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Survey about Vietnam university lifestyle

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We made it clear how the lifestyles of university students are in Vietnam, by conducting the quantitative survey for 1000 people as well as the depth interview of nearly 100 people. Let us find it out their income, housing, food, beauty, digital and university lifestyle.

Published in: Marketing

Survey about Vietnam university lifestyle

  1. 1. Survey about Vietnam university lifestyle
  2. 2. Research Methods We conducted both the quantitative and qualitative researches to Vietnamese university students to research their trend and insight. Quantitative research university students in HCM and Hanoi Home Visits・ Individual interview 1000 Students 15 Students 30 Students Interview couples on the street 30 Students Diary study (things to eat/things to buy)
  3. 3. Vietnamese University Student’s"Living"
  4. 4. Living Environment of University Students Family home/ live with relatives 47% Room mate/ student dorm/live alone 53% Rent a room, 66% Student dorm, 17% Apartment, 6% Room mates, 61% Live alone, 18% Brother/ Sisters, 17% Others, 4% Home environment Housing types (except family home) Students who live with (except family home)
  5. 5. Living Environment of University Students Housing cost of student dorm is about 300,000 VND/person. Housing cost of sharing apartment is from 1M VND/person. 4 people/room 1,500,000 VND/person 8 people/room 350,000 VND/person 2 people/room 1,750,000 VND/person 1 person/room 2,000,000 VND/person 4 people/room 1,500,000 VND/person
  6. 6. Characteristics of VN University Student’s housing (Living with roommates)
  7. 7. Characteristics of VN University Student’s housing (Living with roommates) Sleep on a mattress on the floor, no bed. When a friend visits, chat on the mattress. This mattress is for two people to sleep. Shared kitchen. Many students use portable stove. Place to study is on folding table. The diffusion of smartphone and PC is high.
  8. 8. Characteristics of VN University Student’s housing (Living in student dorm)
  9. 9. Characteristics of VN University Student’s Housing (Living in student dorm) There is no kitchen, so a corner of a room is temporary kitchen. Rice cooker is only kitchen No hot water is available. Shared washer machines are available for a fee, but it is common to do the laundry by hand. There is private space only on the bed. Huge animal stuffs occupies the space. 8 people/room. Plain and simple except bed and desk.
  10. 10. Characteristics of University Student’s Housing: Little Privacy They basically have a personal space only on the bed in both shared room, and student dorm.
  11. 11. Characteristics of University Student’s housing: The modest sink/basin area Kitchen is shared. They do laundry and dishes in bath room. They do laundry with plastic water tub. They cook at shared kitchen or in their room with portable stove.
  12. 12. The percentage of students who own PC and smartphone is pretty high, and for anytime use, every single room has been equipped internet. Internet is necessary for killing time, communication, and study. Characteristics of University Student’s housing: Internet usage is essential
  13. 13. Things there are where university students in Japan live, but not in Vietnam. Things there are where university students in Vietnam live, but not in Japan. Air conditioner Washer machine TV Closet Microwave Electric fan Plastic water tub Portable Closet Wet mop Animal stuff Characteristics of University Student’s housing: Difference between Vietnam and Japan
  14. 14. Vietnamese University Student’s"Food/Drink"
  15. 15. Diet of University Students Typical cost of food/drink for students who live without family is between 2M~3M VND. The percentage of eating out for breakfast is high, and they tend to try to save money by cook themselves. In the case of students who live in family home, they do not need to pay any when they eat out with family, so spending is less. (But they eat a good meal.) 52% 81% 88% 48% 19% 12% Breakfast Lunch Dinner Live with family Eat at home Eat outside 37% 63% 73% 63% 37% 27% Live without family Eat outside Cook and eat at home Breakfast Lunch Dinner
  16. 16. Example of Diet of University Students: Weekdays Male 7:30: Banh Mi(10K) 11:20: Buy Instant noodle at Ministop(20K) 17:20: Buy POKARI SWEAT at Ministop(9k) 19:55: Chicken set meal at local diner(31K) Female 6:30: Milk(6K) 12:00: Noodle with soup at dining room near by school(25K) 17:00: Cook instant noodle herself at home(8k) Diet with a focus on Vietnamese food. Students try to eat modest meals as much cost as around 50,000 VND/day on weekdays. 20:30: Milk(6K)
  17. 17. Example of Diet of University Students: Weekends Male (Day of dating) 9:40: Noodle with crab(25K) 9:40: Soy milk(15K) 12:00: Korean Ice cream(80K) 13:00: Chicken hotpot (180K-2people) 19:00: Beef soup(Cook by himself) Diet on weekends is sumptuous. Many students eat ice cream and go to café. In case of students live with family, some parents pay all cost of food and drink students spend. Female 7:00:Eating out(23K) 12:00: Vietnamese restaurant(100K) 9:30: Soy milk with family 14:00: Snack. Buy at Big C 19:00: Dinner with a friend(200K) 20:00: Pudding at convenience store.
