shunned by the rest of society) and then after 20 years, evolves into being the most popular form of music: the style of music
  5. 5. Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT most danced to, as well as used in commercials, film, and television productions. The core category that ties the previously mentioned categories and properties of this 30-year cycle together is the planet Saturn, whose own orbit is on average 29.7 years, and appears to reflect the changes in the technology as well as both phases categories within each cycle (Perkins, 1998). For example, Saturn moved into the zodiac sign of Scorpio in the early 1920’s, 1950’s, and 1980’s, which coincides exactly with the rebellious, or rejected phase, and then moved into the sign of Taurus in the early 1940’s, 1970’s, and in the year 2000 to coincide exactly with the dance, or accepted phase. Besides the exact timing equivalents of the planet Saturn moving into each sign, the characteristic of each sign (Erlewine, 2006) also matches the characteristic denoted within each phase. For example, one defining characteristic of Scorpio is sex (Erlewine, 2006), and the driving force of youth - sex - can also be seen as a defining characteristic within each cycle of the rebellion phases. O'Meally (1998) notes that not only is the association of jazz and sex early and extensive, but at it very core, jazz is sex. The same can be said of a young Elvis Presley, whose sexual gyrations (censored at first on national TV) in the 1950’s is a strong illustration of the sexual implications associated to the following cycle of Rock & Roll. Saturn entering Taurus, a sign that represents “money” (Erlewine, 2006), also shares association with the dance phase of a cycle, for when a particular style reaches the height of its popularity, and is used in commercials, film, and television productions, money becomes more of the creation issue than raw youthful expression. Each phase in relation to Saturn can also be verified by external
  6. 6. Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT associations of Saturn with other planets (Perkins, 1998) since Saturn incurred both strong aspects with Venus and Jupiter (by 90° and 180°) in the beginning of both the rebellion and dance phases. The evidence of this 30-year cycle then offers the practitioner a predictive tool using; for example, by extending this pattern one can visualize the next new style of music to begin developing around the year 2010. Note: actually around 2015 - for even though the current new style is already under development in the basements and garages across America, several years are needed for this new ‘raw’ form of music to enter mainstream music outlets. For example, the identifying iconic Rock and Roll song “Rock Around the Clock” (Freeman & Myers, 1952) did not become popular until its rendition by Bill Haley and His Comets until 1954, even though the elements of rock and roll were being experimented with several years earlier. Further predictions can be made using these same categories of this current cycle that started recently to make the prediction that the dance phase of this current cycle now underway will occur in the year 2030. With this music cycle as a model, the applications of such grounded theory can then be applied significantly to other areas of study and industry (psychology, business, social trends, national policy, etc) in order to create a more reliable tool for predicting outcomes. In the context of this study, by observing the categories of the musical styles and trends previously described, these musical conceptual categories can be linked to categories of other cultural phenomenon so that a tool for predicting different cultural trends may be created.
  7. 7. Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT Central Research Question How can events and observed data of various cultural trends, over time in a grounded theory design, be formulated to discover a core category for predicting outcomes using planetary motion? Subquestions What major categories emerge when analyzing other cultural trends? What categories in the 30-year music cycle can be generalized over to other cultural trends? What planet (or group of planets) cycle can be associated over time to other cultural core categories? Description of Sampling Criteria, Participants, & Data-Collection Procedures Data can be collected from documentaries, observation of historical data, letters (Merriam & Associates, 2002) as well as books, movies, newspapers, and of course, the music of any one of these particular cultural trends being analyzed. In some cases, interviews with individuals who have impacted a particular trend or cultural phenomenon could add insight as to the descriptions of any particular event or philosophy that emerged from a certain era. The data found in one era could then be guided by theoretical sampling (Glaser & Strauss, 1967) that will determine the direction for the data collection of the next era or phase to be observed. The holistic approach of observing the movements and aspects of planets can also be considered in discovering patterns that parallel in the sky and here on earth.
