Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Program Number AA3004 Presented By: Dave Wiemer, AHC, CDT Aaron Smith, LEED AP BD +  C Director Sustainable Building    So...
 
 
ASSA ABLOY Sustainability Policy <ul><li>ASSA ABLOY is committed to providing products and services that are  environmenta...
ASSA ABLOY 2010 Sustainability Report
ASSA ABLOY Door Security Solutions <ul><li>90 Door Opening Consultants throughout the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Consulting an...
Global Team of Experts <ul><li>Affiliations: </li></ul><ul><li>Door and Hardware Institute (DHI) </li></ul><ul><li>America...
Architectural Consulting by Project Phase <ul><li>Integrated Design and BIM (all project phases) </li></ul><ul><li>Code Co...
AIA Continuing Education System <ul><li>ASSA ABLOY Door Security Solutions is a Registered Provider with The American Inst...
GBCI Continuing Education System <ul><li>The U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) has approved the technical and instructio...
Copyright Materials <ul><li>This presentation is protected by US and International Copyright laws.  Reproduction, distribu...
Learning Objectives <ul><li>At the conclusion of this program, participants will: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand the imp...
Energy Efficiency – Why It’s Important <ul><li>Two main concerns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monetary costs </li></ul></ul><ul><...
Energy & Atmosphere  <ul><li>According to the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the United Sta...
Energy Efficiency – Envelope Design <ul><li>High-performance doors and hardware play an important role in enhancing buildi...
Energy & Atmosphere - Doors & Hardware impact on buildings <ul><li>Approx 40% of energy leakage comes from the  building e...
Code/LEED requirements for Opaque Swinging Door specifications <ul><li>Use door openings that exceed ASHRAE 90.1-2007 Stan...
New Mandatory Green Codes <ul><li>IGCC 2012 & ASHRAE 189.1 –  </li></ul><ul><li>Standard 189.1 is a set of technically rig...
Energy Efficiency – Factors to Consider <ul><li>Measures can be taken to improve the U-factor of an opening </li></ul><ul>...
Energy Efficiency – Converting R to U <ul><li>Door manufacturers often display the R-value for their products </li></ul><u...
Energy Efficiency – Calculated vs. Operable Values <ul><li>Manufacturers have traditionally promoted the calculated R and ...
Energy Efficiency – Calculated vs. Operable Values <ul><li>Example of differences in calculated and operable R and U value...
Recap of Current Commercial Door Codes <ul><li>Thermal Resistance & Air Infiltration – Commercial Construction </li></ul>C...
Residential Door Codes- not the same <ul><li>Thermal resistance standards for residential construction </li></ul><ul><li>N...
Insulated  Core Doors Closing & Latching Thermal Break and Kerf Frames Thresholds Door Bottoms / Sweeps Gasketing Pulling ...
Thermal Break Frames <ul><li>Thermal break frames can improve an opening’s U-factor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Since door frame...
Kerf Frames <ul><li>Kerf frames </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Specially designed frames feature a groove along the frame section t...
Insulated Door Types <ul><li>Insulated doors boost the R-factor of an opening </li></ul><ul><li>Hollow metal doors commonl...
Insulated Door Types <ul><li>Door cores </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Polystyrene </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Features an R-fac...
Polyurethane Foam Mineral Fiberboard Honeycomb Polystyrene Foam Steel Stiffened Hollow Metal Door Cores
Gasketing & Weatherstripping <ul><li>All openings have small gaps and creases, Gasketing is needed to fill these creases <...
Sealing the Gaps <ul><li>What is air infiltration? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Air infiltration: A measurement of the air leakag...
Gasketing & Weatherstripping <ul><li>Gasketing available in several materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Silicone </li></ul></u...
Accessibility standards requires thresholds be a maximum of 1/2” high Thresholds, Door Bottoms, Gasket
Integrated Hollow Metal Frame with Weatherstripping
Hardware - ANSI/BHMA Standard <ul><li>Standards are established to create a minimum level of product performance </li></ul...
