Asses s ment of Local Governance and Development  Performance in Indonesia: Current Models, Challenges and Future Perspect...
Structure and Scope of Presentation <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of National Development Challenges, Goal...
Background <ul><li>Indonesia is a unitary state consisting of  524 autonomous regions:   33  provinces,  398  districts, a...
Poverty  by Province in 2007 and 2009  (% of Population) Source:  www.bps.go.id/
Human Development Index by Province*) Indonesia HDI Rank:  111  of 1 80  countries  (2007);  *) Source:  www.bps.go.id/
  Source :  IFC (2009), cited from  BKPM’s presentation 2010 Time and  Cost for Starting  Business in  Indonesia Source : ...
National Long-Term Delevoment Stages Restructuring the NKRI (Republic of Indonesia) to build a safe and peaceful, fair, de...
National Development Priorities  Investment & Businss Climate Energy Environment & Disaster Management Culture, Creativity...
Rational of Performance Measurement <ul><li>Performance measurement points to regular measurement of of the results (outco...
Impacts Benefits Outcomes Outputs Activities MEANS-ENDS STRUCTURE (Extended IOO Model) What social changes ( quality of li...
Input Measures  Process Measures  Output Measures  Outcome- Oriented  Measures  Types of Performance Indicators Efficiency...
Overview of Instruments of Performance Measurement and Evaluation Instrument and Arena Types of Indicators LAKIP (Governme...
Main Issues and Problems of Performance Measurement Conceptual understanding & technical skill   Main  Problems in  Perfor...
Arena and Number of Indicators for Measuring Regional/ Local Governance Performance (EKPPD) 174 72 174 74 151 63 Total 26 ...
Concluding Remarks  and Future Perspectives <ul><li>Fundamental Concept of the Performance Measurement adopted by Indonesi...
For further information please contact: Senior Advisor- GTZ DeCGG Kementerian Dalam Negeri Republik Indonesia Gedung Sasan...
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Assessment of Local Governance and Development Performance in Indonesia

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Assessment of Local Governance and Development Performance in Indonesia