  8. 8. Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT Defense of Research Design The required diversity of the sampling procedures (Merriam, 2009) in other words, the data coming from many sources, is certainly an apt characteristic of a grounded theory design and of the procedures that took place in the above study. Also, as in the music cycle, the core category in the other cultural cycles will be the conceptual component that ties the other categories together. Perhaps the main element that makes the grounded theory for this projects design would be the fact that the purpose of this study is not to test a theory, but rather to use the data to formulate one. For example, in the 30-year music cycle, there was no prior theory or idea why popular music in American appears to change on a constant cycle that parallels with the orbit of the planet Saturn, or that each new cycle appears to be associated with a new instrument. These ‘coincidences’ only emerged after the data was collected - which is again a unique characteristic of the grounded theory design. Part 2: Concept and Assumptions or Expectations Develop a theoretical or conceptual framework for the potential study you selected for this unit. According to Maxwell (2013), theory is “…a set of concepts and proposed relationships….that is intended to represent or model something bout the world” (p.42). With theory being a part of the scientific method since the time of Socrates (Vlastos, 1991), one of the abilities theory evolved from this time was allowing humanity to have the power of prediction, or a statement that some outcome is expected in the future.
  9. 9. Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT While a prediction is not always based on experience or knowledge; forecast, which is usually a more specific prediction and may cover a wider range of possible outcomes, is also not beholden to experience or knowledge as well. Many predictions seen in today’s academic journals primarily focus on technical or behavioral applications, such as predicting wireless quality for sensor networks (Zhao et al., 2012), mental processes, such as for memory (Bundzel, & Hashimoto, 2010), and behavioral tendencies, such as towards suicide (Joiner et al., 2009). Yet, since the time of the ancient Sumerians (Aaboe, 1991), using the planets as a major form of predictive tool was quite common up to the Age of Reason in the 17th Century, when the interpretative side of astronomy separated into its own branch: astrology. While astronomy continued down the path of the scientific method; astrology was instead hijacked by opportunists who degraded this predictive art to such a degree, that its main appearance for today’s society are only found in gossip and trash magazines at check out counters. The predictive power of using the planets to prove a theory can be illustrated by the fact that Neptune and Pluto were both found by mathematical predictions (Urbain Le Verrier for Neptune, and Percival Lowell for Pluto) based on Newton’s theory of gravity, theorizing that the gravitational pull of one planet having an effect on the orbits of other planets. In other words, by careful analysis of all the planets in our solar system and applying Newton’s theory of gravity, Le Verrier theorized there was a planet beyond Saturn and Uranus (Grosser, 1962) and found Neptune, while Percival Lowell performed same form of mathematical analysis and prediction (Jones, 2010) to find Pluto. The question emerges, if heavenly bodies hold proven descriptive and predictive powers to better understand the rest of the solar system, can they also hold descriptions
