Dresden

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Dresden

  1. 1. Dresden Bombing By: Ashley and Nick
  2. 2. Dresden, Germany <ul><ul><li>Dresden is in Germany. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is the 7th largest city in the country. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural Center of nothern germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many refugees were there during war time. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Firestorms <ul><ul><li>Tactic used by Royal Air Force and U.S. Air Force. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dropping bombs filled with chemicals that are highly combustible. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemicals such as magnesium, phosphorous and petroleum jelly. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Type of bombing in Dresden. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Bombing <ul><ul><li>February 13-14,1945 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attacks started at 10:10 p.m. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Royal Air Force and U.S. Air force bombed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arthur Harris thought of and decided attack. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Casualties were between 35,000 and 135,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impossible to tell exact number of casualties. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Bombing <ul><li><-Avro Lancaster </li></ul><ul><ul><li>773 Avro Lancasters and 527 heavy bombers were used. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2,700 tons of bombs were dropped </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used incendiary bombs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>City had barely any anti-aircraft defense </li></ul></ul>Incendiary bomb ->
  6. 6. The Bombing <ul><ul><li>Bombers could fly low because of lack of defense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 3,000 high explosives and 165,000 incendiary bombs dropped </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attack on center of city </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>75% of bombs dropped were incendiary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Setting city on fire was main goal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bombing was an epitome of true definition of Holocaust </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tree branches, ashes, clothing shreds, body parts and other debris fell from sky in towns up to18 miles away for days. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Incendiary Bombs <ul><ul><li>Also known as fire bombs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bombs used to start fires </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More useful for killing people than destroying buildings and other such things </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greatly used in Dresden Bombing </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Reasons for the bombing <ul><ul><li>First time ever affected by bombing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arthur Harris thought it was a good target because of this </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mostly undefended </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It was in Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Factories producing weapons for Nazi's. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thought to be used to &quot;send message to Soviet Union&quot; </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Right or Wrong? <ul><ul><li>Thought to be a war crime </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One who took part in bombing said it was uncalled for </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Others say it was need to stop eastern advancement of Soviet Union </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Witness Point of View <ul><li>A witness said </li></ul><ul><li>  -the streets were no longer recognizable </li></ul><ul><li>  -smoke quickly filled cellars </li></ul><ul><li>  -All lights were out </li></ul><ul><li>  -Constant nonstop explosions </li></ul><ul><li>  -They had to flee from shelter to shelter but each kept getting bombed </li></ul><ul><li>  -Burned remains of bodies and other things were everywhere </li></ul><ul><li>  -Many looters </li></ul>
  11. 11. Pictures
  12. 12. Sources <ul><ul><li>&quot;Bombing of Dresden.&quot; Spartacus Educational - Home Page. Web. 23 Mar. 2010. http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/2WWdresden.htm . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;The Bombing of Dresden.&quot; History Learning Site . Web. 23 Mar. 2010. http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/bombing_of_dresden.htm . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;The Bombing of Dresden: German City Devastated by Massive Air Raid.&quot; WW II History . Web. 23 Mar. 2010. http://ww2history.suite101.com/article.cfm/the_bombing_of_dresden </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;The Bombing of Dresden.&quot; Racial Nationalist Library . Web. 23 Mar. 2010. <http://library.flawlesslogic.com/dresden.htm>. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>.&quot;The Bombing of Dresden.&quot; Time Witnesses : Memories of the Last Century . Web. 23 Mar. 2010. <http://timewitnesses.org/english/~lothar.html>. </li></ul></ul>

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