Growing Power


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  • Growing Power

    1. 1. Growing PowersNational-International Urban & Small Farm Conference Samuel H. Sage, Paul M. Harris & Hongbin Gao 09.07.2012 ATLANTIC STATES LEGAL FOUNDATION, INC.
    2. 2. About ASLF New York based not-for-profit, headquartered in the Near Westside area in the City of Syracuse Established in 1982 to provide legal, technical, and organizational services to individuals and organizations dealing with environmental issues Has been taking a leading role in protection and restoration of Syracuse waterways and addressing CSO issues Is incorporating innovative strategies to improve economic, social , and environmental sustainability in urban life
    3. 3. Planning Issues for Urban America Air & Water Pollution  Insufficient Urban Green Space Population Shifting  Climate Change and Basic Crime Living  High Unemployment Food Deserts  Transportation Vacancy
    4. 4. Urban Agriculture’s Potential Roles inToday’s Urban Life Environmental  Reduce energy consumption for and emissions from food transportation  Preserve urban open/green space  Reduce urban heat islands  Mitigate stormwater runoff  Increase biodiversity
    5. 5. Urban Agriculture’s Potential Roles inToday’s Urban Life Socially  Implement food justice strategies and improve food security, particularly for underserved inner city communities  Bring about social cohesiveness and create a sense of community  Reduce crime rate  Introduce healthier food and life style
    6. 6. Urban Agriculture’s Potential Roles inToday’s Urban Life Economically  Create jobs for urban dwellers from all socioeconomic backgrounds  Create local business  Reduce transportation  Reduce energy cost
    7. 7. The Impacts Economically draining for city Lower property values Visual quality degradation High rates of crime and arson Property Value Degradation around A Vacant Property Public health issues Source: Temple University Center for Public Policy and Eastern Pennsylvania Organizing Project. “Blight Free Philadelphia: A Public-Private Strategy to Create and Enhance Neighborhood Value.” Philadelphia, 2001.
    8. 8. The Opportunities Urban agriculture Stormwater retention Public green space Urban infill development Urban forestry A Vegetable Garden on A Former Vacant Lot in Cleveland, OH Source: Habitat creation and conservation
    9. 9. The Benefits of Reclaiming UrbanVacant Land  Produce fresh food  Increase property value  Create jobs  Reduce heat island effect  Beautify community  Create and conserve urban open space  Mitigate pollution  Save municipal cost on  Reduce crime maintenance  Revitalize inner city community  Introduce healthy life style
    10. 10. Case Study
    11. 11. Background: The Issue Onondaga Lake, one of the most polluted lakes in North America
    12. 12. Background: The Issue (cont.) Municipal Source of Pollution: Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO) Diagram of a Combined Sewer Overflow System. Adapted from “CSOs Explained” Official City of Bremerton Site.
    13. 13. The Process: ACJ ASLF and the NYS-DEC 1988 lawsuit against Onondaga County under the Clean Water Act METRO Consent Judgment Amended Consent Judgment (ACJ, January 1998)  The key legal document  Outlined two dozen projects for the County  Extensive monitoring program
    14. 14. The Process: The 4th Stip to ACJ 2009 The court order requires Onondaga County to use GRAY and GREEN infrastructure addressing CSOs  Gray Infrastructure: Commitment to 88.7% annual volume capture in by 2013  Green Infrastructure (GI): Commitment to an additional 6.3% annual volume capture in Green Infrastructure commencing immediately in 2009, resulting in 95% total annual volume capture by 2018
    15. 15. The Solution: Save the Rain (STR) A GI program created by the County  Encompasses the storm water and GI initiatives  Educates the public about issues and how they can use and benefit from GI Initiatives  GI on public land  Green Improvement Fund: GI on private land  Rain Barrel Program  Urban Forestry Program  STR-Vacant Lot Program (VLP)
    16. 16. VLP Program Goals Reduce minimum of 9 million gallons of CSO by 2018 with GI on publicly owned vacant lots Provide different forms of GREEN infrastructure projects for Save The Rain Simultaneously reclaim greenspace in a useful way and improve value of vacant lots to community Engage public in GI maintenance for Save The Rain
    17. 17. Syracuse Vacant Lot Inventory 3,668 vacant parcels in the City of Syracuse (2012 data) 1,786 vacant parcels (392 ac.) in combined sewer service area where GI projects are required for managing stormwater and CSO’s 828 publicly owned vacant parcels which could be potentially used Vacant Lots in the City of Syracuse.
    18. 18. Syracuse Vacant Lot Inventory 814 of 828 public vacant parcels are under City ownership City of Syracuse Ownership NYS County City City Seizable Total City TD Owned Agencies Parcels Parcels 6 8 78 120 37 579 828Inventory Acreage 2.26 7.39 36.72 28.33 6.09 107.27 188.06 Parcels 0 0 24 60 25 332 441Candidates Acreage 0 0 6.92 12 5.06 80.14 104.12
    19. 19. VLP: A Joint Venture Between Onondaga County and City of Syracuse Initiated in 2011 by Onondaga County Funded by Onondaga County to built GI projects on City owned vacant lots Developed collaboratively to fit under both governments’ immediate planning goals Based on the agreement that defines the County’s and the City’s responsibilities in O&M of the VLP projects The City of Syracuse Ordinance that depicts the City-County Agreement on installing GI on the City Developed and coordinated by ASLF properties
    20. 20. VLP’s Reclamation Typologies  Urban Orchard  Community Garden (Ornamental or Vegetable)  Urban Forest/Tree Planting Combined with other GI practices such as rain garden, cistern, bioswale, stormwater planter, etc. to manage stormwater runoff VLP Pilot Project Rendering: Urban Orchard at 701 Oswego Street, Syracuse, New York
    21. 21. VLP Projects: 2011 Before AfterVLP Pilot Project: Urban Orchard at 701 Oswego Street, Syracuse, New York
    22. 22. VLP Projects: 2012 Concept Field Work 50% Design Project Status Bid Phase Total Phase Phase Phase Number of 7 3 3 3 16 Projects
    23. 23. Community Involvement in VLP Outreach to general public and communities near project sites Coordination with community in planning & design process (community meetings, design workshops) Community participation in maintenance (organized to ensure the quality of performance) Green job training and job creation
    24. 24. Further Needs and Challenges Long-term ownership and O&M mechanism  Alternatives  Under public ownership  Under private ownership and operation  Land Trust model  O&M  Produce  Taxes  Utilities
    25. 25. Further Needs and Challenges Public acceptance and involvement in projects  Safety issues related to urban farming on abandoned land  Lawn VS Native Garden  Tree(s) VS Forest An integral planning process to incorporate all stakeholders’ interests and meet their needs, particularly for urban agriculture typologies under VLP
    26. 26. Discussion
    27. 27. Legitimize the Process Adaptation of Zoning and Land Use Policy Adaptation of Food Policy Guidelines for Growing Safe Food (on Potentially Contaminated Vacant Land) Incorporation of Urban Agriculture in Urban Planning Agenda
    28. 28. Identify and Engage Key Stakeholders Different levels of government Relevant departments and professionals Local leaders and councils Private sector Landowners Academic organizations or research institutes NGOs, social movements, grassroots and religious organizations
    29. 29. Develop/Adopt Appropriate Urban AgricultureTypes for Vacant Lot Management  Community Garden  Allotment Garden  Urban Commercial Farm  Side-yard Garden  School Garden
    30. 30. For More Information Atlantic States Legal Foundation, Inc. 658 West Onondaga Street, Syracuse, New York 13204 315-475-1170. Onondaga County Save The Rain Program