  10. 10. Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT and predictive powers for organisms and events on earth? The evidence behind a ‘yes’ answer to this question is scarce, but undeniably present. The following examples will illustrate how those who study the stars in the past have constructed theories and systems showing how the movements of the planets in our solar system can be used to describe and predict behaviors and events occurring on earth. Describe the theory (if applicable) and literature that potentially explains the phenomenon that will be investigated. Perhaps the best-known forecaster of all time is Michel de Nostredame (1503 - 1566) whose writings and literature are more commonly known by his anglicized name Nostradamus. In 1649, Nostradamus wrote Quatrain 57 in his Centuries, Book III: Sept fois changer verrez gent Britiannique, Taintz en sang deux, nonnte an, Franche non point par appuy Germanique, Aries double son pole Bastarnan. (translated:) During the course of 290 years, Britain would change its ruling dynasty seven times. (It did.) Then, Aries (war) will come between Germany and another Germanic tribe, The Bastarnan (a tribe living east of the Oder River, present day Poland),
  11. 11. Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT Who will be protected by Britain. (Poland did have a treaty with Britain) Basically, Nostradamus in 1649 states that in 290 years (or 1939) war will come to Germany and a Germanic tribe east of the Oder River (Poland) who will be protected/allied with Britain. While accurate historically, the above prediction may appear as simply a coincidence (or lucky guess) when standing alone, even with these elements of accuracy: 1.) A significant war did start in 1939 2.) It did start with Germany attacking its neighbor to the east of the Oder River 3.) The ‘tribe’ or people Germany attacked was protected/had a treaty with Great Britain 4.) From the time of the writing to the start of this war, Britain had 7 different rulers However, when put in context with the other descriptions of this period such as the descriptions of the German leader (Lemesurier, 2003) who Nostradamus named Hister (one letter off from Hitler), how this leader would seduce the masses with his ‘tongue’ (or speaking ability), and how this Germany leader will actually come from the lower Danube (Austria), one has an extremely accurate portrayal of the situation in Germany in 1939. An accurate portrayal of the situation in 1939 Germany that was foreseen in the 17th Century. The most commonly mentioned planet Nostradamus associates (Lemesurier, 2003) with his pre-World War II and events of World War II descriptions is Saturn, whose 30 year cycle when considered with aspects from other major planets can produce clear, measurable cycles of 10, 20, 30 & 60 years (Perkins,
  12. 12. Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT 1998). In the 20th Century, the Swiss astrologer Karl Ernst Krafft cast the horoscope for the new Chancellor of Germany in 1933, Adolf Hitler, (Perkins, 2013) and made these three predictions: (1.) Hitler will bring Germany into war in the fall of 1939, (2.) Germany must make peace with Great Britain by the summer of 1941 or the tide of her early successes will turn against Germany (causing Rudolf Hess to fly to Scotland in May of 1941 in order to sue for peace), and (3.) the war will end in the spring of 1945. Krafft, considered the authority of Nostradamus in the early 1900’s, expounded the planetary elements Nostradamus used in mundane or cultural predictions, by creating his own theory of astrological prediction named ‘typocosmy’ (Krafft, 1939) in which future tendencies where set against a personality type described in one’s horoscope. Using this theory, Krafft also made forecasts for cultural events, and was the first to use the newly discovered ‘planet’ in 1930 - Pluto, or planet X as it was known at the time - to verify and create a more specific starting date of World War II as foreseen by Nostradamus in 1649, and his own prediction using Hitler’s horoscope in 1933. Six years after the discovery of Planet X (Pluto), there was enough data to track this distant “planet’s” movements (past and in the future), by use of an ephemeris Krafft created. Noticing the movement of Pluto into Cancer, which occurred in August of 1914, (Perkins, 2013) Krafft found Pluto’s transit appeared to ‘announce’ as the start of WWI. Using his theory of ‘typocosmy’, Krafft then went on to ‘narrow down’ the pervious predictions of 1939 by Nostradamus in 1649 and his own from 1933, to place the start of the Second World War to be in September of 1939, the month when Pluto would enter into the following sign of Leo.
