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Presentation for Myanmar Policy Forum: Developing a Competitive Seed Industry in Myanmar


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ACI president, Francesco Goletti policy brief over developing a competitive seed industry in Myanmar.

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Presentation for Myanmar Policy Forum: Developing a Competitive Seed Industry in Myanmar

  1. 1. • Agriculture contributes about 32% of Myanmar’s GDP • Myanmar has a huge potential to become a credible global food supplier • To attain this potential, Myanmar will need to intensify its agriculture and enhance farm productivity and competitiveness • This will require higher production and use of quality seeds and the development of a competitive seed industry
  2. 2. • How is the seed sector performing? • Hos is the seed sector changing?
  3. 3. Overall performance is weak but positive features are emerging - Certified seeds for rice cover less than 10% of sown area - Yield gap still high - Declining trend in yield growth + Hybrids growth (40% of vegetables area and 70% of corn area) + Growing foreign and domestic private sector investment + Partnerships between private sector and public sector in rice seed + Seed Law enacted in 2011 and come into force in 2013
  4. 4. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Thailand India Myanmar Bangladesh Indonesia Vietnam China RiceYield (mt/ha) Gaps in 2008 +40% +31% +76%
  5. 5. 3.13 3.25 3.31 3.42 3.42 3.54 3.64 3.75 3.83 3.93 4.03 4.06 4.07 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Average yield growth is declining 2.2% average 1998-2010 0.9% average 2007-2010
  6. 6. DAR Department of Agricultural Research Breeder Seeds Foundation Seeds DoA Department of Agriculture Registered Seeds Private Seed Companies Private Seed Growers Certified Seeds and Good Seeds Seed Distribution / Seed Market Farmers Public Sector Private Sector Public/Private Sector • Seed Associations? • Seed Working Groups? • SeedTask Force? • Seed Commission? • Seed M&E?
  7. 7. Private Sector in the Seed Industry MRIA MRF 57 MRSC Contract Farming Programs.
  8. 8. Company Main Seed Produced in Myanmar CP Company Hybrid Corn KnownYou Seed Company Melons, Cucumber Malar Myaing Vegetables Seeds Myat Min Rice Bayer Crop Science Hybrid Rice
  9. 9. Leveraging private sector investment and fostering partnerships with private sector and communities to increase productivity and gain competitiveness. Investment • Increased private investment (both domestic and foreign) in the industry Partnerships • Promote Public Private Partnerships with private sector and communities Coordination • Between research and extension to create a demand-oriented research and extension system • Stronger coordination mechanisms among farmers, private sector, and public sector (seed associations, community-based seed production and seed banks, seed contracts, seed certification, seed information systems)
  10. 10. Low Use of Certified Seed Awareness and Knowledge Price and Affordability Access to Market Quality Assurance Clear Benefits from Use DEMAND Under funded Research Under funded Extension Infrastructure production, processing, storage Capacity growers, tec hnicians, res earchers Incentives for growers and companies SUPPLY
  11. 11. The combination of limited implementation of the Seed Law with underinvestment in the critical areas of research, extension, quality assurance, coordination, and information. • How to move from formulation to implementation (from Seed Law to Seed Industry Development) • How to provide incentives to farmers for use of certified seed and for private sector to invest • Underfunded research and extension (1-2% of MOAI budget) • Low capacity in quality assurance • Lack of coordination (private-public, center-local, domestic- international) • Lack of information about seed demand and distribution
  12. 12. • How to go from constraints to opportunities? • What needs to be done now and later?
  13. 13. POLICY INVESTMENT INSTITUTIONS a.Seed b.Rice c.Trade a.Extension b.Research c.Seed farm infrastructure d.Laboratories e.Processing a.Coordination mechanisms b.Seed associations c.Quality assurance d.Membership UPOV e.Market information
  14. 14. Seed Policy Rice Policy Trade Policy
  15. 15. • Breeding • Inspection • Demonstration • Laboratories (research and inspection) • Processing infrastructure investment by private
  16. 16. •Coordination Associations •Quality Assurance UPOV •Information and M&E
  17. 17. POLICY INVESTMENT INSTITUTIONS Short Term (1-2 years) a. Seed Policy b. Rice Policy c. Trade Policy a. Seed farm infrastructure b. Processing a. Membership of UPOV Medium Term (1-5 years) a. Laboratories a. Seed associations b. Quality assurance LongTerm (1-10 years) a. Extension b. Research a. Coordination mechanisms b. Market information
  18. 18. Activities Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Year 8 Year 9 Year 10 Rice Policy Seed Policy Trade Policy Seed Farm Infrastructure Processing Facilities Membership UPOV Laboratories Seed Associations Quality assurance system Extension and Research Coordination Mechanisms Market Information
  19. 19. performance is still weak positive features are emerging leverage the experience and resources of the private sector and communities formulate policies incentives correct for the underinvestment
  20. 20. Thank you