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What I Have Learned From A Social Theory Class
Mead & Cooley In this sociology paper I will present what I have learned from this social theory
class. We learned about many miraculous theorists such as Karl Marx, Auguste Comete, Herb
Spencer, Emile Durkheim and many more theorists. I will present what I have learned by comparing
and contrasting George Herbert Mead and Charles Horton Cooley. This paper will examine what
both of these great theorists studied, some of their background info and theory.
George Herbert Mead George Herbert Mead was born on February 27, 1863 in South Hadley
Massachusetts and he died April 26, 1931 in Chicago Illinois. He attended Oberlin College and
Harvard University where he studied philosophy and sociology. He later attended Michigan where
he met ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
He felt social acts that are affected on the unself– conscious and the self– conscious level.
Unself– conscious/ non–significant gestures are like animalistic responses. Self– conscious/
significant gestures are most human intercourse. Mead work focused more on Self– conscious/
significant gestures, these gestures require thought and requires taking on the role of the other in
order to predict the appropriate response. He said human thought rises when there are symbols that
stimulate in the individual a response. According the slides on Mead, Symbolic interaction requires
interpretation or understanding the meaning of the actions or remarks of the other person. It also
requires definition or indicating to another how he is to act. This means communication with others
and understanding it can lead to self–conscious adjustments to us. Also spoke about Consciousness
and how thoughts rise in the dynamic relationship between a person and his environment and in
what manner Consciousness is not a given; it's emergent.
THE GENESIS OF THE SELF Mead theory of The Genesis Of The Self is my favorite work of
Mead and it basically explains how the self develops out of the growing ability in childhood to take
the role of the other. Mead clarifies how children develop this skill through playing and how child
play at the level of simple role–taking is the first stage. Then it sets up for the next stage which is
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Herbert Spencer's'survival Of The Fittest?
Herbert Spencer coined the phrase "survival of the fittest". "Survival of the fittest was a phrase that
originated from Darwinian evolutionary theory, as a way of describing the mechanism of natural
selection. The biological concept of fitness is defined as reproductive success. In Darwinian terms
the phrase is the best understood as "Survival of the form that will leave the most copies of itself in
successive generations.
Herbert Spencer first used the phrase, after reading Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species, in
his Principles of biology 1864, in which he drew parallels between his own economic theories and
Darwin's biological ones:" This survival of the fittest, which I have here sought to express in
mechanical terms, was that which ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Herbert Spencer has well expressed the same idea by the Survival of the fittest. The term "natural
selection" is in some respects a bad one, as it seems to imply conscious choice; but this will be
disregarded after a little familiarity". He defended his analogy as similar to language in chemistry,
and to astronomers depicting the "attraction of gravity as ruling the movements of the planets", or
the way in which "agriculturists speak of man making domestic races by his power of selection". He
had "often personified the word Nature; for I have found it difficult to avoid this ambiguity; but I
mean by nature only the aggregate action and product of many natural laws,– and by only the
ascertained sequence of
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Herbert George Wells Accomplishments
When Herbert George Wells was an old man, he once told a friend that he wanted "G–– D––– you
all: I told you so." engraved on his tombstone. It is important to add to this statement that during his
lifetime, H.G. Wells made many predictions that turned out to be surprisingly accurate, including the
rise of major cities and suburbs, and the splitting of an atom. Starting in the nineteenth century and
continuing into the twentieth century, Herbert George Wells wrote many books influencing the way
people live and see the world around them. Two of his most remembered works are The Time
Machine, and The War of the Worlds; both of which teach people about the unexpected. In The Time
Machine, Wells wants to warn people not to get too comfortable. Just because things are going well
at the moment, doesn't provide an accurate reading for things that are to come in the future. In The
War of the Worlds, similarly, Wells is trying to prepare people for the unexpected. This is somewhat
of an irony because H.G. Wells's cause of death was an unrecognized liver tumor. Herbert George
Wells tries to convey the idea that people must always be on their toes in life because anything can
come and destroy you when you aren't mentally or physically prepared. Herbert George Wells goes
through ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
In 1895, Wells published the novel The Time Machine, which demonstrates the conflict between
different social classes and explores the possible outcomes of evolution. In quick succession, Wells
wrote three other books, The Island of Doctor Moreau (1896), The Invisible Man (1897), and The
War of The Worlds (1898). In addition to these works Wells published, he also wrote many essays,
articles, and nonfiction books. He even served as a book reviewer for the Saturday Review for a
time, while promoting the careers of Joseph Conrad and James
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The Philosophical Evolution Of Metaphysics Essay
The Philosophical Evolution of Metaphysics: The Influence of Metaphysics on Poets and How It
Pertains to Today Society.
Imagine, the year is 2150 and a student is sitting at her desk looking within at latest technology, she
thinks about lost poets that history books have shunned for the significance of more famous poets.
As a child in modern society, the importance of lesser known poets, such as Thomas Traherne and
George Herbert, are considered valuable for their philosophical influence in poetry. Over the course
of time literature has become a melting pot of ideas borrowed from other poets and literary works,
which are coagulated into one another to make a new idea. People in modern society need to
understand the importance of remembrance in the similarities in the backgrounds, metaphysical
influences, and written works of Thomas Traherne and George Herbert.
It is astonishing how both poets have similar upbringings with almost a 100–year gap between them.
The background of Thomas Traherne presented by Richard Firth has stated that "Thomas Traherne
was born within the wall of Hereford City in 1637 (page 1)." At the age of five, the British Civil War
marched into his town where they beheaded King Charles I. Later that year, Treharne left to attend
the Hereford Cathedral School. After graduation, he then attended Brasenose College in Oxford,
earning his BA (Bachelor of the Arts) in 1656. During the years of 1657–1660, he wrote his first
complete work titled, Select
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Essay about Analysis of Chapters 1 through 8 of Great...
Analysis of Chapters 1 through 8 of Great Expectations
Plot and Setting– The plot starts out with a little boy name Phillip Pirrip. It is a first person narrative
about a boy back in the nineteenth century. The first eight chapters deal mostly with Pip's childhood
years. It also deals with who Pip is, and his family. In the beginning of the story Pip introduces
himself, and introduces his dead parents. He is in the graveyard, and then a scary looking man
comes up. The man threatens him. The plot of the story I think is good because it deals a lot with the
struggles in a child. He has no one to turn to. The author really helped us relate to the story.
Pip gets in trouble at Christmas time. He gets hit with "The Tickler" ... Show more content on
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Miss Havisham secretly wants Estella to break Pip's heart. She is a very obscure lady. Biddy is a
character that cares very much for Pip. She understands Pip more than Pip does. Pip doesn't like
Biddy, because she is to common. She is the better girl though.
Personal Response– So far I really enjoy the book. Charles Dickens really pulls me into the book.
He uses great figurative language that makes you feel sorry for a character. The people in this book
seem so innocent and harmless. Well, except the guy that threatened Pip. They all also seem to live
hard lives. They don't have all the benefits that we have today. They have to scrounge around for
stuff we never would have to scrounge around for. What is really neat about it, is that they get an
enjoyment out of life. They are not well off either. I can't wait to read on further into Charles
Dickens novel.
Vocabulary– So far in this novel there is no vocabulary that really comes to mind. I though I would
use this section to talk about figurative language. Charles Dickens uses a lot of figurative language.
He says that when Pip goes up into his room, he is in the dark. Literally that means he does not have
a candle, so therefore he is in the dark. Figuratively we can interpret it in many ways. One way is to
say that Pip isn't a very smart kid. He is and ignorant person. When someone says that someone is in
the dark, they usually mean that they are naïve. Later on in the story, Pip
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Great Expectations By Charles Dicken
In Charles Dicken's novel Great Expectations there is a wide diverse cast of characters who play
different significant roles that affect the character development of Pip. One of the unsung heroes
throughout the book, that's role can be often overlooked is Herbert Pocket. At first glance, it can
seem as if Herbert does not have as much of an influence on Pip as he tends to blend into the
background, along with the fact that at different points can compare to other minor characters that
only show up when they are needed to help move the plot along. Herbert stands out from this crowd
due to different factors in his relationship with Pip, and how this association allows him to be able to
affect and help mold Pip's character. This close bond began with Pip's first experience with how a
gentleman would react in different circumstances that he uses as an expectation as he takes the path
to become a gentleman himself. On this path to becoming a gentleman Pip confides in Herbert many
times, and seeks his advice that ultimately directs Pip's decision on whatever topic he went to
Herbert asking for help on. Herbert never fails to come to Pip's aid, proving his trustworthiness,
always doing so with a cheery attitude that Pip later reflects upon how it influence over him and
others as well. This further engraves the trust and friendship that Pip and Herbert share, Herbert
being there to provide Pip with a family type of love between Pip's different father figures he is
presented with. It
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Examples Of Social Darwinism
Social Darwinism is a set of ideologies introduced by Herbert Spencer in the nineteenth century.
These principles were used by imperialists as a means of justification and proof of their right to
colonize land overseas. Social Darwinism is an immoral evil that cannot be ethically justified. To
further understand the immorality behind using Social Darwinism and the even greater immorality
behind using it as an excuse for overseas expansion, we must understand the origins and foundations
of which Social Darwinism is based. It all began with an English man named Charles Darwin and
his newly introduced perspective on the evolution of life. Charles Darwin was a nineteenth century
scientist and natural philosopher who came up with a theory that ... Show more content on
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Spencer applied the principles of Darwinism to human social, political and economic issues and
proclaimed that the survival of the fittest applies to human societies which became Social
Darwinism. In John Offer's "Critical Assessments of Leading Sociologists" he traces Spencer's
influence and dissects various points made by Herbert Spencer himself. He quotes Herbert Spencer
when analyzing Spencer's perspective of Social Darwinism. "The prosperity of a species is best
supervised when among adults each experiences the good and evil results of his own nature and
consequent conduct." Spencer also states "It is much better that the ruminant animal, when deprived
by age of the vigor which made its existence a pleasure, should be killed by some beast of the prey,
than that it should linger out a life made painful by infirmities, and eventually die of starvation." It is
at this point that Spencer begins to cross Darwinism's take on natural selection to social conditions.
While Spencer is still speaking in reference of animals, he describes the death of animals as a means
of relieving their pain and suffering. This is where Spencer begins to speak in reference to humans.
"A sad population of imbeciles would our schemers fill the world with, could their plans last. A
sorry kind of human constitution would they make for us – a constitution continually going wrong,
and needing to be set right again – a constitution ever
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Herbert Spencer And Imperialism
Herbert Spencer was one of the lead role models and inspirations in the creation of Darwinism. Born
April 27th 1820, Spencer spent his childhood living in Derby, Great Britain. His infantile life was
depressing, growing up with his uncles who tortured him behind the curtains for 7 years straight.
Despite this, the leader philosopher went on to develop ideas and challenged the ideology behind
imperialism. Being the creator of the phrase, "survival of the fittest" Herbert weaved his way into
Darwin's work being credited for everything. This increased his fame and popularity receiving many
followers of his theories. Spencer criticized man theories and tactics used by the government putting
holt to imperialism. Herbert Spencer was never a fan of the poor as he wrote multiple scripts
explaining. While working with Karl Marx in this area at the time, they found that the reason for the
underprivileged being poor was due to the consequences of not having the right skillset or abilities
to make the money others were earning. Spencer put this as a quote which became famous later on,
"Survival of the fittest". The first thing that was inaccurate about this statement was the fact that
Spencer was referring to what was taking place rather than paying no attention to the causes of the
issue. It was obvious that the two were not successful in the area receiving multiple discrepancies.
He went on to say "If they are sufficiently complete to live, they do live, and it is well they should
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Book Review of 'Great Expectations'
Great Expectations Introduction In his novel Great Expectations, published in1861, Charles Dickens
examines the class system of Victorian England and the effect wealth and position had on the lives
of the people living during the period. The novel follows the life of Philip Pirrip (Pip) from his
childhood as an orphan being raise by Joe Gargery (his brother–in–law) and his sister (simply
known as Mrs. Joe in the novel). The story concerns Pip's efforts to become a gentleman and win the
affections of Estella, the adopted daughter of Miss Havisham a lady of means. This paper will
explore the effects wealth and money had on Pip, Miss Havisham and Joe. Throughout the novel the
actions of these characters demonstrate the values of loyalty, affection, and benevolence is more
important than wealth and class. Discussion The protagonist of the novel, Pip, is deeply driven to
better his position in life and marry Estella. Toward this end he disassociates himself from the
people who care about him the most because he is embarrassed by their course dress and manners.
Pip was mortified to learn that Joe, who was a blacksmith from the working class and had taken him
in when he was orphaned, was coming to London to visit him while he was learning to be a
gentleman, "If I could have kept him away by paying money, I certainly would have paid money"
(209). At this point in the story Pip desire for status outweighs his loyalty and affection for Joe.
However, later in the tale
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Not All Street Gangs Were Formed For Ill Doing
Not all street gangs were formed for ill doing. Many people might think down on the creation of
gangs but it is a part of survival in their region. Street gangs, which pull peers into gangs for
protection and social status, assemble to protect their neighborhood, family and friends from other
street gangs thus causing rising crime rate and innocent people dying because of this.
First off, there are a few definitions for gangs because authorities had a hard time explaining what a
gang even is. "Walter Miller (1982:313) contrasts gangs with law violating youth groups, which he
defines as "an association of three or more youths whose members engage recurrently in illegal
activities with the cooperation and moral support of their companions." This definition of law –
violating youth groups does not include structure or territory, two important elements of Miller's
definition of youth gangs. Spergel (1984:200) similarly defined delinquent groups as "an association
of two or more youths, usually between the ages of ten and seventeen years, who are engaged in acts
defined as illegal"(Covey, Herbert. Street Gangs throughout the world.Springfield,IL: Charles C
Thomas,2010.Print). "Groups of youths considered deviant youth groups (and no one knows for
certain the extent to which these groups referred to as gangs) did not exist in any large number in the
United States until the nineteenth century, although one report notes that they were found in some
area during colonial
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Herbert Spencer, Social Darwinism, Personal Thoughts
A Biography of Herbert Spencer, His Contributions to Sociology, and How my Personal Thoughts
Were Awakened
Jessica McCreary
CCBC Dundalk
Abstract
This paper discussed the life of Herbert Spencer (Spencer) and his contributions to the field of
Sociology found from print (textbook) and non–print sources (online). Each article touched base on
Spencer's life, but each described it differently. Over all, the article discussed how Spencer was
homeschooled and raised by his father and uncle (Delaney, 2003) and how he was the founder of
social Darwinism and how he "coined the term 'survival of the fittest,'" (Ferris, K., & Stein, J., 2014,
p. 21). Spencer's major books that he has written are in this paper as well. This paper also discusses
how my own personal thoughts were awakened by his theoretical concept of social Darwinism.
