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Police Officers And The Police Enforcement
The psychologist serves a great purpose in the law enforcement as well. The police psychologists
provide services that are used to counter police use of excessive force. The psychologists are there to
characterize the types of officers who are known to abuse force and to recommend psychology–
based intervention that could help police managers reduce cases of excessive force. Some think that
the police departments should rely mostly on pre employment screening to identify violence–prone
candidates.
The psychologist 's ' services that the psychologist provide consist of counseling and evaluation
more than training and monitoring of police behavior. Counseling is more likely to be a response to
excessive force incidents than a preventive step (Scrivner, E, M., 2004).
The psychologists recommend for police departments to periodically evaluate the officer 's using
methods other than routine psychological tests. They recommend better training and increasing
behavioral monitoring on all officers. Current screening methods to evaluate police candidates are
limited almost exclusively to psychological tests and preemployment clinical interviews. New
screening technologies could enable psychologists to examine such areas as a candidate 's decision
making and problem–solving abilities and the ability to interact with others. These things are
important for resolving problems without using excessive force.
(Scrivner, E, M, 2004)
Psychologist are used to assess the mental
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Relationship Between Police And Police
1. The definition of human relations from the book is everything done with each other as human
beings in all kinds of relationships.
Police public relations would be the activities performed by police agencies designed to create a
favorable image of themselves.
Community relations is the relationship involved in both human relations and public relations
between the police and the community.
An example of human relations on law enforcement is the relationship you have with your superior.
In the past a fearful relationship was acceptable but times are changing and law enforcement is not
that way anymore in human relations and out on the streets, it is all about communication now. An
example of public relations is the relationship an officer has with people in the community, like
Detroit–stations policing in that situation id giving people somewhere they can report crime or other
issues. An example of community relations can be between the department and the community, to
improve community relations officers get out of their cars and walk to let the community to see that
officers are there to help. Another reason to get out of the car and interact with the community is to
let them put a face with the badge and see that officers are just normal people too. 2. The rapid
increase in the minority population is a result of many walks of life coming to the States for a better
opportunity. Rather it be for a job or to further their education people of different races,
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Police Use Of Force : Police Use Of The Police
Police have many roles to take on an everyday basis. The main goal for an officer is to keep
criminals off the streets and to try and maintain a safe environment for people to live. Many people
disagree with some of the decisions officers make to enforce these rules and causes a lot of
controversy. Today many people don't respect our police officers because of actions made by others.
A major issue today is police use of force, stop and frisk. According to (nyclu.org), "innocent New
Yorkers have been subjected to police stops and street interrogations more than 5 million times since
2002, and that black and Latino communities continue to be the overwhelming target of these
tactics. Nearly nine out of 10 stopped–and–frisked New Yorkers have been completely innocent."
Many people believe that the police are taking advantage of people just by the way they are dressed,
color of their skin, and the area they are in. Although it may seem unfair, police are trained to look
for suspicious activity and if they believe someone could up to something they will enforce their use
of force, stop and frisk.
As stated by (nyclu.org)," Every time a police officer stops a person in NYC, the officer is supposed
to fill out a form recording the details of the stop. The forms were filled out by hand and manually
entered into an NYPD database until 2017, when the forms became electronic. There are two ways
the NYPD reports this stop–and–frisk data: a paper report released quarterly and an
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Police Brutality And The Police
For the past couple years there has been so many incidents involving some sort of police brutality.
The mainstream media has shown police misconduct, case after case it has become a routine and
making people wonder if our officers of the law really doing their jobs? Unjustified shooting, and
fatal choking's have all contributed to the problem of police brutality in America and also has
become very controversial. The police carry an enormous burden each day, which makes their job
really hard. Police work is very stressful and involves violent, and split second decision.
Nevertheless, cases like the shooting of Samuel DuBose, and Walter Scott and the choking of Eric
Garner has raised questions regarding our police system. In many confrontations the police are put
in a position in which they have to use force to control the situation, but there are different levels of
force and most of the time the situation dictates the level of force that's necessary. In addition, I will
explain different cases of police brutality, the use of excessive force, and the consequences the
officers have faced. While many disagree with the rough treatment by police, others argue that the
police are well trained to use force and that they should be tough on crime and apprehend criminals.
Statistics have illustrated this very well due to modern technology; vital videos of police brutality
have brought the real issue to the surface. The use of excessive force is a criminal act. However, Bill
Maher
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Police Officers And The Police Force
Is there a need to broaden the roles of traffic police, and how so? This essay will discuss this
question, and argue for or against whether or not traffic police should broaden their roles within the
police force. While there are limited references to refer to on aspects of policing and traffic policing,
this essay will discuss the different roles and functions related to police officers in general, followed
by what the roles and functions of traffic police are. Following this, the essay will continue to
discuss traffic officers in regards to what the communities perceptions of them are, plus what could
be done in the future in the form of educating the community of their roles. Along with this, the
essay will also discuss how their duties ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The opinions of the public are of importance to the police, as they are less likely to contact officers
or ask for help if they doubt the integrity of the police force (Powell et al, 2008).
The introduction of the separate, specialist units is what has helped keep the peace of society that is
needed in order to create a sense of safety. Instances of the separate units involved in policing,
include and evolve around the mounted police, the canine section of the police force, detectives,
major crimes, tactical operations, hostage response, public order and finally highway patrol and
traffic policing. Although some units were developed at a later date compared to others – for
example the canine section, which was formed in 1993 with the initial intake of two German
shepherd dogs, it has steadily grown (About WA Police, 2015), in order to help with apprehending
violent offenders, and detecting explosive devices and narcotics (About WA Police, 2015).
As seen from the example above, it is easy to note that although each unit is under different names
and investigative tactics, they all coincide with the general policing operations, as they are
collectively on the same mission as one another – which is to enhance the quality of life and well–
being of those in the community, along also with trying to keep the State a safe and secure place to
live (About WA Police,
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Police Brutality And The Police Officer
On August 9, 2014, Unarmed 18 year–old Michael Brown's life was taken by police officers. He
was shot 7 times, the last shot to the back of his head is what took this young man's life. He was a
young unarmed black male. Just in 2014 over 1,000 people were killed at the hands of police
officers. However, even though police say they are just doing their job, police should not be able to
abuse their power, because more cases of police brutality are being captured on cell phones and
innocent people are being killed.
How you become an officer is by obtaining the Necessary Education. A high school diploma or a
GED is typically the minimum level of education needed to become a police officer, Submit an
Application to a Police Department, ,Graduate from a Police Academy Training Program, Actively
Work to Obtain Promotions. A police officer, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the
common duties of a police officer include patrolling designated areas, enforcing laws, answering
calls for help, arresting individuals suspected of committing crimes, issuing citations, testifying in
court and conducting traffic stops. Every Officer has to take an oath before beginning their career in
law enforcement to set a good structure of what they are there to do.
Michael Brown's Was a young African American that lived in Ferguson. He was with one of his
friends
People ask what is police brutality, it 's an act of misconduct done by a sworn law enforcement to
physically, mentally, or
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Police Enforcement And The Police Department Essay
Policing the Police
Abstract
There are thousands and thousands of law enforcement agencies in the United States and most of
these agencies are local, small to medium sized agencies. These agencies are tasked to do the dirty
work outside of the larger cities and can be relied on heavily by people for the public safety being
sought out. Every agency is different about how they go about handling these allegations regarding
police conduct, corruption and the complaints from citizens. Unfortunately, there is no consistency
between all the agencies which is sad. The agency I am writing this paper on is Inglis Police
Department, a police department that was small agency and are no longer in existence as of 2012.
The department is no longer in existence because the city needed funds for other matters and
decided to grant Levy County the option to patrol the area. Throughout this paper I will be outlining
the process of how complaints are processed and investigated when they are sent into the
department, also touching on the police conduct and corruption that can take place within the
department and what can be improved moving forward to better serve the citizens of the area.
Keywords: Conduct, Complaints, Corruption
Introduction Before we dive into the good stuff, I would like to define some terms that I will be
touching base on throughout my paper, one of those terms being a complaint. A complaint is any
formal document that lays out the facts and logical reasons that
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Police Forces And The Police Force
Baltimore police force is provided with more resources than a small town police force. The wire
showed how provided the Baltimore police was. In the wire it showed how the media turned the
murder case into a drug case. When the media got involved the police chief made a new drug task
force to fix the problem. This drug task force was made of people in different departments of the
Baltimore police. It shows how the Baltimore police force can spared people for a new program.
When this drug force started to get information about the suspect the head chief funded the program.
With the funded the drug force got more cars, vans, and listening devices to help them get the
suspects faster. When the drug force got enough information for a bust. The police force spared
manpower and vehicles, so they can get the suspect.
Across America, there are a lot of small towns that makes this country. Within Small Townships
there are police forces that only have five to ten officers that patrol acres of woods or farm land. On
a daily base these officers deal with minor crime like drugs, aggravated assault, burglary, and
property crimes. If a crime happens it can take about twenty minutes for the township police to get
there or it can at the state police up to an hour to get on the scene of the crime. In a big city like
Baltimore police force takes about three to five minutes to get to the scene of the crime. The
township police force might get a police car every couple of years. When a big city
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Police Views On The Police
In recent years tensions have been on the rise between blacks and police, moreover, it only seems to
keep getting worse due to the falling justice system of police not being held accountable for their
actions. Furthermore, in this article it talks compares percentages of how Blacks, Whites, and
Hispanics feel about the police in their local communities. Also, there are racial gaps on how each
views the performance of police. The Black and Hispanic community agree that fatal encounters
with police are a social problem than whites. Moreover, all three groups feel like there's dual
motives behind protest, whether it be hatred against the police or it being for the call of justice to
hold the police accountable. For some the use of body ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Furthermore, this survey had quota sampling as well because it was identifying a set of groups being
Blacks, Whites, and Hispanics. Additionally, the margin of error is +/–2.4 percentage points. The
coverage error is very evident with Whites making up the majority of the survey. Also, 78% of
blacks and 81% of Hispanics use the internet, compared with 85% of whites and 97% of English–
speaking Asian Americans (Duggan and Perrin 1). It shows whites have more excess to the internet
then there Black or Hispanic counterparts.
The response rate for the web in August was 81% (4,195 out of 5,150 of web based participants),
moreover, the mail had a response rate of 76% (343 out of 454 non–web participants). There was
non–response bias in the survey because the Blacks and Hispanics had combined 733 participants
compared to 3,845 White participants in the survey. Additionally, Blacks and Hispanics are less
likely to comply with surveys.
The article has many different measurement errors from data collection, interviewer, and
respondent. First, data collection was very poor and with more whites being interviewed then
Hispanics or Blacks. Likewise, both are less likely to have access to internet then whites as well.
Second, Hillygus says that an interviewer can introduce measurement error just with interaction,
moreover, Hillygus also says that whites are more likely to express
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Police Agencies And Police Enforcement Agencies
Abstract
It's important to address the issues police agency's faces on a regular. Police agencies have a number
of problems with controlling racial profiling, maintaining acceptable recruiting and retaining a
skilled workforce, and reducing community violence. These factors are extremely indurate.
However, the issues can be resolved. Law enforcement officers often force to face negative
stereotyping. Nevertheless, police agency 's are able to overcome such an obstacle. There exists a
growing sentiment in many communities about the badness of all cops J. Tyler, D. (n.d.). Police
agencies are forced to deal with the struggle of defeating trust issues with the community. Police
have experienced problems with recruiting and selecting applicants. Since September 11, 2001, the
problem has become more acute, as a military reserve call–ups and an expanding police role strain
agency resources across the country A. Tangel, W. (2004) . Reducing crime has always been very
hard for police to tackle, it's very hard to measure the performance of law enforcement agencies.
Throughout the next three decades, "traditional" measures of police agency performance became
entrenched within the policing profession with little debate and little fanfare R. Maguire, E. (2010).
However, again there are numbers of solutions for these issues. One good, useful solution would to
be get more money for the law enforcement that would be embarkation. Law enforcers will be able
to assist with training and
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Police Abuse And The Police
Police brutality occurs when there is an abuse of authority and force by the police towards civilians.
