PRADAN interventions are to bring a desirable change in the IPR relationhips
EXPERIENCE OF PROMOTING SYSTEM OFRICE INTENSIFICATION (SRI) TECHNOLOGYWITH SMALL AND MARGINAL FARMERS Supported by SDTT
Content Context The Project Implementation – Approach & Process Achievement Learning Plan
Context High concentration of extremely poor communities Undulating and hilly topography Average annual rainfall of 1400 mm, high runoff Vulnerable farming systems, monsoon dependent, low yielding (1/3rd of country average )and mono cropped, Paddy accounts for 85 to 90% of gross cropped area About 60% of the tribal community face food grain scarcity for 6-9 months An average a family harvests 1 ton of paddy every year whereas requirement is 2 ton High dependence on fast depleting forest resources High incidences of distress migration and indebtedness
Agro climatic zones and Land useNorthernHills Zone Chhattisgarh Plains Zone Bastar Plateau Zone
Opportunities Enhancing the productivity of land, water and agriculture are the obvious avenues to improve livelihoods and reduce poverty. Need for intervention in Kharif Paddy low yields in the range of 1-2 tons per hectare small and marginal farmers could manage food grain sufficiency of 3-6 months from own cultivation farmers in this region are unable to transplant timely due to unpredictable monsoon Challenge was at least to double the productivity- increased to 5MT/ha leading to food-grain sufficiency for 8-9 months
The ProjectAims to: Enhance paddy productivity from the current 2-3 tonnes per hectare by 75-100% which will ensure year-round food sufficiency for the participant families Support 12 NGOs to introduce the SRI technique to 13500 families in 11 districts (8500 families in 2nd year) Duration of the Project – 3 Years Budget : 71.17 Lakh INR (for 2nd year)
Coverage (2011-12) 11 districts 303 villages 13 NGOs 10070 families (In Kharif SRI) 1500 families in the rabi under SRI- paddy, wheat, mustard & millets
Kharif SRI (2011-12) 31% increase in number of villages 5829 Farmers (new) adopted the SRI technology 4241 Farmers (old) are the 2nd time adopter of the SRI technology 78% Families are adopting the technology for the 2nd time 53.10% families adopted organic process. 82.07% families are small & marginal. 17.64% increase in average area per family.
Process followedContextual to location : socio-economic status of the community, agricultural skill , existinginstitutions and PRADAN’s perspective.
Approach of PRADAN RESOURCES g e h an c PEOPLE δ PRADAN INSTITUTIONS
Approach for Extension• Demonstration• Guided exposures with AV aids• Sensitizing women SHG members• Enable resource persons with technology and communication skills• Hands on training and support to SHG families• Emphasis to minimize dropouts & enhance area saturation• Development of POP and kits for easy delivery of technology and inputs• Collaboration with the Department of Agriculture• Availability of weeders
SRI steps followed by farmers Seed rate 5 kg/ha Seed sorting (brine) and treatment (Carbendazim) Transplantation of young seedling(8-14 days old), two leaf stage. Single seedling transplantation with soil, no damage to root system Square transplantation, 16 -25 seedling sq meter Thin film (<1inch) water maintained in the field Weeding at least twice using rotary weeders (Ambica weeder) Increased use of compost and organic farming materials
Field observation: Good crop growth in Surguja & Jashpur districts Crops effected for calamities in Bastar division & (Bilaspur-Raigarh) region. Pest infestation increased in Bastar districts, mainly due to late transplantation, delayed rain At least two times weeding done in 82.31 % of fields. Complete saturation observed for some villages & some cases 100 % families has done it 2nd time(eg.- Bachalikhurd,Bilaspur).
Training details till January’12Training & Exposure Plan Achiev. Plan Achiev. (Year 1) (Year 1) (Year II) (Year II)Awareness Generation (No. of 67 121 117 149event)Exposure to local demonstration 1000 1910 1400 1059(No. of person)Training & on-field support to 3000 6458 5100 8413farmers ( No. of farmers)Training of village resource person 100 72 170 76( No. of person)Organise SRI-Adhivesan(No of 13 13 21 6event)
AchievementKharif (2011) Rabi(2011-12) 10070 families Cover 1500 families 2058 Ha (0.20 Ha per farmer) 270 ha of land (0.18 Average yield 6.46 Ha per family) Mt/ha (Analysis of 2825 Sample),Millets-3MT/h a Highest yield is 15.20
Analysis of Productivity Prod. No. of Percen (MT/ha) Families tage 15-18 1 0.04 10-15 59 2.09 8-10 382 13.52 6-8 1020 36.11 4-6 1236 43.75 2-4 125 4.42 0-2 2 0.07 Total 2825 100
What does it mean for a rural family Av. Production (MT/ha)- SRI- 6.46; Traditional - 2.1
Lessons LearntWhat went well Challenges faced Adoption of technology in Quality of weeder & area saturation mode scarcity of outlet maximum with small & Ensuring timely marginal families transplantation Pool of CSPs and Maintaining timeline Coordinators Influence the farmers Use of farm implements towards organic farming. and organic products Reducing the rainfall risk Linkages and recognition from Govt. Chattisgarh SRI munch
Proved suitable for marginals Most of the principles are easily manageable . The production enhancement directly addresses the food grain deficit part of the family. The farmers’ friendly package is very easy for them to capture. Produce a discipline agriculture & drop out only 2.74% among the marginals.
Experience of Patnership- Chhattishgarh SRI Manch Formed with the objective to share and disseminate lessons from the project with various stakeholders as well as monitoring the progress Comprises of 13 NGOs Quarterly meeting Sharing of Innovations and Learning Sharing on convergence of SRI with other schemes. Emerging as a forum for policy advocacy Working in non Isolation – Partnership / Convergence Belief Level of Confidence
Green Manure crop in SRI-paddy fieldbefore sowing at Bastar
Concept sharing on SRI in Surgujaamong the farmers
Newspaper publicationPublication on KISAN MELA Publication on yield success
Next action plan(1st February 2012 to 31st July 2012) Follow up of existing kharif crop; help the partners in data collection through MIS and analyse it. Facilitate the government officials to certify the best yield of farmers at block and district level. Training of partners on rabi & summer crops and ensuring on field support. Organise exposures, kisan days & workshops in Gram Panchayet, Block, District and State level with the involvement of different government officials. Plan for next year (2012-13) with 13,500 families in 2255 Ha of land in paddy, millets, wheat & mustard. Facilitate more farmers in organic based farming approach through proper handholding. Create awareness of farmers in land husbandry along with crop husbandry. Documentation on the learning of the project & partnership approach. Facilitate the partners to go for intensive land and water based activities to mitigate the risk of water scarcity on several crops in year round basis.
Miles to go…… ………… to address the issue of food grain security