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Written expression

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Written expression

  1. 1. PEOPLE DESCRIPTION TITLE: This Is Me, All About Me, Name 1 Opening: general information (name, age, nationality, city) 2 Body: physical description (height, weight, complexion, eyes, hair, nose, big and relevant traits) and psychological description (personality traits, hobbies and likes/dislikes) 3 Closing: concluding remarks with writer’s point of view
  2. 2. TENSES CONNECTORS • PRESENT SIMPLE • PRESENT PERFECT TO TALK ABOUT A EXPERIENCE / AN ACHIVEMENT • RELATIVE PRONOUNS: THAT-WHO/WHOSE/WHOM • CONDITIONAL 1 • AS FOR HIS/HER… REGARDING HIS/HER… • TAKING INTO ACCOUNT HE/SHE… ONE COULD SAY THAT HE/SHE SEEMS…BUT…, HOWEVER,… NEVERTHELESS,… ALTHOUGH/THOUGH… DESPITE/IN SPITE OF HIS/HER…, HE/SHE… IT IS SAID… • ALSO, AS WELL, TOO, BESIDES, IN ADDITION, etc. • BECAUSE OF + noun, BECAUSE, SINCE, DUE TO HIS/HER… etc. • ESPECIALLY/MAINLY … • SPECIALLY… • IN FACT,INDEED
  3. 3. DESCRIPTION OF PLACES TITLE: Place 1 Opening: name of the place and general information: location, reason for description. 2 Body: detailed description. Going from general things to details. 3 Closing: Concluding sentence and opinion.
  4. 4. TENSES… CONNECTORS • PRESENT SIMPLE • PRESENT PERFECT • PASSIVE VOICE: It is located … It is known… It was declared/discovered… • CONDITIONAL 1 • AS FOR ITS… REGARDING ITS… • TAKING INTO ACCOUNT IT… ONE COULD SAY THAT IT SEEMS…BUT…, HOWEVER,… NEVERTHELESS,… ALTHOUGH/THOUGH AND YET IN CONTRAST, DESPITE/IN SPITE OF ITS…, HE/SHE… IT IS SAID… • ALSO, AS WELL, TOO, BESIDES, IN ADDITION, • BECAUSE OF + noun, BECAUSE, SINCE, DUE TO HIS/HER… • ESPECIALLY/MAINLY/MOREOVER… • SPECIALLY… • IN FACT,INDEED etc.
  5. 5. A NARRATIVE TITLE: Event 1 Opening: general information of the event (setting the scene: who, what, when, where) 2 Body: from main event to climax of the story giving details (people involved, secondary actions and places) in chronological order. 3 Closing: End of the story and consequences.
  6. 6. TENSES CONNECTORS • PRESENT PERFECT • PAST SIMPLE • PAST PERFECT • PAST CONTINUOUS • PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS • CONDITIONAL 2,3 • FIRST / AT FIRST IN THE BEGINNING / AT THE BEGINNING OF + noun • THEN / NEXT / LATER • SUDDENLY / ALL OF A SUDDEN / UNEXPECTEDLY • (UN)FORTUNATELY • EVENTUALLY / FINALLY / IN THE END / AT THE END OF + noun • SO, THEREFORE etc.
  7. 7. A REVIEW TITLE: A film, a book, a restaurant’s name 1 Opening: Title, type of work (art and genre), author, main characters or actors. 2 Body: description of the plot and characters (from general to detail) 3 Closing: opinion and recommendation.
  8. 8. TENSES CONNECTORS • DESCRIPTION • NARRATION The same applies here • MODALS: You cannot miss it (shouldn’t) You must watch it.
  9. 9. A FOR AND AGAINST ESSAY TITLE: Topic (catching sentence, question…) 1 Opening: stating the issue (controversial topic) 2 Body: arguments for and against. Examples of both. 3 Closing: summary of the topic and writer’s opinion.
  10. 10. TENSES CONNECTORS • PRESENT SIMPLE • PAST SIMPLE • PRESET PERFECT • PAST PERFECT • PASSIVE • CONDITIONALS 1,2,3 • ON THE ONE HAND, ON THE OTHER HAND, CONTRARILY, IN OPPOSITION TO… HOWEVER, NEVERTHELESS, DESPITE/IN SPITE OF… • TO SUM UP, ALL IN ALL, TO CONCLUDE, AS FAR AS I AM CONCERNED…
  11. 11. A NEWS REPORT DATE TITLE: Heading 1 Opening: summary of the event and answer to who, what, where and when. 2 Body: give more details. 3 Closing: significance of event, reactions and comments.
  12. 12. TENSES CONNECTORS • PRESENT PERFECT: recent event • PAST SIMPLE: complete action in the past • (PAST PERFECT): past action previous to another past action USE OF RELATIVE PRONOUNS: Witnesses who saw the scene… USE OF PASSIVE VOICE USE OF DIRECT AND REPORTED SPEECH https://elt.oup.com/student/oxfordenglishg rammar/intermediate/oegc_intermedia te_section05/intermediate_section05_ 02?cc=global&selLanguage=en • Time expressions: Yesterday/Last week… • At first, Then, Next, Finally, Eventually, • Apparently,… • For this reason,… As a consequence/result,… • According to…,
  13. 13. AN OPINION ESSAY TITLE: topic (question, catching sentence…) 1 Opening: stating topic and giving writer’s opinion. 2 Body: supporting writers opinion: facts, examples... 3 Closing: summarising and restating witer’s opinion.
  14. 14. TENSES CONNECTORS • PRESENT SIMPLE PASSIVE VOICE REPORTED SPEECH OPINION VERBS: I think-believe…/ In my opinion…/The way I see it…/ As far as I am concerned…/ I totally (dis)agree/ I like-love-hate… USE OF MODAL VERBS: Should (n’t), must(n’t), have to (don’t have to)… • Personally,… • For example,…/ For instance,… • In fact,… • Indeed,… • In conclusion,… To sum up,… In short,… The fact that… It is clear-obvious that… There is no doubt that… We cannot deny the influence of… on…

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