  13. 13. Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT With these historical examples mentioned above, combined with the 30-year musical cycle discovered by Perkins (1998) using his own theory of ‘synthesis’, or prediction by ‘synthesizing’ or combining planetary, cultural, technological, social, and human cycles, we can say there is a plausible case for investigating events on earth in regards to the planetary positions and movements that occur in our solar system. Identify and describe the key concepts and assumptions or expectations that make up your framework. The most basic underlying assumption for this framework is the ancient Greek Neo-Platonic philosophical idea of a micro- and macrocosm schema throughout the universe, in which the same patterns operate the same in all levels of the universe (Plato, 1987). This concept was earlier described as ‘as it is above, so it is below’ seen in ancient Sumerian texts (Aaboe, 1991), the Egyptian Book of the Dead (Budge, 1895), and later in ancient Greece as the religion Hermeticism, that later influenced such figures as Thomas of Aquinas and Augustine to incorporate elements of this philosophy into Christianity (Abel & Hare, 1997) as well as Isaac Newton, who stated his study of the Corpus Hermeticum was of great aid to his understanding of the physical world (Pemberton, 1728). Newton also theorized that if but one planet were to leave the solar system, then the orbits, rotations, and even the axis of all the other planets would change drastically. This assumption of an occurrence happening in one area of space - no matter how minor - can be connected to another in a distance area of space was illustrated mathematically
  14. 14. Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT (Mandelbrot & Freeman, 1983) with the hypothetical calculation of a butterfly flapping its wings in Africa being connected by air of a hurricane forming in the Atlantic Ocean. Figure 2. Visual Representation of Madelbrot’s “Butterfly Effect From: Perkins, D. (1993) More recently, Douglas (1990) notes there are many ways to plot the concept of microcosm and macrocosm, from the representation of the human body as a temple or house, to the movement of the earth and stars in order to allow us a universal orientation on several levels. This assumption that “all things are connected” can also be illustrated by the very existence and movement of our own galaxy, which is spiraling outwards (Hubble, 1936). As Perkins (1998) noted, if we were to go back in time far enough to watch the spiraling process reverse and move inward, eventually a point in time would come where our galaxy would simply be one large ‘piece of light’, thereby creating an
  15. 15. Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT actual point in time when everything within our galaxy was physically connected. Figure 3. Our Galaxy Courtesy of Posterart.com Discuss how these key concepts and assumptions or expectations are interrelated. The interrelated fabric - or gravity - that holds the solar system together as described by Newton above can be also illustrated by O’Neill’s (2008) observation that Jupiter’s gravitational pull appears to be forcing Mercury into a death orbit, thus validating that one planet can have a strong influence, or is interrelated, to another outside of merely affecting certain elements of it orbital path and even speed. While scientific studies as we define it today were not conducted in ancient times, there were enough occurrences of human behavior aligned with planetary - or Moon - positions for early peoples to notice an effect that contributed to the very words we use,
  16. 16. Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT such as lunatic to describe one who goes ‘crazy’ during a full moon (Raison, Klein, & Steckler, 1999), or the common myths and stories found in nearly every culture that the ‘animal side’ (werewolf in western culture) comes out during a full moon. What few studies that have been done between the interrelated connection between the moon and behaviors of organisms on earth have found: animal bites occur more during a full moon (Bhattacharjee, Bradley, Smith, Scally, & Wilson, 2000), the reproductive activities of many fish species are cued by the moon, (Takemura, Rahman, and Park, 2010), homicides, suicides, fatal traffic accidents, aggravated assaults, and psychiatric emergency room visits occurring in Dade County, Florida demonstrated statistically significant increases around a full moon (Lieber & Sherin, 1978) as well as in Bavaria, Germany (Biermann et al., 2009). While these past studies indicate a strong interrelationship between the Moon and organisms on earth, only one study exists showing the relationship from a heavenly body beyond the moon, which are the findings produced by Gauquelin (1955), describing as what later became known as the “Mars effect”. When analyzing the statistical correlation between elite French athletes and their horoscopes, having a statistical significant number of these athletes had the planet Mars being placed just above their ascendant or just past the mid-heaven positions in these athlete’s personal horoscopes. Mid-heaven
  17. 17. Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT Ascendant Figure 4. Statistical plot of elite French athlete’s Mars positions (Gauqelin, 1955) Against the backdrop of a horoscope wheel, the Mars positions of elite French athletes are plotted, showing a significant number having Mars positions just pass two angular points on a chart, the Ascendant and Mid-heaven. Therefore, while certain behaviors to organisms on earth can have a direct connection drawn to the moon, there are indications that other planets could have possible effects and outcomes related to individuals as well. Based on the historical, biological, planetary, and cultural phenomenon as illustrated above, it would appear that the Moon has an association with producing an affect on individual organisms, while the outer planets appear to have an association with cultural events, and tendencies that found in larger groups of individuals. Conclude with an explanation of how those key concepts, assumptions, and expectations will be confirmed or disconfirmed with the study's findings.