Police abuse is a topic that has been controversial because some argue that police should use their
force while others argue the opposite. One thing that is certain is that police brutality does occur.
Many wonder what leads to police abuse and a criminological theory that explains it is Edwin M.
Lemerts labeling theory. According to Lemert labelling theory is a theory that argues that there are
two types of deviance which are primary and secondary. These two types of deviance lead an officer
to abuse of their power. A solution to stop police abuse is based on John Braithwaite's reintegrative
shaming theory. Labelling theory is the most ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
They start with low offenses towards citizens and since they don't seem to be punished for their acts
then they constantly do the same thing and in other cases they commit higher offenses as they go.
They can start with insulting people for no reason and escalate to police brutality since they never
received a punishment to stop their behavior. "They want to deflect the focus of what's going on.
And they want to jam up the cop by making a complaint." (Police Foundation) A survey done to
police officers and those in higher ranks believe that citizens just file complaints against police
officers as a way to be seen as a victim rather than an offender. If the authority believes this then
complaints will not be taken seriously therefore police officers will abuse of their power because
they have nothing to lose. They do not get punished and they do not get classified as a certain type
of person. In addition, Lemert introduces secondary deviance by stating that it occurs when labelling
starts happening and the individual or group starts to accept that label as their identity. (Lemert
1972:251) For instance, there are police officers who are involved with police brutality and it may
have been going on for a long time but it was until very recent that it has become a serious and
delicate issue. Now that almost everyone carries a camera around (cellphone cameras) it has been
easier for citizens to record when an officer is brutally beating someone. A key factor in
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Police And Police Brutality
It comes to the point where no one becomes safe as one walks outside the front door of the house.
Leaving the minorities questioning if they will ever be safe in the streets again. Not everyone in the
world is a criminal, but it only takes one person to ruin and blame the whole race. Police brutality is
an everyday case and there has yet nothing to be done to help reduce nor stop the violence. Often
people critic the duty and the responsibilities that a police officer has in this county. Their duty is far
from just eating donuts and drinking coffee. The first thing someone does when they feel like their
life or someone's life is in danger, is call 911 expecting that the law enforcement appears on the
scene in .0 seconds. Even then a ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Is there really anything that will help solve or at least help reduce the abuse of power that police
officers exercise on the citizens of this country?
The victims who suffer of police brutality are traumatized and do not know who to trust after they
have experienced such a heinous act against them. It starts by recognizing that the United States has
a problem with the use of excessive force in policing. Protests and riots are little effective. The
police departments take it into consideration to have a more diverse and women officers, but the
problem has gone too far already. The problem should have never started to begin with. This is a
multicultural and a very diverse country where one bumps into someone of a different race and
culture anywhere. Double marginality is practiced on a day to day base. In Criminal Justice in
Action, "This term refers to a situation in which minority officers are viewed with suspicion by both
sides" (Gaines and Miller 149). Even if this were true, policing is more effective if an African
American or Hispanic patrol in a more diverse community. Police officers create a more one on one
professional relationship with the residents of the community. The residents wouldn't see the police
officers as threats in their communities anymore, but that they are there to help. They would feel a
lot more comfortable and safe knowing they can step outside their door
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The Police Force At The Baltimore Police Station
The Baltimore police force is provided with more resources than a small town police force. The
Wire showed how good the resources were at the Baltimore police station. The movie showed how
the media turned the murder case into a drug case. When the media got involved the police chief
made a new drug task force to fix the problem. This drug task force was made of people in different
departments of the Baltimore police. It shows how the Baltimore police force can spare people for a
new program. When this drug force started to get information about the suspect the head chief
funded the program. With the funds, the drug force got more cars, vans, and listening devices to help
them get the suspects faster. When the drug force got enough information for a bust, the police force
spared manpower and vehicles so they can get the suspect.
Across America, there are a lot of small towns that make up this country. Within small townships
there are police forces that only have five to ten officers that patrol acres of woods or farm land. On
a daily basis these officers deal with minor crime like drugs, aggravated assault, burglary, and
property crimes. If a crime happens it can take about twenty minutes for the township police to get
there or it can at the state police up to an hour to get to the scene of the crime. In a big city like
Baltimore police force take about three to five minutes to get to the scene of a crime. The township
police force might get a new police car every couple
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Police Enforcement And The Police
Law Enforcement Officers duties are to protect people and to keep a peaceful environment. Once an
officer has accepted the power and responsibilities of their job, they can not go against their word.
The citizens look towards the police for protection and safety, so what happens when the police are
the source of violence?Some people don't believe that police are capable of injustice, but there is
clearly enough cases of police brutality. Are police responding to situations with excessive or
unreasonable force or are their actions reasonable? Some police officers have taken advantage of
their power and abuse their place in the community, and society has come to fear the police.The
justice system is failing and 84% of surveyed policemen agreed that it's not unusual for a police
officer to turn a blind eye to a fellow officer that was using more force than necessary. Over 4861
incidents have been reported,6613 cops involved, and 6825 victims have been accounted for so far.
The police force should maintain the rules and codes of ethics and use different attempts necessary
rather than use barbaric and inhuman ways to comprehend suspects.Police brutality is one of the
number one human rights violation in the United States, and this needs to be changed. There are way
too many cases and proof that could possibly justify all of these wrong doings. Often police officers
have problems or don 't favor certain races, sexes, and religions. Officers sometimes get the
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Police
POLICE: HISTORY
Throughout the history of civilization, societies have sought protection for their members and
possessions. In early civilizations, members of one 's family provided this protection. Richard
Lundman has suggested that the development of formal policing resulted from a process of three
developmental stages. The first stage involves informal policing, where all members of a society
share equally in the responsibility for providing protection and keeping order. The second stage,
transitional policing, occurs when police functions are informally assigned to particular members of
the society. This stage serves as a transition into formal policing, where specific members of the
community assume formal responsibility for ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Under this system, citizens were appointed with the responsibility of maintaining order and
controlling crime. Men were formed into groups of ten, called a tything. Ten tythings were grouped
into a hundred and were supervised by a constable. Groups of ten hundreds created a shire,
controlled by reeves. The word shire–reeve is the derivative of our current term sheriff (Uchida). In
1215, King John was forced to sign the Magna Carta, a document that guaranteed basic civil rights
to citizens. The rights guaranteed under the Magna Carta limited the power of the throne and their
appointees, and greatly contributed to many of the liberties citizens of England and America enjoy
today.
During the 1500s, England increased its participation in world trade and through the 1700s more
citizens moved into the cities and crime began to rise. Although England had one of the harshest
criminal justice systems of its time, including death sentences for minor crimes, crime and disorder
continued to rise. Many began to hire their own private police, and the king began a system of night
watch for the large cities. In 1737, the first formal taxation system for the purpose of law
enforcement was introduced. City councils were allowed to levy taxes to pay for a night watch
system (Gaines et al.). Despite these efforts, crime continued to rise and the need for a different
system of policing
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Police
Becoming a Police Officer
Keisha Elliott
CJA/214
May/114/2012 Jeremy Leach
Elliott Becoming a Police Officer
The act of communicating is a universal practice shared and used by all human beings. It is so
universal that it holds true to many different definitions of its meaning. The act could be defined as
the expelling of thoughts into words to transmit information to another person. Communication
exists between two or more individuals to share information, ideas, thoughts or feelings. Within the
criminal justice system communication is a very important process because of the sensitivity of the
lives it may affect.
.Communication is
Every department may have a different set of requirements before an applicant can be ... Show more
content on Helpwriting.net ...
Oral interviews are conducted by department heads or boards to question the candidate on varies
subjects and to evaluate the candidate face to face. Most departments also conduct polygraph test to
detect or eliminate any possibility of deception from the candidate.
Candidates who pass all the selection criteria with disqualifying factors ruled out; candidates are
available for the training process. In state and large police departments, recruits get training in their
agency's police academy (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2012). Smaller agencies recruits may attend a
regional or state academy. Training includes classroom instruction in constitutional law, civil rights,
state laws and ordinance, and police ethics (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2012) Recruits also receive
training and supervised experience in areas such as, patrol, traffic control, the use of firearms, self
defense, first, and emergency response (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2012).
Training in mandated by states but agencies often develop their training requirements to their
discretion. For Example, the state of NC requires 16 weeks of police training but the City of
Durham Police Academy is 26 weeks long and teaches more than the state mandates (Police
Department City of Durham NC, 2012). The classes include pursuit driving, defense tatics, firearms,
and North Carolina domestic law (Police Department City of Durham NC, 2012). The recruits learn
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Police Brutality And The Police
With the recent shooting death of Michael Brown in Ferguson, MO and the resulting riots, the
aggressive actions taken by police units has been pulled back into the spotlight, and law
enforcement's right to use force has been drawn into deep debate. People are angry and cannot seem
to understand why the police use force when and where they do. The have come to equate the use of
force with police brutality when in reality it is a system of steps that are designed to protect innocent
bystanders from potentially dangerous situations. The public's misunderstanding of use of force and
how it is designed to be used has damaged community relations between the people and the police,
making it harder for law enforcement officers to work alongside those they are sworn to protect.
Unfortunately, members of the community often think that police officers shoot now, and ask
questions later. The resistance to the police's right to use force is inflamed by cases like that of
Michael Brown, where it is discovered that the subject was unarmed at the time the police used
force against them. The public tends to think that unarmed means non–threatening, and do not take
into account the unique situation that the police were involved in at the time of the incident. In order
for public relations with police departments to improve, people need to know and understand how
police use the continuum, and assess situations in the field, in order to determine what level of force
is appropriate. The
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Police Blac Police Drones
War zone, which is accounted for a high sense of cruelty make drones technology is "the only game
in town" in fighting suspected terrorism and becoming an attractive and inexpensive preference for
military service (Wall, 2013). It improved the success rate of high risk missions including behind–
the–lines surveillance that also reduced the cost and human casualities of war to a greater extent
(Black, 2013).
Nowadays, drones equipped with non–lethal weapon systems such as pepper spray, painting balls,
and plastic bullets are utilized by law enforcement agencies for crowd control (Stelmack, 2015). In
the case of riots breaking out, drones with bird–eye view capabilities provide a detailed overview of
the people beneath, whereas the real–time information can be delivered to the ground personnel in
managing the affected unruly areas directly. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
In Merseyside, police uses drone with thermal imaging that has the ability to sense human body heat
and locate their location. They can locates criminals who were hiding in the bushes alongside the
Liverpool canal (Mailonline,2010). The Federal Bureau of Investigation uses unmanned aerial
vehicles (UAVs) to solve a total of ten cases including looking for missing children and hunting for
fugitives. Police drones can accomplish this with features such as cameras and facial–recognition
software that would possibly locate them (Alderton,2015).
We, as a consulting firm consider that police departments intend to seek permission for using drones
in assisting them to fight crime and make use of drones to patrol residential neighborhoods (Leber,
2013). Drones have become a contemporary icon for efficient police's air power in recognizing the
imminent public danger. It is a small step in community policing, but it is huge for our
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Police Brutality And The Police As An Institution, And...
The study of ethics in policing has expanded considerably over the past few years as cases of police
brutality and corruption have surfaced in the media and in the courtroom. Commentators agree that
three issues have shaped the role of ethics in policing: styles of policing, the police as an institution,
and police culture. Banks, C. (2013). Criminal justice ethics: Theory and practice. Thousand Oaks:
SAGE Publications. One of the few things that is really dividing the country is the attitude towards
the police due to the killings of African Americans in of some cases unarmed or cases that the
suspects could have been subdued in a non–lethal way; by the police over the past years, there have
been many complaints from African American that ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The COPS Office seeks to provide these critical resources to ensure integrity and ethics are well–
understood and embedded in the culture of policing. COPS Office: Ethics & Integrity. (n.d.).
Retrieved August 19, 2016, from http://cops.usdoj.gov/Default.asp?Item=2469. The study of police
ethics according to the Department of Justice "is especially important in light of the functions and
duties of the police as well as the wide powers of discretion that they enjoy. Police decisions can
affect life, liberty, and property, and as guardians of the interests of the public police must maintain
high standards of integrity. In addition, police have assumed the right to use intrusive, covert, and
deceptive methods of law enforcement has a crucial role in protecting minority groups. Lately, they
have also suffered a series of blows to their reputation for integrity through acts of corruption,
incompetence, and racism. All of these factors point to the centrality of fostering ethical standards in
policing. Police discretion concerning how to act in a given situation can often lead to ethical
misconduct." Ethics and Police retrieved August 19 2016 from Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S.
