Leadership & styles

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  • Leadership & styles

    1. 1. Leadership & Styles of Leadership Submitted By; ASHISH KUMAR ROLL NO-13 M.B.A. FULL TIME
    2. 2. PRESENTATION OVERVIEW INTRODUCTION LEADERSHIP DEFINITION QUALITIES OF LEADERSHIP IMPORTANCE OF LEADERSHIP STYLES OF LEADERSHIP FACTOR EFFECTING STYLES OF LEADERSHIP CONCLUSION REFRENCES
    3. 3. INTRODUCTION Leadership is an integral part of management and plays a vital role in managerial operations. It provides direction, guidance and confidence to the employees and helps organization in the attainment of goals in much easier way. It acquires dominance and the followers accept the directives and control of a leader. It provides direction and vision for future to an Organization. In short it induced Individual’s to contribute optimum towards the attainment of Organization goal.
    4. 4. DEFINITION • “ LEADERSHIP is the process of influencing the activities of an individual or a group in efforts towards goal achievement in a given situation”. • It is the art of influencing and inspiring subordinates to perform their duties willingly, competently and enthusiastically for achievement of group objectives.
    5. 5. OUALITIES OF LEADERSHIP KEY LEADERSHIP QUALITY CLEAR VISION QUICKLY SENSE AND RESPOND TO THE PROBLEM POSITIVE SELF IMAGE INNOVATIVE IDEAS TO PROBLEM
    6. 6. IMPORTANCE OF LEADERSHIP Securing Co-operation Use of power Co-ordination and command Maintaining Discipline Developing group morale
    7. 7. STYLES OF LEADERSHIP AUTOCRATIC OR DICTATORIAL LEADERSHIP STYLE DEMOCRATIC OR PARTICIPATIVE LEADERSHIP STYLE LAISSEZ FAIRE OR FREE REIGN LEADERSHIP STYLE
    8. 8. AUTOCRATIC LEADERSHIP STYLE Autocratic Advantages: • Provides strong motivation and reward for the leader • Quick decision making takes place as single person decides for the whole group • Subordinate are only to carry out the orders of the leader • Decision making, planning or organizing need initiative • Good in certain circumstances, such as urgent task or military action. Disadvantages:  poor decisions, poor level of employee motivation  Leads to frustration, low morale and conflict among subordinate  Subordinate tend to shirk responsibility and initiative.  Full potential to subordinate and their creative ideas are not utilized  Organizational continuity is threatened in the absence of the leader because subordinate get no opportunity for development A leadership style where the leader makes all decisions independently or without consulting with subordinate
    9. 9. DEMOCRATIC LEADERSHIP STYLE Democratic • A leadership style where a leader encourages employee participation in decision-making • persuasive or consultative • Advantages: better decisions, employee motivation • It improves the job satisfaction and morale of subordinate • The leader multiply his abilities through the contribution of his followers. • It develops positive attitudes and reduces resistance to change • Disadvantages: delayed decision, long consultation • This style may not yield positive result when interaction of subordinate with leader is minimum. • This may be used as passing the buck to others and of abdicating responsibility • This style need tremendous communicating and persuasive skills on the part of leader.
    10. 10. LAISSEZ-FAIRE LEADERSHIP STYLE Laissez-faire • A leadership style where employees are encouraged to make their own decisions within limits • Advantages: more freedom for employees • Positive effect on job satisfaction and morale of subordinates • Maximum possible scope for development of subordinates • Full utilization of potential of subordinates • Disadvantages: few guidelines, little incentive, poor motivation, maybe a mess • Subordinate do not get the guidance and support of the leader • It ignores the leader contribution just as Autocratic style ignores the contribution of the subordinates • Subordinates may move in different directions and may work at cross purpose which may degenrate into chaos
    11. 11. COMPARISON OF LEADERSHIP STYLE
    12. 12. FACTORS AFFECTING LEADERSHIP STYLES The task The tradition of an organization The type of labor force The leader’s personality The time Gender?
    13. 13. MANAGER AS LEADERS • WHICH LEADERSHIP STYLES IS BEST SUITED FOR MANAGERS Depends on function of the leader, subordinates, and situation Some leaders can’t work well with high participation of subordinates Some employees lack the ability or desire to assume responsibility Participative decision making may be better when time pressure is not acute
    14. 14. MANAGER AS LEADERS con… Leadership Styles Autocratic leadership—boss makes decisions on their own without consulting employees Democratic leadership—involves subordinates in making decisions Free-reign leadership—leader believes in minimal supervision, leaving most decisions to subordinates
    15. 15. CONCLUSION “People ask the difference between a leader and a boss. The leader leads, and the boss drives.” “Innovation distinguishes between a leader and a follower.”
    16. 16. REFERENCES ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOUR- JIT S CHANDAN, FRED LUTHANS AND STEPHEN P. ROBBINS WIKIPEDIA GOOGLE SEARCH

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