Literary Figures Of 18th Century Russia


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Literary Figures Of 18th Century Russia

  1. 1. Literary Figures of 18th Century Russia<br />Ashlee Green<br />History 142<br />Dr. DenBeste<br />
  2. 2. The written Russian language underwent intense modifications under Peter the Great’s reign, making it more compatible to translations with western European languages. Peter the Great also did much for the forwarding of education in Russia and the development of a printing industry in Russia. A result of these efforts was the development of secular Russian literature. The field of secular Russian literature experienced even greater expansion and support under the reign of Catherine the Great. While the works of 18th century Russian authors do not enjoy widespread popularity and readership now, they provided the foundations for later Russian authors who are still widely read today.<br />
  3. 3. Antiochus Kantemir(September 8, 1708 – March 31, 1944)<br /><ul><li>Petrida – epic glorifying Peter the Great (unfinished)
  4. 4. Letters On Nature And Man – philisophical work
  5. 5. Authored several poems – most notably To My Mind: On Those Who Blame Education and On the Envy and Pride of Evil minded Courtiers
  6. 6. Translated the poetry of Horace and Anacreon into Russian
  7. 7. Translated Fontenelle’sConversations on the Plurality of Worlds into Russian
  8. 8. Friend and college of Voltaire and Montesquieu, whose works would inspire Catherine II</li></li></ul><li>VasilyTrediakovskyMarch 5, 1703 – August 17, 1768<br /><ul><li>Educated abroad at the Sorbonne in Paris, France
  9. 9. A Conversation on Orthography – first study of Russian phoenetics
  10. 10. Did extensive translating of classical authors and medieval philosophers into Russian
  11. 11. His A New and Brief Way for Composing of Russian Verses was the first discussion of different genres of poetry in Russian language</li></li></ul><li>Gavrila DerzhavinJuly 14, 1743 – July 20, 1816<br /><ul><li>Considered greatest Russian poet before Alexander Pushkin
  12. 12. Primarilly wrote odes
  13. 13. His poems were highly satirical and included highly commical elements
  14. 14. Served as personal secretary to Catherine II for a time (1791)
  15. 15. Wrote the lyrics to the first Russian national anthem Let The Sound of Victory Sound</li></li></ul><li>Alexander SumarakovNovember 25, 1717- October 12, 1777<br /><ul><li>Credited with creating classical theatre in Russia
  16. 16. His play Khorev is considered the first Russian drama
  17. 17. Based many of his plays on stories from Russian history and Russian legends
  18. 18. First author to write fables – a genre that became immensely popular in Russian literature
  19. 19. Wrote lyrics for the first two Russian operas: Cephalus and Prokris and Altsesta - Alceste</li></li></ul><li>Denis FonvizinApril 14, 1744 – December 1, 1992<br /><ul><li>Best known for two satirical comedies: The Brigadier-General and The Minor. Both were social criticisms. Both are still occasionally staged today
  20. 20. Letters From France chronicled his travels in France to visit Montpellier</li></li></ul><li>IppolitBogdanovichDecember 23, 1743 – January 18, 1803<br /><ul><li>Spent many years as editor of official Russian newspaper, Vedomosti
  21. 21. Spent spare hours translating the works of Voltaire, Diderot & Rousseau into Russian
  22. 22. Most famous work was Dushenka – an epic-esque poem
  23. 23. Was hired by Catherine II to write comedies for her Hermitage Theatre</li></li></ul><li> The literary figures who emerged in 18th century Russia did much to create a written language and tradition for those who would follow them. Their achievements and contributions provided the framework for future masterpieces of Russian literature. <br />