What is risk?What is Hazard?
What is Ill Health?
injury / ill
Why HIRAC ?
Act / Rule
Minimize risk of life
identify OH&S hazards
PURPOSE PERFORMED AT
What is a risk assessment?
“Process of evaluating the risk arising from a hazard (s), taking into account the adequacy of any existing
controls, and deciding whether or not the risk(s) is acceptable”.
Why risk assessment required?
Factors to be considered while assessing risk:
RISK PRIORITY CHART - Severity
Occupational Safety Hazard (Severity)
Severity of risk Description
•First aid injury
•Injury (absence less
than 48 hrs)
•Resume work immediately after FA or
within 48 hrs;
•Minor delay to resume operation.
•Cost of property damage within INR
•Lost time injury
(absence more than
•Resume work after 48 hours
•Temporary/permanent disablement of
•Suspension of operation for few hours
•Property damage cost between INR
50000/- to INR/- 10,00,000/
•Loss of life; total failure of machinery
or catastrophic damages (structural
•Undefined Suspension of operation .
•Damage above INR 10,00,000/-
Occupational Health Hazard (Severity)
Severity of risk Description
•ill health less
within 48 hrs
than 48hrs or
•Resume work after
•Death due to
Death due to
Probability ( Occupational Safety and health Hazard)
Probability of risk Description
Never known to have happened in GIL or other
Known to have happened more than once in GIL
Certain Sure to happen or happens regularly at the project 5
RISK PRIORITY CHART - Probability
Risk Level Action
1 to 3 Low
A risk identified as low may be considered as acceptable and further
reduction may not be necessary. However, if the risk can be resolved
quickly and efficiently, control measures should be implemented and
5 to 9 Medium
A risk requires a planned approach to controlling the hazard and applies
temporary measure if required. Actions taken must be documented on the
risk assessment form including date for completion.
Above 9 High
A risk requires immediate action to control the hazard as detailed in the
hierarchy of control. Actions taken must be documented on the risk
assessment form including date for completion.
RISK LEVEL INDEX AND ACTION
How do you reduce risk?
5 5 15 25
3 3 9 15
1 1 3 5
1 3 5IncreasingProbability
If you want to reduce the risk, you’ll need to:
• Reduce Probability
• Reduce Severity
• Reduce both
To decide on the risk control there is a hierarchy of risk control i.e.
1. Eliminate hazard
3. Engineering control
4. Administrative controls
Controlling Risk Level
E.g. eliminating the need to work in a confined space.
E.g. using a hydraulic machine in wet condition instead of electrical
power driven machine to avoid shock hazards.
E.g. installing guarding on equipment or
operating machinery remotely
E.g. displaying warning signs or
providing safety training
E.g. using respiratory protection to minimize
exposure to inhalation of silica dust, fine
particles, cement dust etc.
Risks must be reduced so far as is reasonably practicable
No plug top
No wheel guard
Damaged grinding wheel
Under age workers
Unguarded toolsWet Floor
Unprotected & improper
storing of cylinders
Non usages of PPE’s
Body trap may result into
Braking of wheel causing
injury to personnel
Legal Violation results work stop / penalty
Personnel injury while
Contact of human body
results cut / crush injury
Slipping of personnel result
major injury / electrocution
Hit injury to personnel
Personnel Injury result to
cut injury / breathing
Deploy worker those
have completed 18 year
Conduct trade test
before selection /
Use of proper
grinding wheel (size)
guard as per
Plug top , check
Use trolley, proper
cable routing, secure
in vertical position
of quality PPE’s
•Amendment of any legislation
•At least once in six months.
•New type of job
•Changing in existing process/activity
•Modification in site layout
•Current SOP / Method statement Changed
•New safety equipment / equipment deputed
•After any incident / accident investigation
•As a result of safety audit, safety inspection etc
Review of Risk Assessment
• Procedure of HIRAC - GIL-ORGN-MGM-D-022
• Format of HIRAC - GIL-ORGN-MGM-F-022
• Sample HIRAC register – Batching Plant