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ROBOTS WILL NOT HAVE FREE WILL

                                   Do humans have free will?

                            ...
The ‘theological’ answer:
          It is all a result of free-will:
            humans have free-will when they lie, chea...
And when it’s not humans it’s Satan

           E.g. when a coal-tip buries a
              primary school, horrible disea...
What they all forgot - but the ghost of
     Gilbert Ryle knows well....



                                     Every int...
One very common type - found in all biological organisms:

         perception                         action



         ...
A more complex, hybrid type of information processing machine:

                perception                            acti...
Humans also have a concurrent
          meta-management layer, which
           may give the illusion that we have
       ...
Humans have (most of the time) a certain kind of
           freedom:
              Our actions come from our own beliefs,
...
So,
          having free-will is both undesirable and
             impossible anyway -- since we are all
               w...
So, robots, like humans, will
          not have ‘free-will’:

           Vote

             Against

                The
...
For anyone interested: The H-CogAff Architecture
          See http://www.cs.bham.ac.uk/research/projects/cogaff/03.html#2...
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Debate on whether robots will have freewill

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Contribution to debate on whether robots will have free will

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Debate on whether robots will have freewill

  1. 1. ROBOTS WILL NOT HAVE FREE WILL Do humans have free will? What is free will? Originally it was God’s escape from responsibility Believers were worried: How could an almighty, all-knowing, omnipotent creator allow innocent people to be murdered, babies to die of horrible diseases. Note: These slides were originally prepared for a light-hearted debate at the end of a one day conference organised by the British Computer Society in honour of Sidney Michaelson, at the University of Edinburgh, on 7th April 2001. http://www.dcs.napier.ac.uk/~mac/ifaces.htm Page 1
  2. 2. The ‘theological’ answer: It is all a result of free-will: humans have free-will when they lie, cheat, murder, and con innocent little old ladies out of their life-long savings Page 2
  3. 3. And when it’s not humans it’s Satan E.g. when a coal-tip buries a primary school, horrible diseases strike us down. Either way, the idea is that decisions that come out of free-will cannot be caused by anyone or anything but the decider. That is supposed to let God off the hook: God cannot be the cause! Page 3
  4. 4. What they all forgot - but the ghost of Gilbert Ryle knows well.... Every intelligent ghost must contain a machine WHAT SORT OF MACHINE? An information processing machine. There are different sorts. But they all operate by causing things to happen, internally or externally. Page 4
  5. 5. One very common type - found in all biological organisms: perception action REACTIVE PROCESSES THE ENVIRONMENT Reactive architectures: our evolutionary ancestors and much of what we are, E.g. most of our control of bodily functions, posture, etc. Page 5
  6. 6. A more complex, hybrid type of information processing machine: perception action DELIBERATIVE PROCESSES Long (Planning, deciding, term scheduling, etc.) memory Motive activation REACTIVE PROCESSES THE ENVIRONMENT Humans, and some other animals, also have deliberative capabilities, like intelligent robots. Page 6
  7. 7. Humans also have a concurrent meta-management layer, which may give the illusion that we have the quot;theologicalquot; type of free-will But that’s just another part of the information processing machine. (Shown at the end) Page 7
  8. 8. Humans have (most of the time) a certain kind of freedom: Our actions come from our own beliefs, desires, preferences, hopes fears, etc., as oppsed to external influences that we cannot resist But that is not good enough for quot;free willquot; theorists, who want us to be undetermined also. But if we were undetermined, we could not function as biologically effective machines, e.g. eating when hungry, avoiding dangers, etc. Page 8
  9. 9. So, having free-will is both undesirable and impossible anyway -- since we are all well-designed information-processing machines (designed mostly by biological evolution, and partly by our environment, our parents, our culture). Well-designed, human-like, robots will not have it either! Page 9
  10. 10. So, robots, like humans, will not have ‘free-will’: Vote Against The Motion! This was a light-hearted contribution to a debate on the motion quot;This house believes that robots will have free will.quot; To find out what I really think (about confusions in the question), look at: http://www.cs.bham.ac.uk/~axs http://www.cs.bham.ac.uk/research/projects/cogaff/misc/four-kinds-freewill.html Page 10
  11. 11. For anyone interested: The H-CogAff Architecture See http://www.cs.bham.ac.uk/research/projects/cogaff/03.html#200307 perception hierarchy META-MANAGEMENT Personae action hierarchy (reflective) processes Long term associative DELIBERATIVE PROCESSES memory (Planning, deciding, ‘What if’ reasoning) Motive activation Variable threshold attention filters ALARMS REACTIVE PROCESSES THE ENVIRONMENT Page 11

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