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NSF SoCS 2011

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Invited talk at NSF Workshop on Social-Computational Systems (SoCS) on Mike Pazzani‘s Computational Models and Techniques panel with Tuomas Sandholm, Lise Getoor, and Tina Eliassi.
http://cognitivecomputing.wordpress.com/2011/06/10/socs-computational-models-and-techniques-a-case-study/

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NSF SoCS 2011

  1. 1. SoCS Computatational Models & Techniques: A Case Study Ashwin Ram w/ Preetha Ram, Chris Sprague, Saurav Sahay, Hua Ai
  2. 2. What computation teaches us aboutsocially intelligent systems! Socially Computation ? Intelligent Systems 3
  3. 3. What socially intelligent systems teachus about computation! Socially Computation Intelligent ? (Technology) Systems 4
  4. 4. Key Challenge: Impedance Mismatch People Technology 5
  5. 5. Example: Collaborative Learning 6
  6. 6. What socially intelligent systems teachus about computation! Computation Education ? (Technology) 7
  7. 7. Education: What’s the problem? Access (Scale) More than one-third of the world’s population is under 20. By 2006, 100 million qualified to enter a university will have no place to go. To meet this staggering demand, a major university needs to be created each week. — Sir John Daniel (1996) 8
  8. 8. Education: What’s the problem? Engagement 88% of high school dropouts have passing grades. — Gates Foundation study Silent Epidemic (2006) 47% of dropouts say classes are not interesting . 60% find video lectures boring . 60% read less when using e-textbooks.
  9. 9. What Engages Our Students? 95% spend 10-15 hrs/wk on Facebook 80% go to Wikipedia 55% use IM for homework 10
  10. 10. What Engages Our Students? $11B market “Im calling for investments in educational technology that will help create ... educational software that is as compelling as the best video game.” — Barack Obama (2011) 11
  11. 11. Problem: Impedance Mismatch Affordances People Technology 12
  12. 12. Imagine “Open Social Learning”Imagine a Facebook wherethe point is to study together, not trade pictures and jokes. Imagine a World of Warcraft where students earn points by helping each other learn.Not educational games. Education experience itself isstructured as a “social game”.
  13. 13. Open Social Learning Self Learners Traditional Home Community Schoolers Colleges
  14. 14. OpenStudy Gates/Hewlett NSF NIH GRA GT Emory
  15. 15. Socializing Open Learning
  16. 16. What socially intelligent systems teachus about computation! Socially Design Computation Intelligent Principles (Technology) Systems (Theory) 17
  17. 17. Learning Theories ! Design Principles Fuchs, 1997 Lave & Wenger, 1991 Peer-to-Peer Communities learning of Practice Blended Social Learning Constructivism OpenStudy DesignDziuban et al, 2004; Means et al, 2010,Twigg (2003 Principles Vygotsky, 1978
  18. 18. Design Principles ! Affordances Presence Notification Filtering OpenStudy Collaboration/ Referring Affordances Cooperation Shared Terry Anderson User Models (2007) Objects
  19. 19. Affordances ! UX + Architecture
  20. 20. UX ! Mechanisms “Gamification”
  21. 21. Open Social Learning Self Learners Traditional Home Community Schoolers CollegesOpen Communities of Learning Peer-to-Peer
  22. 22. Open Social LearningOpen Communities of Learning Peer-to-Peer“Massively It is not accidental that social Let studentsmultiplayer networks are so well adapted to teach each other,online education. [The] value is in the earning sociallearning” — human connections it creates capital via astudents while relieving the drudgery of system of game-everywhere, studying alone. like rewards.connected, — Rich DeMillo, C21Ulearningtogether
  23. 23. Problem: Research-at-Scale Affordances People Technology Does it solve the problem? 24
  24. 24. 9 months of OpenStudyOCW OER Study Groups•  MIT OCW •  CDC (TRAIN) • Math•  Open Yale Courses •  SmartHistory (MOMA) • Biology•  OpenMichigan •  Purple Math • Physics•  UC Irvine •  Tutorial.Math.Lamar.edu • Chemistry•  Notre Dame •  FreeMathHelp • Engineering•  NYU •  HelpWithFractions • Comm & Media•  Emory •  BiologyCorner • Arts & Design•  Georgia State U •  CellsAlive • Finance•  Korea University •  Physics 1728.com • Computer Science•  NCTU •  HyperPhysics•  Tufts •  CalculatorSoup Research at Scale•  TU Delft •  Videolectures.net •  50,000 users•  Tokyo University •  Connexions •  600,000 views/month•  Process.Arts •  DavidDarling Info •  18 minutes/session•  African Virtual University •  HippoCampus •  1,000 questions/day•  Distance Education Univ. Costa Rica •  Prof. Damodaran •  70% answered in 5 min•  Monterey Inst. Technology•  Purdue Online Writing Center
  25. 25. Contactwww.cc.gatech.edu/~ashwin ashwinram@me.comlinkedin.com/in/ashwinram @ashwinram 26

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