The World Bank under request by Supreme National Economic Council (SNEC) and Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries (MAFF) commissioned a diagnostics study to answer questions about possible directions of transformation of Cambodia agriculture over the coming decades, and its implication on farm incomes. The proposed diagnostics combines the analysis of the change of farming systems in Cambodia over the past decade with the review of agricultural development experiences in the region to develop agriculture development scenarios until 2030. Agrifood Consulting International Inc (ACI) was selected to implement the Study.
In order to address these questions, the Study Team combined the analysis of existing secondary data with primary data from a survey conducted in the same villages where a similar investigation was conducted ten years ago. The Team then built and analyzed different scenarios of future growth.
The key two messages of the study are:
a. Past drivers of growth will not be suitable for sustained growth in the future
b. Two new drivers are required including
(i) total factor productivity growth (TFP);
(ii) agribusiness development.