Master in Interior Design
Prof. Arch. Filippo Taidelli

STRAW BALE HOUSES
“Sustainable approach can bring to a
creative so...
Why Straw bale houses?
Reason #1 Energy Efficiency.
•
A well built straw bale home can save you up to 75% on heating and c...
The beginning…

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Soci...
The beginning…

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Soci...
The beginning…

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Soci...
The beginning…

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Soci...
Recent straw bale house…

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s...
Recent straw bale house…

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s...
Recent straw bale house…

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s...
Recent straw bale house…

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s...
Construction Methods
DIFFERENT CONSTRUCTION METHODS
• LOADBEARING
• PRECAST
• INFILL AND TIMBER FRAME
• LIGHT WEIGHT FRAME...
Load bearing walls
NEBRASKA-STYLE WALL
• The bales themselves take the weight of the roof there is no other structural fra...
Load bearing walls

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. ...
Load bearing walls
VALLELUNGA (BZ)
ITALY

Bed&Breakfast woth
Load Bearing
Walls(jumbo bales) - 3
floors

STRAW BALE HOUSES...
Load bearing walls

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. ...
Load bearing walls

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. ...
Prefab straw bale walls
A new building system from Austria:
• Austrian prefabrication system that combines the traditional...
Prefab straw bale walls

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s....
Precast straw bale walls
AMSTERDAM
HOLLAND

Edificio di 5 piani
fuori terra
realizzato in 6
giorni

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Mau...
Straw bale courtains
takes the advantage of the insulating capacity of the straw to
make courtain insulation.
This system ...
Straw bale courtains
GERMANY

ITALY

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Tadde...
The structure of a straw
bale house:
DIFFERENT METHODS OF BUILDING
• LOADBEARING
• LIGHT WEIGHT FRAME AND LOADBEARING
• IN...
Italian Building Code
The only structural system admitted according to the
2008 Italian Building code is:

TIMBER FRAME

S...
Light frame
PIONEERED BY BARBARA JONES
• It uses a timber framework that is so light-weight
that it cannot stand up alone....
Post and beam/timber frame
• In this method, the weight of the roof is carried by a
wood, concrete framework, and the bale...
Post and beam/timber frame

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster...
Post and beam/timber frame
SCIOLZE (TURIN)
ITALY

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Cla...
Post and beam/timber frame

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster...
Post and beam/timber frame

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster...
Timber frame elements
FOUNDATIONS: T-SHAPED

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio ...
Timber frame elements
TIMBER FRAME

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo...
Timber frame elements
FLOORS

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Ast...
Timber frame elements
FLOORS

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Ast...
Timber frame elements
FLOORS

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Ast...
Timber frame elements
CROSS BRACING
system utilized to reinforce
building structures in which
diagonal supports intersect....
Finite Element model

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l...
Finite Element model

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l...
Finite Element model

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l...
Our last work:
CASA BERGANDI
Independent villa in Saluggia (Italy)

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso A...
STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneri...
WALLS

U= 0.18 W/m2K

FLOOR

U= 0.14 W/m2K

ROOF

U= 0.14 W/m2K

WINDOWS

U= 1.40 W/m2K

VELUX

U= 1.70 W/m2K

Medium heig...
SOUTHERN side

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Socie...
WESTERN side

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Societ...
NORTHERN side

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Socie...
EASTERN side

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Societ...
Section B-B

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società...
Architectural model of the wooden elements

STRAW BALE HOUSES

Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti
Ing. Claudio D...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Aster Solutions - Sustainable Construction Methods by optimizing Natural and Renewable Resources

1,516 views

Published on

Why seeking for complex and costly materials to find so-called sustainable solutions to cut energy consumptions and minimize the impact on the environment? Let's ask Nature, but let's adapt it to the Engineering Standards for Safety, Comfort and Modern Lifestyle. Aster Solutions Ltd Team designed and supervised the works for buildings and villas built with Wood and Straw bales. Of course everything has been concieved to accomodate for electromechanical plants, technological systems and the most advance technologies. The heat in the wintertime and the cool in the summertime is guaranteed by the staw bales, the seismic resistance by the wooden structure and everything is protected by natural plaster and paint. The energy consumption is minimal and the comfort is maximised by Nature, together with Health. Aster Solutions works with various architects that find this construction technique as flexible as the traditional techniques, but with a real added value. Moreover, it's cheaper to build and easy to maintain.

Our practical experience on paper and field makes Aster Solutions a strong player in the sustainable construction business in general, and in the straw bale technique in particular.

This technique can be succesfully applied to residential buildings, as a full construction or a energy-optimization cover of the existing, for commercial buildings and for enjoying the great comfort in touristic resorts.

Contact us for more information and most of all to plan a new way of investing in real estate, sustainable and reliable real estate!

