The American South

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The American South

  1. 1. The South
  2. 2. Background• Old Confederacy– 1860  11 states withdrew from the UnitedStates– Formed Confederate States of America, akaThe Confederacy
  3. 3. Background• Old Confederacy– 1860  11 states withdrew from the UnitedStates– Formed Confederate States of America, aka TheConfederacy– Felt US Gov’t ignoring their concerns– Found unity in their similar culture and dialects• US military from the North & Midwest foughtbloody war with Confederacy – the Civil War– South wanted to leave the US– North wanted to retain unity between all states
  4. 4. Climate• Closer to Equator• Warmer than other regions in US• Warm wet climate produces:– Thick forests of pine and other trees– Marshes and mangrove trees
  5. 5. Climate• Closer to Equator• Warmer than other US regions• Warm wet climate produces:– Thick forests of pine and other trees– Marshes and mangroves• Mangroves - tropical trees found inswamps along coasts
  6. 6. Climate• Closer to Equator• Warmer than other US regions• Warm wet climate produces:– Thick forests of pine and other trees– Marshes and mangroves• Mangroves - tropical trees found in swampsalong coasts• Louisiana Bayous - Marshy inlets of lakes andrivers
  7. 7. Climate• Closer to Equator• Warmer than other US regions• Warm wet climate produces:– Thick forests of pine and other trees– Marshes and mangroves• Mangroves - tropical trees found in swamps alongcoasts• Louisiana Bayous - Marshy inlets of lakes and rivers• Florida Everglades – swampland covered in placeswith tall grass– Refuge for a wide variety of birds and animals
  8. 8. • Rich soils• Native Americans: Natchez, Creek, andCherokee– Grew Maize, melons, squash, beans, tobacco,other crops• Southern plantations– Few southern elite built large farm estates
  9. 9. • Rich soils• Native Americans: Natchez, Creek, andCherokee– GrewMaize, melons, squash, beans, tobacco, othercrops• Southern plantations– Few southern elite built these large farm estates– enslaved people from Africa and West Indies– cotton, tobacco, coffee, sugar cane• Farming remains important to the South’seconomy
  10. 10. Poverty• Rural area in Appalachian Mountainscalled Appalachia – one of the poorestareas in the US
  11. 11. Southern Economy• 1901 oil industry in the South began inTexas– Great wealth to the region• Space industry –NASA, 1960s in Floridaand Texas• Mild climate of South– retirement(“snowbirds”) and tourism (Disney World)
  12. 12. Demographics• Diverse population• Over ½ African Americans live in South• Hispanics from Mexico, Cuba and other LAcountries– Southern Florida – the Cubans– Settled in the Miami since 1960 afterCommunist takeover– Little Havana in Miami (named after Havana,Cuba)
  13. 13. Demographics• Diverse population• Over ½ African Americans live in South• Hispanics from Mexico, Cuba and other LAcountries– Southern Florida – the Cubans– Settled in the Miami since 1960 after Communisttakeover– Little Havana in Miami (named after Havana, Cuba)• Louisiana French– The French settled the are in Colonial times– Creole from Haiti and other Caribbean Countries
  14. 14. Hubs• New Orleans, Louisiana  major tradingcenter (Mississippi R.)• Atlanta, Georgia  major RR center, nowmajor airline hub; cable TV stations(CNN, TBS)• Houston, Texas  center for oil and banking• Washington D.C., (aka “D.C.”) not located inany state, in the District of Columbia– Taken from Maryland and Virginia– Home to nation’s leaders and foreign diplomats
  15. 15. Bluegrass in The South
  16. 16. Bluegrass• form of American roots music– sub-genre of country music– inspired by music of Appalachia– mixed roots in Scottish, Irish and English traditionalmusic with African-American jazz elements.• Immigrants from GB and Ireland arrived in Appalachiain the 18th century– English and Scottish ballads (stories) and Irish dancemusic accompanied by fiddle (violin)• Like in jazz, in Bluegrass one or more instrumentstake turns playing melody and improvising around it –solo, or called breakdowns– Fiddles, guitars, mandolins, banjos and standing bass
  17. 17. Bluegrass• Narratives on everyday lives of people from region– Laments about loves lost– Interpersonal tensions– Unwanted changes to the region (e.g., effects ofmountaintop coal mining)– Difficult existence living in Appalachia and other rural areasof south• Vocals - harmony with 2, 3, or 4 parts with dissonantor modal sound creating “lonesome sound”• Traditionally accompanied rural dancing style knownas flatfooting or clogging.• Bluegrass name from Blue Grass Boys band, with BillMonroe as leader, from Kentucky• The nickname Bluegrass State given to Kentuckybecause of grazing grass with slight blue tint

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