ANSI/BHMA Standard A156.13 Mortise Locks & Latches (Series 1000)    Cycle Testing Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3 Mortise ANSI/BHM...
Some manufacturers have completed  14,318,360 cycles!  14 times the BHMA Standard!
EXIT DEVICES Cycle Testing: Warranties: Materials: Features: Functions: 20+ Million 5 yrs S.S. Latchbolt S.S. Case 36 Leve...
Door Closers <ul><li>Mechanical closers used on majority of doorways </li></ul><ul><li>Door closer operates in five cycles...
Closing Methods <ul><li>Surface Closers </li></ul><ul><li>Floor Closers </li></ul><ul><li>Concealed In Head </li></ul><ul>...
Energy Efficiency – Door Closers <ul><li>Overcoming stack pressure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stack pressure created by differe...
DOOR CLOSERS – SURFACE MOUNTED Cycle Testing: Warranties: Materials: Features: Functions: 2,000,000 Million 1 yrs 1 ¼” Dia...
Energy Efficiency – Automatic Operators <ul><li>Automatic or power-assisted doors used on heavily-accessed entrances </li>...
Energy Efficiency – Vestibules Source: Dr. Alexander Zhivov – USACE at CERL – Energy Assessments at US Army Installations
Energy Efficiency – Revolving Doors <ul><li>Alternatives to swinging/sliding doors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revolving doors <...
Energy Efficiency – Revolving Doors <ul><li>MIT 2006 study </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Swinging doors allow 8x as much air excha...
Energy Efficiency - BIM <ul><li>Virtual Design Construction (VDC)  is the process .. BIM is the Tool that Enables the Proc...
Energy Efficiency - BIM for Energy Simulation Interoperable models driving  Enabling Applications  .. Energy  simulation I...
BIM .. transforming the process <ul><li>From point-to-point .. </li></ul><ul><li>Silos of information with many handoffs <...
BIM .. transforming the process <ul><li>To centralized .. </li></ul><ul><li>Earlier design & performance influence ..  a &...
<ul><li>Architects  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Design and performance analysis  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Trades  </li></...
A Sealed Building <ul><li>Optimize thermal performance: entire building envelope </li></ul><ul><li>Create a sealed barrier...
This Concludes the Educational Program <ul><li>Thank you for attending </li></ul><ul><li>What is your reaction to the prog...
<ul><li>Codes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Fire Protection Association:  www.nfpa.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intern...
 
Specification Section Support <ul><li>08 06 71 –  Door Hardware Schedule </li></ul><ul><li>08 11 13 –  Metal Doors and Fra...
Related Specification Section Support <ul><li>08 42 29 –  Automatic Entrances </li></ul><ul><li>08 42 33 –  Revolving Door...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

AA3004 The Role of High Performance Doors and Hardware in Energy Efficient Buildings

1,016 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

AA3004 The Role of High Performance Doors and Hardware in Energy Efficient Buildings

  1. 1. Program Number AA3004 Presented By: Dave Wiemer, AHC, CDT Aaron Smith, LEED AP BD + C Director Sustainable Building Solutions C | 612.325.5719 E | asmith@assaabloydss.com ASSA ABLOY is the global leader in door opening solutions, dedicated to satisfying end-user needs for security, safety and convenience The Role of High Performance Doors and Hardware in Energy Efficient Buildings
  2. 4. ASSA ABLOY Sustainability Policy <ul><li>ASSA ABLOY is committed to providing products and services that are environmentally sound throughout the entire production process and the product life-cycle . </li></ul><ul><li>Our unconditional aim is to make sustainability a central part of our business philosophy and culture, but even more importantly is the job of integrating sustainability into our business strategy . </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive Sustainability Report since 2005-6 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Utilizing Global Reporting Initiative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Submitting to the United Nations for review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Report Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions to Carbon Disclosure Project </li></ul></ul>
  3. 5. ASSA ABLOY 2010 Sustainability Report
  4. 6. ASSA ABLOY Door Security Solutions <ul><li>90 Door Opening Consultants throughout the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Consulting and specification writing services to architects, interior designers, building owners, facility managers, security consultants </li></ul><ul><li>Door opening solutions specified to meet the needs of your project </li></ul><ul><li>Meet requirements for security, life safety, convenience, aesthetics, and sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Specialize in K-12, university, healthcare, commercial, military, government, hospitality, and retail door opening solutions </li></ul>