  18. 18. Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT How can events and observed data of various cultural trends, over time in a grounded theory design, be formulated to discover a core category for predicting outcomes using planetary motion? The key concepts of a micro- & Macrocosm universe along with the assumption that all things are connected lead to the expectation that an event occurring in one area of space could be affect elements in another space, no matter how distance. Should planetary cycles be associated with patterns and cycles on earth, such as the 30-year musical cycle theory illustrated above, then the current musical cycle now underway will confirm the study when this newest cycle that started in the year 2010 will follow the same pattern and contain the same categories (new instrument, rebellion and dance phase) as the previous cycles occuring in 1920, 1950, and 1980. Further confirmation could also be created should this theory of planetary cycles be applied to an element of culture that is often related to music, such as fashion, dance, and performances. References
  19. 19. Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT Aaboe, A. (1991) The culture of Babylonia: Babylonian mathematics, astrology, and astronomy. London, England: Cambridge University Press Abel, C.R. & Hare, W. O. (1997). Hermes Trismegistus: An Investigation of the Origin of the Hermetic Writings. Sequim: Holmes Publishing Group. Barbet-Massin, M., Thuiller, W., & Jiguet, F. (2012). The fate of european breeding birds under climate, land-use and dispersal scenarios. Global Change Biology, 18(3), 881-890. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02552.x Bhattacharjee, C., Bradley, P., Smith, M., Scally, A.J., & Wilson, B.J. (2000). Do animals bite more during a full moon? Retrospective observational analysis. British Medical Journal. 321:1561–3. Retrieved from http://www.nsrf.ie/publications_ 2009/Relationship_lunarPhases&seriousCrimesofBattery.pdf Biermann, A., Asemann, R., McAuliffe, C., Ströbel, A., Keller, J., Sperling, W., Stefan Bleich, S., Kornhuber, J., & Reulbach, U. (2009). Relationship between lunar phases and serious crimes of battery: A population-based study. Comprehensive Psychiarty. 50, 573-577. Retrieved from http://www.nsrf.ie /publications_2009/Relationship_lunarPhases&seriousCrimesofBattery.pdf Budge, E. A. (1895). The egyptian book of the dead: (The papyrus of ani) Egyptian Text
  20. 20. Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT Transliteration and Translation. New York: Dover Publications. Bundzel, M., & Hashimoto, S. (2010). Object identification in dynamic images based on the memory-prediction theory of brain function. Communications & Network, 2(4), 212-220. doi:10.4236/jilsa.2010.24024 Charlton, B. D., Filippi, P., & Fitch, W. (2012). Do women prefer more complex music around ovulation?. Plos ONE, 7(4), 1-6. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0035626 Douglas, M. (1990). The body of the world. International Social Science Journal, 42(125), 395. Erlewine, M. (2006) Interpret astrology: The house combinations. Big Rapids, Michigan: Startypes Finley, M.I. (1959). The portable greek historians. New York, New York: Penguin Books Freeman, M.C., & Myers, J.E. (1952). (We’re gonna) Rock around the clock [Recorded by Bill Haley]. On Rock around the clock [45 rpm]. New York, NY: Decca (1954) Frey, T. (2013). City of the Future: Part Two. Journal Of Environmental Health, 75(7),
