Right To Information Act 2005


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Right To Information Act 2005

  1. 1. RIGHT TO INFORMATION ACT 2005 <ul><li>PURPOSE </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability </li></ul>ALL CITIZENS SHALL HAVE THE RIGHT TO INFORMATION Comes into force 120 days from 15.6.05
  2. 2. RTI includes right to: <ul><li>Inspect work & records </li></ul><ul><li>Take notes, extracts, certified copies of documents/ records </li></ul><ul><li>Obtain information in the form of print outs, floppies, tapes, video cassettes, other electronic modes </li></ul>
  3. 3. OBLIGATIONS OF PUBLIC AUTHORITIES <ul><li>Maintain records catalogued and indexed-> computerization, networking </li></ul><ul><li>Publish certain particulars within 120 days </li></ul><ul><li>Publish relevant facts while formulating policies / decisions affecting public </li></ul><ul><li>Provide reasons for administrative/ quasi-judicial decisions to affected persons </li></ul><ul><li>Suo moto provide information ->minimize need for resorting to RTI </li></ul><ul><li>Form of dissemination- easily accessible </li></ul><ul><li>In 100 days, designate PIOs and APIOs </li></ul><ul><li>Info should be free or at cost of medium only </li></ul>
  4. 4. DISSEMINATION <ul><li>Notice boards </li></ul><ul><li>Newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>Public announcements </li></ul><ul><li>Media broadcasts </li></ul><ul><li>Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Inspection of offices </li></ul><ul><li>Other means </li></ul>
  5. 5. PARTICULARS TO BE PUBLISHED <ul><li>Particulars, functions and duties of the organization </li></ul><ul><li>Powers, duties of officers & employees </li></ul><ul><li>Procedure followed in decision making including channels of supervision </li></ul><ul><li>Norms set for discharge of functions </li></ul><ul><li>Rules, regulations, instructions, manuals, records used </li></ul><ul><li>Statement of categories of documents held </li></ul>
  6. 6. PARTICULARS TO BE PUBLISHED ( contd.) <ul><li>Details of arrangement of consultation/ representation of public in policy formulation or implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Statement of boards, councils, committees constituted as its part </li></ul><ul><li>Directory of officers and employees </li></ul><ul><li>Their monthly remuneration </li></ul><ul><li>Budget, plans, proposed expenditure </li></ul><ul><li>Particulars of concession recipients </li></ul><ul><li>Facilities available for obtaining information </li></ul><ul><li>Name, designation, particulars of PIO </li></ul>(to be updated annually)
  7. 7. Role of PIO and APIO <ul><li>PIO  provides information to anyone requesting for it </li></ul><ul><li>APIO  receives applications and forwards them to PIO </li></ul>
  8. 8. Functions of PIO <ul><li>Deal with requests for information </li></ul><ul><li>Offer reasonable assistance to applicant </li></ul><ul><li>Provide access-enabling assistance to sensorily disabled </li></ul><ul><li>Seek assistance from any other officer as considered necessary </li></ul><ul><li>For the purpose of contravention of this act, such other officer will be treated as PIO. </li></ul>
  9. 9. FEES <ul><li>Information should be free of cost or at prescribed cost of medium/printout </li></ul><ul><li>No fees are to be taken from those below the poverty line </li></ul><ul><li>If additional fees (cost of providing info) are required, PIO has to give calculations to information seeker, and details of appeal rights </li></ul><ul><li>If time limits passed , info to be given free </li></ul>
  10. 10. REQUESTS FOR INFORMATION <ul><li>Will be made to PIO </li></ul><ul><li>To be in writing/ electronic means (if it can’t be in writing, PIO will assist to reduce oral request to writing) </li></ul><ul><li>In Hindi, English, Official language of the area </li></ul><ul><li>Accompanied by prescribed fee </li></ul><ul><li>No reason required </li></ul><ul><li>No personal details required except for contacting </li></ul><ul><li>To be transferred to another public authority if pertains to them (in 5 days)  applicant to be informed </li></ul>
  11. 11. DISPOSAL OF REQUESTS: TIME-FRAME <ul><li>In 30 days if direct to PIO </li></ul><ul><li>In 35 days if through APIO </li></ul><ul><li>In 48 hours if life & liberty at stake </li></ul><ul><li>If redirected, in 5 days </li></ul><ul><li>If not given in time, deemed refused </li></ul><ul><li>If further fees required, period between dispatch of request and deposit of fees will not count </li></ul>
  12. 12. HOW TO DISPOSE <ul><li>Give the information right away </li></ul><ul><li>Give on payment of further fees </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer to another Public Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Refuse with reasons (as per exemptions in the Act) </li></ul>