  5. 7. Global Team of Experts <ul><li>Affiliations: </li></ul><ul><li>Door and Hardware Institute (DHI) </li></ul><ul><li>American Institute of Architects (AIA) </li></ul><ul><li>Construction Specifications Institute (CSI) </li></ul><ul><li>International Interior Design Association (IIDA) </li></ul><ul><li>American Society for Industrial Security (ASIS) </li></ul><ul><li>United States Green Building Council (USGBC) </li></ul><ul><li>Designations: </li></ul><ul><li>AHC | Architectural Hardware Consultants </li></ul><ul><li>CDC | Certified Door Consultants </li></ul><ul><li>CDT | Construction Documents Technologists </li></ul><ul><li>LEED GA/AP | LEED Accredited Professionals </li></ul><ul><li>PSP | ASIS Physical Security Professionals </li></ul>
  6. 8. Architectural Consulting by Project Phase <ul><li>Integrated Design and BIM (all project phases) </li></ul><ul><li>Code Compliance Review </li></ul><ul><li>Try-Me Program product samples </li></ul><ul><li>Survey & Walkthrough of Existing Facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination with building systems & related trades </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated, Sustainable & Aesthetic Design Solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Green your Division 8 Specifications </li></ul><ul><li>Door & Hardware Schedules assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Value Analysis, Sustainability Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Review of Shop Drawings & Submittals </li></ul><ul><li>Jobsite inspection & Punch lists </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Support </li></ul>DD CD CA SD
  7. 9. AIA Continuing Education System <ul><li>ASSA ABLOY Door Security Solutions is a Registered Provider with The American Institute of Architects. Credit earned on completion of this program will be reported to the CES Records for AIA members. Certificates of Completion for non-AIA members are available upon request. </li></ul><ul><li>This program is registered with the AIA/CES for continuing professional education (HSW & SD). As such, it does not include content that may be deemed or construed to be an approval or endorsement by the AIA of any material of construction or any method or manner of handling, using, distributing, or dealing in any material or product. Questions related to specific materials, methods, and services will be addressed at the conclusion of this presentation. </li></ul>
  8. 10. GBCI Continuing Education System <ul><li>The U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) has approved the technical and instructional quality of this course for 1 GBCI CE Hours towards the LEED Credential Maintenance Program. </li></ul><ul><li>ASSA ABLOY is an USGBC Education Provider committed to enhancing the ongoing professional development of the building industry and LEED Professionals through high-quality education programs. As a USGBC Education Provider, ASSA ABLOY has agreed to abide by USGBC established operational and educational criteria, and is subject to annual reviews and audits for quality assurance. </li></ul>
  9. 11. Copyright Materials <ul><li>This presentation is protected by US and International Copyright laws. Reproduction, distribution, display and use of the presentation without written permission of the speaker is prohibited. </li></ul><ul><li>© ASSA ABLOY Door Security Solutions 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Please indicate on the Sign-in Sheet whether you would like an electronic copy of the presentation. </li></ul>
  10. 12. Learning Objectives <ul><li>At the conclusion of this program, participants will: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand the importance of high-performance door and hardware solutions in energy efficient and net zero buildings. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Know the difference between Calculated and Operable U factors and air infiltration for optimal door opening energy efficiency. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify doors, gaskets, hardware and frames available and their effects on the energy efficiency of the building envelope. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn how Green codes & BIM will change the future of door opening specifications. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What else would you like to learn? </li></ul></ul>
  11. 13. Energy Efficiency – Why It’s Important <ul><li>Two main concerns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monetary costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most schools and hospitals spend more on energy than any other expense except personnel! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rising costs create desire to reduce energy consumption </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Building envelope issues increase cost of achieving and maintaining desired heating/cooling levels </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increased fuel usage caused by these issues generates greater amounts of carbon footprint </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 14. Energy & Atmosphere <ul><li>According to the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the United States alone, buildings account for: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>72% of electricity consumption </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>39% of energy use </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>38% of all carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 15. Energy Efficiency – Envelope Design <ul><li>High-performance doors and hardware play an important role in enhancing building energy efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>A few basic measures can be taken to improve the thermal integrity of doorways in the building envelope </li></ul><ul><li>Building design can optimize energy performance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stack pressure within a building forces air through any opening, causing the heating/cooling system to work harder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Need to create an airtight building envelope </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Acts as a barrier to lessen thermal exchange </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Fairmont Pittsburgh – LEED Gold