Department of Justice. http://www.usdoj.gov/bjs.
According to the National Institute of Justice "research consistently shows that minorities are more
likely than whites
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Police Brutality And The Police
In today's society the police are harassed for supposedly abusing their power against people who
commit crimes and innocent bystanders however the general public usually mix those two
categories of people with each other. Officers are blamed for whatever course of action they decide
to take in order to prevent a serious threat from arising. Consequently, the public is having a
growing fear of the police, their own definitions of excessive force are biased, the police abuse their
powers, etc. The change in how a police officer may carry out every situation may be a change that
we need to protect the people. Police brutality is a topic that everybody confers to emphasize the
burgeoning fear of the police. This comes in the form of excessive force which becomes a
controversial topic for citizens and police alike. The nation has it's own definition of what excessive
force may be, as some believe using a Taser has the same intention as using a nightstick to
apprehend scoundrels. Others may ascribe excessive force as a race crime; "In March 2015, the DOJ
also issued a report detailing a pattern of clear racial disparities and discriminatory intent on the part
of the Ferguson, Mo., police department"(Excessive or Reasonable Force by Police) resulting in
uneasiness between the multiple groups regardless of their age; interestingly officers are also
affected by the disparity of the community. The judgement they receive can actually affect how an
officer decides to act because they
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Police Brutality And The Police
Police brutality and office involved shootings have sparked national debate and created a strain
between police officers and citizens. Recently, there have been more home videos that display acts
of aggression by police officers. These police officers often use excessive forces or a condescending
tone towards people of color which is why there needs to be a better way to mend police and civilian
relationship. People should be able to trust the police in their communities rather than fear them.
Police accountability is relevant to the Los Angeles county because there have been many incidents
that have resulted in use–of–force both unnecessary and excessive police–civilian shootings. To
increase police accountability, I propose that this ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Kirkwood police officers, who were white, would come into Meacham Park to "establish order" and
often use racial profiling, surveillance and Stop and Frisk methods to target people of color and use
unnecessary force when in contact with African American citizens (Boyles, 2015). It is evident that
race and place can help understand citizen–police interactions because these police officers were not
from Meacham Park, rather from Kirkwood which is a white affluent neighborhood. It seems that
these officers targeted people of color under explicit bias that they are criminals regardless of the
individual. When the use of force is used constantly, police–public tensions rise and undermines
police legitimacy, which is something that can be improved when there is an increase in police
accountability when interacting with people of color.
In looking at Los Angeles Police Department's (LAPD) history with using excessive force, there
needs to be a way that hold these police officers accountable to prevent citizen–police tension and
create transparency for the public. During the 1990s, 61% of police officers from the LAPD were
white and considered aggressive with African American communities which suggest racial tension
among the two groups (Suburbanstats, 2017). Eula Love and Rodney King are two victims of
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Police Canine Police Dogs
Police canine dogs are rapidly becoming a major part of the criminal justice police force. You may
ask yourself why are they becoming such a large part of the operation. This spike in the use of
canine police dogs is the result of many different things. Three of them being the fact that they can
smell extremely well. They also can replace a police officer from having to enter a hostile location.
Finally dogs are extremely efficient trackers. This is why i believe dogs are a major asset to the
police force and are inexpendable to the force.
Dogs can smell very well. At first they tested dogs and their ability to smell a few particles per
million, then billion and even trillion and the dog was able to smell the particles and even track the
sent.
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Police Administration Of The Police Essay
Police Administration
Destinee Francis
September 25, 2016
Table of Contents
I. Introduction
A. Earlier organization of the police force
B. Sir Robert Peel
C. The three eras of policing
II. Policing Today
A. Different Technology with Policing
III. Conclusion
IV. References
Introduction
The earlier development of the law enforcement was developed by a man named Sir Robert Peel
also known as the "Father of Modern Policing" (Bennett & Hess, 2007). He was born February 5,
1788 in Chamber Hall near Bury in Lancashire (Bloy, n.d.). He was the one who greatly influenced
and set forth the fundamental principles of the police force. He developed an organized force called
the London Metropolitan Police in 1829 that protected the people who were victimized due to high
unemployment, poverty, and crime. An organization is "an artificial structure created to coordinate
either people or groups and resources to achieve a mission or goal" (Bennett & Hess, 2007). The
police's goal is to protect and serve their community. Although the term of a police officer is mixed
up with a peace officer "all police officers are peace officers, but all peace officers are not police
officers" (Walker & Katz, 2011). The principles that Sir Robert Peel set for the police include:
Police must be stable, efficient, and organized militarily (Bennett & Hess, 2007).
Police must be under governmental control (Bennett & Hess, 2007).
The deployment of police strength
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Police Militarization Of Police
The shooting of Michael Brown started a nationwide protest against police brutality. People
protested in the streets of Ferguson and were met with heavily armed, ordinary policeman who
resembled the military instead. Countless of pictures were posted on social media and the issue of
Police Militarization rekindled. Every picture captured the same message and was a rude awakening
of this misuse in power. This misuse of power was illustrated with guns being pointed at civilians,
primarily African Americans, who posed no threat. Yet, the policemen were dressed up as if they
were about to assault these unarmed black men and women.
This illustrates the unnecessary ways in which standard policemen are going about confronting
problems. Here we ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
We see that police militarization has led police to take on a soldier–based mentality, as dressing the
part is internalized in their heads that leads them to doing or acting the part. In the pictures that came
out of the Ferguson police surrounding unarmed African Americans and pointing their guns at them,
this tactic is not even used that way in the military. The military follows a strict order of escalation
of force meaning the only time you are going to point a weapon at someone is when you are going
to pull the trigger. But we see that in Ferguson, policemen all over were pointing their guns at
people who did not even pose a threat. The police need to apply less of this force and the police
department and the public should monitor this use of power and this mentality. This may start by
changing police training in ways that teach the application of less force and separates the distinction
between policemen and the military.
Furthermore, there are many problems associated with militarizing our police that we need to
recognize and address. Police militarization started with the intent of combating terrorism but has
grown to unnecessary uses and applications. Instead, we see too much force and tension applied to
minor operations and a lot of misuse of power while handling citizens, primarily people of color. It
does not help that policemen's
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Police Violence And The Police
The police have currently killed a total of 1,001 people in the United States, according to the
website, Mapping Police Violence. Black people were 26% of those killed despite being only 13%
of the population, but what is the cause of this discrimination? This was the objective Jelani Cobb
tried to determine when developing the film "Policing the Police" in 2016. The film was recorded in
Newark, New Jersey due to its plagued by drug trafficking and gang violence and its homicide rate
which is nine times higher than New York City. Forty–nine years prior to this film, a riot broke out
in downtown Newark due to the deadly beating of an African American cab driver by the police and
the Newark police responded by killing people who protested. ... Show more content on
Helpwriting.net ...
After they check him and realized he had nothing on him, they justified their actions by blaming the
suspect for drinking one beer. In another instance, an officer felt a young man's crotch area, then
pulled his waistband to look into his underwear. He did this search in a parking lot of an apartment
complex with full view of other residents. Jelani Cobb had some personal experience with being
falsely accused too. Jelani narrated that when he was younger, he was walking home from a baseball
game with a glove and a bat. On his walk home, the police stopped him because he looked
suspicious, yet he was simply coming home from a baseball game. Later in the film, the one police
officer states that children should not be afraid of the police and should recognize that they are
protecting them. That same night, the officers surrounded and searched a ten–year–old boy over the
protests of his thirteen–year–old brother. Sadly, what this officer did not realize was that these
children are exposed to traumatizing events exerted by the police, which causes the fear. This fear
can carry with them to adulthood, which may be why many teenagers and adults run when they see
the police. By the end of the film, Jelani conveys some ways the police department is taking small
steps towards reducing police brutality, like requiring body cameras, more thorough punishments,
and citizens able to file against police. Unfortunately, this does not help ease multiple Americans'
concerns
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Police Brutality And The Police
Police brutality is seen as a real problem in America today. What people do not seem to realize is
that the police carry a massive burden each day. The work that officers do has the potential to be
very demanding and sometimes involves dangerous situations. In these situations the officers are in
the position where they may be required to use force to gain control. The continuum of force
dictates the level that is most appropriate for the situation. Most people do not realize that is not the
officers job the meet the force. However, it is their job to overcome the force. Police departments
have very strict standard operating procedures about officer use force and how force is applied. With
this paper, I will attempt to explain the continuum of force, police discretion, and why the police can
do some of the things they do. The main purpose of the law enforcement is to maintain order and
enforcing the laws. The police are given one toughest tasks in the world, and that is with
preservation wellbeing of the public. When dealing with people that those that violate the law and
situations that creates, the police are authorized to use as much as force as necessary and within
reason to protect themselves and others. It is sometimes quiet difficult for the public to understand
what is reasonable when it comes to the use of force. It is very easy to watch a video and judge
when you are not in the situation or do not have the level of training that officers are given. When
arguing
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Police Enforcement And The Police Agencies
Introduce: I think we all can agree that the police agencies, image has been ruined in every way you
could possibly think of. I truly believe that no one honors the police agencies anymore. As
technology has enhance over the years, far as cell phones, people are able to see what police officers
are really doing while on the force. There have been many video release when police brutality was
reveal, as well as how the police agencies respond to an incident. Over the years, community
policing has declined. People just don't trust the police anymore. The media has ruined it! The police
is here to protect. Police agencies, faces a number of issues today, I found that preventing racial
profiling, recruiting and retaining a skilled workforce, and reducing community violence were the
most challenging. All points go hand in hand, to actually produce a solution to better the police
agencies.
Recruiting and retaining a skilled workforce: There are in an increase in challenges, with recruiting
and retaining a skilled workforce. Police agencies are having experiencing shortage issues.
According to ABCNews, states that the number of applicants to the police department has dropped
90 percent over the past five years, and Reno, Nev., which reports a decline of 50 percent since
1997. There are varies reason why people don't join the police agencies, such as people view the job
as "dangerous". Most people are likely to join the force simply because it something at heart.
According to
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
The Consequences Of Police Discretion In The Police
Police are what is known as street–level bureaucrats. This basically means that police are civil
servants working on the "street level" in direct contact with the general public enforcing the laws of
the local, state and federal law. Police officers work alone or with a partner patrolling the streets
within their beat, therefor they are given a lot of discretion with their title. Discretionary judgment is
necessary for a well functioning police department, but it must be demonstrated properly in order to
have positive outcomes. A police officers ability to use discretion properly can help build the
relationship between law enforcement and the community, but if officers abuse their discretionary
judgment then it can lead to decisional influences / biases (Dempsey pg. 144, 2018). A few solutions
have been implemented in order to counteract / remove these discretionary negatives. Police officers
have always possessed the powers to exercise discretionary judgment ever since they have had the
ability to enforce the law. Discretion within the police force is defined as "the officers freedom to
make a choice based on the situation" (Young, 2011). However, it has come to light in recent
decades that many officers abuse their powers of discretion, especially with their use of force. This
is especially a problem today because police officers are being monitored every second as
departments start incorporating dash cameras and body cameras. With new video surveillance brings
forward the question of whether or not police are given too much freedom when it comes to
discretionary judgment. One of the biggest reasons police are permitted to demonstrate discretionary
judgment is because when it is applied correctly it builds a positive relationship between law
enforcement and the community. The idea is that if officers are too strict on the law then there would
be too many arrest and it wouldn't always allow the officer to act in a just manner. Discretionary
judgment is necessary for law enforcement to function properly because no two situations are the
exact same therefor officers must apply discretion as needed to the situation they are experiencing.