Keywords: Spencer, social Darwinism, personal thoughts
A Biography of Herbert Spencer, His Contributions to Sociology, and How my Personal Thoughts
Were Awakened Many people have suggested that Charles Darwin coined the term "survival of the
fittest," but it was actually coined by Spencer as he referred to the changes in a society (Ferris, K., &
Stein, J., 2014, p. 21). All of Spencer's ideas and theories on social Darwinism were thought of even
before Charles Darwin began exploring the idea of evolution (Wee, A., 2013). To understand how
the idea of social Darwinism came about, the life of Spencer should be researched. This paper
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Sociology and Answer
1. Sociological Perspective
Sociology is defined as: | a. | the methodological analysis of groups and individuals. | | | b. | the
scientific analysis of premodern people. | | | c. | the academic discipline that examines individual
human behavior. | | | d. | the systematic study of human society and social interaction. | | | status: not
answered () correct: d your answer: |
2 | According to sociologist C. Wright Mills, the ability to see the relationship between individual
experiences and the larger society is referred to as: | a. | the reality perception. | | | b. | the
sociological imagination. | | | c. | the conflict perception. | | | d. | the symbolic interaction approach. | |
| status: not ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
| research | | | c. | myths | | | d. | scientific laws | | | status: not answered () correct: b your answer: |
2 | A trademark of sociology involves the unmasking of fallacies in the everyday and official
interpretations of society. This process is called: | a. | debunking. | | | b. | reformative. | | | c. |
demystifying. | | | d. | deductive reasoning. | | | status: not answered () correct: a your answer: |
3 | The relationship between theory and research has been referred to as a continuous cycle. The
theory and research cycle consists of two approaches. In the ________ approach, the researcher
begins with a theory and uses research to test the theory. | a. | normative | | | b. | inductive | | | c. |
deductive | | | d. | explanatory | | | status: not answered () correct: c your answer: |
4 | Researchers in one study examined the effects of church membership, divorce, and migration on
suicide rates in the United States and concluded that suicide rates are typically higher where divorce
and migration rates are higher and church membership is lower. This is a(n) example of ________. |
a. | quantitative research | | | b. | observational research | | | c. | qualitative research | | | d. | explanatory
research | | | status: not answered () correct: a your answer: |
5 | ________ are the abstract elements representing some aspect of the world in simplified form
(such
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Role Of Intersectionality In African American Women
Working Title
An exploration of the socio–cultural and socio–economic discriminations faced by North African
American women.
Disciplines:
– History, Sociology, and Psychology
– First, to understand the origins of those discriminations, the discipline of history will be involved
in this essay. Indeed, to better understand the social issue, it is important to understand the history
that creates this issue. The history discipline will cover the past that leads to the current social issue.
Secondly, sociology discipline will be used to examine the socio–effects of this social issue. Also,
the theory linked to the essay is from the field of study: sociology. Indeed, symbolic interactionism
theory stipulates that people communicate and participate ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net
...
By observing this theory, readers can understand that the oppression and stereotypes that face
African American women are mostly learned through communication. For instance, the idea that
women should take care of a child are exchanged through conversation like: "When you will be old,
you will have children," or just the fact that often parents will buy baby doll for their girl suggesting
that one day she will have a to take care of a baby. For African American people, they can learn
through conversation a lot of stereotypes about the African American (new racism discourse). For
example, someone will ask "where are you from," while this person is born in America, but because
he has darker skin color, people through communication makes them feel like they are "different"
physically. So, trough interactions, this person will associate their identity with the conversation
they had and the social stereotypes they learned. This is associated to intersectionality, because
African American women will learn their identity with the perception of the society on gender and
ethnicity (Wood,
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How Does Joe Gargery Influence Pip's Life
Great Expectations, written by Charles Dickens, is a classic novel from 1860, displaying the
influence of people on a person's life. In the novel, Pip's life is predestined until he acquires
property, showing him the difference between his life and the life he wants to live. Throughout Great
Expectations, Charles Dickens emphasizes kindness through friendships with Joe, Biddy, and
Herbert by their thoughts and actions to influence Pip in a positive way when confronted with a
change of lifestyle. Joe Gargery is Pip's father figure; his first true friend and influence in the novel.
The first time Joe shows kindness to Pip is at Christmas dinner when Mr. Pumblechook and other
friends of Mrs. Joe tell Pip he is an all around awful child. Joe ... Show more content on
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The first time they meet, Pip states, "Herbert Pocket had a frank and easy way with him that was
very taking. I had never seen anyone then, and I have never seen anyone since, who more strongly
expressed to me, in every look and tone, a natural incapacity to do anything secret and mean" (138).
Dickens uses this sentence to separate Herbert out from all the other characters Pip has met. Herbert
shows kindness naturally and easily toward Pip and it comforts him and influences him to
reciprocate the gesture back to him and others. Pip admires the separation in Herbert when he says,
"What a hopeful disposition you have!" and Herbert responds by saying, "I ought to have for I have
not much else. I must acknowledge, by–the–bye, that the good sense of what I have just said is not
my own, but my father's" (195). Herbert is kind enough to give credit to the person who gave him
what he owns and not to be dependent on those things. The influence of Herbert's kindness on Pip is
greatest because he was there when Pip was transitioning from his past life into his new life of
money. Pip's kindness is finally seen when he starts to give money to Herbert in chapter 36 of the
novel. Herbert teaches him he can be humble and independent, and Pip shows his kindness by
giving Herbert the life he dreams
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Hitler Eugenics Research Paper
Eugenics has been an exceptionally questionable science that has existed on the planet for a
considerable length of time. Eugenics, also knows as selective breeding is characterized as the
investigation of or confidence in the likelihood of enhancing the characteristics of the human species
or a human populace by such means as disheartening reproduction by people having hereditary
deformities or attempted to have inheritable undesirable attributes or empowering proliferation by
people dared to have inheritable attractive qualities Its base originated from the possibility that
humankind could be "idealized" by disposing of its undesirable qualities and the attractive ones
could be duplicated. Physical appearance, IQ, and social limit could be controlled in ... Show more
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In Germany, the pioneers of eugenics, utilizing advancement as their defense, brought about
cleansing laws and migration limitation laws to be established amid the 1930s. The prejudice of
such pioneers was established on development, and the German individuals were being set up to see
themselves as the predominant race. Numerous researchers came to see the advancement of eugenic
projects as right around a religious obligation forced by the hypothesis of evolution. Leading
eugenics wound up becoming Nazi authorities, and the selective breeding development in Germany
turned out to be absolutely interlaced into the Nazi framework. Selective breeding turned into the
logical defense for Hitler's annihilation program The eugenics movement coincided with the
immigration era in the United States Amid the initial two many years of the twentieth century, more
than several hundred thousands immigrants entered the nation through Ellis Island. The occasions
that occurred on Ellis island wasn't an direct impact however it genetic counseling affected it in light
of the fact that the selective breeding law began to end up plainly a domino impact in the United
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Symbolic Interactionism
Sociology 10
Professor Arkadie
Symbolic Interaction Perspective There are several sociological perspectives including
functionalism, conflict, social exchange, and sociological imagination. The one that will be talked
about within this paper is called symbolic interaction. Symbolic interaction does not focus on social
structure like other sociological perspectives do, symbolic interaction is based on small, mostly
person to person ideas and perspectives on what symbols mean between people in cultures, what
interaction is like, and how interaction between people can impact or reflect upon society as a
whole. (Gingrich) Symbolic interaction is defined as "How people act toward things based on the
meaning those things have for them; ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Social groups act differently amongst themselves versus as a whole within a societal environment.
Someone within a certain social group may feel importance, power and control. Within the
subgroups, individuals define themselves and their place in society. They sometimes hope to
influence others to partake in their society and their norms. Symbolic interaction theory describes
the family as a unit of interacting personalities and focuses attention on the way people interact
through symbols. One example of this theory is gang members. Gang members act as a family in
their own society and there are certain words, gestures, rules and roles that they abide to in this man
made society. Some of the norms that are in this created society might be understood when a person
steps out into regular society, because we have different norms and roles. When someone steps into
our society, they might feel discomfort, have no sense of self, or may even turn to violence because
they are dysfunctional because they have been immersed in their society for so long and cannot
easily adapt to the outside world. If a gang member throws up a gesture that is common in there sub
culture, other members will relate or understand the meaning of this nonverbal que, whereas
nonmembers of the society may not. From a symbolic interactionism's perspective, it is important to
understand their symbols in order to understand this sub group's behavior. In this particular
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Charles Dickens Impact On Society
Throughout history, groups of humans have been striving for equality in every aspect. During the
Victorian Era, Charles Dickens created many inspirational pieces to encourage the gaining equality
in England. One of Dickens highest rated novels, Great Expectations, he utilizes his trusty theme to
reach out to readers world wide. The words orchestrated in his novel impact many lives even to this
day. Charles Dickens created a classic through the character development and relationships that
millions can relate to. Charles Dickens, is arguably the most influential and greatest author of all
time. Dickens' childhood molded him into the inspirational writer he is known as in modern times.
Charles Dickens was born in Portsmouth, England, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Pip is devastated by this because it means that Estella was never meant for him, and that his biggest
regret as a childhood caused him to receive such great benefits. His disappointment is described,
"Miss Havisham's intentions towards me, all a mere dream, Estella not designed for me." (Pg 302)
[4] Pip goes to ask Miss Havisham how she could lead him on like that and she becomes hysterical
because of how regretful she is. She is extremely sick for the rest of her life after this event and it is
also the event in which she is redeemed for her poor
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The Importance Of Socialization
Socialization is the lifelong process in which people learn the attitudes, values, and behaviors
appropriate for members of a particular culture. We often go into a place and we can tend to judge
people. By the language or color or what they wear. It happens all the time. This is just a natural
habit for most human beings. I have even walked into walmart before thinking to myself " I do not
belong here. I do not speak the language that all these other people are speaking. I am only in
Warwick right?"
People are different everywhere and it all comes down to the key factors of our surroundings
growing up. These key factors include family, peers, school, media, and religion. They differ from
household to household and passed back from ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
He explains how these results from our imagination isn't alway correct. Usually they are incorrect. A
real life example of this is when a teacher criticizes a student on their paper, the teacher must think
i'm stupid, I am stupid. This was just like what happened to me at work yesterday. One of my babies
that I take care of was going home because her father came to pick her up. I told him she was in the
playroom and he went down there and I had to call him back because I forgot she was sleeping. He
came back and I felt like such an idiot and I was thinking to myself "he must think I am an idiot for
this one. Like how could I forget about his child sleeping?" I apologised for the mistake and I still
felt like he hated me for it even though he said it was fine and her parents are really nice anyways.
George Herbert Mend continued Charles Cooley's study. He developed a useful model of the
process by which the self emerges. They are the preparatory stage, the play stage, and the game
stage.
He explains that the preparatory stage is when children imitate people around them (especially
family members who the continuously interact with). Monkey see monkey do.
As they grow older children will become more adept at using symbols like gestures and words that
form the basis of communication. By interacting with relatives and friends and watching cartoons on
television and also looking at picture books, children will begin to understand symbols and
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Quiz Show Thesis
The movie begins with Herbert Stempel the reigning champ on the quiz show 21 competing on the
show. It is soon hinted at the fact that Herbert is getting answers when the technical crew of the
show cuts the fan in order to make him look like he was sweating. After the show, Dan Enright, the
creator and the one in charge of the show reveal that popularity is dropping and that Herb needs to
throw the game and lose when they find a better replacement. While Herb was genuinely smart the
public didn't exactly see him as handsome and someone to become. Dan Enright and his crew
needed to find someone new. It wasn't until a young college professor by the name of Charles Van
Doren that is related to the prestigious Van Doren family came I to try out
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Great Expectations
Great Expectations Human nature is the psychological and social qualities that characterize
humankind. Human nature separates humans from the rest of the animal kingdom. The underlining
theme of human nature is evident in Great Expectation by Charles Dickens use of his characters. A
main characteristic that Dickens displays is friendship. The friendship between Pip and Herbert is
strong. Herbert was significant to Pip's growth in social class and eventual to his revelation.
"Friendship was one of the human characteristics Dickens enjoyed...by associating fellowship with
good characters and deeds, he made it known that he admires friendship." (MacAndrew 168)
Herbert aided Pip when he first came to London and made the transition an easy ... Show more
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She adopted Estella solo based on concept that all men were like Compeyson. Miss Havisham is the
one who created Estella to be this heartless creature. Estella was one of Miss Havisham pawns in her
plan of revenge. "Estella doesn't play into her games anymore and makes her own living with
Drummle...Miss Havisham tries to control Pip and seduced him into the thoughts of being with
Estella forever." (Chesterton 199) Pip was the other pawn that Miss Havisham was playing. "But
when I fell into the mistake I have so long remained in, at least you lead me on?" said Pip "Yes, I let
you on." Miss Havisham replied. (Dickens 334) Miss Havisham convinced Pip to think that Estelle
was his soul mate knowing Estella would never return the love. Miss Havisham spent the rest of her
life on obtaining revenge on men. Like Miss Havisham, Magwitch sought revenge. Compeyson was
also the reason behind Magwitch plan to seek revenge. Unlike Miss Havisham, Magwitch wanted
direct revenge on Compeyson. Compeyson also used Magwitch for his own personal gain. This
obsession leads to Magwitch unhappiness. When Magwitch achieves his goal of revenge he does not
gain happiness, but rather despair. Dickens demonstrations of revenge go against any notion that
revenge is good, but rather we should forgive those who trespass against us. Ungratefulness was a
part of the collection of negative human characteristics that Dickens expressed. When Pip grows in
social
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Social Colonialism And Social Darwinism
Social Darwinism was a sociological theory that merged Charles Darwin's theory of natural
selection and the work of Herbert Spencer, Malthus, and other scientific and sociological theorists to
justify imperialism, racism, and conservative economic policies. The overall acceptance of the
power of nature in defining human beings developed during the 18th century Enlightenment.