  14. 16. Energy & Atmosphere - Doors & Hardware impact on buildings <ul><li>Approx 40% of energy leakage comes from the building envelope* </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Floors, Walls & Ceilings – 31% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Windows - 10% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doors - 11% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>*Tony Woods, Air tight buildings, 2005 </li></ul>* Richard S. Duncan, Ph.D., P.E. Technical Director Spray Polyurethane Foam Alliance
  15. 17. Code/LEED requirements for Opaque Swinging Door specifications <ul><li>Use door openings that exceed ASHRAE 90.1-2007 Standards by a minimum 5% for remodel and 10% for new </li></ul><ul><li>Operable U Values </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Calculated using ASTM C1363 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Operable Air Infiltration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Calculated using ASTM E283 </li></ul></ul>
  16. 18. New Mandatory Green Codes <ul><li>IGCC 2012 & ASHRAE 189.1 – </li></ul><ul><li>Standard 189.1 is a set of technically rigorous requirements, which like the IGCC, covers criteria including water use efficiency, indoor environmental quality, energy efficiency, materials and resource use, and the building’s impact on its site and its community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>30% improvement over 2006 IECC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>189.1 Adopted by US Army Corps of Engineers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflects the AIA 2030 Commitment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires better fenestration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Air infiltration allowance at .2 cfm/sf2 </li></ul>P
  17. 19. Energy Efficiency – Factors to Consider <ul><li>Measures can be taken to improve the U-factor of an opening </li></ul><ul><li>U-factor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The measure of heat transmission from one side of an opening to the other </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower U-value indicates better ability to prevent heat transmission </li></ul></ul><ul><li>R-Factor (Inverse of U) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The measure of a material’s ability to resist heat flow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher R-value indicates better resistance to heat flow </li></ul></ul>
  18. 20. Energy Efficiency – Converting R to U <ul><li>Door manufacturers often display the R-value for their products </li></ul><ul><li>Energy codes performance guidelines may be expressed in a U-value </li></ul><ul><li>Following equation converts R-value to U-value </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U = 1/(R1 + R2 + R3…etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R-11 is equal to a U - .09 </li></ul></ul>
  19. 21. Energy Efficiency – Calculated vs. Operable Values <ul><li>Manufacturers have traditionally promoted the calculated R and U values for their products </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Determined by a formula, rather than performance test </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Calculated core not indicative of real-life performance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Operable value gives a more realistic estimate of product performance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Determined by performance testing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ASTM C1363 is the most current test standard for operable thermal transmittance, replacing ASTM C236 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ASTM E283 is the most current test standard for operable air infiltration to meet 189.1 and IGCC </li></ul></ul>
  20. 22. Energy Efficiency – Calculated vs. Operable Values <ul><li>Example of differences in calculated and operable R and U values </li></ul>Actual installed performance
  21. 23. Recap of Current Commercial Door Codes <ul><li>Thermal Resistance & Air Infiltration – Commercial Construction </li></ul>Current Building Envelope Climate Zones 1 2 1-Energy Standard for Low Rise Residential Buildings 2 - Standard for the Design of High-Performance Green Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings IGCC – 2012 Air leakage < .2 cfm/sf2 Air leakage < .4 cfm/sf2
  22. 24. Residential Door Codes- not the same <ul><li>Thermal resistance standards for residential construction </li></ul><ul><li>No air infiltration standard </li></ul>Current (as of 2010)
  23. 25. Insulated Core Doors Closing & Latching Thermal Break and Kerf Frames Thresholds Door Bottoms / Sweeps Gasketing Pulling it all together – Integrated Door and Hardware Assemblies
