Greek Art through the In Search of a Greek Style Archaic Period
DISCLAIMERThis presentation is an overview of the material in your text. It is notcomprehensive, nor is it meant to be. This presentation allows you to introduceyourself to concepts and images in the respective chapter. Best practice saysto view this presentation with your book open, as many of the images in thispresentation are small or incomplete.
Guiding Questions• What do Greek workers ("artists") change in their styles to distance themselves from ancient Near Eastern and Egyptian influences?• How do the Greeks become "Greek," in terms of visual culture?
Guiding HistoricalPeriods• Geometric and Orientalizing Periods--ca. 900-500 BCE• Increasing contact with civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia• Archaic Period--ca. 600- 480BCE• First stone temples• Establishment of Doric and Ionic orders
Geography determines culture. The Aegean civilizations that influence the early Greeks very much depend on the sea for their subsistence and economic wealth. Aegean civilizations also develop an aesthetic that looks to natural forms and values harmony, balance, and symmetry— the cornerstones of the Greek aesthetic.Where in the world are we?
Aegean InfluencesSelf Study: Notice how the imagesdecorating the The Greeks develop from Aegeanvessels to the cultures. The early Greeks will adopt an Aegean love of: right reflect A. Harmony between object and the the shape of painting the vessels. B. Movement and pattern The warriors C. Symmetry and ratios emphasizes thehorizontality ofthe krater and the octopus reflects the curvature of the flask.
Geometric Period• Vessels served as grave markers• Figures in black silhouette are geometric and angular• Many registers break up the space of the vase• Abstract linear and geometric shapes fill "empty" spaces• Sculpture is rigid, upright, and lacking in naturalism
OrientalizingPeriod• Vessels are painted with floral motifs, powerful beasts, and conflated beings (i.e. sirens with wings)• Black figure painting is elaborated with white incisions and reddish or purplish slip• Designs clearly show an exchange with Mesopotamian cultures
ArchaicPeriod Problems Solved The Archaic period is•In statuary, figures marked by a moving become more natural, away from, though not relatively speaking entirely, outside cultural influences. It is easily recognizable by the•In vase painting, red- "Archaic Grin." figure painting gives more detail than black-figure techniques•In architecture, temples become less bulky and more proportional
In subsequent presentations, you willexplore:• Apprenticeship in Ancient Greece• The New York Kouros• Temples of Paestum, Italy