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Democracy of Bangladesh.Ranok


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Democracy of Bangladesh.Ranok

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  3. 3.  Democracy is a system in which people decide matters as a group. The term is typically used in the context form of government in which all the citizens have a vote. The principles of democracy are also applicable to other bodies, such as universities, unions, companies or other organizations. People have more freedoms and rights in democracies. What is a democracy?
  4. 4.  Democracy: Meaning & Concept The term democracy is derived from the Greek words, demos and Kratos, the former meaning the people and the latter power. Democracy thus means power of the people. Definition of democracy, as a form of government, are various, Democracy, according to the Greeks, is the Government in which people rule over themselves. In the words of President Abraham Lincoln, "it is a government of the people, by the people and for the people". On the other hand Gettell’s opinion, “Democracy is that form of government in which the mass of the population possesses the right to share in the exercise of sovereign power.
  5. 5.  Forms of Democracy There are two types of democracy: (1) Pure or Direct, and (2) Indirect or Representative. 1.Direct Democracy: - When the people themselves directly express their will on public affairs, the type of government is called pure or direct democracy. Direct Democracy was established in ancient Greek city-states. This system now prevails only four cantons of Switzerland. 2.Representative or Indirect Democracy: Indirect Democracy the will of the state is formulated and expressed not directly by the people themselves, but by their representatives to whom they delegate the power deliberation and decision-making. This type of government was established in England in the seventeenth century. In France, it was established in 1830 and in Italy in 1948. Today this system is seen in many countries like- Bangladesh ,Japan, Sri Lanka, India, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the United States of America, West Germany, Italy, France, Holland, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Austria and Belgium.
  6. 6.  Basic Principles of Democracy: 1. Liberty. 2. Equality. 3. Fraternity. 4. The people as ultimate source of sovereignty. 5. Fundamental rights to the people. 6. Independence of Judiciary. 7. The people are considered as an end and State as the means in a democracy. 8. Welfare State.
  7. 7.  We have passed about forty-one years since independence but our achievements in the spheres of democracy and development are not noteworthy. In Bangladesh every political leader or party, civil or military, popular or unpopular, big or small, in or out of power, talk about democratic incessantly. Our society with an under developed political culture and poverty ridden illiterate and incompetent masses is lacking democratic political organizations, institutions and practices. Democracy & Bangladesh
  8. 8.  Democracy Overview of Bangladesh
  9. 9.  No of Parlia- ment 1st- Parlia ment 2nd- Parlia- ment 3rd- Parlia- ment 4th- Parlia- ment 5th- Parlia- ment 6th- Parlia- ment 7th- Parlia- ment 8th- Parlia- ment 9th- Parlia- ment YEAR 1973 1979 1986 1988 1991 1996 1996 2001 2008 PART Y AL BNP JP JP BNP BNP AL BNP AL The chart of Bangladesh’s Parliament
  10. 10.  Present features of Bangladesh Democracy i) Absence of democratic political culture. ii) Absence the rule of law. iii) Absence of strong civil society. iv) Absence of strong political leadership. v) Corruption and terrorism. vi) Lack of political morality. vii) Problems of Parliamentary Committee System. viii) Problems of Public Administration ix) Problems of Political Parties. x) Problems of Press and Media. xi) Problems of Local Government. xii) The Leadership Problem.
  11. 11.  The people of our country are almost homogeneous.  Provision for caretaker government.  Peoples eagerness for democracy.  Peaceful transition of power.  Response of civil society.  Independence of press, media and newspaper.  Privatization.  Role of NGO.  Women Empowerment.  March to ward too party system. Prospects of Democracy in Bangladesh
  12. 12.  From the above discussion we can say that from very early of civilization democracy was discussed from various viewpoints and applied it various way. Today most of the people want to enjoy this form of government. The people of Bangladesh are not out of them. But Bangladesh has been facing various problems to institutionalize democracy since its independence. Yet it, prospects of democracy in Bangladesh today are not insignificant. I think the suggested policy measures given above would be helpful for the policy makers of the state for democratic development. For this the media, civil society and socio-political organizations and institutions must play the pioneering role. Conclusion:
  13. 13. Thank you
  14. 14. Any question ?