  24. 26. Thermal Break Frames <ul><li>Thermal break frames can improve an opening’s U-factor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Since door frames are made of metal, a thermal break consisting of an insulated material is needed to stop heat transmission </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce heat loss </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prevent frost/condensation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provides a positive thermal break within the frame profile </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Delivers maximum protection against cold penetration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ideal for openings exposed to extreme cold </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Weatherstripping easily removable </li></ul></ul></ul>
  25. 27. Kerf Frames <ul><li>Kerf frames </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Specially designed frames feature a groove along the frame section that comes in contact with the door edge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplifies installation of weatherstripping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serves as a convenient channel to install weatherstripping without using additional fasteners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weatherstripping easily removable </li></ul></ul>
  26. 28. Insulated Door Types <ul><li>Insulated doors boost the R-factor of an opening </li></ul><ul><li>Hollow metal doors commonly used in building envelope </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Constructed from sheet metal in 20-18, 16- and 14-gauge thickness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Core or interior space can be filled with insulated material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Polystyrene </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Polyurethane </li></ul></ul></ul>Polyurethane Core
  27. 29. Insulated Door Types <ul><li>Door cores </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Polystyrene </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Features an R-factor of roughly 6.4 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polyurethane </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>R-factor of about 11 creates an effective thermal barrier </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Look for non-ozone depleting CFC and HCFC free </li></ul></ul></ul>
  28. 30. Polyurethane Foam Mineral Fiberboard Honeycomb Polystyrene Foam Steel Stiffened Hollow Metal Door Cores
  29. 31. Gasketing & Weatherstripping <ul><li>All openings have small gaps and creases, Gasketing is needed to fill these creases </li></ul><ul><li>Gasketing should be used to fill seams around the jambs and door head </li></ul><ul><li>A bottom seal and threshold can eliminate the gap under the door </li></ul><ul><li>Openings with a pair of doors also require gasketing to seal the meeting stile </li></ul><ul><li>Left untouched, these gaps allow free passage of air and are a significant source of energy loss </li></ul><ul><li>ASTM E283 (lab) provides guidelines for air infiltration performance </li></ul><ul><li>ASTM E783 (field) provides guidelines for air infiltration performance </li></ul>
  30. 32. Sealing the Gaps <ul><li>What is air infiltration? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Air infiltration: A measurement of the air leakage around the perimeter of a door opening </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CFM = Cubic Feet per Minute </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Example of air infiltration test results: </li></ul>90.1-2007 = Air leakage < .4 cfm/sf2 189.1-2009 = Air leakage < .2 cfm/sf2
  31. 33. Gasketing & Weatherstripping <ul><li>Gasketing available in several materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Silicone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Santoprene (100% recyclable- avoid Chloroprene/Neoprene) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vinyl </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polypropylene </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Materials are flexible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not impede door operation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Available in varying Grades to meet conditions of different climate zones </li></ul><ul><li>Look for products that meet or exceed ANSI 156.22 Door Gasketing and Edge Seal Systems standards </li></ul>
  32. 34. Accessibility standards requires thresholds be a maximum of 1/2” high Thresholds, Door Bottoms, Gasket
  33. 35. Integrated Hollow Metal Frame with Weatherstripping
  34. 36. Hardware - ANSI/BHMA Standard <ul><li>Standards are established to create a minimum level of product performance </li></ul><ul><li>Most hardware manufacturers meet the minimum levels </li></ul><ul><li>Some manufacturers go above and beyond the standards </li></ul><ul><li>Some manufacturers test to Security Grade One standards </li></ul>
  35. 37. ANSI/BHMA Standard A156.13 Mortise Locks & Latches (Series 1000)   Cycle Testing Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3 Mortise ANSI/BHMA A156.13 standard for cycle testing Min Cycles 1,000,000 800,000 800,000
  36. 38. Some manufacturers have completed 14,318,360 cycles! 14 times the BHMA Standard!
