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Chemistry of Fire

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Chemistry of Fire

  1. 1. Chemistry of FIRE & Hazardous Waste Ashish Samdariya Ratlam Terminal +91 9630012125
  2. 2. PETROLEUM PRODUCTS CLASS FLASH POINT PRODUCT A <23 DEG MS, LPG, NAPTHA B 23 DEG< & >65 DEG HSD, SKO C 65 DEG< & >93 DEG LUBE
  3. 3. FIRE CLASSIFICATION HOW TO CLASS WHO WILL BURN EXTINGUISH A WOOD, CLOTH, PAPER ETC WATER, DCP, CO2 B LIQUID PETROLEUM PRODUCT FOAM, DCP, CO2 C EXPLOSIVE GASES (LPG ETC) DCP, AFFF, CO2 E ELECTRICAL FIRE CO2 & DCP
  4. 4. FIRE COMPONENT S.NO COMPONENTS 1 COMBUSTIBLE SUBSTANCE 2 OXYGEN 3 IGNITION ENERGY
  5. 5. FIRE COMPONENTS 1. COMBUSTIBLE SUBSTANCE
  6. 6. FIRE COMPONENTS
  7. 7. FIRE COMPONENTS 2. OXYGEN
  8. 8. OXYGEN IS AVAILABLE IN ATMOSPHERE EVERYWHERE
  9. 9. FIRE COMPONENTS 3. IGNITION ENERGY
  10. 10. What need for a FIRE FIRE TRIANGLE COMBUSTIBLE SUBSTANCE FIRE IGNITION OXYGEN ENERGY
  11. 11. Source of COMBUSTIBLE SUBSTANCE LEAKAGE THOUGH OIL PRESENCE IN SAMPLING VALVE, FLANGES, OWS, DRAINS, PROCEDURE SEALS DYKES OVERFLOW WHILE WATER DRAINING LOADING FROM TANK VAPORS DURING PRODUCT HOSES, DRY GRASS, LOADING, PIPELINE PLANTS, CLOTHS UNLOADING OPERATION
  12. 12. Source of IGNITION ENERGY ELECTRICAL HEAT FROM SPARK FROM DB, OPEN FLAME FRICTION JB, CABLE JOINTS SMOKING & MOBILE PHONES, MATCHES WALKMAN ETC STATIC AIR ATTACK, LIGHTENING ELECTRICITY BOMBS ETC
  13. 13. METHODS OF FIRE EXTINGUISHING STARVATION SMOTHERING COOLING
  14. 14. STARVATION LEAKAGE THOUGH VALVE, FLANGES, SEALS OVERFLOW WHILE WATER DRAINING LOADING FROM TANK VAPORS DURING DRY GRASS, LOADING, PLANTS, CLOTHS UNLOADING OPERATION
  15. 15. STARVATION LEAKAGE THOUGH CLOSING OF VALVE, FLANGES, VALVES SEALS OVERFLOW WHILE CLOSING OF WATER DRAINING CLOSING OF LOADING VALVES FROM TANK VALVES VAPORS DURING DRY GRASS, LOADING, STOPPING THE ISOLATE THE AREA PLANTS, CLOTHS UNLOADING OPERATION OPERATION
  16. 16. WHAT LEFT NOW ?? OIL SPILLAGE & FIRE ON DRY FIRE GRASS FIRE ON NEARBY MATERIALS
  17. 17. SMOTHERING (MONITOR, (SPRINKLE (FOAM HOSE (AFFF R, FIRE EX, POURER & BOXES, FOAM HYDRANT FOAM HYDRANT CANS) LINE, LINE) POINTS) VALVES)
  18. 18. FIRE FIGHTING AGENTS WATER FOAM (AFFF & ATC) DCP POWDER CO2 GAS SAND
  19. 19. COOLING
  20. 20. UNSAFE ACTS 1. USE OF FERROUS TOOLS 2. IMPROPER CONTINUITY IN PIPELINES 3. CORRODED EARTH CONNECTIONS 4. OPEN JUNCTION BOXES & DB 5. NON FLAME PROOF TORCHES 6. IMPROPER HANDLING OF BATTERIES & TRANSFORMER

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