Europe's exploration not only brought about immense economic and agricultural growth, but also
exposed them to "human behavior and life patterns within environments and under circumstances
dramatically different than their own" (4). The most popular catch phrases of Darwinism, "struggle
for existence" and "survival of the fittest", when applied to the life of man in society, suggested that
nature would provide that the best competitors in a competitive situation would win, and that this
process would lead to continuing improvement" (6. Hoft). This misinterpreted sense of superiority
engulfed much of society at the time and was used to justify the logistics behind certain actions
regarding capitalism, racism, and imperialism. Furthermore, it served as the backbone of some of
the most heinous acts imaginable including the genocide and sterilization of certain groups of
people.
"The first business of a colonist is to clear the country of wild beasts, and the most noxious of all
wild beasts is the wild man", unknown (87). Social Darwinism was the product of late nineteenth–
century economic and political
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Herbert Spencer Essay
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Herbert Spencer
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|Biography: Herbert Spencer |
Herbert Spencer (1820–1903) was an English philosopher, scientist, engineer, and political
economist. In his day his works were important in popularizing the concept of evolution and played
an important part in the development of economics, political science, biology, and philosophy.
Herbert Spencer was born in Derby on April 27, 1820. His childhood, described in An
Autobiography (1904), reflected the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
His views concerning a science of sociology are elaborated in two major works, Descriptive
Sociology (published in 17 volumes, 1873–1934) and The Study of Sociology (1873).
Spencer was particularly influential in the United States until the turn of the century. According to
William Graham Sumner, who used The Study of Sociology as a text in the first sociology course
offered in an American university, it was Spencer's work which established sociology as a separate,
legitimate field in its own right. Spencer's demand that historians present the "natural history of
society," in order to furnish data for a comparative sociology, is also credited with inspiring James
Harvey Robinson and the others involved in the writing of the New History in the United States.
Economic Theories
Social philosophy in the latter part of the 19th century in the United States was dominated by
Spencer. His ideas of laissez–faire and the survival of the fittest by natural selection fitted very well
into an age of rapid expansion and ruthless business competition. Spencer provided businessmen
with the reassuring notion that what they were doing was not just ruthless self–interest but was a
natural law operating in nature and human society. Not only was competition in harmony with
nature, but it was also in the interest of the general welfare and progress. Social Darwinism, or
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Deism In The 17th Century
Deism is a belief based solely on reason and nature, acknowledging the existence of a god, but
denying any involvement in the human world beyond creation. Deism rejects the ideas of faith–
based and "revealed" religions (those who claim to have received a special revelation from God)
such as Christianity, Islam and Judaism. It also rejects any religious knowledge found in sacred texts
such as the Bible and the Quran ("Deism" 94). Instead of having faith and believing that God is in
control, Deists only believe in reason and use that as their guide to truth ("Deism" 94). Deism is
considered a natural religion, accepting what God has created and applying human knowledge and
reason as a way to exist and thrive within the natural laws of the universe. ... Show more content on
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Before this time, those who opposed Christianity were labeled as Atheists. Atheism was the most
common false perception of Deism. This new branch of Philosophy lacked leaders and organization
making it hard to understand and often misinterpreted. Many, of great intellect and perseverance,
worked to establish and justify this new movement. In the 17th century, many different politician,
philosophers and scientists were coming on stage with ideas that questioned faith and focused on
reason and science. It was not until Lord Edward Herbert of Cherbury published his writings about
the five innate religious ideas ("Edward Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert"). Herbert inspired other
philosophers, such as Voltaire, Jean–Jacques Rousseau, and Immanuel Kant of Germany, who
picked up and expanded on his ideas of Deism. Finally, Deism had established core beliefs,
identifying it as neither Christian nor Atheist, and focused on reason and nature. Large numbers of
individuals began to separate themselves from Christian beliefs and joined this movement towards
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Social Class Influence on the Individual
Social Class Influence on the Individual
"Poor as a church mouse" vs. "born with a silver spoon in your mouth" are contrasting themes in this
book of hardships and life trials. In Great Expectations by Charles Dickens, the main character Pip
interacts with characters of various social groups. These groups directly or indirectly, help Pip
understand his own opportunities and purpose in life. From these interactions, it becomes clear that
social class influences how people interact and view one another as well as their opportunities in
life.
Some people do not have the same opportunity as others of getting education. This contrast is shown
in the life circumstances of two characters of different social classes. Joe (uncle to Pip) had ... Show
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Not only in Pip's day, but for centuries, people have treated one another according to their wealth.
Early in the history of the United States voting rights were limited by gender, race, and wealth. Only
white males with property had voting rights. It was said that, "...The American class system has
persisted since the nation's birth. The notion of social equality was so restricted in the late eighteenth
century that neither the term nor even the concept of equality appeared in the Constitution or Bill of
Rights."(Martin Jr. and Sullivan). Social class discrimination was a big part of this time period in
Great Britain as well. Pip felt this discrimination before he had money and after he lost his money.
Today, as in Pips time period, people are categorized into social classes using various criteria.
Wealth is just one of the characteristics that influence someone's placement in a social class. Social
class is defined as, "...a group of people who share a common status or position in society. Social
classes represent differences in wealth, power, employment, family background, and other
qualities." (Cohen). In the past, wealth was most likely to be the biggest factor for placement in
social class. Today other criteria as well would impact social class placement. For Pip, his change of
income landed him in various social classes.
It is difficult but not impossible to move up in social class. Both Pip and his friend Herbert moved
up in social class with the help of
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Different Qualities of a Gentleman Portrayed by Charles...
Different Qualities of a Gentleman Portrayed by Charles Dickens in Great Expectations
In this essay I will be looking at how the different qualities of a 'gentleman' is portrayed, by Charles
Dickens, throughout "Great Expectations".
In the beginning of the story a 'gentleman' is seen, through Pip, as someone with wealth, education
and high social status. This materialistic definition of a gentleman can be seen in the description of
the character Bentley Drummle, who clearly isn't a gentleman, "… he was idle, proud, niggardly,
reserved and suspicious. He came of rich people down in Somersetshire, who had nursed this
combination of qualities until they made the discovery that it was just of age ... Show more content
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To pip being a 'gentleman' also meant that you had to be respected and when he 'becomes a
gentleman' he is treated respectfully by Trabb when goes to buy clothes when before he wasn't even
looked at.
Magwitch's view of a 'gentleman' is someone who can be made using money. From the reaction Pip
receives from society, Magwitch believes he has made a 'gentleman' out of Pip.
Herbert, a 'true gentleman' in the novel, is regarded throughout the story by pip as a 'gentleman'.
First it was because of his class and his manners during the fight. Also for the fact that he decided to
marry Clara to relieve her from taking care of her drunk father. Herbert's overwhelming politeness
and patience is particularly contrasted to Pip's increasing rudeness and bad behaviour when Joe
comes to stay. Herbert treats him better than Pip himself. The fact that Hebert is a 'gentleman' is
surprising as his mother especially is rude and lazy while his uncles and aunts are all money–
grabbing and attempt to please Miss Havisham for her money although they have no real love for
her.
Another 'true gentleman' is Joe, although he lacks the materialistic appearance of a 'gentleman', we
can see through his actions and words that he is a 'true gentleman'.
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What Is The Root Of Social Darwinism
"The survival of the fittest"– the root of Social Darwinism. Charles Darwin, who was a naturalist
ruled out that an adaptable species would only survive and reproduce. The concept is the same in
Social Darwinism, but was not introduced by Darwin. Social Darwinists such as Herbert Spencer
and William Sumner claimed that in a society, only the wealthiest and powerful survives in contrast
with the poor and impotent. This applies especially to the people living under Laissez–faire
capitalism in which the government does not control the business. Andrew Carnegie's 'gospel of
wealth' contradicted with the common believes of Social Darwinism. Andrew proposed that the
wealthy should distribute their wealth to level up the discrepancy between people. Spencer, Sumner,
the famous Darwinists advocated that life of a human was a struggle for existence, where only the
best thrives. Human life was basically contrasted with organisms. Darwinists held belief that the
wealthy will have more independence, basic needs, and sophisticated living, and the poor left out to
die. They thought that poor were unfit for the survival, and thus should be aided. ... Show more
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He insisted that the wealthiest should share their wealth to others who in need. In his article, he
informed the responsibility of a philanthropist. His idea was to distribute wealth to others in a
thoughtful manner. His ultimate goal was to gravel up the inequality between people. Traditionally,
wealth was passed down to generation; Carnegie proposed that it would be beneficiary to spend that
wealth to the public. Andrew argued to put the wealth to its best use when administered by the
wealthy. He is also against the extravagant spending, and wasting capital rather than investing into
something beneficial. He put his philosophies into practice by building 'Carnegie libraries' around
America and other nations. This system provided people with necessary tools to put his philosophy
into
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Charles Darwin, The Most Influential Nineteenth Century...
In the 19th century, scientific research progressed rapidly outside the world of industry and
technology (McKay 744). British scientist, Charles Darwin, was the most influential nineteenth–
century evolutionary thinker. Darwin spent his early career, amassing enormous amounts of
biological and geological data from his voyage to South America (Fiero 3). In 1859, he published
his classic work, The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, where he summarizes his
theory of evolution with the thought of struggle for survival, or natural selection. Furthermore,
natural selection is the idea of groups of species surviving through generations by adapting to
changes in the environment and using certain characteristics as an advantage. In addition, natural
selection challenged traditional ideas about nature and world order, and it was also taken steps
further by many thinkers. English philosopher, Herbert Spencer, saw the human race driven forward
to ever–greater specialization and progress by a brutal economic struggle that determined the
"survival of the fittest" (McKay 745). The notion of a body of thought drawn from the ideas of
Charles Darwin that applied the theory of biological evolution to human affairs and saw the human
race as driven by an un–ending economic struggle that would determine the survival of the fittest
defines Social Darwinism (McKay 745). As European and American upper class sought to extend
political and economic power, Social Darwinism proved to
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How Did Charles Darwin Influence Western Society
The 1800s was a time period filled with not only many great advancements, but over all a variety of
people who sparked change within the Western societies. One of these people who prompted change
within their society and societal views was Charles Darwin. Darwin developed the idea and theory
of evolution; which basically stated and supported that all life is related and has descended from a
common ancestor . Forcing change and revaluation throughout the Western world, connecting to
"The Role of the Individual in History" theory. Basically, discrediting the church, and their idea of
Creationism being that God created all, showing that it was systems and social forces that helped to
shape the importance of evolution . Overall Charles Darwin did greatly influences the development
of Western societies, with the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Darwin proposed this idea of Natural selection in 1859 with the publication of his book The Origin
of Species . This theory caused great change in many aspects of the Western society, mainly in the
way society viewed the creation of life. In the heavily religious society of the 1800s Darwin's theory
contradicted all previous beliefs held by the churches, thus posing a threat to the established social
and political order . This contradiction was evident in the details of Darwin's theories which helped
support evolution, this was done by stating that nature selected the best adapted varieties to survive
and reproduce . A theory which greatly differed from the previously instituted belief that God was
the creator of all life, which was the reason sparking mass upheaval from the churches, as well as
the people. This drastic change within society is what made Charles Darwin such an important
individual within
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The Importance Of Greed In Great Expectations By Charles...
In life, fortunes are won and lost. Both enemies and friends are made and destroyed. People often
say that fortunes impact relationships, but that is not true. The novel, Great Expectations by Charles
Dickens, proves the inaccuracy of that statement. It is not wealth that annihilates true friendships,
but the greed of man and how he acts in his immaturity. Even though it may seem that wealth affects
relationships on the surface, once you begin to look into it you find that these relationships are not
true at all. In fact, wealth has no control over true friendship in the least. These points are all
demonstrated in Great Expectations. In the first place, it is proven that greed, not wealth, destroys
any harmony a person enjoys with another. In Great Expectations, Pip (the main character) quickly
and greedily accedes to leave his home and best friend for possible wealth. His friend and protector,
Joe, doesn't want him to leave but Pip doesn't even notice. Dickens writes, "But I [Pip] encouraged
Joe at the time. I was lost in the mazes of my future fortunes, and could not retrace the by–paths we
had trodden together" (pg. 110). Pip's greed makes him blind to Joe's sorrow and ruins their close
companionship. If Pip wasn't so selfish, he would have completely ignored the option to leave
behind his loved ones and would have found a much better companion in Joe. Greed, not wealth,
terminated that relationship in the book and can ruin many others in life. Not only does greed
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Great Expectations By Charles Dickens
Twelve–year–old Charles dickens gets ready for bed after a long day at the blacking house. These
Victorian–aged memories will provide him with many ideas for his highly acclaimed novel Great
Expectations. Set in 1830 England, Great Expectations is a coming–of–age story about a common
innocent boy named Pip and his road to becoming a gentleman through the influence of others. Pip
is influenced both positively and negatively by Estella, Herbert, and Magwitch.
Estella left a huge impression on Pip and one of the biggest personality changes he went through,
was how self–conscious he became. When innocent polite grateful Pip has his first visit at the Satis
House, he is ordered to play cards with Miss Havisham 's lovely adopted daughter Estella. All seems
to go well until she begins to call him out on his appearance and dialect. " 'He calls knaves, jacks
this boy! ' said Estella with disdain before our first game out. 'And what coarse hands he has and
what thick boots ! '" (Dickens, 60). Once Estella starts to remark on how "common" Pip was, he
immediately begins to become more self aware. He soon becomes ashamed of his class and his
"common" friend Joe, essentially dedicating his life to being a gentleman to get his "dream girl".
Not only did Estella make Pip feel self conscious just at the Satis House, but she ultimately scarred
him and left him feeling unhappy about his "commonness" all throughout his younger years.