The debate over police discretion typically comes up after
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Police Brutality And The Police
Police Brutality A young man's brutal death at the hands of the police is found justified in a court of
law due to his "suspicious" appearance: a black hoodie and his hands in his pocket. An elderly
woman is fatally shot in her home for her relation to a suspected criminal. A married man with two
toddlers is choked to death after a minor traffic stop by an officer who later claimed that his
unarmed victim was wielding a gun. These people all have a few commonalities: the color of their
skin, their presumed guilt at first sight, and their ultimate unjustified death administered by the law
force. These are not uncommon occurrences. Due to the staggeringly disproportionate rate of
African–Americans killed by the police, and the underlying rampant racial profiling, police brutality
towards blacks in America must be called to light. Police brutality is abuse of power in the form of
excessive force committed by the police. Examples of this range from physical assault to
psychological intimidation. Contrary to popular belief, many forms of police brutality include
emotional and psychological aspects on top of physical. It can also take the form of false arrests,
verbal abuse, and racial profiling. In countless accumulating cases across the country, police
brutality has proved lethal (Danalina 1). Despite the controversiality of the topic, there are many
indisputable facts that conclusively show unequal treatment by those in the police force. 37% of
unarmed people killed by the
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
The Police Service And Police Services
Chris Pattern, former Chancellor of Oxford University, once stated "All parts of the society need to
feel that the police service is their police service, and that does not happen unless all parts of society
are represented in the police." (Higgins, 2014) For those of us that have lived in the United States,
the notion of having females in our police force is no longer a subject of major controversy. In other
countries like Afghanistan, the incorporation of females into the police force is a new occurrence
and is undergoing heavy resistance. Female officers undergo challenges daily, from mistreatment
from their male counterparts, to being targeted for murder on the streets by extremists. The fact that
such measures would be taken against them would leave many foreign to their customs in shock,
including myself, which further perpetuated my initial research. In terms of strengths and
weaknesses, withholding an entity that can otherwise be used beneficially can be considered a
weakness. One of which the USA had at one point in time, but has employed more willingly and
even continues to seek out. The lesser known Afghanistan will be analyzed first and then it will be
compared to the more familiar United States.
Afghanistan is a land locked country in South Central Asia that has a sacred law legal tradition. In
1996, an Islamic extremist group named the Taliban seized control the capital of Afghanistan. They
also acquired and maintained most of Afghanistan. Afghanistan was
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Importance Of Police Mistrust The Police
Although the police are, for the most part, respected here in Victoria, Texas, there are always more
things to be done in order to effectively create a solid relationship with the ones who protect and the
ones who need protection. There continues to be mistrust within the community not only from the
public, but from the police regarding the public as well. Through research, I would like to gather
data on why people within the public mistrust the police and why the police mistrust the public.
Considering this is a local issue within the community the scope of research will be relative to Texas
and not go beyond the United States. I will also only include information relevant to this time, and
because of that will leave out research conducted before the year 2000. Using this data and analysis
I would like to promote good relations as well as effective methods on how to obtain good relations
between the public and police. Good relations are vital for police and civilians. The information
gathered would benefit both parties greatly and could have positive effects such as less time wasted
during traffic stops and less force being required. Some obstacles that may prevent a better
relationship from being established would be the individuals, both within the community and within
the police department, who are closed–minded and tend to indulge in confirmation bias. Many who
already have their mind made up either about the police or about the public, will often stick to their
beliefs
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Police Misconduct And The Police
"Hands up, don't shoot!" This quote went viral after unarmed Michael Brown, was killed by St.
Louis police. A person is considered unarmed if he or she is not in possession of a weapon at the
time of the shooting or was holding an object unlikely to inflict serious injury, such as a stick or a
broom handle (Somashekhar). The killing of this young man went viral after video footage shows
him with his hands in the air, surrendering, and the police piercing his body with twelve bullet
wounds. This incident has lead to the question of, "What do we do now to protect our civilians from
this brutal police conduct?" Many introduced the idea of Police Body Cameras, which is proven to
allow police misconduct to be reduced. This technology has been verified to reveal instances of
police misconduct, build trust between the police and the community, and to give video evidence to
improve the ability to prosecute cases.
For every 1,000 people killed by police, only one officer is convicted of a crime("5 facts").
According to Washington Post, "On April 11, 2015, officer Coleman "Duke" Brackney was on the
way to check out a drunk driver, after finding him, the driver encountered a chase before running
into a ditch. Brackney, then accused the man of trying to back his car up and run him over shot the
man in the back through the back window of the car, killing 47 year old James Ahern." He was
charged with felony manslaughter but eventually enter a plea to a lesser charge and was to be left
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Police Brutality Of The Police
To serve and protect is a famous motto used by the police department, however sometimes it is the
police that we need protecting from. Communities have the right to feel safe, this is where the police
undertake the admirable job of protecting the communities form danger. Police must perform their
job no matter the race or gender of the people involved. Police must also actively practice the idea
of innocence until proven guilty. More and more cases of Police brutality have surfaced among the
media greatly concerning the people, who is to protect them from the protectors? Even the innocent
police officers are now becoming fearful for their lives with people protesting by killing police
officers. "Blue Lights" by Jorja Smith was written about modern–day street violence, but the song
ultimately creates and strengthens negative stigma's surrounding the police and corruption.
There have been countless cases of police brutality throughout the united states. United States has
history of excessive force being used in situations where it was not necessary, sometimes even
resulting in the loss of lives. "Eric Garner was killed by police" on "July 17, 2014" due to excessive
force (marcus n. 54–58). "Eric Garner cried out to the officer who had him in a chokehold "I can't
breathe" eleven times before his heart gave out" (marcus n. 55). Police brutality does exist, it is not a
thing of the past, Eric Garners death in 2014 shows just how recent these incidents are. A completely
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Police Officers And Their Image Of A Police Officer
Police officers were implemented into society to be protectors of the public and to serve the
community whenever they were in need of help or justice. They are here to enforce the "laws of the
land" and to keep society safe from any harm. The police are suppose to be our "unsung heroes."
With this knowledge, citizens should respect these individuals and trust the officers to implement
justice and protection. However, not all citizens respect the law enforcement or trust them. Many
would like to see police officers like this, but there are a lot that happens in society that make's one
rethink their image of a police officer. There are many people in the community that have negaitve
attitudes towards the police and see them as corrupt or brutal (Brown & Benedict, 2002, p. 551). The
individuals that are unfavorable towards the police are those from a low social statues, minorities
like blacks, from areas of high crime, single or divorced or widowed individuals, and especially
juveniles. Juveniles that have had high contact with officers, minorities, tolerance to illegal
behavior, and low socioeconomic group status believe that they are treated unfairly, targeted by the
police, and believe that they were wrongly accused (Janeksela, 1999, p. 314). Juvenile attitudes
toward the police is an important issue to examine because these children are the next generation
and outline the perception of authority to future generations and a negative attitude towards police
can lead the youth
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Police Brutality And The Police
When you think of the police, your opinion may vary. Let me ask you a question about our police
force. But keep this in mind, in October 2015 alone, there was 81 deaths by the police. With that
being said, who's to protect us from whose protecting the block? I don 't care who you are, you have
to be able to realize nowadays that the police brutality is getting out of hand, that the power surge is
growing and growing. Look around, there 's an increase of civilians death via cops, an increase of
reports of police wrongdoing, and an increase of more officers standing trial for a case relating to
police brutality. Police Officers worldwide are becoming way too powerful, to be "protecting" and
"looking out" for we the peoples best interests. First, let 's start out with a word for word definition
of Police Power and their responsibilities. "In United States constitutional law, police power is the
capacity of the states to regulate behavior and enforce order within their territory for the betterment
of the health, safety, morals, and general welfare of their inhabitants." But yet the cops are the ones
killing unarmed, or no imminent threat to them or others. Now, I'm not a genius but I know that isn
't, part of protecting our health, safety, and to be shot by the ones who are suppose to protect us. In
2015 a shocking number of 1140 people were shot and KILLED by our police force according to
The Counted. The police are suppose to be looking after us, protecting us
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Police Corruption In The Police
Aung San Suu Kyi wrote, "It is not power that corrupts but fear. Fear of losing power corrupts those
who wield it and fear of the scourge of power corrupts those who are subject to it." If it can be said
that power inevitably corrupts, there is no reason to presume that police officers as individuals are
any less fallible than other members of society. There is a natural human inclination for power that
is maximized today by the materialistic society we live in that fuels greed and seduces those with
authority into reaping the personal and financial benefits of evading the law. The art of corruption
has existed in American society since the early days of policing to modern day. Corruption applied
to a police force entails the robbing of drug dealers, redirecting of contraband into the personal
accounts of officers, perjuring one's self to protect a corrupt officer, falsifying police reports,
planting drugs to frame citizens, and a host of other misconduct that violates the oath of protecting
the people. By approaching the issue of police misconduct with a focus on reformation internally
and externally, police departments can take innovative steps from there to first, ensure corruptive
deeds cease to occur initially and second, by reducing and eliminating it once it exists.
If a police officer misuses his/her authority while acting officially to fulfill his/her personal needs or
wants, that is corruption in policing. These two elements make up the crux of the corruption that
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Relationship Between Police And Police
Alannis J. Bremer
Dr. Robyn McGee
English 102
2 November 2017
Police Relations in Black America
Numerous unjust losses covered by the media over recent years that involved African Americans
and police officers are continuously dwelling in the minds of many today. All of these incidents
involved excessive force by officers and many involved racial profiling as well. Following these
incidents, many American's have vocalized their loss of trust with law enforcement officials through
protest marches and riots. Everyone is demanding a solution for healing these poor relations
between police officers and African American communities.
Mass criminalization of victimless offenses are part of though the problem, as well as police
weapons, though healing relations between police and the people goes much deeper than that. First
one would have to ask why there is generally a culture of distrust and trepidation between police and
African Americans.
From runaway slave catchers in the 19th century, to Jim Crow enforcers in the 1960's, to the drug
war pillaging our communities, African–Americans and police officers have never had a good
relationship. The drug war of course is the bane on humanity period and isn't exclusive to African–
Americans, but in America it was formally introduced by the state into African–American
communities. Longstanding research conducted by the University of Florida indicated that "race
plays a primary factor in attitudes towards the police, with blacks more likely than white to express
levels of dissatisfaction" (Rice and Piquero 1). For the peace and safety of everyone, it is important
Americans make an effort to mend these strained relationships.
It's very true that most Americans tend not to look forward to having interactions with police
officers. This isn't all surprising, of course. When something bad happens and a police officer
responds, one is more than likely grateful for their service just as you would be with any other first
responder, such as AAA or paramedics. This leads to a positive relationship between people and
their civil servants. When one is meeting with an officer in a way that puts them in a position that in
no way if for their protection, but rather contributes to
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Police Brutality And The Police
Police brutality is a very controversial topic in America. Some people think that the police are
protecting their community and are doing whatever it takes to keep them safe. On the other hand, a
lot of Americans feel that the police are choosy, prejudice, and overall just unfair. Personally, I think
it depends on the situation at hand. I have read up on some cases that I felt that the police took
advantage of their powers. I have also read a couple of situations where I felt that their actions of
brutality were justified. Police brutality is not a new topic in America. I have researched cases that
date all the way back to 1991; although I am sure there are cases long before this. One thing I have
noticed is how the public responds to police brutality incidents. As we have seen in Ferguson,
people of the city are rioting to try to get their points across. Not much has changed. People back in
the day did the same exact things, or maybe even worse. The Rodney King incident of 1991 in Los
Angeles, which I will go into more depth later in the essay, sparked outrageous riots. Over a period
of five days in the spring of 1992, more than 50 people died and more than 2,000 people were
injured in these riots. They also damaged over 1,000 buildings and cost the city of Los Angeles over
$1 billion. These are ridiculous statistics and, unfortunately, not much has changed. (cnn.com) Of
course we all know about what happened in Ferguson, Missouri this past August. Michael Brown,
who was
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Police Professionalism And Police Officers Essay
In the early 1900's police professionalism was formed. Until then there was much corruption and
police departments were unprofessional. Influenced by police departments in Europe, America
underwent a progressive reform in their police departments. The first step towards police
professionalism was to replace police boards with chiefs of police. During the progressive era,
August Vollmer, Police Chief of Berkley, established a department code of ethics which included
officers not accepting gratuities and favors; any officer doing so would be subjected to penalties or a
dismissal. During this time formal training through police academies was started in 1908. In 1916,
we start to see policemen acquiring a college education. University of California, Berkley had a
police training school set up by Vollmer. Presently Vollmer's standards of scientific policing,
education, high standards and centralization of police services still influence police departments.
