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Cardamom

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pharmacognosy
"cardamom"

botanical origin
allied species
macro & microscopical character
active constituent
uses
mechanism of action
contraindications
pharmaceutical dosage form available in the market
recent researches

Published in: Education
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Cardamom

  1. 1. 4/17/2015 1
  2. 2. Made By: 151-160 1st year pharmacy4/17/2015 2
  3. 3.  Part use: Dried unripe seeds of Elettaria cardamomum. Family: Zingiberaceae. “Recently separated from the fruits” 4/17/2015 3 Botanical Origin Pharmacognosy2135 for pharmacy students first year - second
  4. 4.  The fruit: Kind; loculicidal capsule  The seed: Embryo; straight Kind; albuminous Ovule; anatropous Outgrowth; arrilus 4/17/2015 4 Pharmacognosy2135 for pharmacy students first year - second
  5. 5. 5 Morphology 4/17/2015
  6. 6. L.CUT 6 Microscopical characters 4/17/2015
  7. 7. T.CUT 4/17/2015 7 Microscopical characters
  8. 8. 8 4/17/2015 Arillu s Oil Epiderm Oily layer Inner seed coat Perisperm EndospermSclerenchyma Embryo Raphe Microscopical characters
  9. 9. 9 Key elements Starch Oily layer 4/17/2015
  10. 10. 4/17/2015 10  The essential volatile oil in the seeds contain; a-terpineol 45%, myrcene 27%, limonene 8%, menthone 6%, ß- phellandrene 3%, 1,8- cineol 2%, sabinene 2% and heptane 2%.  Abundant starch in perisperm. Active Constituents http://www.spicesmedicinalherbs.com/gr een-cardamom-spice-uses- constituents.html
  11. 11. 4/17/2015 11  Volatile oil + Sudan III  red color  Cardamom powder ‘on cold’ + drops of water + 2 drops of I2 solution  blue color Chemical Tests Mechanism of Action http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/life-science/nutrition-research/learning- center/plant-profiler/elettaria-cardamomum.html
  12. 12. 4/17/2015 12 Medical uses  A stimulant and carminative, it is used for indigestion and flatulence  In India, green cardamom (A. subulatum) is broadly used to treat infections in teeth and gums.  It is used to prevent and treat throat troubles, congestion of the lungs and pulmonary tuberculosis.  Used in inflammation of eyelids and also digestive disorders.  It is also reportedly used as an antidote for both snake and scorpion venom.  Indians regarded it as a cure for obesity.  Cardamom is used as a breath-freshener, but it is said that excessive use thins the blood. Uses
  13. 13. 4/17/2015 13 Culinary Uses  The leaves are cooked and eaten as greens and the roots are said to be sweet succulent and delicious when boiled like potatoes.  Flowers are a sweet addition to salads or as a garnish and young seedpods are steamed. Uses http://www.spicesmedicinalherbs.com/gr een-cardamom-spice-uses- constituents.html
  14. 14. 4/17/2015 14 Culinary Uses  The pods can be used whole or split when cooked in Indian substantial meals — such as pulses  Cardamom is often included in Indian sweet dishes and drinks like punches and milled wines.  It is used in pickles, especially pickled herring and flavors custard.  It is also chewed habitually (like nuts) where freely available, as in the East Indies, and in the Indian masticory, betel pan.  It is often used in baking in Scandinavia and in Danish pastries. Uses
  15. 15. 4/17/2015 15 Culinary Uses  Throughout the Arab world, Cardamom is one of the most popular spices, with Cardamom coffee being a symbol of hospitality and prestige.  In the Moghul cuisine (Northern India) it abundantly used in the delicious rice dishes called biriyanis.  In Sri Lanka, the pods are added to fiery beef or chicken curries.  A small amount of Cardamom will add a tempting flavor to coffee cake.  Flans, rice puddings, porridges, etc. taste much better with a dash of cardamom.  Add whole cardamoms to flavour tea drunk with milk. Uses
  16. 16. 4/17/2015 16  It is often adulterated and there are many inferior substitutes from cardamom-related plants, such as Siam cardamom, Nepal cardamom, winged Java cardamom, and bastard cardamom. However, it is only Elettaria cardamomum which is the true cardamom. Allid Species http://theepicentre.com/spice/cardamom /
  17. 17. 4/17/2015 17  Seed Rare .. those of various varieties and allied species taken from the pericarp; entire fruit with orange seed, green coffee, etc.;  Powder Starch, sodium carbonate, ginger (recognized by its larger starch grains), etc. Adulteration http://chestofbooks.com/h ealth/materia-medica- drugs/A-Manual-of- Materia-Medica-and- Pharmacology/Elettaria- Cardamomi-Semen- Cardamom-Seed-U-S- P.html#.VTEx_SGqqkp
  18. 18. 4/17/2015 18  Powel disorder  Biliary colic  Contact dermatitis  Vomiting, nausea and diarrhea Side Effects http://www.botanical- online.com/english/cardamom_side_effects.htm
  19. 19. 4/17/2015 19  Ulcer  People with diverticulitis  Intestinal diseases  Gallstones and colic “but it is recommended in flatulence colic.”  Endometriosis  Pregnant woman  Essential oil shouldn’t be given to children under 6 years Contraindication http://www.botanical- online.com/english/cardamon_contraindications.htm
  20. 20. 4/17/2015 20 Pharmaceutical Dosage Form
  21. 21. 4/17/2015 21 Pharmaceutical Dosage Form
  22. 22. 4/17/2015 22  Exploration for the multi-effect of cardamom in's resistance to multiple myeloma. (2014) Recent Researches http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/254100 63  Stability of cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) essential oil in microcapsules made of whey protein isolate, guar gum, and carrageenan. (2014) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/252249 89
  23. 23. 4/17/2015 23  Rhynchophorus ferrugineus midgut cell line to evaluate insecticidal potency of different plant essential oils. (2015) Recent Researches http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/253810 34  Histological and ultrastructural studies on the toxic effect of pan masala and its amelioration byElettaria cardamomum. (2014) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/247028 06
  24. 24. 4/17/2015 24  Determination of elements by atomic absorption spectrometry in medicinal plants employed to alleviate common cold symptoms. (2014) Recent Researches http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25 532362  Traditional phytoremedies for the treatment of menstrual disorders in district Udhampur, J&K, India. (2014) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2547915 6
  25. 25. 4/17/2015 25

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