The history of the genre• Reggae is a music genre first developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s.• the term reggae more properly denotes a particular music style that originated following on the development of Ska and Rocksteady.• Reggae is based on a rhythmic style characterized by regular beats on the off- beat, known as the skank. Reggae is normally slower than ska, and usually has accents on the first and third beat in each bar.• Reggae song lyrics deal with many subjects, including religion, love, sexuality, peace, relationships, poverty, injustice and other social and political issues.• The word reggae as a musical term first appeared in print with the 1968 rocksteady hit "Do the Reggay" by The Maytals, but it was already being used in Kingston
Key artists in the development of the genreThe Wailers, a band started by Bob Marley, Peter Tosh and Bunny Wailer in1963, is perhaps the most recognized band that made the transition through allthree stages of early Jamaican popular music: Ska, Rocksteady and reggae.Other significant reggae pioneers include Prince Buster, DesmondDecker and Ken Boothe.At the moment, the 64-year-old reggae singer takes home the Grammy Awardfor Best Reggae Album for his 2012 album, „Rebirth.‟ Jimmy Cliff was upagainst the Original Wailers, Sean Paul, Sly Robbie & the Jam Masters andToots and the Maytals.
AudienceYou Dont Have to Be a Rasta to Listen to Reggae!Those who listen to reggae music are generally considered to beRastafarians or Jamaicans.The target audience for reggae was poor, working classJamaicans, however the genre ended up being listened to in allcountries by people of all ages and race and it was adopted by theskinhead culture of 1980‟s Brita in and the Mods-also in Britain.The target audience has a broad number of admirers, for example: white middleclass, Asians etc.
Public perception of the genre• Many people view reggae as music which brings peace to people, however there are many stereotypes such as:• People who make or listen to the reggae smoke weed.• They have dreadlocks• They are Rastafarians
Conventions of the genre• Tracks consist of mainly percussion and strong baselines, with a typical tempo of with singing and guitar. „Dub‟ tracks are usually without singing and focus on the instruments and can be re-worked versions.• In the music videos the artist usually seen performing cuts to the artist with people• The videos are very simple and not overcomplicated which sits the genre perfectly- chilled and relaxed.
Sub-genresThere are several sub-genres for reggae:• Early reggae• Roots reggae• Dub• Rockers• Lovers rockNewer styles and spin offs:• Hip hop and rap• Dancehall• Raggamuffin• Reggaeton• Reggae fusion
Record labelsThere are many record labelsin the Reggae industry:• Blood and fire• Circulation music• East star records• Falasha recordings• I grade records• Jah works• Magnet records• Tanty records• Trojan records• Universal Egg
Reggae Magazines Name of No of magazines How often do What features do Magazine sold in a year they come out? they contain?United Reggae 733,365 Every Month Old reggae music, Interviews Irie Up N/A Every 2 months History, new releases, interviews ReggaeVille N/A Once a year Concert, tributes Backayard N/A Every month Interviews
Analysis of United Reggae Magazine The colour scheme Issue date matches the theme of Masthead the magazine reggae, green, yellow, re d. The masthead is big and stands out its in capitals. Next to the Main word ‘united’ there is a image reggae flag with stars in the middle, represents Main Cover the reggae culture. It is lines east to identify, the main image also has a black man with the Cover colours of the reggae lines flag on his jumper. Banner
Radio StationsThere are many different types of radio stationsthat are a part of Reggae:Official Radio Stations-Pirate Radio Stations-
Bob Marley Artist: Bob Marley and The Wailers Genre: Reggae Nesta Marley “Bob” Marley (6th February 1945-11 May 1981) he was a Jamaican singer song writer and musician. He was the rhythm guitarist and lead singer for the Ska, Rock steady and reggae bands. The Wailers (1963-1974) and Bob Marley & The Wailers (1974-1981). Marley remains the most widely known and revered performer of reggae music, and is credited with helping spread both Jamaican music and the Rastafarian movement to a worldwide audience.
Bob MarleyMarley‟s music was heavily influencedby the social issues of hishomeland, and he is considered to havegiven voice to the specific political andcultural nexus of Jamaica.His best-knows hits include “I shot thesheriff”, “No women, no cry”, “Couldyou be loved”.
Reggae FutureReggae music has developed widely in the musicindustry through many different media, such asmagazines, radio, TV and websites. This reachesa wide variety of people. This shows that it is apopular music genre and is appreciated.