President Johnson assembled a commission in 1965 to study rising crime rates and create strategies
to combat crime. Riots were the main reason this commission came about. The report published in
1967, entitled The Challenge of Crime in a Free Society, contained over 200 recommendations
concerning criminal justice reform (Roth, 2011). According to Roth (2011) police departments had
become isolated from the communities. Chapter 4 of the report addresses issues dealing with the
police. The commission recommended more police on
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...

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Police Officers And The Police Enforcement

  • 1. Police Officers And The Police Enforcement The psychologist serves a great purpose in the law enforcement as well. The police psychologists provide services that are used to counter police use of excessive force. The psychologists are there to characterize the types of officers who are known to abuse force and to recommend psychology– based intervention that could help police managers reduce cases of excessive force. Some think that the police departments should rely mostly on pre employment screening to identify violence–prone candidates. The psychologist 's ' services that the psychologist provide consist of counseling and evaluation more than training and monitoring of police behavior. Counseling is more likely to be a response to excessive force incidents than a preventive step (Scrivner, E, M., 2004). The psychologists recommend for police departments to periodically evaluate the officer 's using methods other than routine psychological tests. They recommend better training and increasing behavioral monitoring on all officers. Current screening methods to evaluate police candidates are limited almost exclusively to psychological tests and preemployment clinical interviews. New screening technologies could enable psychologists to examine such areas as a candidate 's decision making and problem–solving abilities and the ability to interact with others. These things are important for resolving problems without using excessive force. (Scrivner, E, M, 2004) Psychologist are used to assess the mental ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 2.
  • 3. Relationship Between Police And Police 1. The definition of human relations from the book is everything done with each other as human beings in all kinds of relationships. Police public relations would be the activities performed by police agencies designed to create a favorable image of themselves. Community relations is the relationship involved in both human relations and public relations between the police and the community. An example of human relations on law enforcement is the relationship you have with your superior. In the past a fearful relationship was acceptable but times are changing and law enforcement is not that way anymore in human relations and out on the streets, it is all about communication now. An example of public relations is the relationship an officer has with people in the community, like Detroit–stations policing in that situation id giving people somewhere they can report crime or other issues. An example of community relations can be between the department and the community, to improve community relations officers get out of their cars and walk to let the community to see that officers are there to help. Another reason to get out of the car and interact with the community is to let them put a face with the badge and see that officers are just normal people too. 2. The rapid increase in the minority population is a result of many walks of life coming to the States for a better opportunity. Rather it be for a job or to further their education people of different races, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 4.
  • 5. Police Use Of Force : Police Use Of The Police Police have many roles to take on an everyday basis. The main goal for an officer is to keep criminals off the streets and to try and maintain a safe environment for people to live. Many people disagree with some of the decisions officers make to enforce these rules and causes a lot of controversy. Today many people don't respect our police officers because of actions made by others. A major issue today is police use of force, stop and frisk. According to (nyclu.org), "innocent New Yorkers have been subjected to police stops and street interrogations more than 5 million times since 2002, and that black and Latino communities continue to be the overwhelming target of these tactics. Nearly nine out of 10 stopped–and–frisked New Yorkers have been completely innocent." Many people believe that the police are taking advantage of people just by the way they are dressed, color of their skin, and the area they are in. Although it may seem unfair, police are trained to look for suspicious activity and if they believe someone could up to something they will enforce their use of force, stop and frisk. As stated by (nyclu.org)," Every time a police officer stops a person in NYC, the officer is supposed to fill out a form recording the details of the stop. The forms were filled out by hand and manually entered into an NYPD database until 2017, when the forms became electronic. There are two ways the NYPD reports this stop–and–frisk data: a paper report released quarterly and an ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 6.
  • 7. Police Brutality And The Police For the past couple years there has been so many incidents involving some sort of police brutality. The mainstream media has shown police misconduct, case after case it has become a routine and making people wonder if our officers of the law really doing their jobs? Unjustified shooting, and fatal choking's have all contributed to the problem of police brutality in America and also has become very controversial. The police carry an enormous burden each day, which makes their job really hard. Police work is very stressful and involves violent, and split second decision. Nevertheless, cases like the shooting of Samuel DuBose, and Walter Scott and the choking of Eric Garner has raised questions regarding our police system. In many confrontations the police are put in a position in which they have to use force to control the situation, but there are different levels of force and most of the time the situation dictates the level of force that's necessary. In addition, I will explain different cases of police brutality, the use of excessive force, and the consequences the officers have faced. While many disagree with the rough treatment by police, others argue that the police are well trained to use force and that they should be tough on crime and apprehend criminals. Statistics have illustrated this very well due to modern technology; vital videos of police brutality have brought the real issue to the surface. The use of excessive force is a criminal act. However, Bill Maher ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 8.
  • 9. Police Officers And The Police Force Is there a need to broaden the roles of traffic police, and how so? This essay will discuss this question, and argue for or against whether or not traffic police should broaden their roles within the police force. While there are limited references to refer to on aspects of policing and traffic policing, this essay will discuss the different roles and functions related to police officers in general, followed by what the roles and functions of traffic police are. Following this, the essay will continue to discuss traffic officers in regards to what the communities perceptions of them are, plus what could be done in the future in the form of educating the community of their roles. Along with this, the essay will also discuss how their duties ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The opinions of the public are of importance to the police, as they are less likely to contact officers or ask for help if they doubt the integrity of the police force (Powell et al, 2008). The introduction of the separate, specialist units is what has helped keep the peace of society that is needed in order to create a sense of safety. Instances of the separate units involved in policing, include and evolve around the mounted police, the canine section of the police force, detectives, major crimes, tactical operations, hostage response, public order and finally highway patrol and traffic policing. Although some units were developed at a later date compared to others – for example the canine section, which was formed in 1993 with the initial intake of two German shepherd dogs, it has steadily grown (About WA Police, 2015), in order to help with apprehending violent offenders, and detecting explosive devices and narcotics (About WA Police, 2015). As seen from the example above, it is easy to note that although each unit is under different names and investigative tactics, they all coincide with the general policing operations, as they are collectively on the same mission as one another – which is to enhance the quality of life and well– being of those in the community, along also with trying to keep the State a safe and secure place to live (About WA Police, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 10.
  • 11. Police Brutality And The Police Officer On August 9, 2014, Unarmed 18 year–old Michael Brown's life was taken by police officers. He was shot 7 times, the last shot to the back of his head is what took this young man's life. He was a young unarmed black male. Just in 2014 over 1,000 people were killed at the hands of police officers. However, even though police say they are just doing their job, police should not be able to abuse their power, because more cases of police brutality are being captured on cell phones and innocent people are being killed. How you become an officer is by obtaining the Necessary Education. A high school diploma or a GED is typically the minimum level of education needed to become a police officer, Submit an Application to a Police Department, ,Graduate from a Police Academy Training Program, Actively Work to Obtain Promotions. A police officer, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the common duties of a police officer include patrolling designated areas, enforcing laws, answering calls for help, arresting individuals suspected of committing crimes, issuing citations, testifying in court and conducting traffic stops. Every Officer has to take an oath before beginning their career in law enforcement to set a good structure of what they are there to do. Michael Brown's Was a young African American that lived in Ferguson. He was with one of his friends People ask what is police brutality, it 's an act of misconduct done by a sworn law enforcement to physically, mentally, or ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 12.
  • 13. Police Enforcement And The Police Department Essay Policing the Police Abstract There are thousands and thousands of law enforcement agencies in the United States and most of these agencies are local, small to medium sized agencies. These agencies are tasked to do the dirty work outside of the larger cities and can be relied on heavily by people for the public safety being sought out. Every agency is different about how they go about handling these allegations regarding police conduct, corruption and the complaints from citizens. Unfortunately, there is no consistency between all the agencies which is sad. The agency I am writing this paper on is Inglis Police Department, a police department that was small agency and are no longer in existence as of 2012. The department is no longer in existence because the city needed funds for other matters and decided to grant Levy County the option to patrol the area. Throughout this paper I will be outlining the process of how complaints are processed and investigated when they are sent into the department, also touching on the police conduct and corruption that can take place within the department and what can be improved moving forward to better serve the citizens of the area. Keywords: Conduct, Complaints, Corruption Introduction Before we dive into the good stuff, I would like to define some terms that I will be touching base on throughout my paper, one of those terms being a complaint. A complaint is any formal document that lays out the facts and logical reasons that ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 14.
  • 15. Police Forces And The Police Force Baltimore police force is provided with more resources than a small town police force. The wire showed how provided the Baltimore police was. In the wire it showed how the media turned the murder case into a drug case. When the media got involved the police chief made a new drug task force to fix the problem. This drug task force was made of people in different departments of the Baltimore police. It shows how the Baltimore police force can spared people for a new program. When this drug force started to get information about the suspect the head chief funded the program. With the funded the drug force got more cars, vans, and listening devices to help them get the suspects faster. When the drug force got enough information for a bust. The police force spared manpower and vehicles, so they can get the suspect. Across America, there are a lot of small towns that makes this country. Within Small Townships there are police forces that only have five to ten officers that patrol acres of woods or farm land. On a daily base these officers deal with minor crime like drugs, aggravated assault, burglary, and property crimes. If a crime happens it can take about twenty minutes for the township police to get there or it can at the state police up to an hour to get on the scene of the crime. In a big city like Baltimore police force takes about three to five minutes to get to the scene of the crime. The township police force might get a police car every couple of years. When a big city ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 16.
  • 17. Police Views On The Police In recent years tensions have been on the rise between blacks and police, moreover, it only seems to keep getting worse due to the falling justice system of police not being held accountable for their actions. Furthermore, in this article it talks compares percentages of how Blacks, Whites, and Hispanics feel about the police in their local communities. Also, there are racial gaps on how each views the performance of police. The Black and Hispanic community agree that fatal encounters with police are a social problem than whites. Moreover, all three groups feel like there's dual motives behind protest, whether it be hatred against the police or it being for the call of justice to hold the police accountable. For some the use of body ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Furthermore, this survey had quota sampling as well because it was identifying a set of groups being Blacks, Whites, and Hispanics. Additionally, the margin of error is +/–2.4 percentage points. The coverage error is very evident with Whites making up the majority of the survey. Also, 78% of blacks and 81% of Hispanics use the internet, compared with 85% of whites and 97% of English– speaking Asian Americans (Duggan and Perrin 1). It shows whites have more excess to the internet then there Black or Hispanic counterparts. The response rate for the web in August was 81% (4,195 out of 5,150 of web based participants), moreover, the mail had a response rate of 76% (343 out of 454 non–web participants). There was non–response bias in the survey because the Blacks and Hispanics had combined 733 participants compared to 3,845 White participants in the survey. Additionally, Blacks and Hispanics are less likely to comply with surveys. The article has many different measurement errors from data collection, interviewer, and respondent. First, data collection was very poor and with more whites being interviewed then Hispanics or Blacks. Likewise, both are less likely to have access to internet then whites as well. Second, Hillygus says that an interviewer can introduce measurement error just with interaction, moreover, Hillygus also says that whites are more likely to express ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 18.
  • 19. Police Agencies And Police Enforcement Agencies Abstract It's important to address the issues police agency's faces on a regular. Police agencies have a number of problems with controlling racial profiling, maintaining acceptable recruiting and retaining a skilled workforce, and reducing community violence. These factors are extremely indurate. However, the issues can be resolved. Law enforcement officers often force to face negative stereotyping. Nevertheless, police agency 's are able to overcome such an obstacle. There exists a growing sentiment in many communities about the badness of all cops J. Tyler, D. (n.d.). Police agencies are forced to deal with the struggle of defeating trust issues with the community. Police have experienced problems with recruiting and selecting applicants. Since September 11, 2001, the problem has become more acute, as a military reserve call–ups and an expanding police role strain agency resources across the country A. Tangel, W. (2004) . Reducing crime has always been very hard for police to tackle, it's very hard to measure the performance of law enforcement agencies. Throughout the next three decades, "traditional" measures of police agency performance became entrenched within the policing profession with little debate and little fanfare R. Maguire, E. (2010). However, again there are numbers of solutions for these issues. One good, useful solution would to be get more money for the law enforcement that would be embarkation. Law enforcers will be able to assist with training and ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 20.