  18. 18. Characteristics of University Student‘s diet Most foods they eat are Vietnamese Noodle・Noodle・Noodle Students especially who live without family eat noodles very often both home and outside. They often eat instant noodles, but also often eat noodles without any toppings or with only chill sauce. Some cases that many people eat hotpot together have been seen, but 80%~90% of meals students have are Vietnamese. Some exceptions on weekdays are steak for lunch. Eating Japanese foods are really rare case.
  19. 19. Characteristics of University Student‘s diet Snacks for nutrition and filling Use of reasonable and youth- oriented Cafe Reasonable and good atmosphere cafe such as Highlands, The Coffee house and Koi is popular. Biggest cafe chain, Trung Nguye, tends to be avoided? Students who live with family prefer cafe chain, others prefer local café. Many students drink milk as light meal and supplemental nutrition drink. Some students also eat fruits between main meals. Cool students drink Budweiser? Cases that especially wealthy students drink western beer such as Budweiser and Heineken are often seen. These kind of beers are double cost of local beers, but make students feel superior.
  20. 20. University Student’s Cooking Environment (Students who live without family) Kitchen is shared. It is often the case that there is not refrigerator. There is no space to stock, so students have limited kitchen appliances.
  21. 21. Chicken stewed Soup with tofe and green onion Noodle with napa cabbage and chervil Noodle with vegetables and egg Rice with boiled egg and winter melon soup University Student’s Cooking Environment (Students who live without family): Ingeniousness of cooking There is a case that kitchen is shared and there is not refrigerator, so students use limited kitchen appliances to make ingeniously many kind of foods.
  22. 22. Chicken stewed Soup with tofe and green onion Noodle with napa cabbage and chervil Noodle with vegetables and egg Rice with boiled egg and winter melon soup University Student’s Cooking Environment (Students who live without family): Ingeniousness of cooking There is a case that kitchen is shared and there is not refrigerator, so students use limited kitchen appliances to make ingeniously many kind of foods. Everything cooked by rice cooker
  23. 23. Vietnamese University Student’s"Fashion"
  24. 24. Fashion of University Students Frequency of purchasing cloths is not low, but spending is not high; half students spend less than 300,000 VND. It is cheap to spend money on per product. 21% 32% 17% 9% 4% 4% 9% Spending for cloths/month 21% 18% 11% 13% 35% 2% Frequency of buying cloths
  25. 25. Characteristics of University Student‘s fashion Attach importance to cost Low brand recognition(Use of fake) Use of reasonable fashion brand Shoes>Bag Bag they bring is usually knapsack because of convenience. It is often case that female students bring non-brand pouch. On the other hand, as they start caring about fashion, it is often case that they wear sports shoes such as Nike. Reasonable local fashion brands such as Yame and Juno have dramatically been increased. These brands are getting popular among fashionable students. Fast fashion is most fashionable. Since brand recognition is low and they attach importance to design, some of them use many fake products without knowing it is actually fake. They attach importance to cost more than anything. It is mainstream to buy at the local market or store, but also use of online store has increased. As they start caring about fashion, they try to differentiate against others by design of products rather than brand of products. 37% 17% 5% Cost Design Brand What do you attach importance to in regard to fashion?