Estella was not only successful in making Pip fall
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How Does Magwitch Affect Pip's Relationship
The novel Great Expectations by Charles Dickens is a piece of classic British literature that depicts
the story of a boy named Pip coming out of poverty and becoming a gentleman only to realize what
is truly important in life. Pip is strongly influenced by his relationships with Joe Gargery, Abel
Magwitch, and Herbert Pocket as the story unfolds. Each relationship varies from one another, but
all impact Pip's decisions throughout life. These relationships evolve over time, though. Pip is
involved in many dynamic relationships in Great Expectations, but some that are altering and
ultimately define and affect the person he becomes are the nature of the friendships he develops with
Joe, Herbert, and Magwitch.
In the novel, Pip's fatherly figure, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Since Pip steals the supplies and brings it back to Magwitch, when the police catch him, he takes the
blame. Magwitch is discovered to be Pip's benefactor, who is perhaps the most important person in
his life. Pip is disappointed to find out that his benefactor is not Miss Havisham because it means
the plan wasn't for him to end up with Estella.Pip is also disappointed and ashamed that his
benefactor is a convict and wants to keep it secret.Magwitch returns from New South Wales to give
pip his fortune but Pip does not seem gracious for the action.Since Magwitch is his benefactor, he
has the greatest impact on Pip's life because he was the one who raised him out of poverty. Pip has
now accepted the fact that Magwitch is his benefactor and they develop a strong relationship.
Magwitch is now another fatherly figure to Pip. Their bond grows stronger since Pip realizes what
Magwitch has down for him.When Pip and Herbert plan an escape for Magwitch, it is easy to see
how pip has developed under magwitch's wing. When Magwitch is arrested, Pip wants the best for
his friend and will stand with
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Snow Falling On Cedars Change
Change is the act or instance of making or becoming different. How does a person change? Is it
based on the individuals around them? Does the way a person is raised change him or her?
Throughout the novels of Great Expectations, Snow Falling on Cedars, To Kill a Mockingbird, and
the film David Copperfield, change comes in many forms. People mirror the beliefs of those around
them.
People are obliged to do something they do not want to by those in control of them. In Snow Falling
on Cedars, a Japanese–American girl named Hatsue is told by her family all her life to stay away
from the "hakujin" (white people). Hatsue and a boy named Ishmael were childhood friends since
the start, as they grew up, they started to become more intimate and closer. ... Show more content on
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Clara looks for someone to help her take care of David and comes across Mr. Murdstone, an evil,
cruel, and cold–hearted man. He ends up giving Clara no control over her own life. When David's
mother sends David off to boarding school even though she did not wish to do so, she did it anyway
because Mr. Murdstone believed he should be trained to be a gentleman (David Copperfield). Clara,
being a very caring mother, does not want to leave her son's side. Although Mr. Murdstone does not
feel that David is well mannered, he sends David off to boarding school. Clara does not want to see
David sent off to boarding school. With Mr. Murdstone having control of Clara, Clara has no choice
but to watch as her beloved son gets sent off to boarding school. Clara does not believe that David
needs to go to boarding school, but since Mr. Murdstone has control of Clara she has to follow his
beliefs. Clara changed as soon as Mr. Murdstone arrived and caused her to mirror his beliefs. This
shows how when someone comes into another person's life and starts taking control, that person
may do things he or she would not have wanted to
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Relationship Between Wealth And Happiness
Does wealth equal happiness?
According to the novel Great Expectation by Charles Dickens, the correlation between wealth and
happiness is debatable, depending on the person and their lifestyle. For example, Herbet viewed
money as a blessing but not something that necessarily brings him happiness; however, for Pip he
can never have enough money and it is his idea of happiness. Herbert was born wealthy so in his
state of mind it is casual to have exceptional amount of money. When Pip transform to a gentleman
and went from being poor to wealthy, he suddenly wants things he never wanted before. With Pip
being newly exposed to a vast amount of money, it brought him a grand amount of happiness
because it is something he was not use to obtaining. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
After the benefactor he lost control and waste it the second he got his hands on it. He spended all so
fast and abused all that he had.
The perspective of money varies for both Herbert and Pip. The income that Herbert receives is good
enough for him and even exceeds his expectation. He feels that money does bring happiness into his
life, but money is not necessary to be happy. In Pip's' perspective, money is a pathway to greatness
and is necessary in order to obtain a sense of happiness. As soon as Pip was able to get his hand on
money, he took advantage of it which caused him to experience debt. In Chapter 39 the author
states, "He was a convict, a few year ago, and is a ignorant common fellow now, for all he's lucky,'
what do I say? I says to myself, 'If I ain't a gentleman, nor yet ain't got no learning, I'm the owner of
such. All of you owns stock and land; which on you owns a brought–up London gentleman?"
(Dickens 78). In this scene, it portrays Magwitch to be very giving with his money since he is Pip's'
benefactor. Magwitch is giving him his money to Pip because he feel bad of what happened in the
past, Pip gave his food to Magwitch. However, Magwitch actually tries to use his money to buy the
status of a "gentleman", where Pip understands that money can never purchase the status of a
gentleman. Point in the story Pip is delighted that he is a gentleman now due to his upgraded
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Symbolic Interactionism And Social Psychology
The application paper
Symbolic interactionism is considered to be part of the building block of micro–sociological
thinking, related to anthropology and social psychology that bases the understanding of the society
in communication and has greatly influenced the studies on media. This theory suggest that human
interaction and communication is facilitated by words, gesture and other symbols that have acquired
conventionalized meaning (Dictioinary). Symbolic interaction is a range of ideas that discuss how
we as humans interact with the symbols of society. In this Paper will discuss the theory of Symbolic
interactionism, its three premises that make up the theory, the roles of three major theorist that led to
the development of the symbolic ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The second premise indicates that the meaning of such things is derived from, or arises out of, the
social interaction between humans. This reminds me of myself as I was growing up. My mother
primarily raised me and showed me right from wrong. She taught me religion, not to steal and many
essential things in life. Her socialization over time, allowed me to attach meaning to certain things in
life. When I see elders I know to respect them, when I see people in need I learned to help. The third
premise suggests that these meaning are handled in, and modified through, an interpretative process
used by the person in dealing with the things he encounters (Blumer, 1984). This premise simply
means that we can all hear the same thing but may interpret them differently from one another. The
meaning we attached to things may change over time. In some cases, new experiences, or social
interaction may change the way you views things thus giving it different meaning. Many theorist
have shown interest in the Symbolic Interaction theory. But there's three theorist that were heavily
involved in the development of the concept. Herbert Blumer, George Herbert Mead, and Charles H
Cooley were the pioneers that laid the groundwork. Each of the theorist had a distinct view on
human group conduct. Despite the differences in views there were many similarities which gave full
meaning to the theory.
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How Did Social Darwinism Influence Hitler
Social Darwinism was a sociological theory popular in late nineteenth–century Europe and the
United States. It merged Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection and Herbert Spencer's
sociological theories to justify imperialism, racism, and laissez–faire (conservative) social and
economic policies. Adolf Hitler was amongst those inspired and spurred on by Social Darwinism,
which he used as a foundation for Nazi theory and race policies in the years leading up to the
Holocaust. In this paper I will discuss the profound influence of Darwinism on Hitler's ideology, and
examine the ways that the Nazi racial and biological policy grew out of a well–established and
generally accepted scientific tradition.
"There is little doubt that the history of ethnocentrism, racism, nationalism, and xenophobia has
been also a history of the use of science and the actions of scientists in support of these ideas and
social movements. In many cases it is clear that science was used merely as raw material or
evidence by ideologically interested political actors as proof of preconceived notions."
Social Darwinism ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Social Darwinists argued that individuals and groups, just like plants and animals, competed with
one another for success in life. They used this idea to justify the status quo by claiming that the
individuals (or groups of individuals) at the top of social, economic, or political hierarchies
belonged there, as they had competed against others and had proven themselves best adapted. Any
social or political intervention that weakened the existing hierarchy, they claimed, would undermine
the natural
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Frederick Banting Essay
"The purpose of life is not to be happy. It is to be useful, to be honorable, to be compassionate, to
have it make some difference that you have lived and lived well."– Ralph Waldo Emerson
(www.goodreads.com 2014). Frederick Grant Banting was born on November 14, 1891 In Alliston,
Ontario. He was the youngest of five children and his parents were William Thompson Banting and
Margaret Grant. he went to the University of Toronto to study divinity, but later transferred to the
study of medicine. In 1916 he took his M.B. degree and then joined the Canadian Army Medical
Corps. He served during the First World War in France. In 1918 he was wounded in battle and in
1919 he was awarded the Military Cross for heroism under fire. Frederick Banting ... Show more
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When he survived the doctors had enough proof that it worked and could be used on diabetic
patients all over the world. "With the relief of the symptoms of his disease, and with the increased
strength and vigor resulting from the increased diet, the pessimistic, melancholy diabetic becomes
optimistic and cheerful. Insulin is not a cure for diabetes; it is a treatment." (Sir Frederick Banting,
Nobel Prize Lecture, 1923). There discovery of insulin helped change the world forever by finally
finding the treated for a "disease with a previous mortality rate of 30% "(www.dww.com 2011).
Frederick Banting was a man who focused on using the knowledge he possessed to help the health
and safety of others. Secondly, Frederick Banting created the first g–suit. "The G–suit is a close–
fitted garment, covering the legs and abdomen that is worn by the crew of high–speed air craft's and
can be pressurized to prevent blackout/unconsciousness during certain flight manoeuvres"
(TheFreeDictionary 2014). Many pilots from the war would crash their planes after flying in the air
at a certain altitude and Frederick Banting was determined to figure out a way to keep the pilots
fully functional while flying. Later on, Frederick Banting discovered the pilots were blacking out
because they had difficulties handling the high speed and effects taken on their bodies from the
planes. The problem that the pilots were facing was G–Force. To expand, This force pushes the
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Character Relationships in Great Expectations Essay
Character Relationships in Great Expectations
No novel boasts more varied and unique character relationships than Great Expectations by Charles
Dickens. This essay will serve to analyze three different relationships, paying special attention to the
qualities that each uphold. Dickens created three types of character relationships: true friends,
betrayed friends, and loving relatives.
First, the true friends in Great Expectations were Pip and Herbert, who stuck together against all
animosity. Pip and Herbert were a humorous duo; they would poke jokes at each other constantly
and genuinely enjoy each others company. This was apparent right from the beginning of their
friendship, going back to the day they first ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
All of this Pip did for his best friend; he took money out of his own pocket and used it to make his
friend's life better. The friends cared deeply for each other and loved each other sincerely. Every
incident they found themselves in served to deepen their friendship.
Next, the loving relatives of the novel were Wemmick and his father, the Aged Parent, for there were
no other characters in Great Expectations that not only tolerated each other, but truly loved each
other. They were sweet hearted towards one another, as was demonstrated when Wemmick had Pip
over for dinner. He introduced Pip to his father as he let him in. The first thing he asked Pip to do for
his father's sake was nod at him. The Aged Parent was extremely hard of hearing, so whenever he
told someone something, he took their nodding as a sign that they had heard him. For his father,
Wemmick sweetly asked Pip to nod at the Aged Parent in order to make him feel good and
understood. Another aspect of Wemmick and the Aged Parent's relationship was they were caring of
one another. When Wemmick went out, the Aged Parent was in charge of the house. To prevent his
father from letting strangers in and putting himself in danger, as well as to alert his father when he
returned home, Wemmick designed an invention that would say when he or his girlfriend Mrs.
Skiffins was at the
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
President Herbert Hoover Essay
President Herbert Hoover
Herbert Clark Hoover was the 31st president of the United States.
During his first year in office the Wall Street crash of 1929 occurred. He was blamed for the
resulting collapse of the economy, and his unpopular policies brought an end to a brilliant career in
public office. After the inauguration of Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1933, however, Hoover
remained a leading critic of the New Deal and a spokesman for the Republican party.
Early Life
Born on Aug. 10, 1874, the son of a blacksmith in the Iowa village of
West Branch, Hoover was orphaned at the age of eight and sent to live with an uncle in Oregon. The
uncle became wealthy, enabling Hoover to study mining engineering at Stanford University; he ...
Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
This was a special wartime office, created to encourage American agricultural production and food
conservation and to coordinate a rational distribution of food. When the war ended in November
1918, President Woodrow Wilson sent Hoover back to
Europe to direct the American Relief Administration, an agency intended to relieve the suffering in
Europe caused by the war's destruction.
Hoover's public reputation was enormous as a result of his activities in these offices, and some
persons looked upon him as a presidential candidate in 1920. He had never participated in partisan
politics, but he did declare himself a Republican while refusing to seek the presidency that year. In
1921, Warren G. Harding appointed Hoover secretary of commerce, a post he held until he began his
own presidential campaign in 1928.
Secretary of Commerce
As secretary of commerce, Hoover made his most important contributions to public policy. He was
so able and active in the administrations of
Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge that observers often referred to him as "secretary for
domestic affairs." Hoover directly confronted a dilemma central to American values: the conflict
between the tradition of individualism and the impersonalism of large corporations and big cities.
Hoover deeply believed in the traditional worth of the individual, the value of personal initiative, the
rights of self–expression, and the legacy of freedom of
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Essay on Charles Dickens' Great Expectations
Great Expectations' main character, Phillip Pirrip– generally known as Pip– had a rough upbringing
as a child. His sister, Mrs. Joe had "brought him up by hand", after their parents and five brothers
had all been laid to rest many years ago. Another character, Herbert Pocket experienced a bizarre
childhood, though in a different manner. Charles Dickens' Great Expectations develops through the
novel following Pip, a young "common boy" who grew up in the countryside. As he matured so did
his love for a girl of higher class, Estella. However, being a common boy, Pip was not good enough
for his Estella, thus once he was given an opportunity to become a gentleman in London he seized it
without much hesitation. Charles Dickens' had his own ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
They both felt the wrath of Mrs. Joe; she frequently "knocked his (Joe) head...against the wall" or
the Tickler for Pip. Knowledgeable critics have referred to Pip's experience as that of a
"Dickensian childhood – stripped of his rights, found guilty of being himself, and rendered
invisible by all those around.