  • 21. Police Abuse And The Police Police brutality occurs when there is an abuse of authority and force by the police towards civilians. Police abuse is a topic that has been controversial because some argue that police should use their force while others argue the opposite. One thing that is certain is that police brutality does occur. Many wonder what leads to police abuse and a criminological theory that explains it is Edwin M. Lemerts labeling theory. According to Lemert labelling theory is a theory that argues that there are two types of deviance which are primary and secondary. These two types of deviance lead an officer to abuse of their power. A solution to stop police abuse is based on John Braithwaite's reintegrative shaming theory. Labelling theory is the most ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... They start with low offenses towards citizens and since they don't seem to be punished for their acts then they constantly do the same thing and in other cases they commit higher offenses as they go. They can start with insulting people for no reason and escalate to police brutality since they never received a punishment to stop their behavior. "They want to deflect the focus of what's going on. And they want to jam up the cop by making a complaint." (Police Foundation) A survey done to police officers and those in higher ranks believe that citizens just file complaints against police officers as a way to be seen as a victim rather than an offender. If the authority believes this then complaints will not be taken seriously therefore police officers will abuse of their power because they have nothing to lose. They do not get punished and they do not get classified as a certain type of person. In addition, Lemert introduces secondary deviance by stating that it occurs when labelling starts happening and the individual or group starts to accept that label as their identity. (Lemert 1972:251) For instance, there are police officers who are involved with police brutality and it may have been going on for a long time but it was until very recent that it has become a serious and delicate issue. Now that almost everyone carries a camera around (cellphone cameras) it has been easier for citizens to record when an officer is brutally beating someone. A key factor in ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 22.
  • 23. Police And Police Brutality It comes to the point where no one becomes safe as one walks outside the front door of the house. Leaving the minorities questioning if they will ever be safe in the streets again. Not everyone in the world is a criminal, but it only takes one person to ruin and blame the whole race. Police brutality is an everyday case and there has yet nothing to be done to help reduce nor stop the violence. Often people critic the duty and the responsibilities that a police officer has in this county. Their duty is far from just eating donuts and drinking coffee. The first thing someone does when they feel like their life or someone's life is in danger, is call 911 expecting that the law enforcement appears on the scene in .0 seconds. Even then a ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Is there really anything that will help solve or at least help reduce the abuse of power that police officers exercise on the citizens of this country? The victims who suffer of police brutality are traumatized and do not know who to trust after they have experienced such a heinous act against them. It starts by recognizing that the United States has a problem with the use of excessive force in policing. Protests and riots are little effective. The police departments take it into consideration to have a more diverse and women officers, but the problem has gone too far already. The problem should have never started to begin with. This is a multicultural and a very diverse country where one bumps into someone of a different race and culture anywhere. Double marginality is practiced on a day to day base. In Criminal Justice in Action, "This term refers to a situation in which minority officers are viewed with suspicion by both sides" (Gaines and Miller 149). Even if this were true, policing is more effective if an African American or Hispanic patrol in a more diverse community. Police officers create a more one on one professional relationship with the residents of the community. The residents wouldn't see the police officers as threats in their communities anymore, but that they are there to help. They would feel a lot more comfortable and safe knowing they can step outside their door ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 24.
  • 25. The Police Force At The Baltimore Police Station The Baltimore police force is provided with more resources than a small town police force. The Wire showed how good the resources were at the Baltimore police station. The movie showed how the media turned the murder case into a drug case. When the media got involved the police chief made a new drug task force to fix the problem. This drug task force was made of people in different departments of the Baltimore police. It shows how the Baltimore police force can spare people for a new program. When this drug force started to get information about the suspect the head chief funded the program. With the funds, the drug force got more cars, vans, and listening devices to help them get the suspects faster. When the drug force got enough information for a bust, the police force spared manpower and vehicles so they can get the suspect. Across America, there are a lot of small towns that make up this country. Within small townships there are police forces that only have five to ten officers that patrol acres of woods or farm land. On a daily basis these officers deal with minor crime like drugs, aggravated assault, burglary, and property crimes. If a crime happens it can take about twenty minutes for the township police to get there or it can at the state police up to an hour to get to the scene of the crime. In a big city like Baltimore police force take about three to five minutes to get to the scene of a crime. The township police force might get a new police car every couple ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 26.
  • 27. Police Enforcement And The Police Law Enforcement Officers duties are to protect people and to keep a peaceful environment. Once an officer has accepted the power and responsibilities of their job, they can not go against their word. The citizens look towards the police for protection and safety, so what happens when the police are the source of violence?Some people don't believe that police are capable of injustice, but there is clearly enough cases of police brutality. Are police responding to situations with excessive or unreasonable force or are their actions reasonable? Some police officers have taken advantage of their power and abuse their place in the community, and society has come to fear the police.The justice system is failing and 84% of surveyed policemen agreed that it's not unusual for a police officer to turn a blind eye to a fellow officer that was using more force than necessary. Over 4861 incidents have been reported,6613 cops involved, and 6825 victims have been accounted for so far. The police force should maintain the rules and codes of ethics and use different attempts necessary rather than use barbaric and inhuman ways to comprehend suspects.Police brutality is one of the number one human rights violation in the United States, and this needs to be changed. There are way too many cases and proof that could possibly justify all of these wrong doings. Often police officers have problems or don 't favor certain races, sexes, and religions. Officers sometimes get the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 28.
  • 29. Police POLICE: HISTORY Throughout the history of civilization, societies have sought protection for their members and possessions. In early civilizations, members of one 's family provided this protection. Richard Lundman has suggested that the development of formal policing resulted from a process of three developmental stages. The first stage involves informal policing, where all members of a society share equally in the responsibility for providing protection and keeping order. The second stage, transitional policing, occurs when police functions are informally assigned to particular members of the society. This stage serves as a transition into formal policing, where specific members of the community assume formal responsibility for ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Under this system, citizens were appointed with the responsibility of maintaining order and controlling crime. Men were formed into groups of ten, called a tything. Ten tythings were grouped into a hundred and were supervised by a constable. Groups of ten hundreds created a shire, controlled by reeves. The word shire–reeve is the derivative of our current term sheriff (Uchida). In 1215, King John was forced to sign the Magna Carta, a document that guaranteed basic civil rights to citizens. The rights guaranteed under the Magna Carta limited the power of the throne and their appointees, and greatly contributed to many of the liberties citizens of England and America enjoy today. During the 1500s, England increased its participation in world trade and through the 1700s more citizens moved into the cities and crime began to rise. Although England had one of the harshest criminal justice systems of its time, including death sentences for minor crimes, crime and disorder continued to rise. Many began to hire their own private police, and the king began a system of night watch for the large cities. In 1737, the first formal taxation system for the purpose of law enforcement was introduced. City councils were allowed to levy taxes to pay for a night watch system (Gaines et al.). Despite these efforts, crime continued to rise and the need for a different system of policing ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 30.
  • 31. Police Becoming a Police Officer Keisha Elliott CJA/214 May/114/2012 Jeremy Leach Elliott Becoming a Police Officer The act of communicating is a universal practice shared and used by all human beings. It is so universal that it holds true to many different definitions of its meaning. The act could be defined as the expelling of thoughts into words to transmit information to another person. Communication exists between two or more individuals to share information, ideas, thoughts or feelings. Within the criminal justice system communication is a very important process because of the sensitivity of the lives it may affect. .Communication is Every department may have a different set of requirements before an applicant can be ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Oral interviews are conducted by department heads or boards to question the candidate on varies subjects and to evaluate the candidate face to face. Most departments also conduct polygraph test to detect or eliminate any possibility of deception from the candidate. Candidates who pass all the selection criteria with disqualifying factors ruled out; candidates are available for the training process. In state and large police departments, recruits get training in their agency's police academy (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2012). Smaller agencies recruits may attend a regional or state academy. Training includes classroom instruction in constitutional law, civil rights, state laws and ordinance, and police ethics (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2012) Recruits also receive training and supervised experience in areas such as, patrol, traffic control, the use of firearms, self defense, first, and emergency response (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2012). Training in mandated by states but agencies often develop their training requirements to their discretion. For Example, the state of NC requires 16 weeks of police training but the City of Durham Police Academy is 26 weeks long and teaches more than the state mandates (Police Department City of Durham NC, 2012). The classes include pursuit driving, defense tatics, firearms, and North Carolina domestic law (Police Department City of Durham NC, 2012). The recruits learn ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 32.
  • 33. Police Brutality And The Police With the recent shooting death of Michael Brown in Ferguson, MO and the resulting riots, the aggressive actions taken by police units has been pulled back into the spotlight, and law enforcement's right to use force has been drawn into deep debate. People are angry and cannot seem to understand why the police use force when and where they do. The have come to equate the use of force with police brutality when in reality it is a system of steps that are designed to protect innocent bystanders from potentially dangerous situations. The public's misunderstanding of use of force and how it is designed to be used has damaged community relations between the people and the police, making it harder for law enforcement officers to work alongside those they are sworn to protect. Unfortunately, members of the community often think that police officers shoot now, and ask questions later. The resistance to the police's right to use force is inflamed by cases like that of Michael Brown, where it is discovered that the subject was unarmed at the time the police used force against them. The public tends to think that unarmed means non–threatening, and do not take into account the unique situation that the police were involved in at the time of the incident. In order for public relations with police departments to improve, people need to know and understand how police use the continuum, and assess situations in the field, in order to determine what level of force is appropriate. The ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 34.
  • 35. Police Blac Police Drones War zone, which is accounted for a high sense of cruelty make drones technology is "the only game in town" in fighting suspected terrorism and becoming an attractive and inexpensive preference for military service (Wall, 2013). It improved the success rate of high risk missions including behind– the–lines surveillance that also reduced the cost and human casualities of war to a greater extent (Black, 2013). Nowadays, drones equipped with non–lethal weapon systems such as pepper spray, painting balls, and plastic bullets are utilized by law enforcement agencies for crowd control (Stelmack, 2015). In the case of riots breaking out, drones with bird–eye view capabilities provide a detailed overview of the people beneath, whereas the real–time information can be delivered to the ground personnel in managing the affected unruly areas directly. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In Merseyside, police uses drone with thermal imaging that has the ability to sense human body heat and locate their location. They can locates criminals who were hiding in the bushes alongside the Liverpool canal (Mailonline,2010). The Federal Bureau of Investigation uses unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to solve a total of ten cases including looking for missing children and hunting for fugitives. Police drones can accomplish this with features such as cameras and facial–recognition software that would possibly locate them (Alderton,2015). We, as a consulting firm consider that police departments intend to seek permission for using drones in assisting them to fight crime and make use of drones to patrol residential neighborhoods (Leber, 2013). Drones have become a contemporary icon for efficient police's air power in recognizing the imminent public danger. It is a small step in community policing, but it is huge for our ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 36.
  • 37. Police Brutality And The Police As An Institution, And... The study of ethics in policing has expanded considerably over the past few years as cases of police brutality and corruption have surfaced in the media and in the courtroom. Commentators agree that three issues have shaped the role of ethics in policing: styles of policing, the police as an institution, and police culture. Banks, C. (2013). Criminal justice ethics: Theory and practice. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications. One of the few things that is really dividing the country is the attitude towards the police due to the killings of African Americans in of some cases unarmed or cases that the suspects could have been subdued in a non–lethal way; by the police over the past years, there have been many complaints from African American that ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The COPS Office seeks to provide these critical resources to ensure integrity and ethics are well– understood and embedded in the culture of policing. COPS Office: Ethics & Integrity. (n.d.). Retrieved August 19, 2016, from http://cops.usdoj.gov/Default.asp?Item=2469. The study of police ethics according to the Department of Justice "is especially important in light of the functions and duties of the police as well as the wide powers of discretion that they enjoy. Police decisions can affect life, liberty, and property, and as guardians of the interests of the public police must maintain high standards of integrity. In addition, police have assumed the right to use intrusive, covert, and deceptive methods of law enforcement has a crucial role in protecting minority groups. Lately, they have also suffered a series of blows to their reputation for integrity through acts of corruption, incompetence, and racism. All of these factors point to the centrality of fostering ethical standards in policing. Police discretion concerning how to act in a given situation can often lead to ethical misconduct." Ethics and Police retrieved August 19 2016 from Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice. http://www.usdoj.gov/bjs. According to the National Institute of Justice "research consistently shows that minorities are more likely than whites ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 38.