  1. 1. Asses s ment of Local Governance and Development Performance in Indonesia: Current Models, Challenges and Future Perspective s Dr. Astia Dendi Senior Advisor GTZ-DeCGG IASIA International Congress, Bali 12-17 July 2010
  2. 2. Structure and Scope of Presentation <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of National Development Challenges, Goal and Priorities toward 2014; </li></ul><ul><li>Rational of Performance Measurement; </li></ul><ul><li>Structure and Instruments of Performance Measurement; </li></ul><ul><li>Main Issues and Problems of Performance Measurement System and Implementation; </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions and Future Perspectives; </li></ul>
  3. 3. Background <ul><li>Indonesia is a unitary state consisting of 524 autonomous regions: 33 provinces, 398 districts, and 93 municipalities (MoHA, 2009); </li></ul><ul><li>10 years ago Indonesian population was reported 205 million peoples , and it is estimately more than 235 million peoples in 2010 (population census is undegoing); </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralisation is “unfinished agenda”, and further governance reform is undergoing; </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty and inter-regional disparity remain one of critical challenges; </li></ul><ul><li>These challenges and globalisation call for government’s role and coherence policies; </li></ul><ul><li>Indonesian Government has recently launched its National Mid-Term Development Plan for 2010-2014 (RPJMN 2010-2014) ; </li></ul><ul><li>International Donors, including German Development Cooperation align with the Partner’s Agenda according to the Paris Declaration and the Jakarta Commitment . </li></ul>
  4. 4. Poverty by Province in 2007 and 2009 (% of Population) Source: www.bps.go.id/
  5. 5. Human Development Index by Province*) Indonesia HDI Rank: 111 of 1 80 countries (2007); *) Source: www.bps.go.id/
  6. 6. Source : IFC (2009), cited from BKPM’s presentation 2010 Time and Cost for Starting Business in Indonesia Source : IFC (2009) , cited from BKPM’s presentation 2010 Indonesia’s Investment Rank (out of 178 countries) ( % GNI per capita) (days)
  7. 7. National Long-Term Delevoment Stages Restructuring the NKRI (Republic of Indonesia) to build a safe and peaceful, fair, democratic and more prosperous Indonesia Mid-Term I 2005-2009 Strengthening NKRI, improve the quality of human resources, build the capacity in science & technology, strengthen the economic competitivenes Mid-Term II 2010-2014 Enhance the overall development with emphasis on building economic competitive advantages based on available NR, qualified HR and Sc. & Tech. Mid-Term III 2014-2019 Creating an independent, modern, integrated and prosperous RI society through acceleration of development in all sectors based on solid ES & competitive advantages; Mid-Term IV 2020-2024 National Long-Term Development Plan 2005-2025
  8. 8. National Development Priorities Investment & Businss Climate Energy Environment & Disaster Management Culture, Creativity & Tech. Innovation Least Dev. , Frontier, Outer and Post-conflict Areas + 3 Other Priorities (Politics; Economy; People’s Welfare) Bureaucracy and Governance Reform Education Health Food Resilience Poverty Reduction Infrastructure National Priorities 2010-2014 Soft Infrastructure Social infrastructure Physical Infrastructure Creativity Development
  9. 9. Rational of Performance Measurement <ul><li>Performance measurement points to regular measurement of of the results (outcomes) and efficiency of services or programs (Hatry, 2006); </li></ul><ul><li>The globalisation calls for re-inventing government’s role in promoting market-friendly and coherence public policies; </li></ul><ul><li>Performance measurement is a connector between information and management decision making that benefits the public; </li></ul><ul><li>It strengthens good governance practices at all level; </li></ul><ul><li>Performance measurement provides elected officials relevance information and, thus, profound understanding on policy outcomes and constraints; </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen evidence-based policy making and result-orientation; </li></ul>
  10. 10. Impacts Benefits Outcomes Outputs Activities MEANS-ENDS STRUCTURE (Extended IOO Model) What social changes ( quality of life ) are expected? What are relatively direct effects / benefits of changes for customers/ specified population? What immediate changes are expected to occure on customers/ specified population? What are goods and services produced through the efforts? What are the efforts/ Interventions by using the inputs? Inputs (Resources)
  11. 11. Input Measures Process Measures Output Measures Outcome- Oriented Measures Types of Performance Indicators Efficiency Cost Effectiveness What Resources? (Human, Money, Time) Changes and Benefits/ Impacts of Changes On Client’s System Goods & Services Produced How? Ways, Compliance with Procedure & Standards Effectiveness
  12. 12. Overview of Instruments of Performance Measurement and Evaluation Instrument and Arena Types of Indicators LAKIP (Government’s Accountability Reporting) Governmental agencies at all levels EPPD (Evaluation of Reg./ Local Governance Performance) Policy-making Level & Imlementing Agencies Level EPRPD (Evaluation of Reg./ Local Dev. Plan Implementation) Provincial, District/ Municipal Governments & Implementing Agencies ENDP (Evaluation of National Dev. Plan Implementation) All Central Government’s Programmes implemented in regions Input-Process-Output-Outcome- [Benefit/ Impact] Input-Process- Output-Outcome-Benefit/ Impact Input-Process-Output-Outcome-Benefit/ Impact Example text This is an example text. Input-Process-Output-Outcome-Benefit/ Impact
  13. 13. Main Issues and Problems of Performance Measurement Conceptual understanding & technical skill Main Problems in Performance Measurement Availability and Quality of Data Participation Deficit Capacity Deficit Regulatory Framework Methodology Performance Pillars Incoherence, Overlapping , D isorientation Desk Study-Centric Baseline Data, Benchmarks,Milestones Key Performance Indicators Weighting and Treshold Values Leadership Frequent staff transfer/ rotation Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) Academia Information & Cummunication System Output and Outcome Indicators were frequently not defined clearly Vague Link between Outputs and Outcomes Regulation-Centric Enabling Incentives (Structure, Rewards/ Punishment & Capacity Building) Enabling Incentives (Structure, Financial Resources & Capacity Building ) Data Inconsistency
  14. 14. Arena and Number of Indicators for Measuring Regional/ Local Governance Performance (EKPPD) 174 72 174 74 151 63 Total 26 26 16 Discretional Functions 120 120 107 Obligatory Functions 28 28 28 General Administration Implement-ation level Policy Level Implement-ation level Policy Level Implement- ation level Policy level District Municipal Province
  15. 15. Concluding Remarks and Future Perspectives <ul><li>Fundamental Concept of the Performance Measurement adopted by Indonesian Government is compatible with the widely accepted theory of performance measurement; </li></ul><ul><li>However, the established system is just not doable! </li></ul><ul><li>Strong political commitment and inter-ministrial collaboration are needed to design and re-assign doable and systemic performance measurement and evaluation; </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen interlink among planning, performance measurement and performance-based budgeting; </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilize citizen’s satisfaction/ citizen’s complaint survey; </li></ul><ul><li>Cost effective and dynamic information and communication system of performance management; </li></ul><ul><li>Systemic capacity building; </li></ul>
  16. 16. For further information please contact: Senior Advisor- GTZ DeCGG Kementerian Dalam Negeri Republik Indonesia Gedung Sasana Bhakti Praja 5 th Floor Jl. Medan Merdeka Utara No. 7, Jakarta Phone: +6221 351 1584 Email: Astia.Dendi@gtz.de DR. Astia Dendi Terima Kasih Atas Perhatian Anda! Thank You For Your Attention!

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