Estella also is a victim to her guardian in the novel. She too is never given the chance to be her own
person and live life to its fullest. Estella is conditioned by her guardian, Miss Havisham, to make
men suffer, and in return it is Estella who will be made to suffer for her guardian's actions. Miss
Havisham is a severely disturbed old woman who has adopted Estella. Miss Havisham was
abandoned on her wedding day and as a result she forever maintains hatred toward men. Thus for
her dirty work, Miss Havisham uses Estella to meet this purpose. Pip concludes that Miss Havisham
"had done a grievous thing in taking an impressionable child (Estella) and had manipulated
into the form that her wild resentment, spurned affection, and wounded pride, found vengeance
in". Miss Havisham makes Estella have a fear of men being close to her and not to allow
herself to become attached to them emotionally. Dickens' made Estella an almost identical copy of
Frankenstein: trained to perform specific tasks for the pleasure of their guardian. However someday,
they crack and see the illness in their lives. Estella was Miss Havisham's toy. Estella never
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...

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What I Have Learned From A Social Theory Class

  • 1. What I Have Learned From A Social Theory Class Mead & Cooley In this sociology paper I will present what I have learned from this social theory class. We learned about many miraculous theorists such as Karl Marx, Auguste Comete, Herb Spencer, Emile Durkheim and many more theorists. I will present what I have learned by comparing and contrasting George Herbert Mead and Charles Horton Cooley. This paper will examine what both of these great theorists studied, some of their background info and theory. George Herbert Mead George Herbert Mead was born on February 27, 1863 in South Hadley Massachusetts and he died April 26, 1931 in Chicago Illinois. He attended Oberlin College and Harvard University where he studied philosophy and sociology. He later attended Michigan where he met ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... He felt social acts that are affected on the unself– conscious and the self– conscious level. Unself– conscious/ non–significant gestures are like animalistic responses. Self– conscious/ significant gestures are most human intercourse. Mead work focused more on Self– conscious/ significant gestures, these gestures require thought and requires taking on the role of the other in order to predict the appropriate response. He said human thought rises when there are symbols that stimulate in the individual a response. According the slides on Mead, Symbolic interaction requires interpretation or understanding the meaning of the actions or remarks of the other person. It also requires definition or indicating to another how he is to act. This means communication with others and understanding it can lead to self–conscious adjustments to us. Also spoke about Consciousness and how thoughts rise in the dynamic relationship between a person and his environment and in what manner Consciousness is not a given; it's emergent. THE GENESIS OF THE SELF Mead theory of The Genesis Of The Self is my favorite work of Mead and it basically explains how the self develops out of the growing ability in childhood to take the role of the other. Mead clarifies how children develop this skill through playing and how child play at the level of simple role–taking is the first stage. Then it sets up for the next stage which is ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 2.
  • 3. Herbert Spencer's'survival Of The Fittest? Herbert Spencer coined the phrase "survival of the fittest". "Survival of the fittest was a phrase that originated from Darwinian evolutionary theory, as a way of describing the mechanism of natural selection. The biological concept of fitness is defined as reproductive success. In Darwinian terms the phrase is the best understood as "Survival of the form that will leave the most copies of itself in successive generations. Herbert Spencer first used the phrase, after reading Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species, in his Principles of biology 1864, in which he drew parallels between his own economic theories and Darwin's biological ones:" This survival of the fittest, which I have here sought to express in mechanical terms, was that which ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Herbert Spencer has well expressed the same idea by the Survival of the fittest. The term "natural selection" is in some respects a bad one, as it seems to imply conscious choice; but this will be disregarded after a little familiarity". He defended his analogy as similar to language in chemistry, and to astronomers depicting the "attraction of gravity as ruling the movements of the planets", or the way in which "agriculturists speak of man making domestic races by his power of selection". He had "often personified the word Nature; for I have found it difficult to avoid this ambiguity; but I mean by nature only the aggregate action and product of many natural laws,– and by only the ascertained sequence of ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 4.
  • 5. Herbert George Wells Accomplishments When Herbert George Wells was an old man, he once told a friend that he wanted "G–– D––– you all: I told you so." engraved on his tombstone. It is important to add to this statement that during his lifetime, H.G. Wells made many predictions that turned out to be surprisingly accurate, including the rise of major cities and suburbs, and the splitting of an atom. Starting in the nineteenth century and continuing into the twentieth century, Herbert George Wells wrote many books influencing the way people live and see the world around them. Two of his most remembered works are The Time Machine, and The War of the Worlds; both of which teach people about the unexpected. In The Time Machine, Wells wants to warn people not to get too comfortable. Just because things are going well at the moment, doesn't provide an accurate reading for things that are to come in the future. In The War of the Worlds, similarly, Wells is trying to prepare people for the unexpected. This is somewhat of an irony because H.G. Wells's cause of death was an unrecognized liver tumor. Herbert George Wells tries to convey the idea that people must always be on their toes in life because anything can come and destroy you when you aren't mentally or physically prepared. Herbert George Wells goes through ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In 1895, Wells published the novel The Time Machine, which demonstrates the conflict between different social classes and explores the possible outcomes of evolution. In quick succession, Wells wrote three other books, The Island of Doctor Moreau (1896), The Invisible Man (1897), and The War of The Worlds (1898). In addition to these works Wells published, he also wrote many essays, articles, and nonfiction books. He even served as a book reviewer for the Saturday Review for a time, while promoting the careers of Joseph Conrad and James ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 6.
  • 7. The Philosophical Evolution Of Metaphysics Essay The Philosophical Evolution of Metaphysics: The Influence of Metaphysics on Poets and How It Pertains to Today Society. Imagine, the year is 2150 and a student is sitting at her desk looking within at latest technology, she thinks about lost poets that history books have shunned for the significance of more famous poets. As a child in modern society, the importance of lesser known poets, such as Thomas Traherne and George Herbert, are considered valuable for their philosophical influence in poetry. Over the course of time literature has become a melting pot of ideas borrowed from other poets and literary works, which are coagulated into one another to make a new idea. People in modern society need to understand the importance of remembrance in the similarities in the backgrounds, metaphysical influences, and written works of Thomas Traherne and George Herbert. It is astonishing how both poets have similar upbringings with almost a 100–year gap between them. The background of Thomas Traherne presented by Richard Firth has stated that "Thomas Traherne was born within the wall of Hereford City in 1637 (page 1)." At the age of five, the British Civil War marched into his town where they beheaded King Charles I. Later that year, Treharne left to attend the Hereford Cathedral School. After graduation, he then attended Brasenose College in Oxford, earning his BA (Bachelor of the Arts) in 1656. During the years of 1657–1660, he wrote his first complete work titled, Select ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 8.
  • 9. Essay about Analysis of Chapters 1 through 8 of Great... Analysis of Chapters 1 through 8 of Great Expectations Plot and Setting– The plot starts out with a little boy name Phillip Pirrip. It is a first person narrative about a boy back in the nineteenth century. The first eight chapters deal mostly with Pip's childhood years. It also deals with who Pip is, and his family. In the beginning of the story Pip introduces himself, and introduces his dead parents. He is in the graveyard, and then a scary looking man comes up. The man threatens him. The plot of the story I think is good because it deals a lot with the struggles in a child. He has no one to turn to. The author really helped us relate to the story. Pip gets in trouble at Christmas time. He gets hit with "The Tickler" ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Miss Havisham secretly wants Estella to break Pip's heart. She is a very obscure lady. Biddy is a character that cares very much for Pip. She understands Pip more than Pip does. Pip doesn't like Biddy, because she is to common. She is the better girl though. Personal Response– So far I really enjoy the book. Charles Dickens really pulls me into the book. He uses great figurative language that makes you feel sorry for a character. The people in this book seem so innocent and harmless. Well, except the guy that threatened Pip. They all also seem to live hard lives. They don't have all the benefits that we have today. They have to scrounge around for stuff we never would have to scrounge around for. What is really neat about it, is that they get an enjoyment out of life. They are not well off either. I can't wait to read on further into Charles Dickens novel. Vocabulary– So far in this novel there is no vocabulary that really comes to mind. I though I would use this section to talk about figurative language. Charles Dickens uses a lot of figurative language. He says that when Pip goes up into his room, he is in the dark. Literally that means he does not have a candle, so therefore he is in the dark. Figuratively we can interpret it in many ways. One way is to say that Pip isn't a very smart kid. He is and ignorant person. When someone says that someone is in the dark, they usually mean that they are naïve. Later on in the story, Pip ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 10.
  • 11. Great Expectations By Charles Dicken In Charles Dicken's novel Great Expectations there is a wide diverse cast of characters who play different significant roles that affect the character development of Pip. One of the unsung heroes throughout the book, that's role can be often overlooked is Herbert Pocket. At first glance, it can seem as if Herbert does not have as much of an influence on Pip as he tends to blend into the background, along with the fact that at different points can compare to other minor characters that only show up when they are needed to help move the plot along. Herbert stands out from this crowd due to different factors in his relationship with Pip, and how this association allows him to be able to affect and help mold Pip's character. This close bond began with Pip's first experience with how a gentleman would react in different circumstances that he uses as an expectation as he takes the path to become a gentleman himself. On this path to becoming a gentleman Pip confides in Herbert many times, and seeks his advice that ultimately directs Pip's decision on whatever topic he went to Herbert asking for help on. Herbert never fails to come to Pip's aid, proving his trustworthiness, always doing so with a cheery attitude that Pip later reflects upon how it influence over him and others as well. This further engraves the trust and friendship that Pip and Herbert share, Herbert being there to provide Pip with a family type of love between Pip's different father figures he is presented with. It ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 12.
  • 13. Examples Of Social Darwinism Social Darwinism is a set of ideologies introduced by Herbert Spencer in the nineteenth century. These principles were used by imperialists as a means of justification and proof of their right to colonize land overseas. Social Darwinism is an immoral evil that cannot be ethically justified. To further understand the immorality behind using Social Darwinism and the even greater immorality behind using it as an excuse for overseas expansion, we must understand the origins and foundations of which Social Darwinism is based. It all began with an English man named Charles Darwin and his newly introduced perspective on the evolution of life. Charles Darwin was a nineteenth century scientist and natural philosopher who came up with a theory that ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Spencer applied the principles of Darwinism to human social, political and economic issues and proclaimed that the survival of the fittest applies to human societies which became Social Darwinism. In John Offer's "Critical Assessments of Leading Sociologists" he traces Spencer's influence and dissects various points made by Herbert Spencer himself. He quotes Herbert Spencer when analyzing Spencer's perspective of Social Darwinism. "The prosperity of a species is best supervised when among adults each experiences the good and evil results of his own nature and consequent conduct." Spencer also states "It is much better that the ruminant animal, when deprived by age of the vigor which made its existence a pleasure, should be killed by some beast of the prey, than that it should linger out a life made painful by infirmities, and eventually die of starvation." It is at this point that Spencer begins to cross Darwinism's take on natural selection to social conditions. While Spencer is still speaking in reference of animals, he describes the death of animals as a means of relieving their pain and suffering. This is where Spencer begins to speak in reference to humans. "A sad population of imbeciles would our schemers fill the world with, could their plans last. A sorry kind of human constitution would they make for us – a constitution continually going wrong, and needing to be set right again – a constitution ever ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 14.
  • 15. Herbert Spencer And Imperialism Herbert Spencer was one of the lead role models and inspirations in the creation of Darwinism. Born April 27th 1820, Spencer spent his childhood living in Derby, Great Britain. His infantile life was depressing, growing up with his uncles who tortured him behind the curtains for 7 years straight. Despite this, the leader philosopher went on to develop ideas and challenged the ideology behind imperialism. Being the creator of the phrase, "survival of the fittest" Herbert weaved his way into Darwin's work being credited for everything. This increased his fame and popularity receiving many followers of his theories. Spencer criticized man theories and tactics used by the government putting holt to imperialism. Herbert Spencer was never a fan of the poor as he wrote multiple scripts explaining. While working with Karl Marx in this area at the time, they found that the reason for the underprivileged being poor was due to the consequences of not having the right skillset or abilities to make the money others were earning. Spencer put this as a quote which became famous later on, "Survival of the fittest". The first thing that was inaccurate about this statement was the fact that Spencer was referring to what was taking place rather than paying no attention to the causes of the issue. It was obvious that the two were not successful in the area receiving multiple discrepancies. He went on to say "If they are sufficiently complete to live, they do live, and it is well they should ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 16.
  • 17. Book Review of 'Great Expectations' Great Expectations Introduction In his novel Great Expectations, published in1861, Charles Dickens examines the class system of Victorian England and the effect wealth and position had on the lives of the people living during the period. The novel follows the life of Philip Pirrip (Pip) from his childhood as an orphan being raise by Joe Gargery (his brother–in–law) and his sister (simply known as Mrs. Joe in the novel). The story concerns Pip's efforts to become a gentleman and win the affections of Estella, the adopted daughter of Miss Havisham a lady of means. This paper will explore the effects wealth and money had on Pip, Miss Havisham and Joe. Throughout the novel the actions of these characters demonstrate the values of loyalty, affection, and benevolence is more important than wealth and class. Discussion The protagonist of the novel, Pip, is deeply driven to better his position in life and marry Estella. Toward this end he disassociates himself from the people who care about him the most because he is embarrassed by their course dress and manners. Pip was mortified to learn that Joe, who was a blacksmith from the working class and had taken him in when he was orphaned, was coming to London to visit him while he was learning to be a gentleman, "If I could have kept him away by paying money, I certainly would have paid money" (209). At this point in the story Pip desire for status outweighs his loyalty and affection for Joe. However, later in the tale ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 18.
  • 19. Not All Street Gangs Were Formed For Ill Doing Not all street gangs were formed for ill doing. Many people might think down on the creation of gangs but it is a part of survival in their region. Street gangs, which pull peers into gangs for protection and social status, assemble to protect their neighborhood, family and friends from other street gangs thus causing rising crime rate and innocent people dying because of this. First off, there are a few definitions for gangs because authorities had a hard time explaining what a gang even is. "Walter Miller (1982:313) contrasts gangs with law violating youth groups, which he defines as "an association of three or more youths whose members engage recurrently in illegal activities with the cooperation and moral support of their companions." This definition of law – violating youth groups does not include structure or territory, two important elements of Miller's definition of youth gangs. Spergel (1984:200) similarly defined delinquent groups as "an association of two or more youths, usually between the ages of ten and seventeen years, who are engaged in acts defined as illegal"(Covey, Herbert. Street Gangs throughout the world.Springfield,IL: Charles C Thomas,2010.Print). "Groups of youths considered deviant youth groups (and no one knows for certain the extent to which these groups referred to as gangs) did not exist in any large number in the United States until the nineteenth century, although one report notes that they were found in some area during colonial ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 20.
