Nancy Daly, Edwin Dirksen and Ashley Novak<br />Race Relations on College Campuses<br />
Research Questions<br />What is the white and black perception of race relations here at UD?<br />How do the races interact with each other, if at all?<br />Do hate crimes/hate speeches exist on college campuses? If so, what are they?<br />What are some ways organizations are trying to improve race relations? Here at UD? <br />
Race Relations<br />Leslie Picca’s Backstage and Frontstage<br />Backstage: private spaces, where the only people there are white<br />Frontstage: places with a diverse and multiracial population<br />Journal Accounts<br />
Stereotyped Views <br />The running back happened to be black and broke out a giant run for a touchdown. My white roommate said, “Of course he’s good, he is used to running from the cops.” Which simply means because he is black and plays for a College team he is automatically criminal. (George) <br />
Socialized into being racist<br />Some students begin to realize how their parents’ views have impacted them.<br />My friend Al (who is white) is walking towards my friend Sam (who is black). Al is with his girlfriend, and looks like he had one too many beers that night. The first words that come out of his mouth were, “What up nigger” with a big smirk on his face.<br />Al says: “where I come from there aren’t too many black people, but now here at College, there is a lot more than I feel comfortable and when I get drunk, I can’t help myself. I was brought up this way.” (Derek) <br />
Inaction in the backstage perpetuates racism in the frotnstage<br />Johnson’s myths of social change<br />Paradox of Ghandi<br />Choose a path of greater resistance <br />Change the way we think about change<br />
Hate Crimes on the College Campus<br /> What is a Hate Crime?<br />A criminal offense committed <br />against a person or property that <br />is motivated, in whole or in part, <br />by the offender’s bias against a <br />race, religion, disability, sexual <br />orientation, or national origin.<br />
History of Hate Crimes Legislation<br />Hate Crimes Statistics Act of 1990- law requires the U.S. Department of Justice to get data on crimes that “manifest prejudice based on race, religion, sexual orientation, or ethnicity.” <br />Violence against Women Act of 1994- people within US have the right to be free from violent crimes towards gender. <br />
Who is involved ?<br />College campus changed dramatically since the “hip” era of the 60’s and 70’s.<br />No one group has been singled out as a target for violence:<br />Blacks, Latinos, White, Asian, Jews, Gays, and Lesbians<br />
Who is involved in these crimes?<br />Whites on Blacks:<br />From 1882 to 1968, 4,743 people were reported lynched in the United States, of those, 96% were black<br />FBI stats of 2004 report that racial bias incidents had largest percentage of all bias incidents:<br />Total number reported in 2004 was 5,574, of those, antiblack bias was 69.3%.<br />Gays and Lesbians:<br />Nearly 4 in 10 gay male students and about 1 in 8 lesbian students and bisexuals in the U.S. have been involved in hate crime <br />
How the crimes are divided?<br />Hate crimes that occurred at college:<br /> FBI Hate Crimes Statistics, 2007:<br />Race 468 <br />Religion 170 <br />Sexual Orientation 135 <br />Ethnicity/National Origin 81 <br />Disability 5 <br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D66qEiyU0_E<br />
So what can be said?<br />In conclusion to hate crimes,<br />Under conditions of increasing cultural diversity on college campuses, the differences between groups has NOW become significant on an everyday basis. More and more each day students MUST learn to deal with classmates and roommates who are ::different::<br />
What is the University doing?<br />Rebuilding the Office of Multicultural Affairs (OMA)<br />A Place of comfort for minority students.<br />People available to talk about issues that minority students may have.<br />Dayton Early College Academy<br />School on the campus of UD.<br />The school is mostly African Americans.<br />
What are Students Doing?<br /><ul><li>Black Action Thru Unity
A organization on campus that beings together African Americans and encourages unity with all no matter there race.
A place where students feel comfortable with talking to each other about problems they may be having.
A organization that is another comfort place of those of minority.
Gives the chance to many students to travel to other states and gain connections with many people they may not have been to do so with.</li></li></ul><li>What more can be done?<br />More integration of black and white students on the University.<br />Students need to take the responsibility to want to get to know those that are of another race.<br />Students should be aware of what they do and be aware of how it may affect others.<br />