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  • 2 types of waste?oh my boss..actually there are 5 type of waste with 4 agency hopefully not just only looking at it, 2 type been mentioned earlier so waste no.3 sewerage by department of sewerage, no.4 nuclear waste under ministry of green & technology and lastly no.5 industrial waste from any small mid or large plant that produced liquid waste also controlled by doe
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  1. 1. OVERVIEW OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN MALAYSIA by Nadzri Yahaya, Ph.D Director General National Solid Waste Management Department at Workshop on Carbon finance and Municipal Solid Waste Management in Malaysia EiMAS
  2. 2. SCOPE OF PRESENTATION <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Policies on Solid Wastes Management </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative Framework </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional Framework </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>2 types of wastes: Scheduled Waste (Hazardous) and Solid Waste </li></ul><ul><li>Scheduled Waste (toxic and hazardous) DOE, NRE </li></ul><ul><li>Solid Waste : NSWMD, MHLG </li></ul>
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Solid waste generated in 2002 was 17,000 tones per day in Peninsular Malaysia; </li></ul><ul><li>Generation of solid waste expected to reach 30,000 tones per day in 2020; and </li></ul><ul><li>9th Malaysia Plan estimated about 45% of the waste is made up of food waste, 24% of plastic, 7% is paper, 6% of iron and glass and others made of the rest </li></ul>
  5. 5. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Federal Cabinet as early as 6 September 1995 has decided that the responsibilities of the Local Authorities in these areas to be privatize. As a precondition to total privatization, the Federal Cabinet again in 1998 decided that the privatization of solid waste management for the country to be carried on interim basis. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Since 1 January 1997, the solid management responsibility of 48 LA has been privatized to 2 concession companies i.e. Alam Flora for the Central Region and Southern Waste for the Southern Region. </li></ul><ul><li>2008 – Northern Region </li></ul><ul><li>2009 - Terengganu </li></ul>INTRODUCTION
  7. 7. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>291 landfill sites all over the country as at April 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>About 112 of these sites are not in operation </li></ul><ul><li>179 still operating (10 sanitary) </li></ul>
  8. 8. POLICIES 3 rd Outline Perspective Plan (2001-2010) <ul><li>the government will consider the adoption of a comprehensive waste a management policy including the installation of incinerators for safe and efficient disposal of waste as well as to formulate strategies for waste reduction, reuse and recycling </li></ul>
  9. 9. POLICIES 9 th Malaysia Plan <ul><li>National Strategic Plan for Solid Waste Management will be implemented </li></ul><ul><li>upgrading of unsanitary landfills as well as the construction of new sanitary landfills and transfer stations with integrated material recovery facilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Legislation to streamline the strategies and measures in the Strategic Plan will be enacted. </li></ul>
  10. 10. POLICIES 9 th Malaysia Plan <ul><li>A solid waste department will be established to implement these measures and to administer solid waste policy, planning and management in a holistic manner </li></ul>
  11. 11. NATIONAL POLICY ON SWM <ul><li>Established a holistic, integrated, cost effective solid waste management; </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on environmental protection and public health; </li></ul><ul><li>Utilised proven cost effective technology; and </li></ul><ul><li>Priority on 3R </li></ul>
  12. 12. LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK <ul><li>Solid Waste is a Sanitation issue (Scheduled Waste – public health) </li></ul><ul><li>Both under Concurrent List (List 3) of the Ninth Schedule : LA & Federal Government </li></ul><ul><li>SWM is governed under Local Government Act,1976; Street, Drainage and Building Act 1974 </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament pass a BILL in July to Confer executive authority to the Federation for matters relating solid waste through Article 74(1) and Article 80 (2) Federal Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Solid Waste and Public Cleansing Management Act 2007 gazetted on 30 August 2007 </li></ul>
  13. 13. LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK <ul><li>Consequential Amendments: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local Government Act, 1976 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Streets, Drainage and Building Act, 1974 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Town And Country Planning Act, 1976 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>- to take into consideration of the provisions of the SWMPC Act when dealing with an application for planning permission </li></ul>
  14. 14. SOLID WASTE AND PUBLIC CLEANSING MANAGEMENT ACT 2007 <ul><li>Definition of Solid Waste: </li></ul><ul><li>- any scrap material or other unwanted surplu s substance or rejected products arising from the application of any process; </li></ul><ul><li>- any substance required to be disposed of as being broken, worn out, contaminated or otherwise spoiled ; or </li></ul><ul><li>- any other material that is required by the authority to be disposed of </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>SWM services : separation, storage, collection, transportation, transfer, processing, recycling, treatment and disposal of controlled solid waste </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled solid waste: 8 categories </li></ul><ul><li>- commercial, construction, household, industrial, institutional, imported, public and others which can be prescribed from time to time. </li></ul>SOLID WASTE AND PUBLIC CLEANSING MANAGEMENT ACT 2007
  16. 16. <ul><li>Provides the function and authority to the DG </li></ul><ul><li>- policy, plan, strategies on SWM </li></ul><ul><li>- standards, specification and guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>- monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>- giving approval and license </li></ul><ul><li>Control of solid waste generators and persons in possession of controlled solid waste: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Waste to be separated, handled and stored </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Licensing and approval system to be put in placed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reduction and recovery of controlled solid waste: </li></ul><ul><li>- Prescribed recycling and separation of recyclables </li></ul><ul><li>- Take back system and deposit refund system </li></ul>SOLID WASTE AND PUBLIC CLEANSING MANAGEMENT ACT 2007
  17. 17. INSTUTIONAL FRAMEWORK <ul><li>Previously: Department of Local Government & Local Authorities </li></ul><ul><li>Now: National Solid Waste Management Department and Solid Waste and Public Cleansing Management Corporation </li></ul><ul><li>Source of Authority: </li></ul><ul><li>- Solid Waste and Public Cleansing Management Act 2007; </li></ul><ul><li>- Solid Waste and Public Cleansing Corporation Act 2007 </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Immediate Safe closure of 16 landfills that are in critical areas; </li></ul><ul><li>CDM to be used in safe Closure of landfills </li></ul><ul><li>Upgrading of non sanitary landfills </li></ul><ul><li>Building new sanitary landfills and regional landfills </li></ul><ul><li>Building MRF, incinerators, centralised leachate treatment facilities </li></ul>CURRENT PLANNING
  19. 19. <ul><li>New Legislation provides a centralised and coordinated solid waste management </li></ul><ul><li>GHG from landfills can be addressed through development of sanitary landfills and safe closure of non sanitary ones </li></ul>CONCLUSION
  20. 20. TERIMA KASIH [email_address]