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  1. 1. CHAPTER 5 IDENTIFY[: Ashley McSwain Period 2
  2. 2. (May 3, 1849 - May 26, 1914) Danish American social reformer, muckraking journalist and social documentary photographer. He is known for his dedication to using his photographic and journalistic talents to help the impoverished in New York City, which was the subject of most of his prolific writings and photography. He helped with the implementation of "model tenements" in New York with the help of humanitarian Lawrence Veiller.As one of the most prominent proponents of the newly practicable flash, he is considered a pioneer in photography.While living in New York, Riis faced poverty and became a police reporter that covered quality of life in the slums. He alleviated much of the poor living conditions many lower class citizens were subjected to.
  3. 3. "Fighting Bob" La Follette (June 14, 1855– June 18, 1925) American politician who served as a U.S. Congressman, the 20th Governor of Wisconsin (1901–1906), and Republican Senator from Wisconsin (1906–1925).He ran for President of the United States as the nominee of hisown Progressive Party in 1924, carrying Wisconsin and 17% of the national popular vote.
  4. 4. (January 11, 1885 – July 9, 1977) American suffragette and activist. Along with Lucy Burns and others, she led asuccessful campaign for womens suffrage thatresulted in the passage of the NineteenthAmendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1920
  5. 5. The Square Deal was President Theodore Roosevelts domestic program formed upon three basic ideas.Conservation of natural resources, controlof corporations, and consumer protection. Thus, it aimed at helping middle class citizens and involved attacking the plutocracy and bad trusts while at the same time protecting business from the extreme demands of organized labor.
  6. 6. The Northern Securities Company was an important United States railroad trust formed in 1902 by E. H. Harriman, James J. Hill, J.P. Morgan, J. D. Rockefeller, and their associates. The company controlled the Northern Pacific Railway, Great Northern Railway, Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, and other associated lines. The company was sued in 1902 under the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 by President Theodore Roosevelt; one of the first anti-trustcases filed against corporate interests instead of labor.
  7. 7. Is a North American labor union best known for representing coal miners and coal technicians The UMW was founded in Columbus, Ohio, on January 22,1890, with the merger of two oldlabor groups, the Knights of Labor Trade Assembly No. 135 and the National Progressive Miners Union.
  8. 8. The Hepburn Act is a 1906 United States federal law that gave the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) the power to set maximum railroad rates.This led to the discontinuation of free passes to loyal shippers. In addition, the ICC could view the railroads financial records, a task simplified by standardized bookkeeping systems.
  9. 9. (September 20, 1878 – November 25, 1968) Pulitzer Prize-winning American author who wrote over 90 books in many genres.He achieved popularity in the first half of the20th century, acquiring particular fame for his 1906 muckraking novel The Jungle. It exposed conditions in the U.S. meatpacking industry, causing a public uproar that contributed in part to the passage a few months later of the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act.Time magazine called him "a man with every gift except humor and silence.
  10. 10. (May 7, 1836 – November 12, 1926)United States politician from Illinois and leader of the Republican Party.Cannon served as Speaker of the United StatesHouse of Representatives from 1903 to 1911,and historians generally consider him to be the most dominant Speaker in United Stateshistory, with such control over the House that he could often control debate. Cannon is the second-longest continuously serving Republican Speaker in history, having been surpassed by fellow Illinoisan Dennis Hastert, who passed him on June 1, 2006.
  11. 11. named for Representative Sereno E. Payne (R-NY)and Senator Nelson W. Aldrich (R-RI), began in the United States House of Representatives as a bill lowering certain tariffs on goods entering the United States. It was the first change in tariff laws since the Dingley Act of 1897.President William Howard Taft called Congress into a special session in 1909 shortly after his inauguration to discuss the issue. Thus, the House of Representatives immediately passed a tariff bill sponsored by Payne, calling for reduced tariffs. However, the United States Senate speedilysubstituted a bill written by Aldrich, calling for fewer reductions and more increases in tariffs
  12. 12. (July 9, 1858 – June 6, 1922) was mayor of Seattle, Washington, from 1904–1906and U.S. Secretary of the Interior from 1909–1911. Ballinger was born in Boonesboro, Iowa.He served 1904–1906 as mayorof Seattle, following the scandal- prone Yukon Gold Rush era administration of Thomas D. Humes
  13. 13. The Progressive Party of 1912 was an American political party. It was formed after a split in the Republican Party between President William Howard Taft and former President Theodore Roosevelt. The party also became known as the Bull Moose Party when formerPresident Roosevelt boasted "Im fitas a bull moose," after being shot inan assassination attempt prior to his 1912 campaign speech in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
  14. 14. Was Theodore Roosevelts Progressive political philosophy during the 1912 election.He made the case for what he called the New Nationalism in a speech in Osawatomie, Kansas, on August 31, 1910.The central issue he argued was government protection of human welfare and property rights. He insisted that only a powerful federalgovernment could regulate the economy and guarantee social justice, and that a President can only succeed in making their economicagenda successful if they make the protection of human welfare their highest priority
  15. 15. The New Freedom is the policy of U.S.President Woodrow Wilson which promoted antitrust modification, tariff revision, and reform in banking and currency matters. This policy stood in opposition to formerPresident Theodore Roosevelts ideas of New Nationalism, particularly on the issue ofantitrust modification. According to Wilson, "IfAmerica is not to have free enterprise, he can have freedom of no sort whatever." Inpresenting his policy, Wilson warned that New Nationalism represented collectivism, while New Freedom stood for political and economic liberty from such things as trusts (powerful monopolies).
  16. 16. The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is an independentagency of the United States government, established in 1914by the Federal Trade Commission Act. Its principal mission is the promotion of consumer protection and the elimination and prevention of what regulators perceive to be harmfully anti-competitive business practices, such as coercive monopoly.
  17. 17. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, usuallyabbreviated as NAACP ("en double-ay cee pee"), is one of the oldest and most influential civil rights organizations in the United States. Its mission is "to ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination". Its name, retained inaccordance with tradition, is one of the lastsurviving uses of the term colored people.