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Rencontres ASIT VD : Biodiversité & Aménagement - Pascal Martin, CJBVG

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Stratégie biodiversité GE et Infrastructure écologique

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Rencontres ASIT VD : Biodiversité & Aménagement - Pascal Martin, CJBVG

  1. 1. Stratégie biodiversité GE et Infrastructure écologique Pascal Martin : pascal.martin@ville-ge.ch Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques de la Ville de Genève Collaborations : Nicolas Wyler, Bertrand von Arx, Claude Fischer, Benjamin Guinaudeau, Erica Honeck, Arthur Sanguet, Martin Schlaepfer, Loreto Urbina & Anthony Lehmann
  2. 2. Contexte Suisse • Selon l'objectif n° 2 de la Stratégie Biodiversité Suisse, une infrastructure écologique d'aires protégées et d'aires de mise en réseau doit être mise en place afin de conserver la biodiversité. 2
  3. 3. Contexte Suisse • Selon l'objectif n° 2 de la Stratégie Biodiversité Suisse, une infrastructure écologique d'aires protégées et d'aires de mise en réseau doit être mise en place afin de conserver la biodiversité.  d'une biodiversité riche et résiliente, et  de services écosystémiques disponibles sur tout le territoire. Les services écosystémiques contribuent pour une part essentielle à la prospérité et à la qualité de vie en Suisse. 3
  4. 4. Contexte genevois 4
  5. 5. Contexte genevois 5
  6. 6. Contexte genevois 6
  7. 7. Contexte genevois 7
  8. 8. 8 Cartographie
  9. 9. Carte au 1/100’000 7 classes 1’875 objets Carte au 1/25’000 14 classes 6’660 objets Carte au 1/10’000 32 classes 155’650 objets Carte au 1/5’000 89 classes 35 couleurs 190’000 objets 9 Cartes multi-échelles
  10. 10. Diffusion 10
  11. 11. Diffusion 11
  12. 12. Composantes Biodiversité 12
  13. 13. Analyse - Composition 13
  14. 14. 14 Composition - Habitats Légende CJB.SIPV_MN_CARTO_10 Catégories de milieux Eaux calmes végétalisées Eaux courantes Eaux calmes Glariers nus Bas marais Végétations des rivages Roselières Prairies humides Forêts inondables Prairies sèches Pinèdes ouvertes Bosquets urbains Gazons - Massifs entretenus Milieux herbacés intensifs Milieux herbacés extensifs Plantations d'arbres Chênaies Hêtraies Autres forêts Lisières - Régénérations forestières Arbres isolés - Alignements Buissons - Ronciers Saulaies buissonnantes Rudérales - Jachères Gravières Vergers Cultures maraîchères - Potagers Vignes Grandes cultures et flore adventice Pépinières Sols et substrats nus Autres surfaces dures Routes - Bâtiments Voies ferrées Légende CJB.SIPV_MN_CARTO_10 Catégories de milieux Eaux calmes végétalisées Eaux courantes Eaux calmes Glariers nus Bas marais Végétations des rivages Roselières Prairies humides Forêts inondables Prairies sèches Pinèdes ouvertes Bosquets urbains Gazons - Massifs entretenus Milieux herbacés intensifs Milieux herbacés extensifs Plantations d'arbres Chênaies Hêtraies Autres forêts Lisières - Régénérations forestières Arbres isolés - Alignements Buissons - Ronciers Saulaies buissonnantes Rudérales - Jachères Gravières Vergers Cultures maraîchères - Potagers Vignes Grandes cultures et flore adventice Pépinières Sols et substrats nus Autres surfaces dures Routes - Bâtiments Voies ferrées
  15. 15. Analyse - Compositions 15
  16. 16. Analyse - Compositions 16 Naturalité Fragmentation Diversité …
  17. 17. Analyse - Compositions 17 Fragmentation Diversité
  18. 18. Analyse - Structures 18 MSPA: Morphological Spatial Pattern Analysis Guidos toolbox ; GIS plugins pour ArcGIS, QGIS et R
  19. 19. Analyse - Structures 19 MSPA: Morphological Spatial Pattern Analysis Guidos toolbox ; GIS plugins pour ArcGIS, QGIS et R
  20. 20. Analyse - Fonctions 20 Connectivité = intra + flux + connexion dPCintra > 0 dPCflux = 0 dPCconnector = 0 dPCintra > 0 dPCflux > 0 dPCconnector = 0 dPCintra > 0 dPCflux > 0 dPCconnector > 0 → Fragstats : https://www.umass.edu/landeco/research/fragstats/fragstats.html
  21. 21. Analyse - Fonctions 21 IE – PB 1 – 2019-2021
  22. 22. Corridors
  23. 23. Corridors 23
  24. 24. Analyse – Services écosystémiques 24 Source: Ruiz Garcia, V. 2015, Évaluation des services écosystémiques terrestres du canton de Genève
  25. 25. Analyse – Services écosystémiques 25
  26. 26. Infrastructure écologique 26
  27. 27. Infrastructure écologique 27 1. Compositions 3. Fonctions 2. Structures 4. Services Écosystémiques SCP Infrastructure écologique ?% ?% ?% ?%
  28. 28. IE-GE 23 mai IE-GE v2.0.7 28 Composition
  29. 29. IE-GE 23 mai IE-GE v2.0.7 29 CompositionStructure
  30. 30. IE-GE 23 mai IE-GE v2.0.7 30 CompositionStructureServices écosystémiques
  31. 31. IE-GE 23 mai IE-GE v2.0.7 31 CompositionStructureServices écosystémiques3 piliers même pondération
  32. 32. IE-GE 23 mai IE-GE v2.0.7 32 CompositionStructureServices écosystémiques3 piliers même pondération 30 % meilleurs
  33. 33. Typologie - Commune
  34. 34. Typologie - Commune
  35. 35. Typologie - Commune
  36. 36. Typologie - Commune
  37. 37. Typologie - Commune
  38. 38. Perspectives 39 Intégration dans le Plan d’Actions Biodiversité #1 Adéquation avec les autres politiques sectorielles Intégration dans les Plans Directeurs (communaux et cantonal) Projet pilote IE pour confédération via l’OFEV
  39. 39. 40 MERCI

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