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  1. 1. Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment & Determining Control (HIRAC) BS OHSAS 18001:2007
  2. 2. HIRAC What is risk?What is Hazard? What is Ill Health? Harm or ill health Situation Source Act Likelihood of occurrence of hazardous event Severity of injury / ill health Risk ill health Adverse physical Adverse mental condition
  3. 3. HIRAC Why HIRAC ? Legal Factor Act / Rule Contract Condition Human Factor Save Life Minimize Injury Staff moral Financial Factor Cost Reduction Minimize risk of life Penalty Stack holder Productivity
  4. 4. HIRAC likelihood Provide appropriate controls Risk level Associated consequences identify OH&S hazards PURPOSE PERFORMED AT Head Office Regional Office Workshop Projects ALL Activities Sub activities Process Task
  5. 5. What is a risk assessment? “Process of evaluating the risk arising from a hazard (s), taking into account the adequacy of any existing controls, and deciding whether or not the risk(s) is acceptable”. Why risk assessment required? Assessing Risk Risk Assessmen t Requireme nt You OtherBusiness
  6. 6. Factors to be considered while assessing risk: Assessing Risk Factors People Location Process activity Equipment
  7. 7. Assessing Risk Probability Low Low
  8. 8. Assessing Risk Probability Low Medium
  9. 9. High Assessing Risk Probability Medium Low
  10. 10. Assessing Risk Probability
  11. 11. Low Medium High Severity Assessing Risk
  12. 12. Assessing Risk
  13. 13. 155 25 Assessing Risk RISK
  14. 14. Assessing Risk 5 5 15 25 3 3 9 15 1 1 3 5 1 3 5 Evaluate the Risk / Risk assessment Matrix Increasing Severity Severity: 5 – Catastrophic 3 – Major 1 – Minor IncreasingProbability Probability: 5 – Certain 3 – Likely 1 – Unlikely
  15. 15. RISK PRIORITY CHART - Severity Occupational Safety Hazard (Severity) Severity of risk Description Severity factor Minimal •First aid injury •Injury (absence less than 48 hrs) •Resume work immediately after FA or within 48 hrs; •Minor delay to resume operation. •Cost of property damage within INR 50,000/- 1 Major/Serious •Lost time injury (absence more than 48 hrs), •Temporary/permane nt disablement •Resume work after 48 hours •Temporary/permanent disablement of body organ •Suspension of operation for few hours •Property damage cost between INR 50000/- to INR/- 10,00,000/ 3 Catastrophic Fatalities or Collapsing of structure •Loss of life; total failure of machinery or catastrophic damages (structural damages etc) •Undefined Suspension of operation . •Damage above INR 10,00,000/- 5 Occupational Health Hazard (Severity) Severity of risk Description Severity factor Minimal •Medical aid illness •ill health less than 48hrs •Resume work immediately after FA •Resume work within 48 hrs 1 Major/Serious •ill health •Absence more than 48hrs or disabling illness •Resume work after 48 hrs •Disabling illness resulting into disablement of body organ. 3 Catastrophic •Death due to Occupational diseases Death due to Occupational diseases 5 Assessing Risk
  16. 16. Probability ( Occupational Safety and health Hazard) Probability of risk Description Probability factor Unlikely Never known to have happened in GIL or other industry 1 Likely Known to have happened more than once in GIL projects 3 Certain Sure to happen or happens regularly at the project 5 RISK PRIORITY CHART - Probability Assessing Risk
  17. 17. Risk Score (Range) Risk Level Action 1 to 3 Low A risk identified as low may be considered as acceptable and further reduction may not be necessary. However, if the risk can be resolved quickly and efficiently, control measures should be implemented and recorded. 5 to 9 Medium A risk requires a planned approach to controlling the hazard and applies temporary measure if required. Actions taken must be documented on the risk assessment form including date for completion. Above 9 High A risk requires immediate action to control the hazard as detailed in the hierarchy of control. Actions taken must be documented on the risk assessment form including date for completion. RISK LEVEL INDEX AND ACTION Assessing Risk
  18. 18. How do you reduce risk? 5 5 15 25 3 3 9 15 1 1 3 5 1 3 5IncreasingProbability Increasing Severity If you want to reduce the risk, you’ll need to: • Reduce Probability • Reduce Severity • Reduce both Controlling Risk
  19. 19. To decide on the risk control there is a hierarchy of risk control i.e. 1. Eliminate hazard 2. Substitution 3. Engineering control 4. Administrative controls 5. PPE Controlling Risk Level E.g. eliminating the need to work in a confined space. E.g. using a hydraulic machine in wet condition instead of electrical power driven machine to avoid shock hazards. E.g. installing guarding on equipment or operating machinery remotely E.g. displaying warning signs or providing safety training E.g. using respiratory protection to minimize exposure to inhalation of silica dust, fine particles, cement dust etc.
  20. 20. 5 5 15 25 3 3 9 15 1 1 3 5 1 3 5 IncreasingProbability Increasing Severity Controlling Risk level Example - 1
  21. 21. Controlling Risk level 5 5 15 25 3 3 9 15 1 1 3 5 1 3 5 IncreasingProbability Increasing Severity Example - 2
  22. 22. Risks must be reduced so far as is reasonably practicable Controlling Risk
  23. 23. Hazards No plug top No wheel guard Damaged grinding wheel Under age workers Untrained workers Unguarded toolsWet Floor Unprotected & improper storing of cylinders Non usages of PPE’s
  24. 24. Consequences Electrocution Body trap may result into major injury Braking of wheel causing injury to personnel Legal Violation results work stop / penalty Personnel injury while performing job Contact of human body results cut / crush injury Slipping of personnel result major injury / electrocution Hit injury to personnel results LTA Personnel Injury result to cut injury / breathing problem
  25. 25. Control Measures
  26. 26. Control Measures Deploy worker those have completed 18 year Conduct trade test before selection / deployment Use of proper grinding wheel (size) Provide Wheel guard as per manufacturer recommendation Provide Plug top , check periodically Sign Board, Housekeeping Use trolley, proper cable routing, secure in vertical position Mandatory Use of quality PPE’s
  27. 27. •Amendment of any legislation •At least once in six months. •New type of job •Changing in existing process/activity •Modification in site layout •Current SOP / Method statement Changed •New safety equipment / equipment deputed •After any incident / accident investigation •As a result of safety audit, safety inspection etc Review of Risk Assessment
  28. 28. DETAIL PROCESS • Procedure of HIRAC - GIL-ORGN-MGM-D-022 • Format of HIRAC - GIL-ORGN-MGM-F-022 • Sample HIRAC register – Batching Plant HIRAC Documents