  26. 26. Fashion of University Students: Normal • Tops (200K) • T-shirts (100K) • Jeans (320K) • Sandals: Adidas?(180K) It is often case that guys wear sandals. Adidas sandals are fake. • T-shirts (50K) • Jacket (200K) • Jeans (170K) • Sandals (110K) All are purchased from local stores or market. Jacket is necessary for sunburn prevention. Mix and match outfit with cheap cloths purchased from local store, market, and supermarket. • T-shirts (40K) • Shorts (150K) • Shoes (250K) • Watch: Casio (500K) All of them are purchased from local store and flea market. Casio watch is not G- shock.
  27. 27. Fashion of University Students: Fashionable • Tops: Tu by CATU (Local) (300K) • Shorts: Forever 21 (400K) • Shoes: Adidas (1,500K) • Watch: CK (1500K) Mix and match outfit with fast fashion brand and oversea purchase. She wears revealing cloths. • Tops: baby doll (170K) • Bottoms: ZARA (200K) She buys online at low cost and expands collection of brand products. A part of wealthy university students (top 10%) mix and match with fast fashion brand and local fashion brand. • Tops: Jan shop (Local) (180K) • Pants: Fusionism (Local)(380K) • Shoes: Nike (1,900K) He gets more fashionable with favorite Nike shoes.
  28. 28. Student’s Fashion Sensitivity Students have an interest in fashion, but only a part of them spend certain amount on it. Interest in fashion Spending This type of students wear fast fashion cloths such as ZARA, and accessories bought by oversea purchase. They know they are fashionable. Girls come from rich family. This type of students have an interest in fashion, but they don’t have enough money. Brand recognition is low even though a desire to learn is high. They choose unique fashion products. In regard to cosmetics, quantity is more important than quality. They like SNS and internet. This type of students mix and match in their own way, but interest in fashion is low. They choose and buy cheap products from local market, and store. Non existence
  29. 29. Vietnamese University Student’s"Dating"
  30. 30. First Meeting Somebody University Students Date with It is common that first meeting with somebody students date with is at school, but about 30% of them meet on the internet or SNS. Q:Do you have a girlfriend/boyfriend? (N=1001) 36% 56% 8% Do you have a boyfriend/girlfriend? Yes, I have a girlfriend/boyfriend No, I don't have a girlfriend/boyfriend I refuse to answer 54% 20% 10% 11% 9% 7% 5% 2% 2% 3% First meeting with somebody you date with
  31. 31. Student’s Date Plan: Japan 10:00 Meet up at Shibuya 12:00 Lunch at Italian restaurant 13:30 Theater 16:00 Window-shopping 19:00 Dinner at Japanese bar restaurant 22:00 Dismiss in Shibuya Cost/day:About 2M VND
  32. 32. Student’s Date Plan: Vietnam 11:30 Pick up at girl friend’s home 12:00 Lunch at the local street food 13:00 Café in 1st district 15:00 Theater 20:00 Take a walk/Dinner 22:00 Drop off at girl friend’s home Cost/day: 50,000 – 200,000 VND
  33. 33. Characteristics of University Student‘s Dating 22% 20% 12% 10% 9% 6% 5% 4% 3% 3% 3% 3% Where do you often go on a date? Theater + Café is classic date plan. Cost of date is 50,000-20,000 VND. Date plan includes non-cost activities such as “take a walk,” and “park.” Who you are with is more important than what you do. Guys pick up and drop off their girl friend. Guys pay 70% of all cost. Messaging: several hours/day
  34. 34. Difference of Gift for Girl Friend between Vietnam and Japan Feelings expressed through price PRADA wallet Feeling is more important than price. Daniel Wellington watch Disney resort hotel stay Animal stuffs Flower bouquet Handmade photo album Cost is about 100,000 VND
  35. 35. Interview Student’s Couples on the Street • Dating period: 2months • Went to same high school • Dating 3-4times/week • Usual dating plan: Theater • Anniversary: Trip to Vung tau • Dating period: 5months • Went to same high school • Dating 1-2times/week • Usual dating plan: Drink milk tea and take a walk • Wear matching colors when dating • Because they can only meet 2 times a week, they message each other on Facebook for five hours everyday • Dating period: 2months • Go to same university • Meet everyday • Usual dating plan: watch movie and take a walk • Go to see her everyday even though he has a part time job
  36. 36. Vietnamese University Student’s"Digital life"
  37. 37. Student‘s Smartphone: Almost all of the Students have 29% 27% 9% 9% 6% 6% 3% 4% 4% 3% 2% 6% What company’s smartphone do you have? Yes, I do, 93% No, I don't, 7% Do you have a smartphone? Q. What company’s smartphone do you have? (N=1001) 93% of students have smartphone. About 30% of them are iPhone users.
