Akrspi gujarat


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Akrspi gujarat

  1. 1. Tribal South Gujarat Region, Netrang
  2. 2. Back Ground of the Area…..  Majority area is rainfed  Average land holding (< 1 ha.)  Traditional Farming  Limited knowledge of agriculture  Migration
  3. 3. Objectives of the Programme…..  To ensure food security & reduce distress migration related issues;  To increase net income of farmers;  To optimize input cost and increase productivity;  To decrease risk through agriculture diversification;
  4. 4. AKRSP (I)’s Experience in SRI..... Principles followed in AKRSP (I) ….  Seed Rate Young Seedling Single Seedling Transplantation Wider Spacing Weed Management Water Management
  5. 5. AKRSP (I)’s Experience in SRI..... SRI vs. Conventional – A experience of AKRSP (I) …. Input Conventional Paddy SRI – technique SRI – Farmer s recommended practiceSeed 20-30 Kg per Acre 2 kg per acre 2Kg for Hybrid & 3 kg for CertifiedSpacing Close spacing 10×10, 15×15, 25×25 cm & more 20×20 to 25×25 15×10,Transplanting Seedling age about 30 days old 10-14 days old 12 days to 20 daysNo. of Seedlings 2 to 3 seedling Only one seedling 1 to 2 seedlingper hillWeeding Mgt. Manual weeding and herbicide Weeding through Hand weeding application cono- weeder (2 times) followedWater Mgt. Rainfed or flood irrigation Wetting & Drying only Rainfed & Wetting & DryingFertilizers Application of chemical fertilizer, Preference given to Mostly chemical pesticide and herbicide organic fertilization fertilizer usedPlant protection Application of chemical pesticide Insecticides & No spray if needed and herbicide @ 2 or more pesticides are not then Amrit Jal necessary
  6. 6. AKRSP (I)’s Experience in SRI..... Year wise coverage in Acre…
  7. 7. AKRSP (I)’s Experience in SRI..... Taluka wise coverage in Acre…
  8. 8. AKRSP (I)’s Experience in SRI..... Village coverage…
  9. 9. AKRSP (I)’s Experience in SRI..... SRI vs. ConventionalSource: AKRSP (I) Internal Study
  10. 10. AKRSP (I)’s Experience in SRI..... Some Facts….. Variety: Hybrid (6444, 6201, Suchi), Variety- Guj-70, Guj-4 etc Average increase in Yield: 119% Rice considered as a source of food security, therefore rice area shrinking and shifting to cash crops (Source: GIDR, IRMA);Source: AKRSP (I) Internal Study
  11. 11. Learning & Experience of Farmers….. • Difficult to use weeder and marker in small and irregular terraces; • Difficult to use market and weeder for the first time, especially by women; • Difficult in transplantation of 10-12 days old sapling; • Requires continuous attention;
  12. 12. WAY FORWARD…..Promotion of sustainable mode of paddy cultivationthrough SRI;Promotion of SRI technique all over Gujarat byforming consortium of the partners organization;Promotion of SRI technique in Ragi (Dangs distinct)Integrated approach to reduces the climatic effects;Value Chain Development for backward & forwardlinkage of of farm produce like Rice, Ragi etc;
  13. 13. o u k Y a nT h