  • 21. Herbert Spencer, Social Darwinism, Personal Thoughts A Biography of Herbert Spencer, His Contributions to Sociology, and How my Personal Thoughts Were Awakened Jessica McCreary CCBC Dundalk Abstract This paper discussed the life of Herbert Spencer (Spencer) and his contributions to the field of Sociology found from print (textbook) and non–print sources (online). Each article touched base on Spencer's life, but each described it differently. Over all, the article discussed how Spencer was homeschooled and raised by his father and uncle (Delaney, 2003) and how he was the founder of social Darwinism and how he "coined the term 'survival of the fittest,'" (Ferris, K., & Stein, J., 2014, p. 21). Spencer's major books that he has written are in this paper as well. This paper also discusses how my own personal thoughts were awakened by his theoretical concept of social Darwinism. Keywords: Spencer, social Darwinism, personal thoughts A Biography of Herbert Spencer, His Contributions to Sociology, and How my Personal Thoughts Were Awakened Many people have suggested that Charles Darwin coined the term "survival of the fittest," but it was actually coined by Spencer as he referred to the changes in a society (Ferris, K., & Stein, J., 2014, p. 21). All of Spencer's ideas and theories on social Darwinism were thought of even before Charles Darwin began exploring the idea of evolution (Wee, A., 2013). To understand how the idea of social Darwinism came about, the life of Spencer should be researched. This paper ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 22.
  • 23. Sociology and Answer 1. Sociological Perspective Sociology is defined as: | a. | the methodological analysis of groups and individuals. | | | b. | the scientific analysis of premodern people. | | | c. | the academic discipline that examines individual human behavior. | | | d. | the systematic study of human society and social interaction. | | | status: not answered () correct: d your answer: | 2 | According to sociologist C. Wright Mills, the ability to see the relationship between individual experiences and the larger society is referred to as: | a. | the reality perception. | | | b. | the sociological imagination. | | | c. | the conflict perception. | | | d. | the symbolic interaction approach. | | | status: not ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... | research | | | c. | myths | | | d. | scientific laws | | | status: not answered () correct: b your answer: | 2 | A trademark of sociology involves the unmasking of fallacies in the everyday and official interpretations of society. This process is called: | a. | debunking. | | | b. | reformative. | | | c. | demystifying. | | | d. | deductive reasoning. | | | status: not answered () correct: a your answer: | 3 | The relationship between theory and research has been referred to as a continuous cycle. The theory and research cycle consists of two approaches. In the ________ approach, the researcher begins with a theory and uses research to test the theory. | a. | normative | | | b. | inductive | | | c. | deductive | | | d. | explanatory | | | status: not answered () correct: c your answer: | 4 | Researchers in one study examined the effects of church membership, divorce, and migration on suicide rates in the United States and concluded that suicide rates are typically higher where divorce and migration rates are higher and church membership is lower. This is a(n) example of ________. | a. | quantitative research | | | b. | observational research | | | c. | qualitative research | | | d. | explanatory research | | | status: not answered () correct: a your answer: | 5 | ________ are the abstract elements representing some aspect of the world in simplified form (such ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 24.
  • 25. Role Of Intersectionality In African American Women Working Title An exploration of the socio–cultural and socio–economic discriminations faced by North African American women. Disciplines: – History, Sociology, and Psychology – First, to understand the origins of those discriminations, the discipline of history will be involved in this essay. Indeed, to better understand the social issue, it is important to understand the history that creates this issue. The history discipline will cover the past that leads to the current social issue. Secondly, sociology discipline will be used to examine the socio–effects of this social issue. Also, the theory linked to the essay is from the field of study: sociology. Indeed, symbolic interactionism theory stipulates that people communicate and participate ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... By observing this theory, readers can understand that the oppression and stereotypes that face African American women are mostly learned through communication. For instance, the idea that women should take care of a child are exchanged through conversation like: "When you will be old, you will have children," or just the fact that often parents will buy baby doll for their girl suggesting that one day she will have a to take care of a baby. For African American people, they can learn through conversation a lot of stereotypes about the African American (new racism discourse). For example, someone will ask "where are you from," while this person is born in America, but because he has darker skin color, people through communication makes them feel like they are "different" physically. So, trough interactions, this person will associate their identity with the conversation they had and the social stereotypes they learned. This is associated to intersectionality, because African American women will learn their identity with the perception of the society on gender and ethnicity (Wood, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 26.
  • 27. How Does Joe Gargery Influence Pip's Life Great Expectations, written by Charles Dickens, is a classic novel from 1860, displaying the influence of people on a person's life. In the novel, Pip's life is predestined until he acquires property, showing him the difference between his life and the life he wants to live. Throughout Great Expectations, Charles Dickens emphasizes kindness through friendships with Joe, Biddy, and Herbert by their thoughts and actions to influence Pip in a positive way when confronted with a change of lifestyle. Joe Gargery is Pip's father figure; his first true friend and influence in the novel. The first time Joe shows kindness to Pip is at Christmas dinner when Mr. Pumblechook and other friends of Mrs. Joe tell Pip he is an all around awful child. Joe ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The first time they meet, Pip states, "Herbert Pocket had a frank and easy way with him that was very taking. I had never seen anyone then, and I have never seen anyone since, who more strongly expressed to me, in every look and tone, a natural incapacity to do anything secret and mean" (138). Dickens uses this sentence to separate Herbert out from all the other characters Pip has met. Herbert shows kindness naturally and easily toward Pip and it comforts him and influences him to reciprocate the gesture back to him and others. Pip admires the separation in Herbert when he says, "What a hopeful disposition you have!" and Herbert responds by saying, "I ought to have for I have not much else. I must acknowledge, by–the–bye, that the good sense of what I have just said is not my own, but my father's" (195). Herbert is kind enough to give credit to the person who gave him what he owns and not to be dependent on those things. The influence of Herbert's kindness on Pip is greatest because he was there when Pip was transitioning from his past life into his new life of money. Pip's kindness is finally seen when he starts to give money to Herbert in chapter 36 of the novel. Herbert teaches him he can be humble and independent, and Pip shows his kindness by giving Herbert the life he dreams ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 28.
  • 29. Hitler Eugenics Research Paper Eugenics has been an exceptionally questionable science that has existed on the planet for a considerable length of time. Eugenics, also knows as selective breeding is characterized as the investigation of or confidence in the likelihood of enhancing the characteristics of the human species or a human populace by such means as disheartening reproduction by people having hereditary deformities or attempted to have inheritable undesirable attributes or empowering proliferation by people dared to have inheritable attractive qualities Its base originated from the possibility that humankind could be "idealized" by disposing of its undesirable qualities and the attractive ones could be duplicated. Physical appearance, IQ, and social limit could be controlled in ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In Germany, the pioneers of eugenics, utilizing advancement as their defense, brought about cleansing laws and migration limitation laws to be established amid the 1930s. The prejudice of such pioneers was established on development, and the German individuals were being set up to see themselves as the predominant race. Numerous researchers came to see the advancement of eugenic projects as right around a religious obligation forced by the hypothesis of evolution. Leading eugenics wound up becoming Nazi authorities, and the selective breeding development in Germany turned out to be absolutely interlaced into the Nazi framework. Selective breeding turned into the logical defense for Hitler's annihilation program The eugenics movement coincided with the immigration era in the United States Amid the initial two many years of the twentieth century, more than several hundred thousands immigrants entered the nation through Ellis Island. The occasions that occurred on Ellis island wasn't an direct impact however it genetic counseling affected it in light of the fact that the selective breeding law began to end up plainly a domino impact in the United ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 30.
  • 31. Symbolic Interactionism Sociology 10 Professor Arkadie Symbolic Interaction Perspective There are several sociological perspectives including functionalism, conflict, social exchange, and sociological imagination. The one that will be talked about within this paper is called symbolic interaction. Symbolic interaction does not focus on social structure like other sociological perspectives do, symbolic interaction is based on small, mostly person to person ideas and perspectives on what symbols mean between people in cultures, what interaction is like, and how interaction between people can impact or reflect upon society as a whole. (Gingrich) Symbolic interaction is defined as "How people act toward things based on the meaning those things have for them; ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Social groups act differently amongst themselves versus as a whole within a societal environment. Someone within a certain social group may feel importance, power and control. Within the subgroups, individuals define themselves and their place in society. They sometimes hope to influence others to partake in their society and their norms. Symbolic interaction theory describes the family as a unit of interacting personalities and focuses attention on the way people interact through symbols. One example of this theory is gang members. Gang members act as a family in their own society and there are certain words, gestures, rules and roles that they abide to in this man made society. Some of the norms that are in this created society might be understood when a person steps out into regular society, because we have different norms and roles. When someone steps into our society, they might feel discomfort, have no sense of self, or may even turn to violence because they are dysfunctional because they have been immersed in their society for so long and cannot easily adapt to the outside world. If a gang member throws up a gesture that is common in there sub culture, other members will relate or understand the meaning of this nonverbal que, whereas nonmembers of the society may not. From a symbolic interactionism's perspective, it is important to understand their symbols in order to understand this sub group's behavior. In this particular ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 32.
  • 33. Charles Dickens Impact On Society Throughout history, groups of humans have been striving for equality in every aspect. During the Victorian Era, Charles Dickens created many inspirational pieces to encourage the gaining equality in England. One of Dickens highest rated novels, Great Expectations, he utilizes his trusty theme to reach out to readers world wide. The words orchestrated in his novel impact many lives even to this day. Charles Dickens created a classic through the character development and relationships that millions can relate to. Charles Dickens, is arguably the most influential and greatest author of all time. Dickens' childhood molded him into the inspirational writer he is known as in modern times. Charles Dickens was born in Portsmouth, England, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Pip is devastated by this because it means that Estella was never meant for him, and that his biggest regret as a childhood caused him to receive such great benefits. His disappointment is described, "Miss Havisham's intentions towards me, all a mere dream, Estella not designed for me." (Pg 302) [4] Pip goes to ask Miss Havisham how she could lead him on like that and she becomes hysterical because of how regretful she is. She is extremely sick for the rest of her life after this event and it is also the event in which she is redeemed for her poor ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 34.
  • 35. The Importance Of Socialization Socialization is the lifelong process in which people learn the attitudes, values, and behaviors appropriate for members of a particular culture. We often go into a place and we can tend to judge people. By the language or color or what they wear. It happens all the time. This is just a natural habit for most human beings. I have even walked into walmart before thinking to myself " I do not belong here. I do not speak the language that all these other people are speaking. I am only in Warwick right?" People are different everywhere and it all comes down to the key factors of our surroundings growing up. These key factors include family, peers, school, media, and religion. They differ from household to household and passed back from ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... He explains how these results from our imagination isn't alway correct. Usually they are incorrect. A real life example of this is when a teacher criticizes a student on their paper, the teacher must think i'm stupid, I am stupid. This was just like what happened to me at work yesterday. One of my babies that I take care of was going home because her father came to pick her up. I told him she was in the playroom and he went down there and I had to call him back because I forgot she was sleeping. He came back and I felt like such an idiot and I was thinking to myself "he must think I am an idiot for this one. Like how could I forget about his child sleeping?" I apologised for the mistake and I still felt like he hated me for it even though he said it was fine and her parents are really nice anyways. George Herbert Mend continued Charles Cooley's study. He developed a useful model of the process by which the self emerges. They are the preparatory stage, the play stage, and the game stage. He explains that the preparatory stage is when children imitate people around them (especially family members who the continuously interact with). Monkey see monkey do. As they grow older children will become more adept at using symbols like gestures and words that form the basis of communication. By interacting with relatives and friends and watching cartoons on television and also looking at picture books, children will begin to understand symbols and ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 36.
  • 37. Quiz Show Thesis The movie begins with Herbert Stempel the reigning champ on the quiz show 21 competing on the show. It is soon hinted at the fact that Herbert is getting answers when the technical crew of the show cuts the fan in order to make him look like he was sweating. After the show, Dan Enright, the creator and the one in charge of the show reveal that popularity is dropping and that Herb needs to throw the game and lose when they find a better replacement. While Herb was genuinely smart the public didn't exactly see him as handsome and someone to become. Dan Enright and his crew needed to find someone new. It wasn't until a young college professor by the name of Charles Van Doren that is related to the prestigious Van Doren family came I to try out ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 38.
  • 39. Great Expectations Great Expectations Human nature is the psychological and social qualities that characterize humankind. Human nature separates humans from the rest of the animal kingdom. The underlining theme of human nature is evident in Great Expectation by Charles Dickens use of his characters. A main characteristic that Dickens displays is friendship. The friendship between Pip and Herbert is strong. Herbert was significant to Pip's growth in social class and eventual to his revelation. "Friendship was one of the human characteristics Dickens enjoyed...by associating fellowship with good characters and deeds, he made it known that he admires friendship." (MacAndrew 168) Herbert aided Pip when he first came to London and made the transition an easy ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... She adopted Estella solo based on concept that all men were like Compeyson. Miss Havisham is the one who created Estella to be this heartless creature. Estella was one of Miss Havisham pawns in her plan of revenge. "Estella doesn't play into her games anymore and makes her own living with Drummle...Miss Havisham tries to control Pip and seduced him into the thoughts of being with Estella forever." (Chesterton 199) Pip was the other pawn that Miss Havisham was playing. "But when I fell into the mistake I have so long remained in, at least you lead me on?" said Pip "Yes, I let you on." Miss Havisham replied. (Dickens 334) Miss Havisham convinced Pip to think that Estelle was his soul mate knowing Estella would never return the love. Miss Havisham spent the rest of her life on obtaining revenge on men. Like Miss Havisham, Magwitch sought revenge. Compeyson was also the reason behind Magwitch plan to seek revenge. Unlike Miss Havisham, Magwitch wanted direct revenge on Compeyson. Compeyson also used Magwitch for his own personal gain. This obsession leads to Magwitch unhappiness. When Magwitch achieves his goal of revenge he does not gain happiness, but rather despair. Dickens demonstrations of revenge go against any notion that revenge is good, but rather we should forgive those who trespass against us. Ungratefulness was a part of the collection of negative human characteristics that Dickens expressed. When Pip grows in social ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 40.