  38. 38. Student‘s Smartphone:Background Image It is the often case that background image is girls picture since guys who have a girl friend use her picture and girls use their selfie pictures as background image.
  39. 39. Student’s Use of Digital Students spends a lot of time on Social network. App usage are “Facebook”, “Games”, “Camera360”, “Tflat dictionary”, and “Grab/Uber”. 98% 58% 35% 12% 5% 3% 2% 2% 1% % 1% SNS students often use
  40. 40. Different Apps Used by Students between Japan and Vietnam: Communication Apps LINE is for communication. Instagram is for posting daily life and self-expression. Facebook is for things without hindrance. Because of too many connections, the service is too tiresome. Condition of anonymity make you rest assured that you can post whatever. Tool for showing off everyday life. All communications are along with LINE. The rate of use of FB and Zalo is high. FB is for communication, collecting, and spreading information. Information hub all students use. Communication tool for close relationships. Belatedly there is trend signs in Vietnam.
  41. 41. Different Apps Used by Students between Japan and Vietnam: Lifestyle Apps Shopping Can be use to buy ticket as well as fashion items. News Able to receive a wide array of news. Handy A scheduling app used to organize part time jobs and activities. Study buddy You can ask any type of questions. Shopping Used to buy and sell fashion items. Popular among fashionable students News The center for all types of information among students Handy A cheap ride sharing app popular among students for transportation Study buddy Dictionary app that is a must have for students.
  42. 42. Analysis about digital life: Is the decline of Facebook possible? 6% 17% 19% 13% 12% 7% 26% Less than 1 hour 1-2 hours2-3 hours3-4 hours4-5 hours5-6 hours 6 hours Frequency of Facebook use/day 26% 21% 21% 17% 15% Several times/day Once/day Several times/week Irregular I rarely use Frequency of instagram use Increase, 22% Increase a little bit, 33% Same, 22% Decrease a little bit, 14% Decrease, 8% Changes of Facebook use (compared to 1 year ago) In terms of Facebook use, there has been no signs of decline so far. The reasons of “too many connections” have been a factor of Facebooks decline in other countries. However, that is currently not the case in Vietnam. In addition, instagram use is quite low. Half of all the students use All students use
  43. 43. How to use Facebook: Example of Sophomore Heavy User ② Photo Album filled with selfies ③ 3800 friends(most of them are unknown) ④ Post & share 3~6times/day ① Constantly updated ”enhanced profile pictures” ❶ ❷ ❸❹ Example of heavy user (10% of all the students post more than 4-5times/day)
  44. 44. How to use Facebook: What do Students Post/Share? Use for self-expression as well as sharing for bookmarking contents Cool selfiesPsychological tests Favorite celebritiesUseful informationBeautiful daily life InfluencerFoodsInspirational quotes Feel-good videosTransformation app
  45. 45. Analysis about digital life: What type of contents do they react to? Even though most students use Facebook, not all of them post and share. Students who frequently post and share, use these features to share their feelings as well as bookmarking their contents. 3% 64% 14% 11% 3% 5% I don't post Less than once Once 2-3 times 4-5 times 6 times Frequency of posting on Facebook/day 29% 46% 20% Share contents as bookmarking contents Strongly agree Agree Neither agree or disagree Disagree Strongly disagree 12% 34% 41% 11% Express feelings on Facebook Strongly agree Agree Neither agree or disagree Disagree Strongly disagree Receive & dispatch contents (33%)Receive contents (67%)
  46. 46. Vietnamese University Student’s"Club activity"
  47. 47. Difference of Club Activity between Vietnam and Japan Place to meet new friends Place for hobbies Living the life Extra credit Forge new connection Improve skills
  48. 48. Popular Club FutsalTennis Most prominent type of club at universities. If joined, you can be popular and have a fun college life. It is easy to learn and make new friends. Getting popular among females as well. There are many students belong to academic clubs in Vietnam. One of the reasons these clubs are popular is that you can get points and chance to receive scholarships.