  37. 39. EXIT DEVICES Cycle Testing: Warranties: Materials: Features: Functions: 20+ Million 5 yrs S.S. Latchbolt S.S. Case 36 Levers Styles 11 Finishes 11 Functions Windstorm Rated 800,000 1 yrs S.S. Hollow Latchbolt Brass/Aluminum Case 4 Levers Styles 4 Finishes 6 Functions No Windstorm All grade 1 locks are not created equal! High End Grade 1 Mid Price Point
  38. 40. Door Closers <ul><li>Mechanical closers used on majority of doorways </li></ul><ul><li>Door closer operates in five cycles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Opening cycle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Back-check cycle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Delayed-action cycle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Closing cycle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5. Latching cycle </li></ul></ul>
  39. 41. Closing Methods <ul><li>Surface Closers </li></ul><ul><li>Floor Closers </li></ul><ul><li>Concealed In Head </li></ul><ul><li>Concealed In Door </li></ul>
  40. 42. Energy Efficiency – Door Closers <ul><li>Overcoming stack pressure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stack pressure created by differences between inside and outside air pressure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can create a strong rush of air to flow out that overpowers the closing cycle of the door closer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Door may stay open longer than intended or fail to latch shut </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Properly sized closer needed to overcome stack pressure </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  41. 43. DOOR CLOSERS – SURFACE MOUNTED Cycle Testing: Warranties: Materials: Features: Functions: 2,000,000 Million 1 yrs 1 ¼” Dia. Piston 3 Arms Stamped Arms 2 Painted Finishes No Plated Finishes Delayed Action 36 Levers Styles 11 Finishes 11 Functions Windstorm Rated 10+ Million 10+ yrs 1 ½” Dia. Piston 33 Arms Forged Arms 5 Painted Finishes 7 Plated Finishes Delayed Action 36 Levers Styles 11 Finishes 11 Functions Windstorm Rated
  42. 44. Energy Efficiency – Automatic Operators <ul><li>Automatic or power-assisted doors used on heavily-accessed entrances </li></ul><ul><li>43% energy savings achieved during 9 month test </li></ul>
  43. 45. Energy Efficiency – Vestibules Source: Dr. Alexander Zhivov – USACE at CERL – Energy Assessments at US Army Installations
  44. 46. Energy Efficiency – Revolving Doors <ul><li>Alternatives to swinging/sliding doors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revolving doors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Revolving doors stop the free flow of air </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revolving door is never open </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seals remain in contact with walls of the doors at all times </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only air transferred is in the chamber with the person using the door </li></ul></ul>
  45. 47. Energy Efficiency – Revolving Doors <ul><li>MIT 2006 study </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Swinging doors allow 8x as much air exchange as a revolving door </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Study estimated that limiting ingress and egress to revolving doors would save school $7,500 a year for a single building </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accompanying reduction in emissions would total about 15 tons of CO2 annually per building </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Result achieved by utilizing 2 of the 29 revolving doors on campus! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://sustainability.mit.edu/content/revolving-doors . </li></ul></ul>
  46. 48. Energy Efficiency - BIM <ul><li>Virtual Design Construction (VDC) is the process .. BIM is the Tool that Enables the Process </li></ul><ul><li>BIM is NOT a software program .. </li></ul><ul><li>Database of building information that can be visually represented in 3D </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The power lies in the connectedness between the data and the virtual object </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Database is a shared resource .. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design - Costing - Procurement – Fabrication - Scheduling - Facility Management </li></ul></ul>
  47. 49. Energy Efficiency - BIM for Energy Simulation Interoperable models driving Enabling Applications .. Energy simulation Images: Burt Hill, University Mechanical, Ryan Homes, View By View, Beck Group, IES, SOM 4D Costing Fabrication Clash Detection Quantity takeoff
  48. 50. BIM .. transforming the process <ul><li>From point-to-point .. </li></ul><ul><li>Silos of information with many handoffs </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of interoperability </li></ul><ul><li>Higher risk for error </li></ul><ul><li>Limited responsibility </li></ul>HVAC Engineer Structural Engineer Trades & Distribution Constr. Manager Facilities Manager Building Owner Civil Engineer Architect