Published in: Design, Business, Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,516
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
51
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Aster Solutions - Sustainable Construction Methods by optimizing Natural and Renewable Resources

  1. 1. Master in Interior Design Prof. Arch. Filippo Taidelli STRAW BALE HOUSES “Sustainable approach can bring to a creative solution” STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 1
  2. 2. Why Straw bale houses? Reason #1 Energy Efficiency. • A well built straw bale home can save you up to 75% on heating and cooling costs. Reason #2 Sound Proofing. • Straw bale walls provide excellent sound insulation and are superior wall systems for home owners looking to block out the sounds of traffic or airplanes in urban environments. Reason # 3 Fire resistance. • Straw bale homes have roughly three times the fire resistance of conventional homes. Dense bales mean limited oxygen which in turn means no flames. (REI90) Reason # 4 Environmental responsibility. • Building with straw helps the planet in many ways. For example, straw is a waste product that is either burned or composted in standing water. By using the straw instead of eliminating it, we reduce either air pollution or water consumption, both of which impact the environment in general. Reason #5 Natural Materials • The use of straw as insulation means that the standard insulation materials are removed from the home. Standard fiberglass insulation has formaldehyde in it, a known carcinogen. Bale walls also eliminate the use of plywood in the walls. Plywood contains unhealthy glues that can off-gas into the house over time. Straw =0.04-0.06 W/mK Reason #6 Fast construction • Straw bale house can grow up very quickly STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 2
  3. 3. The beginning… STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 3
  4. 4. The beginning… STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 4
  5. 5. The beginning… STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 5
  6. 6. The beginning… STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 6
  7. 7. Recent straw bale house… STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 7
  8. 8. Recent straw bale house… STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 8
  9. 9. Recent straw bale house… STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 9
  10. 10. Recent straw bale house… STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 10
  11. 11. Construction Methods DIFFERENT CONSTRUCTION METHODS • LOADBEARING • PRECAST • INFILL AND TIMBER FRAME • LIGHT WEIGHT FRAME AND LOADBEARING • HYBRID STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 11
  12. 12. Load bearing walls NEBRASKA-STYLE WALL • The bales themselves take the weight of the roof there is no other structural framework • They are placed together like giant building blocks, pinned to the foundations and to each other with coppiced hazel, and have a wooden roof plate on top • Openings must be as small as possible STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 12
  13. 13. Load bearing walls STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 13
  14. 14. Load bearing walls VALLELUNGA (BZ) ITALY Bed&Breakfast woth Load Bearing Walls(jumbo bales) - 3 floors STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 14
  15. 15. Load bearing walls STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 15
  16. 16. Load bearing walls STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 16
  17. 17. Prefab straw bale walls A new building system from Austria: • Austrian prefabrication system that combines the traditional building techniques to the straw material. • Prefab straw walls are assembled in the factory and made ​of wood with vertical portals placed at fixed distance and fixed to sleepers diagonals. • The panels can be supplied with straw or just with the wood structure, so to allow the manufacturer to complete the work STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 18
  18. 18. Prefab straw bale walls STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 19
  19. 19. Precast straw bale walls AMSTERDAM HOLLAND Edificio di 5 piani fuori terra realizzato in 6 giorni STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 20
  20. 20. Straw bale courtains takes the advantage of the insulating capacity of the straw to make courtain insulation. This system is very economical but has the negative aspect of a strong thickening of the perimetral wall. The new straw courtain must be firmly attached to the existing building in order to avoid convective phenomena. STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 21
  21. 21. Straw bale courtains GERMANY ITALY STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 22
  22. 22. The structure of a straw bale house: DIFFERENT METHODS OF BUILDING • LOADBEARING • LIGHT WEIGHT FRAME AND LOADBEARING • INFILL AND TIMBER FRAME • HYBRID STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 23
  23. 23. Italian Building Code The only structural system admitted according to the 2008 Italian Building code is: TIMBER FRAME STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 24
  24. 24. Light frame PIONEERED BY BARBARA JONES • It uses a timber framework that is so light-weight that it cannot stand up alone. • It requires temporary bracing to give it stability until the straw is in place. • The straw is an essential part of the structural integrity of the building and it works together with the timber to carry the load of floors and roof. STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 26
  25. 25. Post and beam/timber frame • In this method, the weight of the roof is carried by a wood, concrete framework, and the bales are simply infill insulation blocks between the posts. STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 27
  26. 26. Post and beam/timber frame STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 28
  27. 27. Post and beam/timber frame SCIOLZE (TURIN) ITALY STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 29
  28. 28. Post and beam/timber frame STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 30
  29. 29. Post and beam/timber frame STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 31
  30. 30. Timber frame elements FOUNDATIONS: T-SHAPED STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 32
  31. 31. Timber frame elements TIMBER FRAME STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 33
  32. 32. Timber frame elements FLOORS STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 34
  33. 33. Timber frame elements FLOORS STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 35
  34. 34. Timber frame elements FLOORS STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 36
  35. 35. Timber frame elements CROSS BRACING system utilized to reinforce building structures in which diagonal supports intersect. "Cross bracing can increase a building’s capability to withstand seismic forces from an earthquake." (Check source) The cross bracing is usually seen with two diagonal supports placed in a X shaped manner; these supports withstand only tension. STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 37
  36. 36. Finite Element model STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 38
  37. 37. Finite Element model STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 39
  38. 38. Finite Element model STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 40
  39. 39. Our last work: CASA BERGANDI Independent villa in Saluggia (Italy) STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 41
  40. 40. STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 42
  41. 41. WALLS U= 0.18 W/m2K FLOOR U= 0.14 W/m2K ROOF U= 0.14 W/m2K WINDOWS U= 1.40 W/m2K VELUX U= 1.70 W/m2K Medium height 5.20 m Heated Surface 105 mq Heated Volume 406 mq ENERGY CLASS A+ STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 43
  42. 42. SOUTHERN side STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 44
  43. 43. WESTERN side STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 45
  44. 44. NORTHERN side STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 46
  45. 45. EASTERN side STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 47
  46. 46. Section B-B STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 48
  47. 47. Architectural model of the wooden elements STRAW BALE HOUSES Maurizio Macrì e Stefania Mancuso Architetti Ing. Claudio Di Taddeo - Aster s.r.l. Società di ingegneria 49

×