  49. 49. Popular Club FutsalTennis Most prominent type of club at universities. If joined, you can be popular and have a fun college life. It is easy to learn and make new friends. Getting popular among females as well. LanguageVolunteer Many students join and support rural area and elderly. Good memories in school days with social contribution. Language club is popular since that would be useful for job hunting and also give extra credits. There are many students belong to academic clubs in Vietnam. One of the reasons these clubs are popular is that you can get points and chance to receive scholarships.
  50. 50. Examples of Students who belong to clubs Banking University Senior / Housing: Student dormitory(8 people) Income: 3M VND / Spending: 2.7M VND • Financial club Vice President • 60 members • Learn financial and investment knowledge as club activities every week. • Plan and manage finance-related event held once a year. Work for attraction of sponsors and end up getting funded 20M VND + scholarships (total about 200M VND). FTU Junior / Housing: Apartment (Live with father) Income: 5M VND / Spending: 5M VND • Social work Club • 80 members • Activities: Play games, dance and sing together with poor children. Give away cloths and books collected thorough Facebook. • It is attractive to meet many new people and to create values. If joined, that can be selling point when applying scholarship and job hunting.
  51. 51. Vietnamese University Student’s"Part time job"
  52. 52. Student’s Part Time Job 30% 20% 19% 22% 6% 3% 1% Less than 1M VND 1 - 1.5M VND 1.5 - 2M VND 2 - 4M VND 4 - 6M VND More than 6M VND Others Part time job monthly wage Q. Do you do a part-time job? N=1001 44% 27% 17% 13% 10% 9% 7% 6% 5% 4% 19% Part time job students currently do or used to do Part time job students currently do and used to do the most is restaurant/café, but wage of restaurant/café is low, on average 15,000 VND/hour. In terms of tutor, wage is high, on average 80,000 VND/hour, so it is popular for students who go to smart universities or have language skill. There are cases that they use agency or website, but also there are some cases that they find a job through word of mouth.
  53. 53. Examples of Interesting Part Time Job • Freelance Japanese tutor • Income: 6M VND/month • Teach Japanese to four students(27 years old, 30 years old, 33years old) Japanese tutor for working adults with high language skill Cooperation with old sister in Chine to sell products on Facebook • Online Facebook shop • Sales: 6M VND/month • Old sister who live in China purchase products there and she sell them on FB. She designs a part of products. All-the-time translator for Japanese and Vietnamese couple. • Translator • Wage 2M/month • +100,000VND/hour • Translator for male Japanese and female Vietnamese couple. She go with them when dating. Untraditional/interesting part time jobs usually have a higher salary. To have more choices for your job depends on whether you have connections.