  • 41. Social Colonialism And Social Darwinism Social Darwinism was a sociological theory that merged Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection and the work of Herbert Spencer, Malthus, and other scientific and sociological theorists to justify imperialism, racism, and conservative economic policies. The overall acceptance of the power of nature in defining human beings developed during the 18th century Enlightenment. Europe's exploration not only brought about immense economic and agricultural growth, but also exposed them to "human behavior and life patterns within environments and under circumstances dramatically different than their own" (4). The most popular catch phrases of Darwinism, "struggle for existence" and "survival of the fittest", when applied to the life of man in society, suggested that nature would provide that the best competitors in a competitive situation would win, and that this process would lead to continuing improvement" (6. Hoft). This misinterpreted sense of superiority engulfed much of society at the time and was used to justify the logistics behind certain actions regarding capitalism, racism, and imperialism. Furthermore, it served as the backbone of some of the most heinous acts imaginable including the genocide and sterilization of certain groups of people. "The first business of a colonist is to clear the country of wild beasts, and the most noxious of all wild beasts is the wild man", unknown (87). Social Darwinism was the product of late nineteenth– century economic and political ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 42.
  • 43. Herbert Spencer Essay [pic][pic] [pic] [pic][pic] Herbert Spencer | | |Biography: Herbert Spencer | Herbert Spencer (1820–1903) was an English philosopher, scientist, engineer, and political economist. In his day his works were important in popularizing the concept of evolution and played an important part in the development of economics, political science, biology, and philosophy. Herbert Spencer was born in Derby on April 27, 1820. His childhood, described in An Autobiography (1904), reflected the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... His views concerning a science of sociology are elaborated in two major works, Descriptive Sociology (published in 17 volumes, 1873–1934) and The Study of Sociology (1873). Spencer was particularly influential in the United States until the turn of the century. According to William Graham Sumner, who used The Study of Sociology as a text in the first sociology course offered in an American university, it was Spencer's work which established sociology as a separate, legitimate field in its own right. Spencer's demand that historians present the "natural history of society," in order to furnish data for a comparative sociology, is also credited with inspiring James Harvey Robinson and the others involved in the writing of the New History in the United States. Economic Theories Social philosophy in the latter part of the 19th century in the United States was dominated by Spencer. His ideas of laissez–faire and the survival of the fittest by natural selection fitted very well into an age of rapid expansion and ruthless business competition. Spencer provided businessmen with the reassuring notion that what they were doing was not just ruthless self–interest but was a natural law operating in nature and human society. Not only was competition in harmony with nature, but it was also in the interest of the general welfare and progress. Social Darwinism, or ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 44.
  • 45. Deism In The 17th Century Deism is a belief based solely on reason and nature, acknowledging the existence of a god, but denying any involvement in the human world beyond creation. Deism rejects the ideas of faith– based and "revealed" religions (those who claim to have received a special revelation from God) such as Christianity, Islam and Judaism. It also rejects any religious knowledge found in sacred texts such as the Bible and the Quran ("Deism" 94). Instead of having faith and believing that God is in control, Deists only believe in reason and use that as their guide to truth ("Deism" 94). Deism is considered a natural religion, accepting what God has created and applying human knowledge and reason as a way to exist and thrive within the natural laws of the universe. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Before this time, those who opposed Christianity were labeled as Atheists. Atheism was the most common false perception of Deism. This new branch of Philosophy lacked leaders and organization making it hard to understand and often misinterpreted. Many, of great intellect and perseverance, worked to establish and justify this new movement. In the 17th century, many different politician, philosophers and scientists were coming on stage with ideas that questioned faith and focused on reason and science. It was not until Lord Edward Herbert of Cherbury published his writings about the five innate religious ideas ("Edward Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert"). Herbert inspired other philosophers, such as Voltaire, Jean–Jacques Rousseau, and Immanuel Kant of Germany, who picked up and expanded on his ideas of Deism. Finally, Deism had established core beliefs, identifying it as neither Christian nor Atheist, and focused on reason and nature. Large numbers of individuals began to separate themselves from Christian beliefs and joined this movement towards ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 46.
  • 47. Social Class Influence on the Individual Social Class Influence on the Individual "Poor as a church mouse" vs. "born with a silver spoon in your mouth" are contrasting themes in this book of hardships and life trials. In Great Expectations by Charles Dickens, the main character Pip interacts with characters of various social groups. These groups directly or indirectly, help Pip understand his own opportunities and purpose in life. From these interactions, it becomes clear that social class influences how people interact and view one another as well as their opportunities in life. Some people do not have the same opportunity as others of getting education. This contrast is shown in the life circumstances of two characters of different social classes. Joe (uncle to Pip) had ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Not only in Pip's day, but for centuries, people have treated one another according to their wealth. Early in the history of the United States voting rights were limited by gender, race, and wealth. Only white males with property had voting rights. It was said that, "...The American class system has persisted since the nation's birth. The notion of social equality was so restricted in the late eighteenth century that neither the term nor even the concept of equality appeared in the Constitution or Bill of Rights."(Martin Jr. and Sullivan). Social class discrimination was a big part of this time period in Great Britain as well. Pip felt this discrimination before he had money and after he lost his money. Today, as in Pips time period, people are categorized into social classes using various criteria. Wealth is just one of the characteristics that influence someone's placement in a social class. Social class is defined as, "...a group of people who share a common status or position in society. Social classes represent differences in wealth, power, employment, family background, and other qualities." (Cohen). In the past, wealth was most likely to be the biggest factor for placement in social class. Today other criteria as well would impact social class placement. For Pip, his change of income landed him in various social classes. It is difficult but not impossible to move up in social class. Both Pip and his friend Herbert moved up in social class with the help of ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 48.
  • 49. Different Qualities of a Gentleman Portrayed by Charles... Different Qualities of a Gentleman Portrayed by Charles Dickens in Great Expectations In this essay I will be looking at how the different qualities of a 'gentleman' is portrayed, by Charles Dickens, throughout "Great Expectations". In the beginning of the story a 'gentleman' is seen, through Pip, as someone with wealth, education and high social status. This materialistic definition of a gentleman can be seen in the description of the character Bentley Drummle, who clearly isn't a gentleman, "… he was idle, proud, niggardly, reserved and suspicious. He came of rich people down in Somersetshire, who had nursed this combination of qualities until they made the discovery that it was just of age ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... To pip being a 'gentleman' also meant that you had to be respected and when he 'becomes a gentleman' he is treated respectfully by Trabb when goes to buy clothes when before he wasn't even looked at. Magwitch's view of a 'gentleman' is someone who can be made using money. From the reaction Pip receives from society, Magwitch believes he has made a 'gentleman' out of Pip. Herbert, a 'true gentleman' in the novel, is regarded throughout the story by pip as a 'gentleman'. First it was because of his class and his manners during the fight. Also for the fact that he decided to marry Clara to relieve her from taking care of her drunk father. Herbert's overwhelming politeness and patience is particularly contrasted to Pip's increasing rudeness and bad behaviour when Joe comes to stay. Herbert treats him better than Pip himself. The fact that Hebert is a 'gentleman' is surprising as his mother especially is rude and lazy while his uncles and aunts are all money– grabbing and attempt to please Miss Havisham for her money although they have no real love for her. Another 'true gentleman' is Joe, although he lacks the materialistic appearance of a 'gentleman', we can see through his actions and words that he is a 'true gentleman'. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 50.
  • 51. What Is The Root Of Social Darwinism "The survival of the fittest"– the root of Social Darwinism. Charles Darwin, who was a naturalist ruled out that an adaptable species would only survive and reproduce. The concept is the same in Social Darwinism, but was not introduced by Darwin. Social Darwinists such as Herbert Spencer and William Sumner claimed that in a society, only the wealthiest and powerful survives in contrast with the poor and impotent. This applies especially to the people living under Laissez–faire capitalism in which the government does not control the business. Andrew Carnegie's 'gospel of wealth' contradicted with the common believes of Social Darwinism. Andrew proposed that the wealthy should distribute their wealth to level up the discrepancy between people. Spencer, Sumner, the famous Darwinists advocated that life of a human was a struggle for existence, where only the best thrives. Human life was basically contrasted with organisms. Darwinists held belief that the wealthy will have more independence, basic needs, and sophisticated living, and the poor left out to die. They thought that poor were unfit for the survival, and thus should be aided. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... He insisted that the wealthiest should share their wealth to others who in need. In his article, he informed the responsibility of a philanthropist. His idea was to distribute wealth to others in a thoughtful manner. His ultimate goal was to gravel up the inequality between people. Traditionally, wealth was passed down to generation; Carnegie proposed that it would be beneficiary to spend that wealth to the public. Andrew argued to put the wealth to its best use when administered by the wealthy. He is also against the extravagant spending, and wasting capital rather than investing into something beneficial. He put his philosophies into practice by building 'Carnegie libraries' around America and other nations. This system provided people with necessary tools to put his philosophy into ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 52.
  • 53. Charles Darwin, The Most Influential Nineteenth Century... In the 19th century, scientific research progressed rapidly outside the world of industry and technology (McKay 744). British scientist, Charles Darwin, was the most influential nineteenth– century evolutionary thinker. Darwin spent his early career, amassing enormous amounts of biological and geological data from his voyage to South America (Fiero 3). In 1859, he published his classic work, The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, where he summarizes his theory of evolution with the thought of struggle for survival, or natural selection. Furthermore, natural selection is the idea of groups of species surviving through generations by adapting to changes in the environment and using certain characteristics as an advantage. In addition, natural selection challenged traditional ideas about nature and world order, and it was also taken steps further by many thinkers. English philosopher, Herbert Spencer, saw the human race driven forward to ever–greater specialization and progress by a brutal economic struggle that determined the "survival of the fittest" (McKay 745). The notion of a body of thought drawn from the ideas of Charles Darwin that applied the theory of biological evolution to human affairs and saw the human race as driven by an un–ending economic struggle that would determine the survival of the fittest defines Social Darwinism (McKay 745). As European and American upper class sought to extend political and economic power, Social Darwinism proved to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 54.
  • 55. How Did Charles Darwin Influence Western Society The 1800s was a time period filled with not only many great advancements, but over all a variety of people who sparked change within the Western societies. One of these people who prompted change within their society and societal views was Charles Darwin. Darwin developed the idea and theory of evolution; which basically stated and supported that all life is related and has descended from a common ancestor . Forcing change and revaluation throughout the Western world, connecting to "The Role of the Individual in History" theory. Basically, discrediting the church, and their idea of Creationism being that God created all, showing that it was systems and social forces that helped to shape the importance of evolution . Overall Charles Darwin did greatly influences the development of Western societies, with the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Darwin proposed this idea of Natural selection in 1859 with the publication of his book The Origin of Species . This theory caused great change in many aspects of the Western society, mainly in the way society viewed the creation of life. In the heavily religious society of the 1800s Darwin's theory contradicted all previous beliefs held by the churches, thus posing a threat to the established social and political order . This contradiction was evident in the details of Darwin's theories which helped support evolution, this was done by stating that nature selected the best adapted varieties to survive and reproduce . A theory which greatly differed from the previously instituted belief that God was the creator of all life, which was the reason sparking mass upheaval from the churches, as well as the people. This drastic change within society is what made Charles Darwin such an important individual within ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 56.
  • 57. The Importance Of Greed In Great Expectations By Charles... In life, fortunes are won and lost. Both enemies and friends are made and destroyed. People often say that fortunes impact relationships, but that is not true. The novel, Great Expectations by Charles Dickens, proves the inaccuracy of that statement. It is not wealth that annihilates true friendships, but the greed of man and how he acts in his immaturity. Even though it may seem that wealth affects relationships on the surface, once you begin to look into it you find that these relationships are not true at all. In fact, wealth has no control over true friendship in the least. These points are all demonstrated in Great Expectations. In the first place, it is proven that greed, not wealth, destroys any harmony a person enjoys with another. In Great Expectations, Pip (the main character) quickly and greedily accedes to leave his home and best friend for possible wealth. His friend and protector, Joe, doesn't want him to leave but Pip doesn't even notice. Dickens writes, "But I [Pip] encouraged Joe at the time. I was lost in the mazes of my future fortunes, and could not retrace the by–paths we had trodden together" (pg. 110). Pip's greed makes him blind to Joe's sorrow and ruins their close companionship. If Pip wasn't so selfish, he would have completely ignored the option to leave behind his loved ones and would have found a much better companion in Joe. Greed, not wealth, terminated that relationship in the book and can ruin many others in life. Not only does greed ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 58.
  • 59. Great Expectations By Charles Dickens Twelve–year–old Charles dickens gets ready for bed after a long day at the blacking house. These Victorian–aged memories will provide him with many ideas for his highly acclaimed novel Great Expectations. Set in 1830 England, Great Expectations is a coming–of–age story about a common innocent boy named Pip and his road to becoming a gentleman through the influence of others. Pip is influenced both positively and negatively by Estella, Herbert, and Magwitch. Estella left a huge impression on Pip and one of the biggest personality changes he went through, was how self–conscious he became. When innocent polite grateful Pip has his first visit at the Satis House, he is ordered to play cards with Miss Havisham 's lovely adopted daughter Estella. All seems to go well until she begins to call him out on his appearance and dialect. " 'He calls knaves, jacks this boy! ' said Estella with disdain before our first game out. 'And what coarse hands he has and what thick boots ! '" (Dickens, 60). Once Estella starts to remark on how "common" Pip was, he immediately begins to become more self aware. He soon becomes ashamed of his class and his "common" friend Joe, essentially dedicating his life to being a gentleman to get his "dream girl". Not only did Estella make Pip feel self conscious just at the Satis House, but she ultimately scarred him and left him feeling unhappy about his "commonness" all throughout his younger years. Estella was not only successful in making Pip fall ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 60.
