The Baroque AgeChapter 22
Guiding Question… What should we be governed by? The Baroque age will respond with different answers.     The Church wi...
Guiding Historical Events In 1535, the Jesuits are Established Council of Trent, in parts through 1545 to 1563     Refo...
Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture   Established in 1648 in Paris   An Institution that governs the subjects, techn...
Poussin‟s Rapeof the SabineWomen, 1636-7                 Composition is IDEAL and LINE is                 privileged over ...
Rubens‟ Marie de’ Medici,1622-5 COLOR and movement is privileged over line and composition Subject is presented lyrically
Reflections of the Age                         Reason, Emotion        PHILOSOPHY                                 MUSIC R...
Further Reflections of the Age                          Observation     Johannes Kepler                       Galileo Gal...
Further Reflections of the Age                        Reason     Thomas Hobbes‟                  John Locke‟s         Lev...
So what should govern?Artists will answer this differently according to theirworldview. Some artists will choose a combina...
Bernini’s David           Dynamic, not static like            Donatello‟s or Michelangelo‟sEmotion            David      ...
Bernini’sEcstacy of St. TeresaEmotion           Religious experience            presented as erotic,            meaning p...
Caravaggio’s          Entombment           Action pushed to the            foregroundEmotion           Allows Christ‟s r...
Caravaggio’s The Calling of Saint          Matthew                             Congregation can relateEmotion            ...
Camera     Device used to create an                           impermanent, inverted image of               Obscura     an...
Rachel Ruysch’s Roses, Convolvulvus, Poppies, and               Other flowers ion an Urn on a Stone Ledge, ca. 1745Observ...
Clara Peeters, Table with Tar and White Pitcher, 1611                Still Life executed with technical virtuosity (like ...
Rembrandt’s Self-Portrait as an Old Man,       1669                Observation of                 personality as seen on...
Vermeer’s  Young Woman with a Water Pitcher, ca. 1664-5OBSERVATION                              Painted everyday         ...
In subsequent presentations, you willlearn more about: Regional preferences in Baroque Art Caravaggio as a rebellious le...
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  • Copernicus (1473-1543) argues that the Earth revolves around the sunBased on a Greek geographer and astronomer, Ptolemy
  • Copernicus (1473-1543) argues that the Earth revolves around the sunBased on a Greek geographer and astronomer, Ptolemy
  • Week 7.the baroque age.overview.master

    1. 1. The Baroque AgeChapter 22
    2. 2. Guiding Question… What should we be governed by? The Baroque age will respond with different answers.  The Church will advocate for Emotion  Science will advocate for Sight or Observation  Philosophy will advocate for Reason We will look at this question religiously and politically
    3. 3. Guiding Historical Events In 1535, the Jesuits are Established Council of Trent, in parts through 1545 to 1563  Reforms the Catholic Church in reaction to the Protestant Reformation  Art and Monastic Orders will help pull people back to the Catholic Church The Inquisition continues through this century Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture established in 1648 Thirty Years War, 1618—1648  Begins when Peace of Augsburg (1555) is broken and ends with Peace of Westphalia ends the war (1648)  Dutch Republic gains independence from Spanish, Catholic leadership  Ends the Holy Roman Empire and leads to a system of nation states  Which makes Hobbes „and Locke‟s ideas significant
    4. 4. Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture Established in 1648 in Paris An Institution that governs the subjects, techniques, and styles of painting for hundreds of years A debate will ensue between the groups described belowRubénistes Poussinistes Color is Key  Line, Drawing, Color appeals to the Composition is Key emotions  Line appeals to the mind Color is more true to  Line is more true to nature, nature but requires an educated Perceiving Line requires audience to perceive education; therefore color can appeal to a wider array of people
    5. 5. Poussin‟s Rapeof the SabineWomen, 1636-7 Composition is IDEAL and LINE is privileged over color Subject is Classical
    6. 6. Rubens‟ Marie de’ Medici,1622-5 COLOR and movement is privileged over line and composition Subject is presented lyrically
    7. 7. Reflections of the Age  Reason, Emotion PHILOSOPHY MUSIC Rene Descartes--The Father of  Opera, the fugue, and Modern Philosophy and the cantata come to stage Cartesian Method with a dramatic flourish Establishes Scientific Method  Handel‟s Messiah with Francis Bacon  Bach‟s A Mighty Fortress is Our God, Cantata No. 80 Encourages Deductive Reasoning SCIENCE Copernicus (1473-1543) argues that the Earth revolves around the sun Based on a Greek geographer and astronomer, Ptolemy Rene Decartes, After Franz Hals
    8. 8. Further Reflections of the Age  Observation Johannes Kepler Galileo Galilei 1571—163 1564—1642 Interested in optics as a FACT  Develops the telescope to rather than a metaphysical observe the sky question  Asserts that light travels Influenced by Leewenhoek‟s and takes time to get invention of the microscope from point to point Describes vision as a  Excommunicated from relationship between the retina the Church for affirming and the object seen Copernicus‟ idea that the Earth revolved around the The eye is an “optical Sun instrument with a lens used for focusing”
    9. 9. Further Reflections of the Age Reason Thomas Hobbes‟ John Locke‟s Leviathan Second Treatise of Civil Government Argues that a monarchy is  Argues that a legislative necessary to rule society body elected by subjects is necessary to rule society Monarchy can reason best how people should be  Man can reason for goverened himself which leaders to elect
    10. 10. So what should govern?Artists will answer this differently according to theirworldview. Some artists will choose a combination of both,observational virtuosity with an emotional coloring.
    11. 11. Bernini’s David  Dynamic, not static like Donatello‟s or Michelangelo‟sEmotion David  Action leads our attention elsewhere  Emotionally honest  Look of insistent concentration  Hair swivels with his body 
    12. 12. Bernini’sEcstacy of St. TeresaEmotion  Religious experience presented as erotic, meaning physically sensual 
    13. 13. Caravaggio’s Entombment  Action pushed to the foregroundEmotion  Allows Christ‟s represented image to be “lain” on the actual altar  Alternating poses of figures creates more drama  Tenebrism used as a theatrical spotlight on the  figures to create an emotional response
    14. 14. Caravaggio’s The Calling of Saint Matthew  Congregation can relateEmotion to Matthew (Levi)  Christ‟s divinity is made diminutive  Gesture is powerful, especially in the spotlight of tenebrism 
    15. 15. Camera  Device used to create an impermanent, inverted image of Obscura an object to perfectly capture perspectiveObservation
    16. 16. Rachel Ruysch’s Roses, Convolvulvus, Poppies, and Other flowers ion an Urn on a Stone Ledge, ca. 1745Observation  Painted with scientific accuracy  But asymmetricality pulls our emotions— dynamism
    17. 17. Clara Peeters, Table with Tar and White Pitcher, 1611  Still Life executed with technical virtuosity (like a photograph)  A vanitas theme emphasizing the mortality of worldly goodsObservation
    18. 18. Rembrandt’s Self-Portrait as an Old Man, 1669  Observation of personality as seen onObservation the visage  Representation includes wrinkles, furrowed brow, and paunchy face without idealization  Paints what he sees
    19. 19. Vermeer’s Young Woman with a Water Pitcher, ca. 1664-5OBSERVATION  Painted everyday scenes that one would observe in a Netherlandish setting  Painted with a Camera Obscura 
    20. 20. In subsequent presentations, you willlearn more about: Regional preferences in Baroque Art Caravaggio as a rebellious leader of the Baroque styleThese presentations will prepare you toincorporate the information in theassignments and assessments for theweek

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