Concept of Project & Project
Under guidance of: Presented by:
Dr. Alok Rai Ashutosh Mishra
Associate Professor MBA-Marketing
Flow of Presentation
•What is a project?
•Features of Project
•Project management vs. general
•Project Life Cycle
•Phases of Project life cycle
•Bangalore Metro Rail Project
What is Project?
The word project comes from the Latin word projectum which means
"something that comes before anything else happens".
A project is “a unique endeavour to produce a set of deliverables
within clearly specified time, cost and quality constraints”.
-Jason Westland, CEO MPMM
“Trying to manage a project without project management is like trying to
play a football game without a game plan.” - K .Tate
Features of Project
Unique in Defined Approved
Nature Timescale Budget
Limited Element of Beneficial
Resources Risk change
Source: Project Management Guidebook
Typology of Projects
High degree of change to
Systems Medium degree of change
Up to 1 year.
Low degree of change to
What is Project
In project management a project consists of a temporary endeavour
undertaken to create a unique product, service or result.
It is a management environment that is created for the purpose of
delivering one or more business products according to a specified
Project management comprises:
•A set of skills.
•A suite of tools.
•A series of processes.
Project Management General Management
Lines of authority Authority defined
“fuzzy”. by management
Ever changing set of
tasks. Consistent set of
Responsibility for tasks.
cross functional Responsibility
activities. limited to their own
Only in project life
duration. Permanent work
Main task is
resolution of conflict. Main task is
Contains intrinsic optimization.
uncertainties. Limited set of
Project Life Cycle
The sequence of phases through which the
project will evolve is a project life cycle.
A project life cycle is basically defined by it’s
phases, according to which a project swims
through & finally reaches to handover stage.
” The life cycle is the only thing that uniquely distinguishes projects from non-
- Patel & Morris (The Role of the Project Life Cycle (Life Span) in Project Management :A
literature review by R. Max Wideman)
Phases of Life Cycle
Bangalore Metro Rail Project
The project was started in August
2005 and is still going on, which will
continue till December 2011 (for
Plans are only good intentions unless they immediately degenerate into
Routes: East-West (18.1 km) & North-South Fund Formula:
(14.9 km) Corridors •State: Rs 2287 cr
Total length of project: 42.3kms •Centre/Federal: Rs 1831 cr
Type: Elevated and Underground •Financial Institutions: Rs 3982 cr
Number of stations: 41
Number Of Commuters Per Day: 820,000
Proposed Fare: 1.33-1.66 times the bus fares.
Annual escalation fares at 4%
Cost/Km Underground: Rs 250 crore
Cost/Km Elevated: Rs 80 crore
Total cost: Rs 8100crore
Ground-level preparations for the ambitious metro rail project in
Bangalore are being made with the State Government freezing
development activity in 247 premises and buildings it had tentatively
identified for this purpose.
Bangalore Metro will have a standard gauge and will take cover under the
100-year old Mysore Tramways Act, which will require some amendments
by the state government to suit the present day needs. With this, BMRTL
can avoid going to the railway ministry for all sanctions.
Phase 1 is expected to go live by December 2011.
Bangalore Metro Rail Project comes under the legal
body of Bangalore Mass Rapid Transit Ltd (BMRTL).
Chairman: Anil Bajijal, Union Urban Development
Managing Director: Mr. V. Madhu
Executive Director: Mr. M.S. Nagendra
(Administration), Mr. Y. Rajendra (Finance)
Board of Directors: 5 from Central Government, 5
from State Government.
Participants: State, Central Governments, Financial
Metro Rail vs. Monorail
Monorail is very expensive and the return on
investment [ROI] is very low. Mono Rail
system costs Rs 120 crore per km, against
Metro Rail’s Rs 75 crore per km. Metro Rail
had a capacity to carry 45,000-50,000
passengers per hour, while Mono Rail can
carry only 10,000-12,000 passengers per hour.
Public sector BEML has been mandated for the supply of
150 metro coaches valued at Rs 1,672cr. with a provision
for supplying 63 more coaches. Supplies of the first set will
begin in October 2010.
The companies involved in handling various tasks of the
•Hyderabad-based Navayuga Engineering Ltd.
•Nagarjuna Construction Company Ltd.
•Afcons Infrastructure, Gammon India, Simplex
Infrastructures and Soma Enterprise.
•Punj Lloyd Ltd.
The second phase of the project might begin in 2012.
Project Management Institute, USA via
Practical tools, techniques & MS project
scheduling -- Dick Billows
Best project management practices --
The AMA handbook of Project
Project Management – Harvey Maylor