  • 39. Police Brutality And The Police In today's society the police are harassed for supposedly abusing their power against people who commit crimes and innocent bystanders however the general public usually mix those two categories of people with each other. Officers are blamed for whatever course of action they decide to take in order to prevent a serious threat from arising. Consequently, the public is having a growing fear of the police, their own definitions of excessive force are biased, the police abuse their powers, etc. The change in how a police officer may carry out every situation may be a change that we need to protect the people. Police brutality is a topic that everybody confers to emphasize the burgeoning fear of the police. This comes in the form of excessive force which becomes a controversial topic for citizens and police alike. The nation has it's own definition of what excessive force may be, as some believe using a Taser has the same intention as using a nightstick to apprehend scoundrels. Others may ascribe excessive force as a race crime; "In March 2015, the DOJ also issued a report detailing a pattern of clear racial disparities and discriminatory intent on the part of the Ferguson, Mo., police department"(Excessive or Reasonable Force by Police) resulting in uneasiness between the multiple groups regardless of their age; interestingly officers are also affected by the disparity of the community. The judgement they receive can actually affect how an officer decides to act because they ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 40.
  • 41. Police Brutality And The Police Police brutality and office involved shootings have sparked national debate and created a strain between police officers and citizens. Recently, there have been more home videos that display acts of aggression by police officers. These police officers often use excessive forces or a condescending tone towards people of color which is why there needs to be a better way to mend police and civilian relationship. People should be able to trust the police in their communities rather than fear them. Police accountability is relevant to the Los Angeles county because there have been many incidents that have resulted in use–of–force both unnecessary and excessive police–civilian shootings. To increase police accountability, I propose that this ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Kirkwood police officers, who were white, would come into Meacham Park to "establish order" and often use racial profiling, surveillance and Stop and Frisk methods to target people of color and use unnecessary force when in contact with African American citizens (Boyles, 2015). It is evident that race and place can help understand citizen–police interactions because these police officers were not from Meacham Park, rather from Kirkwood which is a white affluent neighborhood. It seems that these officers targeted people of color under explicit bias that they are criminals regardless of the individual. When the use of force is used constantly, police–public tensions rise and undermines police legitimacy, which is something that can be improved when there is an increase in police accountability when interacting with people of color. In looking at Los Angeles Police Department's (LAPD) history with using excessive force, there needs to be a way that hold these police officers accountable to prevent citizen–police tension and create transparency for the public. During the 1990s, 61% of police officers from the LAPD were white and considered aggressive with African American communities which suggest racial tension among the two groups (Suburbanstats, 2017). Eula Love and Rodney King are two victims of ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 42.
  • 43. Police Canine Police Dogs Police canine dogs are rapidly becoming a major part of the criminal justice police force. You may ask yourself why are they becoming such a large part of the operation. This spike in the use of canine police dogs is the result of many different things. Three of them being the fact that they can smell extremely well. They also can replace a police officer from having to enter a hostile location. Finally dogs are extremely efficient trackers. This is why i believe dogs are a major asset to the police force and are inexpendable to the force. Dogs can smell very well. At first they tested dogs and their ability to smell a few particles per million, then billion and even trillion and the dog was able to smell the particles and even track the sent. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 44.
  • 45. Police Administration Of The Police Essay Police Administration Destinee Francis September 25, 2016 Table of Contents I. Introduction A. Earlier organization of the police force B. Sir Robert Peel C. The three eras of policing II. Policing Today A. Different Technology with Policing III. Conclusion IV. References Introduction The earlier development of the law enforcement was developed by a man named Sir Robert Peel also known as the "Father of Modern Policing" (Bennett & Hess, 2007). He was born February 5, 1788 in Chamber Hall near Bury in Lancashire (Bloy, n.d.). He was the one who greatly influenced and set forth the fundamental principles of the police force. He developed an organized force called the London Metropolitan Police in 1829 that protected the people who were victimized due to high unemployment, poverty, and crime. An organization is "an artificial structure created to coordinate either people or groups and resources to achieve a mission or goal" (Bennett & Hess, 2007). The police's goal is to protect and serve their community. Although the term of a police officer is mixed up with a peace officer "all police officers are peace officers, but all peace officers are not police officers" (Walker & Katz, 2011). The principles that Sir Robert Peel set for the police include: Police must be stable, efficient, and organized militarily (Bennett & Hess, 2007). Police must be under governmental control (Bennett & Hess, 2007). The deployment of police strength ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 46.
  • 47. Police Militarization Of Police The shooting of Michael Brown started a nationwide protest against police brutality. People protested in the streets of Ferguson and were met with heavily armed, ordinary policeman who resembled the military instead. Countless of pictures were posted on social media and the issue of Police Militarization rekindled. Every picture captured the same message and was a rude awakening of this misuse in power. This misuse of power was illustrated with guns being pointed at civilians, primarily African Americans, who posed no threat. Yet, the policemen were dressed up as if they were about to assault these unarmed black men and women. This illustrates the unnecessary ways in which standard policemen are going about confronting problems. Here we ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... We see that police militarization has led police to take on a soldier–based mentality, as dressing the part is internalized in their heads that leads them to doing or acting the part. In the pictures that came out of the Ferguson police surrounding unarmed African Americans and pointing their guns at them, this tactic is not even used that way in the military. The military follows a strict order of escalation of force meaning the only time you are going to point a weapon at someone is when you are going to pull the trigger. But we see that in Ferguson, policemen all over were pointing their guns at people who did not even pose a threat. The police need to apply less of this force and the police department and the public should monitor this use of power and this mentality. This may start by changing police training in ways that teach the application of less force and separates the distinction between policemen and the military. Furthermore, there are many problems associated with militarizing our police that we need to recognize and address. Police militarization started with the intent of combating terrorism but has grown to unnecessary uses and applications. Instead, we see too much force and tension applied to minor operations and a lot of misuse of power while handling citizens, primarily people of color. It does not help that policemen's ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 48.
  • 49. Police Violence And The Police The police have currently killed a total of 1,001 people in the United States, according to the website, Mapping Police Violence. Black people were 26% of those killed despite being only 13% of the population, but what is the cause of this discrimination? This was the objective Jelani Cobb tried to determine when developing the film "Policing the Police" in 2016. The film was recorded in Newark, New Jersey due to its plagued by drug trafficking and gang violence and its homicide rate which is nine times higher than New York City. Forty–nine years prior to this film, a riot broke out in downtown Newark due to the deadly beating of an African American cab driver by the police and the Newark police responded by killing people who protested. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... After they check him and realized he had nothing on him, they justified their actions by blaming the suspect for drinking one beer. In another instance, an officer felt a young man's crotch area, then pulled his waistband to look into his underwear. He did this search in a parking lot of an apartment complex with full view of other residents. Jelani Cobb had some personal experience with being falsely accused too. Jelani narrated that when he was younger, he was walking home from a baseball game with a glove and a bat. On his walk home, the police stopped him because he looked suspicious, yet he was simply coming home from a baseball game. Later in the film, the one police officer states that children should not be afraid of the police and should recognize that they are protecting them. That same night, the officers surrounded and searched a ten–year–old boy over the protests of his thirteen–year–old brother. Sadly, what this officer did not realize was that these children are exposed to traumatizing events exerted by the police, which causes the fear. This fear can carry with them to adulthood, which may be why many teenagers and adults run when they see the police. By the end of the film, Jelani conveys some ways the police department is taking small steps towards reducing police brutality, like requiring body cameras, more thorough punishments, and citizens able to file against police. Unfortunately, this does not help ease multiple Americans' concerns ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 50.
  • 51. Police Brutality And The Police Police brutality is seen as a real problem in America today. What people do not seem to realize is that the police carry a massive burden each day. The work that officers do has the potential to be very demanding and sometimes involves dangerous situations. In these situations the officers are in the position where they may be required to use force to gain control. The continuum of force dictates the level that is most appropriate for the situation. Most people do not realize that is not the officers job the meet the force. However, it is their job to overcome the force. Police departments have very strict standard operating procedures about officer use force and how force is applied. With this paper, I will attempt to explain the continuum of force, police discretion, and why the police can do some of the things they do. The main purpose of the law enforcement is to maintain order and enforcing the laws. The police are given one toughest tasks in the world, and that is with preservation wellbeing of the public. When dealing with people that those that violate the law and situations that creates, the police are authorized to use as much as force as necessary and within reason to protect themselves and others. It is sometimes quiet difficult for the public to understand what is reasonable when it comes to the use of force. It is very easy to watch a video and judge when you are not in the situation or do not have the level of training that officers are given. When arguing ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 52.
  • 53. Police Enforcement And The Police Agencies Introduce: I think we all can agree that the police agencies, image has been ruined in every way you could possibly think of. I truly believe that no one honors the police agencies anymore. As technology has enhance over the years, far as cell phones, people are able to see what police officers are really doing while on the force. There have been many video release when police brutality was reveal, as well as how the police agencies respond to an incident. Over the years, community policing has declined. People just don't trust the police anymore. The media has ruined it! The police is here to protect. Police agencies, faces a number of issues today, I found that preventing racial profiling, recruiting and retaining a skilled workforce, and reducing community violence were the most challenging. All points go hand in hand, to actually produce a solution to better the police agencies. Recruiting and retaining a skilled workforce: There are in an increase in challenges, with recruiting and retaining a skilled workforce. Police agencies are having experiencing shortage issues. According to ABCNews, states that the number of applicants to the police department has dropped 90 percent over the past five years, and Reno, Nev., which reports a decline of 50 percent since 1997. There are varies reason why people don't join the police agencies, such as people view the job as "dangerous". Most people are likely to join the force simply because it something at heart. According to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 54.
  • 55. The Consequences Of Police Discretion In The Police Police are what is known as street–level bureaucrats. This basically means that police are civil servants working on the "street level" in direct contact with the general public enforcing the laws of the local, state and federal law. Police officers work alone or with a partner patrolling the streets within their beat, therefor they are given a lot of discretion with their title. Discretionary judgment is necessary for a well functioning police department, but it must be demonstrated properly in order to have positive outcomes. A police officers ability to use discretion properly can help build the relationship between law enforcement and the community, but if officers abuse their discretionary judgment then it can lead to decisional influences / biases (Dempsey pg. 144, 2018). A few solutions have been implemented in order to counteract / remove these discretionary negatives. Police officers have always possessed the powers to exercise discretionary judgment ever since they have had the ability to enforce the law. Discretion within the police force is defined as "the officers freedom to make a choice based on the situation" (Young, 2011). However, it has come to light in recent decades that many officers abuse their powers of discretion, especially with their use of force. This is especially a problem today because police officers are being monitored every second as departments start incorporating dash cameras and body cameras. With new video surveillance brings forward the question of whether or not police are given too much freedom when it comes to discretionary judgment. One of the biggest reasons police are permitted to demonstrate discretionary judgment is because when it is applied correctly it builds a positive relationship between law enforcement and the community. The idea is that if officers are too strict on the law then there would be too many arrest and it wouldn't always allow the officer to act in a just manner. Discretionary judgment is necessary for law enforcement to function properly because no two situations are the exact same therefor officers must apply discretion as needed to the situation they are experiencing. The debate over police discretion typically comes up after ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 56.