  49. 51. BIM .. transforming the process <ul><li>To centralized .. </li></ul><ul><li>Earlier design & performance influence .. a &quot;seat at the table&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Improved constructability & Energy efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced waste, delays, and re-work </li></ul><ul><li>Shared responsibility </li></ul>Structural Engineer Trades & Distribution HVAC Engineer Constr. Manager Facilities Manager Building Owner Civil Engineer Architect Building Information Model (BIM)
  50. 52. <ul><li>Architects </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Design and performance analysis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Trades </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased need for BIM-ready content. Pre-assembled fabrication. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Contractors </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clash detection, scheduling, jobsite waste reduction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Owners </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Facility management </li></ul></ul></ul>The Life Cycle of BIM .. involves everyone
  51. 53. A Sealed Building <ul><li>Optimize thermal performance: entire building envelope </li></ul><ul><li>Create a sealed barrier: prevent air infiltration, heat transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Each opening component should be carefully selected </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thermal Break frames and Kerf frames </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insulated doors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Door closers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gasketing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revolving doors (when possible) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BIM: performance characteristics of door assemblies </li></ul><ul><li>Following this strategy, doorways can be used to create a more energy efficient building </li></ul>
  52. 54. This Concludes the Educational Program <ul><li>Thank you for attending </li></ul><ul><li>What is your reaction to the program? </li></ul><ul><li>Please fill out the Form B </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AIA/CES HWS & SD, GBCI/CEU Credits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PDF of today’s presentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Request Certificate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aaron C. Smith, LEED AP BD+C </li></ul><ul><li>612.325.5719 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
  53. 55. <ul><li>Codes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Fire Protection Association: www.nfpa.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International Code Council (ICC): www.iccsafe.org </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Institutes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction Specifications Institute: www.csinet.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Window & Door Manufacturers Association: www.wdma.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Architectural Woodwork Institute: www.awinet.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ASHRAE: www.ashrae.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United States Green Building Council: www.usgbc.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US Army Corps of Engineers: www.usace.army.mil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Institute of Technology: www.sustainability.mit.edu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International Living Building Institute: www.ilbi.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AIA 2030 Challenge: www.architecture2030.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ASSA ABLOY: www.assaabloydss.com/sustainability </li></ul></ul>How To Get More Information?
  54. 57. Specification Section Support <ul><li>08 06 71 – Door Hardware Schedule </li></ul><ul><li>08 11 13 – Metal Doors and Frames </li></ul><ul><li>08 14 16 – Flush Wood Doors </li></ul><ul><li>08 14 23 – Clad Wood Doors </li></ul><ul><li>08 14 33 – Stile & Rail Wood Doors </li></ul><ul><li>08 17 00 – Integrated Door Opening Assemblies </li></ul><ul><li>08 71 00 – Door Hardware </li></ul><ul><li>08 74 00 – Access Control Hardware </li></ul>
  55. 58. Related Specification Section Support <ul><li>08 42 29 – Automatic Entrances </li></ul><ul><li>08 42 33 – Revolving Door Entrances </li></ul><ul><li>08 42 36 – Balanced Door Entrances </li></ul><ul><li>08 42 43 – ICU/CCU Entrances </li></ul><ul><li>08 71 13 – Automatic Door Operators </li></ul><ul><li>27 52 13 – Patient Monitoring and Telemetry Systems </li></ul><ul><li>27 52 23 – Nurse Call / Code Blue Systems </li></ul><ul><li>28 13 00 – Access Control </li></ul><ul><li>28 16 00 – Intrusion Detection </li></ul><ul><li>28 23 00 – Video Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>28 46 00 – Electronic Detention Monitoring and Control Systems </li></ul>

×