V Piping layout• Subsea marine operations• Umbilicals and cables installation• Tie-in operations• Layout (location of piping equipment)
Piping Within industry, piping is a system of pipes used to convey fluids (liquids and gases) from one location to another. The engineering discipline of piping design studies the efficient transport of fluid.[
Subsea Subsea is a general term frequently used to refer to equipment, technology, and methods employed in marine biology, undersea geology, offshore oil and gas developments, underwater mining, and offshore wind power industries.
Umbilical Subsea umbilicals are deployed on the seabeds (ocean floors) to supply necessary control and chemicals to subsea oil and gas wells, subsea manifolds and any subsea system requiring a remote control, such as a remotely operated vehicle.
Tie in operations Oil, gas and water injection wells may be operated through a subsea structure. The X-mas tree and e.g. template manifold will typically be controlled hydraulically and electrically through a flexible umbilical from the platform or FPSO. The oil or gas product will be brought through a flexible or rigid pipeline; where the latter requires a dedicated spool for connecting between a pipeline end manifold (PLEM) and a template structure pipeline inboard hub. At the end of each line is the termination head. The operations to connect these termination heads are called tie-ins and are normally diverless.