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OLED technology Seminar Ppt

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Organic Light Emitting Diode

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OLED technology Seminar Ppt

  1. 1. OLED TECHNOLOGY
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION  Uses organic light emitting diode(OLED).  Emerging Technology for displays in devices.  Main principle behind OLED technology is electroluminescence.  Offers brighter, thinner, high contrast, flexible displays.
  3. 3. WHAT IS AN OLED?  OLEDs are solid state devices composed of thin films of organic molecules that is100 to 500 nanometres thick.  They emits light with the application of electricity.  They doesn’t require any backlight. i.e., they are self emitting.  They are made from carbon and hydrogen.
  4. 4. HISTORY  The first OLED device was developed by Eastman Kodak in 1987.  In 1996, pioneer produces the world’s first commercial PMOLED.  In 2000, many companies like Motorola, LG etc developed various displays.  In 2001, Sony developed world’s largest fullcolor OLED.
  5. 5. HISTORY (CONTD.)  In 2002, approximately 3.5 million passive matrix OLED sub-displays were sold, and over 10 million were sold in 2003.  In 2010 and 2011, many companies announced AMOLED displays.  Many developments had take place in the year 2012.
  6. 6. FEATURES  Flexibility.  Emissive Technology.  Light weight and thin.  Low power consumption.  High contrast, brighter and perfect display from all angles.
  7. 7. STRUCTURE OF OLED  Substrate.  Anode.  Organic layer. -Conductive layer (Hole Transport Layer). made up of polyaniline or metal-phthalocyanine. -Emissive layer( Electron Transport Layer). made up of polyfluorene or metal chelates.  Cathode.
  8. 8. STRUCTURE OF OLED(FIGURE)
  9. 9. OLED FABRICATION  Substrate preparation.  Device deposition  Deposit and pattern anode.  Pattern organic layers.  Vacuum deposit and pattern cathode.  Encapsulation.  Also involves making backplane.
  10. 10. OLED DEPOSITION  Organic layers can be applied to the substrate using the following methods. - Evaporation and shadow masking. - Inkjet printing. - Organic vapor phase deposition.
  11. 11. EVAPORATION AND SHADOW MASKING
  12. 12. INKJET PRINTING
  13. 13. ORGANIC VAPOR PHASE DEPOSITION
  14. 14. COLOUR GENERATION  Different approaches for fabricating red, green and blue pixels. - Red, green and blue individual pixels. - White emitter and colour filters. - Blue emitter and colour converters. - Stacked OLED
  15. 15. COLOUR GENERATION(FIGURE)
  16. 16. WORKING PRINCIPLE  A voltage is applied across the anode and cathode.  Current flows from cathode to anode through the organic layers.  Electrons flow to emissive layer from the cathode.  Electrons are removed from conductive layer leaving holes.  Holes jump into emissive layer .  Electron and hole combine and light emitted.
  17. 17. WORKING PRINCIPLE(FIGURE)
  18. 18. OLED DEVICE OPERATION Transparent substrate Anode (ITO) Conductive layer Emissive layer Cathode LUMO LUMO HOMO HOMO eˉeˉ h+ h+h+ Light
  19. 19. TYPES OF OLED Six types of OLEDs  Passive matrix OLED(PMOLED).  Active matrix OLED(AMOLED).  Transparent OLED(TOLED).  Top emitting OLED.  Flexible OLED(FOLED).  White OLED(WOLED).
  20. 20. PASSIVE MATRIX OLED
  21. 21. ACTIVE MATRIX OLED
  22. 22. TRANSPARENT OLED
  23. 23. TOP EMITTING OLED
  24. 24. FLEXIBLE OLED
  25. 25. WHITE OLED
  26. 26. OLED ADVANTAGES  Thinner, lighter and more flexible.  Do not require backlighting like LCDs.  Can be made to larger sizes.  Large fields of view, about 170 degrees.  Faster response time.  Brighter.  High resolution, <5μm pixel size.
  27. 27. OLED DISADVANTAGES  Expensive.  Lifespan.  Water damage.  Colour balance issues .
  28. 28. OLED VS. LCD  Greater view angle.  High contrast.  Faster response time.  Do not require backlighting.  Temperature(~50°C – 80°C).  Limited view angle.  Low contrast.  Slow response time.  Require backlighting.  Temperature(~0°C- 100°C). OLED LCD
  29. 29. APPLICATIONS Major applications of OLED technology are  OLED TV.  Mobile phones with OLED screens.  Rolltop Laptop.
  30. 30. OLED TV
  31. 31. MOBILE PHONES WITH OLED SCREEN
  32. 32. ROLLTOP LAPTOP
  33. 33. CONCLUSION  Organic Light Emitting Diodes are evolving as the next generation displays.  As OLED display technology matures, it will be better able to improve upon certain existing limitations of LCD including  high power consumption  limited viewing angles  poor contrast ratios.

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