  • 57. Police Brutality And The Police Police Brutality A young man's brutal death at the hands of the police is found justified in a court of law due to his "suspicious" appearance: a black hoodie and his hands in his pocket. An elderly woman is fatally shot in her home for her relation to a suspected criminal. A married man with two toddlers is choked to death after a minor traffic stop by an officer who later claimed that his unarmed victim was wielding a gun. These people all have a few commonalities: the color of their skin, their presumed guilt at first sight, and their ultimate unjustified death administered by the law force. These are not uncommon occurrences. Due to the staggeringly disproportionate rate of African–Americans killed by the police, and the underlying rampant racial profiling, police brutality towards blacks in America must be called to light. Police brutality is abuse of power in the form of excessive force committed by the police. Examples of this range from physical assault to psychological intimidation. Contrary to popular belief, many forms of police brutality include emotional and psychological aspects on top of physical. It can also take the form of false arrests, verbal abuse, and racial profiling. In countless accumulating cases across the country, police brutality has proved lethal (Danalina 1). Despite the controversiality of the topic, there are many indisputable facts that conclusively show unequal treatment by those in the police force. 37% of unarmed people killed by the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 58.
  • 59. The Police Service And Police Services Chris Pattern, former Chancellor of Oxford University, once stated "All parts of the society need to feel that the police service is their police service, and that does not happen unless all parts of society are represented in the police." (Higgins, 2014) For those of us that have lived in the United States, the notion of having females in our police force is no longer a subject of major controversy. In other countries like Afghanistan, the incorporation of females into the police force is a new occurrence and is undergoing heavy resistance. Female officers undergo challenges daily, from mistreatment from their male counterparts, to being targeted for murder on the streets by extremists. The fact that such measures would be taken against them would leave many foreign to their customs in shock, including myself, which further perpetuated my initial research. In terms of strengths and weaknesses, withholding an entity that can otherwise be used beneficially can be considered a weakness. One of which the USA had at one point in time, but has employed more willingly and even continues to seek out. The lesser known Afghanistan will be analyzed first and then it will be compared to the more familiar United States. Afghanistan is a land locked country in South Central Asia that has a sacred law legal tradition. In 1996, an Islamic extremist group named the Taliban seized control the capital of Afghanistan. They also acquired and maintained most of Afghanistan. Afghanistan was ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 60.
  • 61. Importance Of Police Mistrust The Police Although the police are, for the most part, respected here in Victoria, Texas, there are always more things to be done in order to effectively create a solid relationship with the ones who protect and the ones who need protection. There continues to be mistrust within the community not only from the public, but from the police regarding the public as well. Through research, I would like to gather data on why people within the public mistrust the police and why the police mistrust the public. Considering this is a local issue within the community the scope of research will be relative to Texas and not go beyond the United States. I will also only include information relevant to this time, and because of that will leave out research conducted before the year 2000. Using this data and analysis I would like to promote good relations as well as effective methods on how to obtain good relations between the public and police. Good relations are vital for police and civilians. The information gathered would benefit both parties greatly and could have positive effects such as less time wasted during traffic stops and less force being required. Some obstacles that may prevent a better relationship from being established would be the individuals, both within the community and within the police department, who are closed–minded and tend to indulge in confirmation bias. Many who already have their mind made up either about the police or about the public, will often stick to their beliefs ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 62.
  • 63. Police Misconduct And The Police "Hands up, don't shoot!" This quote went viral after unarmed Michael Brown, was killed by St. Louis police. A person is considered unarmed if he or she is not in possession of a weapon at the time of the shooting or was holding an object unlikely to inflict serious injury, such as a stick or a broom handle (Somashekhar). The killing of this young man went viral after video footage shows him with his hands in the air, surrendering, and the police piercing his body with twelve bullet wounds. This incident has lead to the question of, "What do we do now to protect our civilians from this brutal police conduct?" Many introduced the idea of Police Body Cameras, which is proven to allow police misconduct to be reduced. This technology has been verified to reveal instances of police misconduct, build trust between the police and the community, and to give video evidence to improve the ability to prosecute cases. For every 1,000 people killed by police, only one officer is convicted of a crime("5 facts"). According to Washington Post, "On April 11, 2015, officer Coleman "Duke" Brackney was on the way to check out a drunk driver, after finding him, the driver encountered a chase before running into a ditch. Brackney, then accused the man of trying to back his car up and run him over shot the man in the back through the back window of the car, killing 47 year old James Ahern." He was charged with felony manslaughter but eventually enter a plea to a lesser charge and was to be left ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 64.
  • 65. Police Brutality Of The Police To serve and protect is a famous motto used by the police department, however sometimes it is the police that we need protecting from. Communities have the right to feel safe, this is where the police undertake the admirable job of protecting the communities form danger. Police must perform their job no matter the race or gender of the people involved. Police must also actively practice the idea of innocence until proven guilty. More and more cases of Police brutality have surfaced among the media greatly concerning the people, who is to protect them from the protectors? Even the innocent police officers are now becoming fearful for their lives with people protesting by killing police officers. "Blue Lights" by Jorja Smith was written about modern–day street violence, but the song ultimately creates and strengthens negative stigma's surrounding the police and corruption. There have been countless cases of police brutality throughout the united states. United States has history of excessive force being used in situations where it was not necessary, sometimes even resulting in the loss of lives. "Eric Garner was killed by police" on "July 17, 2014" due to excessive force (marcus n. 54–58). "Eric Garner cried out to the officer who had him in a chokehold "I can't breathe" eleven times before his heart gave out" (marcus n. 55). Police brutality does exist, it is not a thing of the past, Eric Garners death in 2014 shows just how recent these incidents are. A completely ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 67. Police Officers And Their Image Of A Police Officer Police officers were implemented into society to be protectors of the public and to serve the community whenever they were in need of help or justice. They are here to enforce the "laws of the land" and to keep society safe from any harm. The police are suppose to be our "unsung heroes." With this knowledge, citizens should respect these individuals and trust the officers to implement justice and protection. However, not all citizens respect the law enforcement or trust them. Many would like to see police officers like this, but there are a lot that happens in society that make's one rethink their image of a police officer. There are many people in the community that have negaitve attitudes towards the police and see them as corrupt or brutal (Brown & Benedict, 2002, p. 551). The individuals that are unfavorable towards the police are those from a low social statues, minorities like blacks, from areas of high crime, single or divorced or widowed individuals, and especially juveniles. Juveniles that have had high contact with officers, minorities, tolerance to illegal behavior, and low socioeconomic group status believe that they are treated unfairly, targeted by the police, and believe that they were wrongly accused (Janeksela, 1999, p. 314). Juvenile attitudes toward the police is an important issue to examine because these children are the next generation and outline the perception of authority to future generations and a negative attitude towards police can lead the youth ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 69. Police Brutality And The Police When you think of the police, your opinion may vary. Let me ask you a question about our police force. But keep this in mind, in October 2015 alone, there was 81 deaths by the police. With that being said, who's to protect us from whose protecting the block? I don 't care who you are, you have to be able to realize nowadays that the police brutality is getting out of hand, that the power surge is growing and growing. Look around, there 's an increase of civilians death via cops, an increase of reports of police wrongdoing, and an increase of more officers standing trial for a case relating to police brutality. Police Officers worldwide are becoming way too powerful, to be "protecting" and "looking out" for we the peoples best interests. First, let 's start out with a word for word definition of Police Power and their responsibilities. "In United States constitutional law, police power is the capacity of the states to regulate behavior and enforce order within their territory for the betterment of the health, safety, morals, and general welfare of their inhabitants." But yet the cops are the ones killing unarmed, or no imminent threat to them or others. Now, I'm not a genius but I know that isn 't, part of protecting our health, safety, and to be shot by the ones who are suppose to protect us. In 2015 a shocking number of 1140 people were shot and KILLED by our police force according to The Counted. The police are suppose to be looking after us, protecting us ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 71. Police Corruption In The Police Aung San Suu Kyi wrote, "It is not power that corrupts but fear. Fear of losing power corrupts those who wield it and fear of the scourge of power corrupts those who are subject to it." If it can be said that power inevitably corrupts, there is no reason to presume that police officers as individuals are any less fallible than other members of society. There is a natural human inclination for power that is maximized today by the materialistic society we live in that fuels greed and seduces those with authority into reaping the personal and financial benefits of evading the law. The art of corruption has existed in American society since the early days of policing to modern day. Corruption applied to a police force entails the robbing of drug dealers, redirecting of contraband into the personal accounts of officers, perjuring one's self to protect a corrupt officer, falsifying police reports, planting drugs to frame citizens, and a host of other misconduct that violates the oath of protecting the people. By approaching the issue of police misconduct with a focus on reformation internally and externally, police departments can take innovative steps from there to first, ensure corruptive deeds cease to occur initially and second, by reducing and eliminating it once it exists. If a police officer misuses his/her authority while acting officially to fulfill his/her personal needs or wants, that is corruption in policing. These two elements make up the crux of the corruption that ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 72.
  • 73. Relationship Between Police And Police Alannis J. Bremer Dr. Robyn McGee English 102 2 November 2017 Police Relations in Black America Numerous unjust losses covered by the media over recent years that involved African Americans and police officers are continuously dwelling in the minds of many today. All of these incidents involved excessive force by officers and many involved racial profiling as well. Following these incidents, many American's have vocalized their loss of trust with law enforcement officials through protest marches and riots. Everyone is demanding a solution for healing these poor relations between police officers and African American communities. Mass criminalization of victimless offenses are part of though the problem, as well as police weapons, though healing relations between police and the people goes much deeper than that. First one would have to ask why there is generally a culture of distrust and trepidation between police and African Americans. From runaway slave catchers in the 19th century, to Jim Crow enforcers in the 1960's, to the drug war pillaging our communities, African–Americans and police officers have never had a good relationship. The drug war of course is the bane on humanity period and isn't exclusive to African– Americans, but in America it was formally introduced by the state into African–American communities. Longstanding research conducted by the University of Florida indicated that "race plays a primary factor in attitudes towards the police, with blacks more likely than white to express levels of dissatisfaction" (Rice and Piquero 1). For the peace and safety of everyone, it is important Americans make an effort to mend these strained relationships. It's very true that most Americans tend not to look forward to having interactions with police officers. This isn't all surprising, of course. When something bad happens and a police officer responds, one is more than likely grateful for their service just as you would be with any other first responder, such as AAA or paramedics. This leads to a positive relationship between people and their civil servants. When one is meeting with an officer in a way that puts them in a position that in no way if for their protection, but rather contributes to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 75. Police Brutality And The Police Police brutality is a very controversial topic in America. Some people think that the police are protecting their community and are doing whatever it takes to keep them safe. On the other hand, a lot of Americans feel that the police are choosy, prejudice, and overall just unfair. Personally, I think it depends on the situation at hand. I have read up on some cases that I felt that the police took advantage of their powers. I have also read a couple of situations where I felt that their actions of brutality were justified. Police brutality is not a new topic in America. I have researched cases that date all the way back to 1991; although I am sure there are cases long before this. One thing I have noticed is how the public responds to police brutality incidents. As we have seen in Ferguson, people of the city are rioting to try to get their points across. Not much has changed. People back in the day did the same exact things, or maybe even worse. The Rodney King incident of 1991 in Los Angeles, which I will go into more depth later in the essay, sparked outrageous riots. Over a period of five days in the spring of 1992, more than 50 people died and more than 2,000 people were injured in these riots. They also damaged over 1,000 buildings and cost the city of Los Angeles over $1 billion. These are ridiculous statistics and, unfortunately, not much has changed. (cnn.com) Of course we all know about what happened in Ferguson, Missouri this past August. Michael Brown, who was ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 77. Police Professionalism And Police Officers Essay In the early 1900's police professionalism was formed. Until then there was much corruption and police departments were unprofessional. Influenced by police departments in Europe, America underwent a progressive reform in their police departments. The first step towards police professionalism was to replace police boards with chiefs of police. During the progressive era, August Vollmer, Police Chief of Berkley, established a department code of ethics which included officers not accepting gratuities and favors; any officer doing so would be subjected to penalties or a dismissal. During this time formal training through police academies was started in 1908. In 1916, we start to see policemen acquiring a college education. University of California, Berkley had a police training school set up by Vollmer. Presently Vollmer's standards of scientific policing, education, high standards and centralization of police services still influence police departments. President Johnson assembled a commission in 1965 to study rising crime rates and create strategies to combat crime. Riots were the main reason this commission came about. The report published in 1967, entitled The Challenge of Crime in a Free Society, contained over 200 recommendations concerning criminal justice reform (Roth, 2011). According to Roth (2011) police departments had become isolated from the communities. Chapter 4 of the report addresses issues dealing with the police. The commission recommended more police on ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...