Religious Symbols


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Religious Symbols

  1. 1. Religious Symbolism By: Ashley King
  2. 2. <ul><li>Symbolism </li></ul><ul><li>is the applied use of any iconic representations, (symbols), which carry particular conventional meanings. </li></ul><ul><li>The term &quot;symbolism&quot; is often limited to use in contrast to &quot;representationalism&quot;; defining the general directions of a linear spectrum wherein all symbolic concepts can be viewed in relation, and where changes in context may imply systemic changes to individual and collective definitions of symbols. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Christianity <ul><li>Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>is a monotheistic religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. </li></ul><ul><li>Christians believe Jesus to be the Son of God and the Messiah prophesied in the Old Testament. With an estimated 2.1 billion adherents in 2001, Christianity is the world's largest religion. It is the predominant religion in Europe, the Americas, Sub-Saharan Africa, the Philippine Islands and Oceania. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Christian Symbol <ul><li>The traditional Christian Cross, Basic Latin cross. Since the cross is associated with the gibbet on which Jesus was executed, the article will consider the probable form of that gibbet, as well as cross symbols used before Christianity, the shapes of Christian depictions of the cross, and the metaphorical use of the word &quot;cross&quot;. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>A depiction of Jesus and Mary, the Theotokos of Vladimir (12 th century). </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The Crucifixion by Diego Velazquez (17 th Century). </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>The Hospitality of Abraham by Andrei Rublev: The three angels represent the three persons of God. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Christian Symbols <ul><li>'ichthys' fish- (Greek Alpha - α) symbol and anagram. </li></ul><ul><li>'IHS or ICXC' and 'chi-rho‘- the first two letters of the word Christ in Greek. </li></ul><ul><li>anchor- which denotes faith and can incorporate a cross within its design. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>In the 6th century mosaic in Ravenna Jesus is portrayed as a Greco-Roman priest and king—the Pantokrator enthroned, donning regal Tyrian purple, gesturing a sign of the cross, with a sun cross halo behind his head. Though depictions of Jesus are culturally important, no undisputed record exists of his actual appearance. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Nativity and Transfiguration of Christ, with cross haloes; the apostles, angels and prophets have plain ones. Cologne 1025-50 </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Jesus and Mary: Black Madonna of Częstochowa </li></ul>
  12. 12. Sacraments <ul><li>The most conventional functional definition of a sacrament is that it is an outward, visible sign that conveys an inward, spiritual grace. </li></ul><ul><li>The most important symbol in the church. </li></ul><ul><li>The two most widely accepted sacraments are Baptism and the Eucharist. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Baptism in early Christian art. Perhaps a representation of &quot;the Spirit like a dove descending upon&quot; (Mark 1:10)Jesus at his baptism </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Communion </li></ul><ul><li>also known as &quot;The Eucharist&quot; or &quot;The Lord's Supper&quot; </li></ul>
  15. 15. Christian Symbols <ul><li>Phoenix- Symbolic of the resurrection. </li></ul><ul><li>Vines- Symbolic of the connection between Christians and Christ. </li></ul><ul><li>The Egg- Symbolic of rebirth. </li></ul><ul><li>Dove- Symbolic of the Holy Spirit. </li></ul><ul><li>Lamb- Symbolic of Christ’s sacrifice. </li></ul>