  21. 21. Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT 46-48. Gauquelin, M. (1955). L'influence des astres. Paris: Le Dauphin Glaser, B.G., & Strauss, A.L. (1967). The discovery of grounded theory. Chicago: Adline. Grosser, M. (1962). The discovery of neptune. Cambridge: Harvard University Press Heizer, E. G., & Dunning, D. (2012). Why and when peer prediction is superior to self- prediction: The weight given to future aspiration versus past achievement. Journal Of Personality & Social Psychology, 103(1), 38-53. doi:10.1037/a0028124 Hubble, E. P. (1936). The Realm of the Nebulae. New Haven: Yale University Press. Joiner, T. R., Van Orden, K. A., Witte, T. K., Selby, E. A., Ribeiro, J. D., Lewis, R., & Rudd, M. (2009). Main predictions of the interpersonal–psychological theory of suicidal behavior: Empirical tests in two samples of young adults. Journal Of Abnormal Psychology, 118(3), 634-646. doi:10.1037/a0016500 Jones, B.W. (2010). Pluto: Sentinel of the outer solar system. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press
  22. 22. Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT Krafft, K.E. (1939). Traité d’astro-biologie. Paris: Legrand V. Porchet. Lemesurier, Peter (2003). The unknown nostradamus: The essential biography for his 500th birthday. London: John Hunt Publishing. Lieber, A.L., & Sherin, C.R. (1978 ). Human aggression and the lunar synodic cycle. American Journal of Psychiatry. 129:101-6. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi. nlm.nih.gov /pubmed/641019 Mandelbrot, B., & Freeman, W. H. (1983). The fractal geometry of nature. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman. Maxwell, J. A. (2013). Qualitative research design: An interactive approach (3rd ed). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Merriam, S. B. (2009). Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. Merriam, S. B., & Associates. (2002). Qualitative research in practice: Examples for discussion and analysis. San Francisco, CA. Jossey-Bass. Nam, S., Brochet, F., & Ronen, J. (2012). The Predictive value of accruals and consequences for market anomalies. Journal Of Accounting, Auditing & Finance,
  23. 23. Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT 27(2), 151-176. doi:10.1177/0148558X11409149 Nussbaum, S., Liberman, N., & Trope, Y. (2006). Predicting the near and distant future. Journal Of Experimental Psychology: General, 135(2), 152-161. O'Meally, Robert G. (1998). The jazz cadence of american culture. New York: Columbia University Press. O’Neill, I. (2008, May). Could jupiter wreck the solar system? Universe. Retrieved from http://www.universetoday.com/14032/could-jupiter-wreck-the-solar-system/ Plato. (1987). The Republic. 2nd ed. Trans. Desmond Lee. New York, NY: Penguin Books. Pemberton, H (1728). A View of Sir Isaac Newton's Philosophy. London: S. Palmer. Perkins, D. (1998). Moja gwiezdna terapia. Szcecin, Poland: Atlantean Therapy Perkins, D. (2013). Hitler’s astrologer. Mustang, OK: Tate Publishing Raison, C.L., Klein, H.M. & Steckler, M. (1999). The moon and madness reconsidered, Journal of Affective Disorders, 53(1), 96-106. Shafron, G., & Karno, M. P. (2013). Heavy metal music and emotional dysphoria among listeners. Psychology Of Popular Media Culture, 2(2), 74-85.
  24. 24. Running Head: USING HISTORICAL & PLANETARY CYCLES TO PREDICT doi:10.1037/a0031722 Thomas, J., & Zhang, F. X. (2011). Tax expense momentum. Journal Of Accounting Research, 49(3), 791-821. doi:10.1111/j.1475-679X.2011.00409.x Torvinen, J. (2009). Can music (libraries) predict our future?. Fontes Artis Musicae, 56(1), 25-28. Vlastos, Gregory (1991). Socrates, ironist and moral Philosopher. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Zhao, J., Wu, S., Mu, C., Fan, B., & Lu, Y. (2012). Study and prediction of wireless link quality for adaptive channel hopping. Journal Of Networks, 7(11), 1884-1891. doi:10.4304/jnw.7.11.1884-1891

×