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Post modernism


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Fine Presentation on Post Modernism

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Post modernism

  1. 1. Post Modernism Ashish Tiwari World War ii Modernism Post-Modernism “ Architects can no longer afford to be intimidated by the puritanically moral language of orthodox Modern architecture.” – Robert Venturi Post- Modernism 1920 1939 1945 Less Is More Less Is a bore
  2. 2. Post Modernism Ashish Tiwari Postmodernism in architecture began in 1950s, but did not become a movement until the late 1970s and continues to influence present-day architecture. • The Postmodernist movement began in America around the 1950s–1970s. • Then it spread to Europe. • Then rest of the world, to remain right through to the present.
  3. 3. Post Modernism Ashish Tiwari • Postmodernity in architecture is return of "wit, ornament and reference" • Architecture in response to the formalism of the International Style of modernism. ‘Wit, ornament and reference’ • societies wants a new world out of the box, • Fade up with the rectilinear boxes. • Rejection of traditional beliefs such as an all- powerful God and looked inwards at man and his self-consciousness. Modernism - 1920’s After the World war II
  4. 4. Post Modernism Ashish Tiwari • Modernist architects may regard postmodern buildings as vulgar, • Associated with a populist ethic, and sharing the design elements of shopping malls and may cluttered with "gewgaw's". • Postmodernism focused on traditional gable roof • While Postmodern architects may regard many modern buildings as soulless and bland, overly simplistic and abstract. • Modernism focused on iconic flat roof Shedding water away from the center of the building, such a roof form always served a functional purpose in climates with rain and snow, and was a logical way to achieve larger spans with shorter structural members, but it was nevertheless relatively rare in modern houses. (These were, after all, "machines for living," according to LeCorbusier, and machines did not usually have gabled roofs.) Modernism v/s Post Modernism • modernism is rooted in minimal and true use of material as well as absence of ornament. • While postmodernism is a rejection of strict rules set by the early modernists and seeks meaning and expression in the use of building techniques, forms, and stylistic references.
  5. 5. Post Modernism Ashish Tiwari Aims & Characteristics Hans Hollein Abteiberg Museum • Leave room for various implementations as can be illustrated by the diverse buildings created during the movement. • The characteristics of postmodernism allow its aim to be expressed in diverse ways. • These characteristics include the use of sculptural forms, ornaments, anthropomorphism and materials which perform trompe l’oeil. • These physical characteristics are combined with conceptual characteristics of meaning. • These characteristics of meaning include pluralism, double coding, flying buttresses and high ceilings, irony and paradox.
  6. 6. Post Modernism Ashish Tiwari The ‘Post-Modern Architects • Frank Gehry. • Robert Venturi. • Philip Johnson. • Charles Moore. • Michael Graves. • Robert A.M. Stern.
  7. 7. Post Modernism Ashish Tiwari I like elements which are :- • hybrid rather than ‘pure’, • compromising rather than ‘clean’, • distorted rather than ‘straightforward’, • ambiguous rather than ‘articulated’, • perverse as well as impersonal, • boring as well as ‘interesting’, • conventional rather than ‘designed’, • accommodating rather than excluding, • redundant rather than simple, • vestigial as well as innovating, • inconsistent and equivocal rather than direct and clear. • I am for messy vitality over obvious unity. • I include the non sequitor and proclaim the duality. Robert Venturi’s Vision Vanna Venturi House, Pennsylvania, 1962 In this modest dwelling, Venturi combined simplicity of external form with complexity of interior layout, and conventional symbols and elements with contradictory arrangements.The house was constructed with intentional formal architectural, historical and aesthetic contradictions.
  8. 8. Post Modernism Ashish Tiwari AT&T Building, New York 1984 Philip Johnson and John Burgee, American Telephone and Telegraph Headquarters, New York, 1984. The Miesian Tradition • With this building and its references to architectural styles of the past. Philip Johnson broke completely with the Miesian tradition. • In fact, his client had said emphatically that the company did not want another glass box. Philip Johnson
  9. 9. Post Modernism Ashish Tiwari Architect - Chapman TaylorTrafford Centre, Manchester Classical style Interior Of Trafford Centre Compare with Pantheon-Rome Compare with Crystal palace
  10. 10. Post Modernism Ashish Tiwari Other Post-Modern Examples City Hall, Mississauga, Canada , 1987 Bank of America Center, Houston, John Burgee and Philip Johnson, 1984 combines architecture elements of pre-WWII skyscrapers with elements of modern aesthetics
  11. 11. Post Modernism Ashish Tiwari Charles MoorePiazza d’ Italia, 1979
  12. 12. Post Modernism Ashish Tiwari • Graves describes his work with the figural elements traceable to ‘classical and anthropomorphic sources’. • The Portland Building in Portland, Oregon (1980) is replete with quotations from the classical language: • the temples on the roof (never built), the giant keystone beneath them, the pair of fluted pilasters of indeterminate order, and the tiered stylobate at street level. The green base, terracotta-colored columns, and tan flanking walls punctured by square windows.` The Portland Building in Portland, Oregon (1980) Michael Graves, 1934
  13. 13. Post Modernism Ashish Tiwari Michael Graves designed the building, which features large figures of the dwarves from Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs on its facade acting as caryatids. Swan and Dolphin Hotel, Michael Graves Disneyworld, Orlando, Florida, 1987Team Disney Burbank, California, 1991. Michael Graves
  14. 14. Post Modernism Ashish Tiwari Resort World, Manila, Philippines. Impact On Today Contemporary Architecture. Ishtar gate Babylonian.
  15. 15. Post Modernism Ashish Tiwari References:- • • • • • • Books: • History of Architecture :- Banister Fletcher • A global history of architecture :- D. k. Ching, Vikramadiya prakash • Postmodernism :- Christopher Butler