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Introduction to operating system


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Introduction to Operating System.

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Introduction to operating system

  1. 1. Introduction to Operating System Practical no.1
  2. 2. Operating System • Operating system is a System software which manages the hardware and provides services to the application software.
  3. 3. Types of Software 1) System software is computer software designed to operate and control the computer hardware and to provide a platform for running application software System software is a generic phrase referring to the computer programs used to start and run computer systems
  4. 4. Types of Software 2) Application software applies the power of system software to a particular purpose. In Information technology, an application program is a computer program designed to help peoples perform an activity.
  5. 5. Application program is not • An operating system, which runs a computer • An Utility program, which performs maintenance or general-purpose function. • programming tools, with which computer programs are created.
  6. 6. System software Vs. Application Software Software Application Software Microsoft Office Paint System Software Operating System Drivers
  7. 7. Closed source 1) Closed-source software is maintained by a team who produces their product in a compiledexecutable state, which is what the market is allowed access to. • Under the closed-source model source code is not released to the public.
  8. 8. Open source • Open source software is software that can be freely used, changed, and shared (in modified or unmodified form) by anyone.
  9. 9. UBUNTU • Ubuntu is a Debian-based Linux operating system, with Unity as its default desktop environment (formerly GNOME). It is based on free software and named after the Southern African philosophy of ubuntu (literally, "human-ness"), which often is translated as "humanity towards others" or "the belief in a universal bond of sharing that connects all humanity". According to some metrics, Ubuntu is the most popular Linux distribution.
  10. 10. Installation UBUNTU • Download the Ubuntu OS from Ubuntu Website.
  11. 11. Installation UBUNTU • Choose the Ubuntu version based on your hardware availability.
  12. 12. Installation UBUNTU • Download Power ISO
  13. 13. Installation UBUNTU • Choose the Suitable version of Power ISO
  14. 14. Installation UBUNTU • Install power ISO first in current operating system
  15. 15. Installation UBUNTU
  16. 16. Installation UBUNTU • After installation of power ISO
  17. 17. UBUNTU Installation • Double Click on the UBUNTU ISO file
  18. 18. UBUNTU Installation Open the UBUNTU ISO file with PowerISO
  19. 19. UBUNTU Installation • After clicking wubi.exe
  20. 20. UBUNTU Installation
  21. 21. UBUNTU Installation • Insert password
  22. 22. UBUNTU installation
  23. 23. UBUNTU installation • Reboot the system to complete installation
  24. 24. UBUNTU Installation • Wait for installation completion
  25. 25. UBUNTU installation • Completing installation
  26. 26. Ubuntu Installation • Select your desired operating system
  27. 27. UBUNTU Installation • Login into UBUNTU
  28. 28. UBUNTU installation • Desktop of UBUNTU