  54. 54. Vietnamese University Student’s"Household accounts"
  55. 55. Student’s Income and Spending Live with family Live without family Rent 0 VND 800,000 VND Food/Beverage 1,800,000 VND 2,500,000 VND Fashion 320,000 VND 300,000 VND Entertainment 300,000 VND 230,000 VND Trip 130,000 VND 190,000 VND Health/Beauty 210,000 VND 170,000 VND Extra classes 520,000 VND 430,000 VND Others 500,000 VND 300,000 VND Total 3,780,000 VND 4,920,000 VND Half of all the spending is spending for food/beverage. Absolute cost of other spending is low.
  56. 56. Difference of Income and Spending between Vietnam and Japan Vietnam (Live without family) Japan (Live without family) Rent 800,000 VND 14,000,000 VND Food/Beverage 2,500,000 VND 10,000,000 VND Fashion 300,000 VND 3,000,000 VND Entertainment 230,000 VND 2,000,000 VND Trip 190,000 VND 2,000,000 VND Health/Beauty 170,000 VND 800,000 VND Extra classes 430,000 VND 0 VND Others 300,000 VND 3,000,000 VND Total 4,920,000 VND 34,800,000 VND
  57. 57. Difference of Income and Spending between Vietnam and Japan 16% 51% 6% 5% 4% 3% 9% 6% Vietnam (live without family) Rent Food/beverages Fashion Entertainment Travel Health/Beauty Extra classes Others 40% 29% 9% 6% 6% 2% 0% 9% Japan (live without family) Rent Food/beverages Fashion Entertainment Travel Health/Beauty Extra classes
  58. 58. Vietnamese University Student’s"Persona"
  59. 59. Student Persona: Conservative Female Student Lives a frugal lifestyle while being satisfied with her current situation. Although love to put in constant effort, lacks action because of her dislike of change. Spends her spare time on Facebook. • Live in apartment 4people/room(Rent: 1M VND) • Spending/month: 4 M VND • Smartphone: Cheap Samsung • Part time job: No(Used to do, but quit quickly) • Fashion: Don’t have any brand products • App: Facebook, YouTube, Zalo • Travel experience: Vung Tau • All information circulated lies in Facebook. Dislikes things that have “costs” • How to spend weekdays • Morning: Classes • Afternoon: HW/nap at home • Facebook, YouTube • How to spend weekends • Nap/Facebook • Hang out with roommates • Shop at local market/supermarket.
  60. 60. Student Persona: Steady & Hard Work Male Student A well rounded personality that focuses solely on school club activities and studying, rarely plays around. Takes good care of his sister. Lives a frugal life, even though his family is from a privileged background. • Live with younger sister (Rent: 1.5M VND) • Spending/month: 4.5M VND (low spending of food & beverage, live a simple and plain life) • Smartphone: Samsung (Galaxy) • Part time job: Tutor • Fashion: Nike sports shoes • App: Facebook, Grab, Google Translation, Game • Travel experience: Have no experience of traveling abroad, but experience of domestic travel for volunteer activities. • Facebook use is mostly messenger and has a lot of connection • How to spend weekdays • Morning: Classes • Afternoon: Club activities/HW/Tutor • Evening: Game/study English • How to spend weekends • Nap/Facebook • Watch Free movie/Premier league TV • Have a meal/take a walk with sister
  61. 61. Student Persona: Fashionable Student A living-the-life girl type that has the ability in making her own privileged lifestyle. Her family comes from a rich background, thus she has a lot of beneficial experiences and opportunities. Her parents are very influential. • Live with family • Spending/month: 6M VND(When buying expensive products, parents pay for it) • Smartphone: iPhone 6 • Part time job: English tutor • Fashion: ZARA, Adidas • App: Facebook, Instagram • Can speak in English • Travel experience: Have experience of traveling abroad such as Southeast Asia (with family) • Understands the differences between Vietnam and other countries. (Also patriotic) • How to spend weekdays • Morning: Classes • Afternoon: Hang out with friends at Café/do part time job • Evening: HW (Project) • Watch YouTube, read books to get information • How to spend weekends • Lunch with family • Boyfriend come to pick up & go on a date • Cafe>Cinema
  62. 62. Thank you very much

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