  13. 13. CASES OF REJECTION <ul><li>PIO has to communicate </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons for rejection </li></ul><ul><li>Allowable period of appeal </li></ul><ul><li>Particulars of Appellate Authority </li></ul>
  14. 14. SOME EXEMPTIONS <ul><li>Prejudices sovereignty , security, scientific/economic interests of India </li></ul><ul><li>Forbidden to be published by Court </li></ul><ul><li>Breach of privilege of legislature </li></ul><ul><li>Impedes process of investigation </li></ul><ul><li>Endangers life or safety of anyone </li></ul><ul><li>Involves infringement of copyright not held by the State </li></ul>
  15. 15. MORE EXEMPTIONS <ul><li>Harms competitive position of 3rd party </li></ul><ul><li>Information held in fiduciary capacity </li></ul><ul><li>In these cases, the competent authority* may disclose the information if the larger public interest so warrants </li></ul><ul><li>(*as defined in the Act) </li></ul><ul><li>Personal information unlinked with public activity </li></ul><ul><li>Resulting in invasion of privacy of individual </li></ul><ul><li>In these cases, PIO may disclose the information if the larger public interest so warrants </li></ul>
  16. 16. Twenty Years Ago….. <ul><li>However, any information about events </li></ul><ul><li>which happened 20 years ago is to be </li></ul><ul><li>provided, unless the sovereignty of India or </li></ul><ul><li>contempt of court is at stake. </li></ul>
  17. 17. SEVERABILITY <ul><ul><li>If the record contains exempted information in parts, PIO can give that part of the record which can be reasonably severed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Notice has to be given to applicant stating that info is only part, reasons for the decision, details of fees, details of right to review </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. APPEAL <ul><li>To officer senior in rank to PIO </li></ul><ul><li>To be preferred in 30 days from expiry of period/ date of decision </li></ul><ul><li>Grounds </li></ul><ul><li>Decision not received in time </li></ul><ul><li>Aggrieved by decision </li></ul>
  19. 19. THIRD PARTY <ul><li>If info to be disclosed was supplied in confidence by a third party, then: </li></ul><ul><li>In 5 days, invite submission from 3rd party </li></ul><ul><li>Submission to be in 10 days </li></ul><ul><li>Keep submission in mind </li></ul><ul><li>Allow disclosure if public interest outweighs harm to 3 rd party </li></ul><ul><li>Give notice of decision to 3 rd party, stating his entitlement to appeal </li></ul>
  20. 20. Information Commissions <ul><li>Central- Chief Information Commissioner </li></ul><ul><li>State- State Chief Information Commissioner </li></ul>
  21. 21. POWERS OF I C s <ul><li>Receive complaints regarding </li></ul><ul><li>No PIO appointed </li></ul><ul><li>PIO refused to accept application </li></ul><ul><li>Refused access </li></ul><ul><li>Time limit expired </li></ul><ul><li>Info incomplete or false </li></ul><ul><li>Any other matter of RTI </li></ul><ul><li>Can initiate inquiry </li></ul><ul><li>Has powers like Civil Court </li></ul><ul><li>Appeal to IC is 2 nd appeal, in 90 days </li></ul><ul><li>Onus on PIO to prove refusal was justified </li></ul>
  22. 22. POWERS OF I C s (contd.) <ul><li>Can require the Public Authority to </li></ul><ul><li>Provide information </li></ul><ul><li>Appoint PIO </li></ul><ul><li>Publish certain info </li></ul><ul><li>Change practices relating to record management </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance provision of training on RTI </li></ul><ul><li>Compensate complainant </li></ul><ul><li>I C can impose penalties </li></ul>
  23. 23. PENALTIES <ul><li>IF PIO WITHOUT REASONABLE CAUSE </li></ul><ul><li>Refused to receive application </li></ul><ul><li>Did not furnish info in time </li></ul><ul><li>With malafide intention denied request </li></ul><ul><li>Knowingly gave incorrect info or destroyed subject info </li></ul><ul><li>Obstructed furnishing of info </li></ul><ul><li>Then… </li></ul>
  24. 24. PENALTIES (contd.) <ul><li>Rs.250 per day up to Rs. 25000 </li></ul><ul><li>till application taken/ information furnished </li></ul><ul><li>Also, can recommend disciplinary action against PIO </li></ul>
  25. 25. REPORTING <ul><li>Each dept to furnish information annually to CIC regarding: </li></ul><ul><li>No. of requests received </li></ul><ul><li>No. of denials </li></ul><ul><li>No of appeals to IC </li></ul><ul><li>Particulars of disciplinary action taken </li></ul><ul><li>Amount of charges collected </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations of reform </li></ul><ul><li>Based on this, report of CIC will be tabled before Parliament </li></ul>
  26. 26. THANK YOU FOR YOUR PATIENCE! <ul><li>Susmita Srivastava, Dy.CAO/G/NWR </li></ul>