Food security as defined
Food security exists: when all people,
at all times, have physical, social and
economic access to sufficient, safe
and nutritious food to meet their
dietary needs and food preferences
for an active and healthy life.
(World Food Summit, 1996/2009)
a country only if
Enough food IS available
capacity to buy food
no barrier on access to food.
Need for Food Security:
• For the poor sections of the society
• Natural disasters or calamity like: earthquake,
drought, flood, tsunami,
• Widespread crop failure due to drought/
Food Insecure Groups
• landless people
• petty self-employed workers
• Homeless, beggars etc.
• Families employed in ill-paid occupations
• Migrants ( as a result of natural disasters )
• Women and children
States facing problem of food
• Uttar Pradesh (eastern and south-eastern parts), Bihar,
• West Bengal,
• parts of Madhya Pradesh
The food industry was governed by the
provisions of prevention of food
Adulteration Act 1952 .
The food safety and standards bill passed by
parliament in monsoon session and
approved by president in September, 2006.
after making rules, the act was implemented
with effect from 5th August 2011 .
Food Safety and Standard Act 2006
1. Prevention of food adulteration act,1954
2. Fruit products order, 1955 meat food products order,1973
3. Vegetable oil products(control) order,1947
4. Edible oils packaging(regulation) order,1998
5. Solvent extracted oil, de-oiled meal, and edible flour(control) order,1967
6. Milk and milk products order,1992
7. Any other order under essential commodities act,1955 relation to food
The food safety and standards act,2006 integrates the
following act and orders
1. To consolidate the laws relating to food.
2. To establish the food safety and standards authority of
India for laying down science based standards for
articles of food.
3. To regulate their manufacture, storage, distribution,
sale and import of food.
4. To ensure availability of sage and wholesome food for
Objectives of the Act
• All big manufacturing facilities will need to be licensed by central licensing authority FSSAI
• Small players/ warehouses/ distributors will need to obtain a valid license from state licensing authority
• All the licensed establishments will be subject to periodical inspections and food safety audits by respective
• FSMS plan and food recall process
• Reduction in court cases by adjudication process
• Import regulations
• New section of food categorization: section 22
• More scope for product innovation
• New documents of label claims and claim substantiations
• New formats will come under food
• Capsules/ syrup/ tablets.
Features of the Act 2006
1. Substandard food: Upto Rs. 2.00 lakhs
2. Misbranded: Upto Rs. 3.00 lakhs
3. Misleading advertisement : Upto Rs. 10.00 lakhs
4. Food with extraneous matter: Upto Rs. 1.00 lakhs
5. Fail to meet the requirements as directed by FSO: Upto Rs. 2.00 lakhs
6. Unhygienic / unsanitary preparations: Upto Rs. 1.00 lakhs
7. Adulterant not injurious to health: Upto Rs. 2.00 lakhs
8. Adulterant injurious to health: Upto Rs. 10.00 lakhs
9. Unsafe food – but does not cause immediate injury : 6
months imprisonment with fine of Rs.1.0 lakh
Fine / Penalties
Functions of Food Safety & Standards Authority of India
1. To regulate, monitor the manufacture, processing,
distribution, sale and import of food to ensure its safety and
2. To specify standards, guidelines for food articles
3. Limits for food additives, contaminants, veterinary drugs,
heavy metals irradiation of food, processing aids.
4. Mechanisms & guidelines for accreditation of certification
bodies engaged in FSMS certification
5. Quality control of imported food
6. Capacity building of all the stake holders
7. To establish surveillance mechanism for food safety
8. Scientific advice and technical support to central / state