  • 61. How Does Magwitch Affect Pip's Relationship The novel Great Expectations by Charles Dickens is a piece of classic British literature that depicts the story of a boy named Pip coming out of poverty and becoming a gentleman only to realize what is truly important in life. Pip is strongly influenced by his relationships with Joe Gargery, Abel Magwitch, and Herbert Pocket as the story unfolds. Each relationship varies from one another, but all impact Pip's decisions throughout life. These relationships evolve over time, though. Pip is involved in many dynamic relationships in Great Expectations, but some that are altering and ultimately define and affect the person he becomes are the nature of the friendships he develops with Joe, Herbert, and Magwitch. In the novel, Pip's fatherly figure, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Since Pip steals the supplies and brings it back to Magwitch, when the police catch him, he takes the blame. Magwitch is discovered to be Pip's benefactor, who is perhaps the most important person in his life. Pip is disappointed to find out that his benefactor is not Miss Havisham because it means the plan wasn't for him to end up with Estella.Pip is also disappointed and ashamed that his benefactor is a convict and wants to keep it secret.Magwitch returns from New South Wales to give pip his fortune but Pip does not seem gracious for the action.Since Magwitch is his benefactor, he has the greatest impact on Pip's life because he was the one who raised him out of poverty. Pip has now accepted the fact that Magwitch is his benefactor and they develop a strong relationship. Magwitch is now another fatherly figure to Pip. Their bond grows stronger since Pip realizes what Magwitch has down for him.When Pip and Herbert plan an escape for Magwitch, it is easy to see how pip has developed under magwitch's wing. When Magwitch is arrested, Pip wants the best for his friend and will stand with ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 62.
  • 63. Snow Falling On Cedars Change Change is the act or instance of making or becoming different. How does a person change? Is it based on the individuals around them? Does the way a person is raised change him or her? Throughout the novels of Great Expectations, Snow Falling on Cedars, To Kill a Mockingbird, and the film David Copperfield, change comes in many forms. People mirror the beliefs of those around them. People are obliged to do something they do not want to by those in control of them. In Snow Falling on Cedars, a Japanese–American girl named Hatsue is told by her family all her life to stay away from the "hakujin" (white people). Hatsue and a boy named Ishmael were childhood friends since the start, as they grew up, they started to become more intimate and closer. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Clara looks for someone to help her take care of David and comes across Mr. Murdstone, an evil, cruel, and cold–hearted man. He ends up giving Clara no control over her own life. When David's mother sends David off to boarding school even though she did not wish to do so, she did it anyway because Mr. Murdstone believed he should be trained to be a gentleman (David Copperfield). Clara, being a very caring mother, does not want to leave her son's side. Although Mr. Murdstone does not feel that David is well mannered, he sends David off to boarding school. Clara does not want to see David sent off to boarding school. With Mr. Murdstone having control of Clara, Clara has no choice but to watch as her beloved son gets sent off to boarding school. Clara does not believe that David needs to go to boarding school, but since Mr. Murdstone has control of Clara she has to follow his beliefs. Clara changed as soon as Mr. Murdstone arrived and caused her to mirror his beliefs. This shows how when someone comes into another person's life and starts taking control, that person may do things he or she would not have wanted to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 64.
  • 65. Relationship Between Wealth And Happiness Does wealth equal happiness? According to the novel Great Expectation by Charles Dickens, the correlation between wealth and happiness is debatable, depending on the person and their lifestyle. For example, Herbet viewed money as a blessing but not something that necessarily brings him happiness; however, for Pip he can never have enough money and it is his idea of happiness. Herbert was born wealthy so in his state of mind it is casual to have exceptional amount of money. When Pip transform to a gentleman and went from being poor to wealthy, he suddenly wants things he never wanted before. With Pip being newly exposed to a vast amount of money, it brought him a grand amount of happiness because it is something he was not use to obtaining. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... After the benefactor he lost control and waste it the second he got his hands on it. He spended all so fast and abused all that he had. The perspective of money varies for both Herbert and Pip. The income that Herbert receives is good enough for him and even exceeds his expectation. He feels that money does bring happiness into his life, but money is not necessary to be happy. In Pip's' perspective, money is a pathway to greatness and is necessary in order to obtain a sense of happiness. As soon as Pip was able to get his hand on money, he took advantage of it which caused him to experience debt. In Chapter 39 the author states, "He was a convict, a few year ago, and is a ignorant common fellow now, for all he's lucky,' what do I say? I says to myself, 'If I ain't a gentleman, nor yet ain't got no learning, I'm the owner of such. All of you owns stock and land; which on you owns a brought–up London gentleman?" (Dickens 78). In this scene, it portrays Magwitch to be very giving with his money since he is Pip's' benefactor. Magwitch is giving him his money to Pip because he feel bad of what happened in the past, Pip gave his food to Magwitch. However, Magwitch actually tries to use his money to buy the status of a "gentleman", where Pip understands that money can never purchase the status of a gentleman. Point in the story Pip is delighted that he is a gentleman now due to his upgraded ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 66.
  • 67. Symbolic Interactionism And Social Psychology The application paper Symbolic interactionism is considered to be part of the building block of micro–sociological thinking, related to anthropology and social psychology that bases the understanding of the society in communication and has greatly influenced the studies on media. This theory suggest that human interaction and communication is facilitated by words, gesture and other symbols that have acquired conventionalized meaning (Dictioinary). Symbolic interaction is a range of ideas that discuss how we as humans interact with the symbols of society. In this Paper will discuss the theory of Symbolic interactionism, its three premises that make up the theory, the roles of three major theorist that led to the development of the symbolic ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The second premise indicates that the meaning of such things is derived from, or arises out of, the social interaction between humans. This reminds me of myself as I was growing up. My mother primarily raised me and showed me right from wrong. She taught me religion, not to steal and many essential things in life. Her socialization over time, allowed me to attach meaning to certain things in life. When I see elders I know to respect them, when I see people in need I learned to help. The third premise suggests that these meaning are handled in, and modified through, an interpretative process used by the person in dealing with the things he encounters (Blumer, 1984). This premise simply means that we can all hear the same thing but may interpret them differently from one another. The meaning we attached to things may change over time. In some cases, new experiences, or social interaction may change the way you views things thus giving it different meaning. Many theorist have shown interest in the Symbolic Interaction theory. But there's three theorist that were heavily involved in the development of the concept. Herbert Blumer, George Herbert Mead, and Charles H Cooley were the pioneers that laid the groundwork. Each of the theorist had a distinct view on human group conduct. Despite the differences in views there were many similarities which gave full meaning to the theory. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 68.
  • 69. How Did Social Darwinism Influence Hitler Social Darwinism was a sociological theory popular in late nineteenth–century Europe and the United States. It merged Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection and Herbert Spencer's sociological theories to justify imperialism, racism, and laissez–faire (conservative) social and economic policies. Adolf Hitler was amongst those inspired and spurred on by Social Darwinism, which he used as a foundation for Nazi theory and race policies in the years leading up to the Holocaust. In this paper I will discuss the profound influence of Darwinism on Hitler's ideology, and examine the ways that the Nazi racial and biological policy grew out of a well–established and generally accepted scientific tradition. "There is little doubt that the history of ethnocentrism, racism, nationalism, and xenophobia has been also a history of the use of science and the actions of scientists in support of these ideas and social movements. In many cases it is clear that science was used merely as raw material or evidence by ideologically interested political actors as proof of preconceived notions." Social Darwinism ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Social Darwinists argued that individuals and groups, just like plants and animals, competed with one another for success in life. They used this idea to justify the status quo by claiming that the individuals (or groups of individuals) at the top of social, economic, or political hierarchies belonged there, as they had competed against others and had proven themselves best adapted. Any social or political intervention that weakened the existing hierarchy, they claimed, would undermine the natural ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 70.
  • 71. Frederick Banting Essay "The purpose of life is not to be happy. It is to be useful, to be honorable, to be compassionate, to have it make some difference that you have lived and lived well."– Ralph Waldo Emerson (www.goodreads.com 2014). Frederick Grant Banting was born on November 14, 1891 In Alliston, Ontario. He was the youngest of five children and his parents were William Thompson Banting and Margaret Grant. he went to the University of Toronto to study divinity, but later transferred to the study of medicine. In 1916 he took his M.B. degree and then joined the Canadian Army Medical Corps. He served during the First World War in France. In 1918 he was wounded in battle and in 1919 he was awarded the Military Cross for heroism under fire. Frederick Banting ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... When he survived the doctors had enough proof that it worked and could be used on diabetic patients all over the world. "With the relief of the symptoms of his disease, and with the increased strength and vigor resulting from the increased diet, the pessimistic, melancholy diabetic becomes optimistic and cheerful. Insulin is not a cure for diabetes; it is a treatment." (Sir Frederick Banting, Nobel Prize Lecture, 1923). There discovery of insulin helped change the world forever by finally finding the treated for a "disease with a previous mortality rate of 30% "(www.dww.com 2011). Frederick Banting was a man who focused on using the knowledge he possessed to help the health and safety of others. Secondly, Frederick Banting created the first g–suit. "The G–suit is a close– fitted garment, covering the legs and abdomen that is worn by the crew of high–speed air craft's and can be pressurized to prevent blackout/unconsciousness during certain flight manoeuvres" (TheFreeDictionary 2014). Many pilots from the war would crash their planes after flying in the air at a certain altitude and Frederick Banting was determined to figure out a way to keep the pilots fully functional while flying. Later on, Frederick Banting discovered the pilots were blacking out because they had difficulties handling the high speed and effects taken on their bodies from the planes. The problem that the pilots were facing was G–Force. To expand, This force pushes the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 72.
  • 73. Character Relationships in Great Expectations Essay Character Relationships in Great Expectations No novel boasts more varied and unique character relationships than Great Expectations by Charles Dickens. This essay will serve to analyze three different relationships, paying special attention to the qualities that each uphold. Dickens created three types of character relationships: true friends, betrayed friends, and loving relatives. First, the true friends in Great Expectations were Pip and Herbert, who stuck together against all animosity. Pip and Herbert were a humorous duo; they would poke jokes at each other constantly and genuinely enjoy each others company. This was apparent right from the beginning of their friendship, going back to the day they first ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... All of this Pip did for his best friend; he took money out of his own pocket and used it to make his friend's life better. The friends cared deeply for each other and loved each other sincerely. Every incident they found themselves in served to deepen their friendship. Next, the loving relatives of the novel were Wemmick and his father, the Aged Parent, for there were no other characters in Great Expectations that not only tolerated each other, but truly loved each other. They were sweet hearted towards one another, as was demonstrated when Wemmick had Pip over for dinner. He introduced Pip to his father as he let him in. The first thing he asked Pip to do for his father's sake was nod at him. The Aged Parent was extremely hard of hearing, so whenever he told someone something, he took their nodding as a sign that they had heard him. For his father, Wemmick sweetly asked Pip to nod at the Aged Parent in order to make him feel good and understood. Another aspect of Wemmick and the Aged Parent's relationship was they were caring of one another. When Wemmick went out, the Aged Parent was in charge of the house. To prevent his father from letting strangers in and putting himself in danger, as well as to alert his father when he returned home, Wemmick designed an invention that would say when he or his girlfriend Mrs. Skiffins was at the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 74.
  • 75. President Herbert Hoover Essay President Herbert Hoover Herbert Clark Hoover was the 31st president of the United States. During his first year in office the Wall Street crash of 1929 occurred. He was blamed for the resulting collapse of the economy, and his unpopular policies brought an end to a brilliant career in public office. After the inauguration of Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1933, however, Hoover remained a leading critic of the New Deal and a spokesman for the Republican party. Early Life Born on Aug. 10, 1874, the son of a blacksmith in the Iowa village of West Branch, Hoover was orphaned at the age of eight and sent to live with an uncle in Oregon. The uncle became wealthy, enabling Hoover to study mining engineering at Stanford University; he ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... This was a special wartime office, created to encourage American agricultural production and food conservation and to coordinate a rational distribution of food. When the war ended in November 1918, President Woodrow Wilson sent Hoover back to Europe to direct the American Relief Administration, an agency intended to relieve the suffering in Europe caused by the war's destruction. Hoover's public reputation was enormous as a result of his activities in these offices, and some persons looked upon him as a presidential candidate in 1920. He had never participated in partisan politics, but he did declare himself a Republican while refusing to seek the presidency that year. In 1921, Warren G. Harding appointed Hoover secretary of commerce, a post he held until he began his own presidential campaign in 1928. Secretary of Commerce As secretary of commerce, Hoover made his most important contributions to public policy. He was so able and active in the administrations of Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge that observers often referred to him as "secretary for domestic affairs." Hoover directly confronted a dilemma central to American values: the conflict between the tradition of individualism and the impersonalism of large corporations and big cities. Hoover deeply believed in the traditional worth of the individual, the value of personal initiative, the rights of self–expression, and the legacy of freedom of
  • 76. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 77.
  • 78. Essay on Charles Dickens' Great Expectations Great Expectations' main character, Phillip Pirrip– generally known as Pip– had a rough upbringing as a child. His sister, Mrs. Joe had "brought him up by hand", after their parents and five brothers had all been laid to rest many years ago. Another character, Herbert Pocket experienced a bizarre childhood, though in a different manner. Charles Dickens' Great Expectations develops through the novel following Pip, a young "common boy" who grew up in the countryside. As he matured so did his love for a girl of higher class, Estella. However, being a common boy, Pip was not good enough for his Estella, thus once he was given an opportunity to become a gentleman in London he seized it without much hesitation. Charles Dickens' had his own ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... They both felt the wrath of Mrs. Joe; she frequently "knocked his (Joe) head...against the wall" or the Tickler for Pip. Knowledgeable critics have referred to Pip's experience as that of a "Dickensian childhood – stripped of his rights, found guilty of being himself, and rendered invisible by all those around. Estella also is a victim to her guardian in the novel. She too is never given the chance to be her own person and live life to its fullest. Estella is conditioned by her guardian, Miss Havisham, to make men suffer, and in return it is Estella who will be made to suffer for her guardian's actions. Miss Havisham is a severely disturbed old woman who has adopted Estella. Miss Havisham was abandoned on her wedding day and as a result she forever maintains hatred toward men. Thus for her dirty work, Miss Havisham uses Estella to meet this purpose. Pip concludes that Miss Havisham "had done a grievous thing in taking an impressionable child (Estella) and had manipulated into the form that her wild resentment, spurned affection, and wounded pride, found vengeance in". Miss Havisham makes Estella have a fear of men being close to her and not to allow herself to become attached to them emotionally. Dickens' made Estella an almost identical copy of Frankenstein: trained to perform specific tasks for the pleasure of their guardian. However someday, they crack and see the illness in their lives. Estella was Miss Havisham's toy. Estella never ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...